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Power Elite Public Information Service Archive

PEPIS messages from 2008-2011


30Oct11 - PEPIS: Vigilance in peacetime and war - potential enemies within

27Apr10 - PEPIS#126 - The Cult of Goldmine Sachs, bankers to Bilderberg

01Mar10 - PEPIS #123 - Capitalism's terminal crisis?

18Feb10 - PEPIS#122 Theo Chalmers interviews Martin Summers & Tony Gosling

09Feb10 - PEPIS#121 Freemason judges shake off declaration of interest rules

14Jan10 - PEPIS#120 Ergenekon & Obama’s Brzezinski Plan

09Dec09 - PEPIS#119 Bilderberg book out for Christmas

02Nov09 - PEPIS#118 CIA documentary maker Allan Francovich

20Oct09 - PEPIS#117 Completed masonic initiation rituals

10Sep09 - PEPIS#116 - How Bilderberg & Friends Control The Global Economy

02Sep09 - PEPIS#115 - Dutroux witness X2: child abuse by Davignon & Lippens

12Aug09 - PEPIS#114 The Road To Armageddon by Alf Mendes

06Aug09 - PEPIS#113 - Bilderberg, timeline for global government?

04Aug09 - PEPIS#112 - Iran blames Bilderberg for election riots

08Jul09 - PEPIS#111b - New design (t-shirt) against the New World Order

20Jun09 - PEPIS#111a - AFP's 2009 Bilderberg booklet

05Jun09 - PEPIS#110 - Bilderberger treason goes unpunished

26May09 - PEPIS#109 - Obama officials giving secret Bilderberg briefings

18May09 - PEPIS#108 - Participant list 2009 - unconfirmed

13May09 - PEPIS#107 - Bilderberg 2009 meets, Guardian sends comedy reporter

08Apr09 - PEPIS #106 - Bilderberg 2009, 14-16 May in Athens, Greece?

26Mar09 - PEPIS#105 - Wikipedia deletes all Bilderberg attendee lists

16Mar09 - PEPIS#104 - CBS News scrutinises Obama cabinet/Bilderberg links

22Jan09 - PEPIS#103 - The Pinay Cercle, NATO Intelligence cabal including special on Witchcraft analysis

13Nov08 - PEPIS#102 - Visor Consultants' London Bombings Terror Drill Inquest

29Aug08 - PEPIS#101 - BBC Censor 7/7 Documentary 'Until Mid 2009'

24Jul08 - PEPIS#100 - BBC, Bilderberg08 debrief & God's kingdom toolkit

08Jun08 - PEPIS#99 - World War III - Kissinger’s Final Chantilly Gambit

05Jun08 - PEPIS #98 - Bilderberg Announces 2008 Conference

19May08 - PEPIS#97 - Bilderberg to meet Washington June 5th-8th - Athens a ruse?

13May08 - PEPIS#96 - Bilderberg 2008 evades all scrutiny in Vouliagmeni, Greece

11Apr08 - PEPIS #95 - BBC: Bilderberg founder helped Nazi war criminals to escape Nuremberg

13Jan08 - PEPIS#94 - Bilderberg 1954 to 1984 participant lists


You can join the PEPIS Bilderberg alert list here and get the latest news on Bilderberg 2009 as it breaks
http://groups.google.com/group/pepis


PEPIS: 30th October 2011 - Vigilance in peacetime and war - potential enemies within

Vigilance in peacetime and war - potential enemies within

mammoth PEPIS rant - a broadside for truth... & against war, media & supermarket Halloween zombieism

http://groups.google.com/group/pepis/browse_thread/thread/5986ff27ef7399b1

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/PEPIS/message/292

In 1950s South America, many top Nazis lived out their retirement in comfortable impunity. Hitler’s right hand man, and chosen successor, Martin Bormann’s retirement was detailed in the book ‘Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile’ by Paul Manning. Evil doctor Josef Mengele’s retirement in Paraguay was detailed in a Granada TV World In Action documentary.

World In Action volume 2
http://www.amazon.co.uk/World-Action-Vol-2-DVD/dp/B002KAIVYU/

And there is witness testimony. Hampshire’s Idris Francis explains that his uncle, when escorting two senior Nazi SS officers to their trial at Nurenberg, found them laughing at their British guards. Boasting that the Allies thought they had won the second world war, but they hadn’t, and that the Nazis would return as an even greater force in the future. “And you won’t even know what hit you,” they scoffed.

In 1944/45 Bormann's 'Aktion Feuerland’ plan paved the way for looted securities to be smuggled through Argentina and thence laundered through Sullivan and Cromwell law firm in New York. With the aid of Allen Welsh Dulles who was busy recruiting former Nazis into his OSS, soon to be renamed the CIA.

America's Nazi Secret by John Loftus (2010)
http://trineday.com/paypal_store/product_pages/Americas_Nazi_Secret/index.html

At the Maison Rouge Hotel in Strasbourg on August 10, 1944 Nazis at the so-called 'Red House' meeting, met to finalise a post war continuity network which may now be one of the greatest problems in the Western world, almost invisible, and almost ignored by the mainstream press. A contemporary US intelligence report of the Maison Rouge meeting recently made it out to the public.

Revealed: The secret report that shows how the Nazis planned a Fourth Reich ...in the EU
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1179902/Revealed-The-secret-report-shows-Nazis-planned-Fourth-Reich--EU.html

Former SS Panzer Corps comander Paul Hausser calmly explained after the war that the initial meetings of NATO were made up of international supporters of the SS. In the 1950s NATO then developed a secret political wing, Bilderberg. It was founded in 1955 in a hotel owned by, and the meeting convened and chaired by, former SS officer, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. More recently the 'Atlantic Alliance' has renounced its founding charter becoming a proactive war-starting, resource grabbing, mercenary outfit.

Feature films such as The Quiller Memorandum (1966) and The Odessa File (1974) make it clear that, in the days when writers and producers could get the funding, Nazi continuity was not a 'cospiracy theory' but a plotline that attracted the world’s greatest actors and directors.

What you don’t know about the Bilderberg-Group
http://www.voltairenet.org/What-you-don-t-know-about-the

How many more examples do we require of a ruthless and effective Nazi continuity network?

Paving the way to an open third world war

In the grim days of empire, British explorers used the excuse of 'trade' to infiltrate, then betray, communities they wanted to colonise. One could come to love the honesty of a Roman shield wall. Now, under the same 'trade' banner, Britain’s industrial wealth is being stripped, our cities are becoming like an animal carcass, being pecked at by crows. Some might cry 'justice' for being the biggest empire the world has ever seen, at its height controlling a quater of the world's population, 450 million in 1922.

But we do have the choice to bring the rest of the world up to Britain's standard, rather than dumb Britain back down to the stone age. David Cameron's elite Bullingdon Club cult-government have chosen the latter. The potential of Britain's youth has been abandoned, all but obedient, soulless automata and the offspring of the elite. We are witnessing the dumbing down of a nation in our schools, and in broadcasting, which no longer care who Moses was.

Earth into Property: Colonization, Decolonization, and Capitalism by Anthony Hall
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Earth-into-Property-Decolonization-McGill-Queens/dp/077353122X/

The early promise of television was it seems, just a ruse to get sets into our living rooms to tell us what to think. No wonder our wise young people don't watch it. Josef Goebells would be proud of the pro-NATO war propaganda 'news' shown daily on our TV screens to an older, guillible generation. All social ills can be 'accidents' and 'unfortunate' with no-one to blame and no option in the ballot box for the simple policies that will solve the crisis.

Muslim culture, faith and lands are not only under military assault but mass media and cultural assault, exactly as the Jews were in 1930s Germany. The present financial crisis is creeping in the direction of the social deprivation which existed in 1930s Germany. Upon the accession of the Nazi party economic conditions vastly improved giving Adolf Hitler enormous internal kudos within Germany itself. What may be being created, right now, is a kind of ‘red carpet’ for the next Hitler. At the least, social deprivation is always a fertile ground for racism and fascism.

The mechanism of social strangulation

In peacetime the favourite method of treasonous organizing is the cult coven or lodge. The iron power of secret societies lies in their blood-curdling oaths - the initiate trembles as he or she willingly agrees to be murdered - renouncing the wider community and pledging two things. To keep the secrets of the craft and to always protect a fellow member above all others. This cult organisation is highly dangerous, particularly in the financal sector, justice, lawmaking and when managing thermonuclear weapons.

Freemason, Jim Bevan & Independent Radio Journalist, Tony Gosling on The Moore Show
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEAeJ1mOL3Y

Adolf Hitler understood the power of these cults, the most populous of which is 'golf club' freemasonry, and he had them all shut down as soon as he had risen to prominence. To make it certain nobody could use this powerful political tool to unseat him. Make no mistake his SS high priest, Heinrich Himmler, was a neo-pagan. A throwback to pre-Christian, brutal religion based on cults, elitism and rule by fear.

Jonathan Meades' - Jerry Building: Unholy Relics of Nazi Germany (1994)
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7166801834924005619

Whilst British freemasonry retained an outward Christian character in the eighteenth & ninteenth centuries that has changed since the second world war. Formerly respectable masters of lodges have been and are being supplanted by ruthless, criminal individuals waiting for a 'convenient death' or using Mafia style bullying tactics to oust an opponent. The subsequent network is strangling our criminal justice system, particularly in the Crown Prosecution service where, according to my sources, cases like that of Gwent's Sarfraz Ibrahim are the tip of the iceberg.

A senior lawyer for the Crown Prosecution Service has admitted taking a £20,000 bribe to drop a criminal trial.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/7861092/Senior-CPS-lawyer-admits-taking-20000-bribe.html

The unaccountable CPS have led the way to a creeping South American dictatorship style culture of impunity here in Britain. Where are the Fraud squad? How can Andy Coulson run a criminal phone hacking operation where the victims are murdered children, dead British soldiers and 7/7 bombing victims? Then, rather than be jailed, Coulson is promoted to a job in No. 10 Downing Street. Unbelievably, Scotland Yard are now being asked to investigate its own officers for authorising undercover police in environmental groups to go through trials remaining undercover and perjuring themselves. The rot goes right to the top, our Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke is the UK's steering group representative on the aforementoned, Nazi founded Bilderberg conference.

Two messages for this age from jolly decent eighteenth century types

In the late eighteenth century John Robison and Abbé Augustin Barruel wrote and published books detailing the ‘Illuminated’ takeover of freemasonry. Robison translated seized documents and interviewed continental Masons, cataloguing an organisational paradigm shift in the craft. Robison's book is Proofs of a Conspiracy (1793) in which leaks reveal a clear new operational focus on infiltrating the top echelons of six key areas of public life: media; politics and royalty; finance; law enforcement; military Generals; and finally bishops, churches and religion.

Religions and Governments, being the heart and the head of the body politic, are spelt out as the two key targets. Abbé Barruel's book details some of the specific ritest and rituals that locked men in to this particularly anti-social cult.

Proofs of a Conspiracy
http://www.sacred-texts.com/sro/pc/index.htm

Code of the Illuminati
http://www.sacred-texts.com/sro/mhj/index.htm

If one pictures the whole of human society as a pyramid, this new ‘Illuminated’ freemasonry had as its target the apex of power, aiming to become the capstone from which all ideas and orders emanate. Audacious and patient efforts to control publishing and media would ensure that all discussion would take place within pre-determined bounds, thus limiting the broad masses of the population from understanding anything and protecting the elite from all accountability.

Secret plans confiscated by the eighteenth century Bavarian officials and translated into English by Robison, show clearly that the organisation would target media, the law, buiiness and civil service, specifically the organs of appointment and promotion, today’s Human Resources industry.

Today freemasonry’s Grand Master is 28th in line to the throne, Edward, HRH the Duke of Kent. With approximately 300,000 men initiated into the Masonic religious cult in Britain alone how does one identify one of these? Watch out for the squeezed knuckle handshakes and a difficult to define ‘bluster’ when questioned about their faith and, as with all cults, use your sixth sense or 'second sight'.

In Abrahamic and in early Christian times Judaism and Christianity held to Saturday as the Sabbath. Over centuries and through corruption in the early Catholic church this was changed to Sunday. This change increasingly suited the cult-clergy since they could appear in church on a Sunday presiding over a Christian service, leaving them free to partake in an anti-Christian ‘sabbat’ on a Saturday. So keep a close eye on those you suspect of being part of one of these covens on these nights.

The Sarumen of the 'white hand' - Meetings of satan's earthly disciples - esbats, sabbats and grand sabbats - from essays of Dennis Wheatley

Does someone you know 'dissapear off' some nights of the year? Do they make up an excuse that you don't trust in your guts? Many followers of the devil are in denial and believe their lord is still called Lucifer. Get active. The Christian has a duty to take an interest in and shine the light of love on satanic ceremonies.

Pagan rites are loosely based on the four ancient Egyptian mystery-religion quarter days, that is the summer and winter solstices and spring and autumn equinoxes. Dates which sometimes vary from year to year are June 21st and December 22nd for the solstices and March 21st and September 23rd for the equinoxes.

Becoming a Vessel of Honour by Rebecca Brown - final chapter: To Satanists with Love
http://www.amazon.com/Becoming-Vessel-Honor-BROWN-REBECCA/dp/0883683229/

The satanic esbat is the weekly ritual gathering whereas satanic sabbats take place at midnight on every full moon. In addition grand sabbats take place four times a year on nights following February 2nd (Candlemas), April 30th (Walpurgisnacht), August 1st (Lammas) and October 31st (Halloween).

The witches sabbath occurs only once in seven years and the other meetings are merely 'covens'. At the sabbaths the black mass is performed which is a reversal and perversion of the catholic mass. The black mass is performed between 11pm and midnight with the subsequent drugged, drunken and debauched revellings continuing until dawn.

The culmination of the 'ultimate' black mass is the murderous 'sacrifice' of an innocent person, preferably a virgin of either sex. Human Sacrifice was normal under the Druid cult in the Celtic Britain that has become so fashionable today. See the hard evidence of the well-preserved and 'thrice killed' Lindow Man, discovered near Wilmslow in Cheshire in 1984.

Children who are being secretly brought up in the 'left-hand path' may be spectators at these ritualistic orgies. The horror and secrecy these rites can lock participants into is what the elite value, and can be used, of course, for the purposes of blackmail. Only through faithful prayer can those bonds be broken.

The answer in truth and faith from our Lord Jesus Christ

As has been foretold in Holy Scripture Jesus Christ, Yeshuah, the Messiah's Church, his living body, will be the most steadfast entity to stand against the violence and schemes of that old dragon the devil called satan who will send false prophets and mean-spirited illusionists to blind the people. Hoping for a massive blood sacrifice to the old gods and to use his religious fraudsters to instigate sectarian massacres. However, there is a God in Heaven that steadfastly loves his children, and would rather they did not have to grow up at the school of hard knocks.

Further reading -
The Devil and All his Works by Dennis Wheatley (1971) and The Satanist (1960)
The Antichrist and a Cup of Tea by Tim Cohen (1998)
The Antichrist and the Green Prince by John D. Chrstian (2010)

Feature films -
The Devil Rides Out (1968)
The Satanic Rites of Dracula (1973)
Lawrence of Arabia (1962)
Zardoz (1974)

Trailer for Zardoz directed by John Boorman starring Sean Connery.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kbGVIdA3dx0


27Apr10 - PEPIS#126 - The Cult of Goldmine Sachs, bankers to Bilderberg

Goldman Sachs are the Bilderberg's Bankers and are finally facing criminal charges.

If it were me I would suspend trading, freeze all their assets and arrest and bail the directors until evidence is forthcoming as to who did what.

Full story and exposee below.

If anybody is planning to organise a Bilderberg counter conference or similar in Spain in 6 weeks or so please let me know.

many thanks

Tony

www.bilderberg.org

www.thisweek.org.uk

www.911forum.org.uk

Another intresting story in today's Mail: 'Noah's Ark' remains discovered 12,000ft up a Turkish mountain, evangelical archaeologists claim.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1269165/Noahs-Ark-discovered-4-800-years--4-000m-mountain-Turkey.html

'It is like a cult, and working for Goldman is like being part of a cult - you are completely brainwashed into the Goldman Sachs way.'

The Moonies of Mammon: A damning insight into the beleaguered cult of secrecy that is Goldman Sachs

By Zoe Brennan - Daily Mail - 27th April 2010

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1269057/Goldman-Sachs-fraud-Damning-insight-beleaguered-cult-secrecy.html

As the Goldman Sachs employees filtered through the grand doors of the banking behemoth's lavish London office last week, the atmosphere was unusually hushed.

Famously known as 'the haves and the have-yachts' for their amazing bonus-fuelled lifestyles, the brokers, dealers and traders sat quietly at their desks.

They were still absorbing the news that the Wall Street giant and its London-based broker Fabrice Tourre - who, in true banker fashion, calls himself The Fabulous Fab - had been charged by U.S. authorities with a £650million fraud.

Prime Minister Gordon Brown had joined the outcry against the bank - known as Goldmine Sachs, or The Machine - accusing it of 'moral bankruptcy'.

Furthermore, it has been reported, the company had helped the Greek government to get around EU rules, allowing the country to continue overspending while hiding its debt.

And it was revealed that Goldman was an underwriter and an investor in the vast refinancing of the troubled Lloyds Banking Group late last year - a potentially dangerous conflict of interest.

Emails from the bank which have been made public revealed Goldman in an even worse light, as executives boasted they were making 'serious money' while millions of homeowners were plunged into misery by the housing crash.

In one email, U.S. chief executive Lloyd Blankfein admitted that the bank had gambled on the market falling - even though this appears to contradict earlier denials by Goldman Sachs.

Lloyd Blankfein claimed that he personally had 'attained perfection' 'Of course, we didn't dodge the mortgage mess,' his email said. 'We lost money, then we made more than we lost because of the shorts,' referring to the practice of shorting, or betting against an investment.

Another email, from Fabrice Tourre, said the money-losing investments he sold were 'like Frankenstein turning against Frankenstein's monster'.

Today, seven senior executives - including Mr Blankfein and Fabrice Tourre - are to be questioned in a Senate hearing in Washington.

Concern over the outcome of that hearing is palpable throughout the workforce - not least because the annual bonus round is coming up, and Goldman Sachs is expected to pay out $5billion this year.

All of which explains why, as they sipped their morning coffees, the staff knew that Monday last week was not a day for the customary swaggering. Soon, lights began to blink on internal phones. A voicemail message to all staff had arrived from Lloyd Blankfein.

Fabrice Tourre has been charged by U.S. authorities with a £650million fraud He was the man who recently said that the bank did 'God's work' by 'helping companies to grow by helping them to raise capital [which] allows people to have jobs that create more growth and more wealth. We have a social purpose'.

He also claimed that he personally had 'attained perfection'.

My source at the bank tells me that the divine ambassador was slightly more subdued this week in his message, recorded before the markets opened.

'It was a circle the wagons pep talk,' says an analyst at the institution, who would speak to the Mail only in confidence.

'He calls [these speeches] "mind bullets". He reminded us of the Goldman way: we are the best, and we always, always put our clients first - which is why we are the best.'

Blankfein - who is presiding over one of the bank's most profitable eras in history, began: 'This is Lloyd, on Sunday in New York.'

With magnificent understatement, he said that the furore over the allegations of fraud was 'uncomfortable, but given the anger directed at the financial services, not completely surprising'.

He ended with something of a battle cry: 'We have faced challenges before and our people have always responded through their skills, talent and focus on our clients.

'We will do that now, and in the process, re-affirm everything that defines Goldman Sachs.'

The message was clear: Goldman Sachs is unbowed. As ever, its self-interests justify all - never mind the impact on the wider financial system. The biggest predators in the financial jungle would emerge unscathed. Just what is this institution, then, that believes it can shrug off the official hand on its shoulder?

Who are these bankers who play God? And are they about to be cast out of heaven?

To answer these questions, we have to go back to the beginning and discover what made Goldman - as historian Charles Ellis describes in his book The Partnership - 'the most powerful and most dynamic organisation in the history of finance'.

'Goldman Sachs employees would sell their grandmother if the company required it' Goldman Sachs was founded in 1869 by German immigrant Marcus Goldman, who had worked as a peddler from a horse-drawn cart when he first arrived in New York.

His fortunes soon improved, however, and in 1882, Goldman's son-in-law Samuel Sachs joined the firm, which pioneered new business techniques.

It joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1896. In the early 20th century, Goldman became one of the first companies to recruit top graduates from the new business schools.

The company was hit badly by the 1929 Wall Street crash - but soon, a mighty bank emerged from the ashes of the Depression.

This 'new' Goldman was driven by a 'long-term greedy' philosophy: if money was made over the long term, short-term trading losses could be written off.

This strategy was backed by a work ethic that still exists - during the Seventies, most ordinary bankers began work at 9am. At Goldman Sachs, under the stewardship of the workaholic Gus Levy, every employee was at his desk before 7am.

The bank was handling big money and by the Eighties, Goldman Sachs men - and they were almost entirely men - epitomised the world of Tom Wolfe's novel Bonfire Of The Vanities.

Wolf coined the phrase Master of the Universe for his anti-hero, bond trader Sherman McCoy, who lived an opulent Manhattan lifestyle with his trophy wife, until his house of cards tumbled down.

A rare visitor describes the scene at the company's 50th-floor trading office in One New York Plaza, saying: 'A sea of twenty and thirty-somethings in pink and blue button-down shirts huddle around screens, discussing strategies.

'In a small back office, a bald trader with sleeves rolled to his elbows hovers over a table of men at computers, repeatedly slapping his hand with a wooden cricket bat. 'They don't seem superhuman exactly, just singularly focused.'

The entrance to the bank's London office is at Peterborough Court, 133 Fleet Street. An in-and-out driveway allows visitors to leave the bustle of the City behind them and enter Goldman's reception.

Up a flight of escalators is the trading floor, with around 700 chairs. This is where the profits are made.

'I was expecting it to be manic, but actually it was very quiet,' ,'says one former employee.

'It is like a cult, and working for Goldman is like being part of a cult - you are completely brainwashed into the Goldman Sachs way.'

Thirteen-hour days start before 6.30am, and most staff are young - partners earn enough to retire by the age of 40.

The company is characterised by an extraordinary culture of secrecy.

Another former employee tells me: 'No one on the inside will speak out. We were trained to be part of a team, and not to push ourselves forward as individuals.

'The firm thrives on the fact that it is a club: an elite. Over and over again we repeated: we are the best of the best.

'You are made to feel you are entitled to success. It is the most incredibly driven atmosphere. You become addicted to the adrenaline, to the arrogance and to belonging.

'Goldman Sachs employees would sell their grandmother if the company required it.

'It is like a cult, and working for Goldman is like being part of a cult - you are completely brainwashed into the Goldman Sachs way.'

Regular 'class reunions' for those who joined the company at the same time ensure a strong alumni culture is maintained.

Another former employee - who worked trading bonds for the bank in London, Tokyo and New York for nine years until 2004 - tells me:

'People used to joke that it was almost like joining the Mormons. 'I went through 70 interviews to get the job, including one in New York.

'The Goldman way is knocked into you during the training; it is incredibly intensive. You learn you are not an individual, but part of a team - the best team.'

Having left at the age of 33, because he was wealthy enough to retire, he says: 'My theory is that Goldman's actively hires overachieving, insecure people, who want to do a good job and be liked, so they go on to work incredibly hard and become very committed.

'It helps that you are paid telephone-number amounts of money.'

John Rogers, Goldman chief of staff, says: 'People say: "What's the secret sauce?" Well, one of the most important ingredients in the sauce is the culture.'

The firm's culture has been compared, variously, to the Army, the KGB, the Mafia and - as we have heard - to a cult. Staff tend to socialise together, live in the same Manhattan apartment buildings and have summer homes around the same ponds in the Hamptons.

Goldman Sachs might be about to find out that the wheels have fallen off The Machine In London, they live in a select number of Chelsea streets around the exclusive area of The Boltons, and send their children to the same private schools.

Fitting in is of the utmost importance. Subtle social tics - a bow tie, moustache, colourful personality - can eliminate you from the club.

'The cult of the individual, which I think has been a disadvantage to so many of the firm's competitors, really doesn't exist here,' says Lucas van Praag, the British-born communications director. 'The more you have acceptance, the easier it is to be effective.'

As another Wall Street veteran puts it: 'The god is Goldman. You subjugate yourself to that god, and in return we will make you a gazillionaire.'

The Goldman way is enshrined in a set of 14 totemic principles written in the Seventies, and reprinted in every annual report.

Employees have to learn them by heart, and are encouraged to recite them before going to sleep each night.

Number one is: 'Our clients' interests always come first.'

Other mantras include: 'We have yet to find the limits to the responsibility that our best people are able to assume.' Or: 'To breach a confidence would be unthinkable.' Another again asserts the belief that Goldman employees are better than mere mortals.

It reads: 'Although our activities are measured in billions of dollars, we select our people one by one. Without the best people, we cannot be the best firm.'

Ironically, it is this outlook that could lead to the firm's downfall.

Its critics believe the bank has become overwhelmingly arrogant.

Indeed, one partner spelt out this process to author Charles Ellis: 'We had always been the best - always the top students and the best athletes and the class leaders.

'And now we were the best firm - in our self-appraisal. But that was the first step towards arrogance.'

As well as constantly asserting that its employees are the best, Goldman Sachs also sets itself up as their surrogate family.

The junior partners are told to go to every employee's major life events - marriages, funerals, bar mitzvahs.

In return, absolute loyalty to the firm is expected. The hours are long, and spouses and children pay a price - no one takes their full holiday entitlement because this would be frowned on - but the financial rewards are huge.

Goldman Sachs gives the biggest bonuses in banking. Basic salaries are capped at £300,000 - the bulk of pay is performance related. In good years, the average employee is given a bonus of around £400,000. Many receive £1million, but the big players can easily collect several million.

Blankfein rewarded himself with the highest payouts in Wall Street history, $53million in 2006 and $68million in 2007. Quite simply, making money is the foremost principle at Goldman Sachs.

The company ethos is a clean-living one: I spoke to one trader who told me that, unlike other cocaine-fuelled banking firms, drug taking is a complete no-no at Goldman's.

In the offices, gigantic, communal bowls of fresh fruit are laid out every morning.

The really big earners - Wolfe's Masters of the Universe - have their own personal assistants.

One recalls her everyday tasks: picking up dry- cleaning, buying stamps, paying gardeners, shopping for Christmas presents.

A compensation for Goldman Sachs widows - the nickname for bankers' wives because they see so little of their husbands - is that many of their household chores are taken care of. One PA was even asked to help out with her boss's children's school project.

Flouting wealth in the office is discouraged - Goldman employees are expected to be modest. Clearly, this ethos had slipped rather in the London office.

Last week, the Mail revealed that Tetsuya Ishikawa, a banker who worked on the controversial fund set up by Fabrice Tourre, lived high on the hog.

He admitted that on his regular jaunts abroad, 'the first thing I asked was: "Where is the brothel?" '

He also wrote a novel based on his time at Goldman - and described a world where bankers drove only Ferraris or Lamborghinis because 'Porsches were for the commoners'.

The excess of Goldman employees was also revealed in the notorious case of Joyti De-Laurey, a former secretary at the bank, who was convicted in 2004 of stealing £4million from her bosses and spending it on hotels and jewellery.

'They made it so easy, they deserved it,' she said at the time. 'Their money was just left lying about: if it wasn't for me, it would have been someone else.'

The backlash against the bank - which seems to have mopped up the financial crisis to its own gain - has intensified with the latest revelations. So just how is Goldman Sachs handling the criticism and the investigation by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission?

A London employee says: 'At first, we were all in shock. Now people are angry. We work very hard, and we do believe we are the best at what we do - which is making money, lots of money.

'We've been told to go back to our core principles, and fight this latest attack. That is what we will do.'

Given that those core principles seem largely based on arrogance and greed, Goldman Sachs might be about to find out that the wheels have fallen off The Machine.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1269057/Goldman-Sachs-fraud-Damning-insight-beleaguered-cult-secrecy.html


07Mar10 - PEPIS #124 CFR War & Peace studies - created Bilderberg


01Mar10 - PEPIS #123 - Capitalism's terminal crisis?

1 Mar, 23:33

see also

Enron review could free Conrad Black

below

Dear all,

As what could be capitalism's terminal crisis enters ever more dysfunctional phases, with fake recoveries and artificial traumatising of medium and small businesses by politically motivated private banks (and public banks where political control has been blocked) it is frustrating to hear mainstream media repeating the lie that ‘nobody foresaw this crisis’.

Unfortunately the vast majority of mainstream media economic analysts are spellbound by entryist middle media managers and vested interests from the very financial system on which they report. The worst of them are steeped in vanity, but could their naivety be the outstanding quality for which they have been employed? This propaganda methodology is exacerbated because the majority of the national press employ compliant, young, naïve and docile economics correspondents. The archetype of which is the BBC’s Robert Peston. His appears usable by The City as a star-struck conduit for ready spun ‘leaks’. In the days and weeks following a Peston pronouncement it is followed up by fake ‘analysis’ by anonymous writers in the Economist and broadsheet economics editors. Their task is to tack Peston’s hogwash down with suitable authoritative sounding gravitas.

But for the latest economic advice untrammelled by the NATO zone private military/financial media grid do check out the commercial French economic analysts at LEAP 2020. They provide for free a basic summary of their free projections and if you need detailed analysis then you have to pay.

http://www.leap2020.eu/English_r25.html

Anyhow, there are two interesting new documents on Bilderberg.org from the first meeting in 1954 for all those Bilderberg aficionados out there. I have been given a complete PDF of the first ever Bilderberg attendee list as well as a photograph to complement the famous black & white photo, with Bernhard in the Chair, taken in the first Bilderberg meeting. It shows the other side of the room and one can even see a sceptical looking Hugh Gaitskell in the corner of the room scratching his chin.

http://bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm#1954

http://bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm

all the best

Tony Gosling

(supporter of analogue TV and radio)

www.thisweek.org.uk

Enron review could free Conrad Black

Dominic Rushe New York

http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/law/article7043931.ece

THE US Supreme Court will begin reviewing the conviction of Enron boss Jeff Skilling on Monday in a move that could also lead to the release of Conrad Black, the jailed press baron.

Skilling was sentenced to 24 years in jail in 2006 for his role in the collapse of the Houston energy company. He was convicted of depriving shareholders of his “honest services”, a Federal offence that has been widely used in white-collar criminal prosecutions.

The 1988 law that says public officials and executives can be convicted of fraud if they deprive those they represent of the right to “honest services” has already attracted the criticism of Supreme Court judges. Justice Antonin Scalia called the law “mush” and Justice Stephen Breyer said the law’s language was so broad it could apply to a man who falsely compliments his boss.

John Coffee, Adolf A Berle professor of law at Columbia Law School, said he expects the court will limit the honest-services fraud statute for not being clear enough and could throw it out. “It is clear that the statute is in danger of being void for vagueness,” said Coffee.

Black, serving a six-and-a-half-year sentence, was prosecuted using the honest-services statute. His case, and a third involving the former Alaska legislator Bruce Weyhrauch, will also be reviewed by the Supreme Court before this summer. All three could appeal against their sentences and be released if the statute is thrown out.

Black was convicted of three counts of mail fraud and one count of obstruction of justice in December 2007. He was acquitted of nine other counts, including racketeering and misuse of corporate perks.

Even if the statute is thrown out, Black would still be guilty of obstruction of justice but a court could decide he had served that part of his sentence.

James Cox, law professor at Duke University, said the honest-services statute had been a useful tool in bringing white-collar criminals to court: “But I think this is one of those cases where the court is going to read the statute fairly narrowly. Depriving a corporation of your fiduciary obligations, even where there is a self-serving motive, isn’t going to be enough,” he said.

Stanley Twardy, a former US prosecutor who is now a partner at Day Pitney, said the statute “has been overused by the government”. He said there was a good chance that government prosecutors would now lose their “favourite weapon”.

Rewriting the statute will present many difficulties for US prosecutors. Former Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich is now awaiting trial for corruption in Chicago and had been charged with a variety of breaches of the honest-services statute. This month he was charged for a second time, a move lawyers suggest was motivated by prosecutors’ fears that the honest-services fraud statute will not hold up.


18Feb10 - PEPIS#122 Theo Chalmers interviews Martin Summers & Tony Gosling

Theo Chalmers interviews Martin Summers & Tony Gosling for two hours on Edge Media TV this coming Monday 22nd February at 2pm GMT.

Topics covered include: the orchestrated economic crisis, Obama administration's composition and motives, clandestine influence and objectives of the occult, Prescott Bush's coup attempt in the 1930s & collaboration with the Nazis as well as the Christmas Eve 'underpant bomber' and false flag terrorism in general.

If you have a Sky satellite reciever you can watch it on 'Controversial TV' which is Channel 200.

Alternatively you can watch it online at http://www.edgemediatv.com


09Feb10 - #121 Freemason judges shake off declaration of interest rules

Dear all,

Bilderberg founder Josef Retinger was an MI6 agent and Freemason, Andrew Palmer, organiser of the Turnberry Bilderberg meeting in 1998 was PA to the Grand Master of world Freemasonry The Duke of Kent, Bill Clinton is a freemason (I have been shown about 20 photographs of him in his regalia from the age of 21) though Wikipedia and other internet sources deny it

Bilderberg is throttling democracy in the West. It is an occult political tool ... of the dark side of freemasonry.

No freemason should ever be allowed to hold public office because of the oaths they all swear on initiation to protect their fellow masons above the general public. This oath is incompatible with duties discharged in public office.

If a freemason fails to declare that he knows someone who has an interest in a decision he is making and does not step down from making that decision or step out of the room in a case of eg. a planning meeting he commits a criminal offence of Misconduct in Public office.

Freemasons are currently attempting to fill ALL magistrate positions in Britain, starting with the senior magistrates, with their brethren. A highly dangerous situation which must be stopped at all costs.

The best source of information for local lists of freemasons are the private books or 'provincial yearbook' which are published in each masonic province every year. These contain names of all local masons. Remember though many freemasons are members of London Lodges.

Freemasons favour 'brethren' over the public so no wonder Bilderberg wants to keep its decisions and even the names of certain attendees secret. Please send me any info on other masonic connections to Bilderberg meetings.

Tony

Freemasons shake off ruling on judiciary

Helen Pidd guardian.co.uk, Thursday 5 November 2009 18.32 GMT

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/nov/05/freemasons-judges-magistrate...

Prospective judges will no longer have to declare if they are Freemasons, the government has announced .

For the past 11 years, anyone applying to be a judge or a magistrate for the first time had to declare on an application form whether they belong to the Freemasonry.

But Jack Straw, the justice secretary, said that as a review had shown no evidence of impropriety or malpractice as a result of a judge being a Freemason it would be "disproportionate" to continue with the practice, introduced in 1998.

There were "existing safeguards that help support the proper performance of judicial functions", including the judicial oath and an official complaints procedure, Straw said.

The United Grand Lodge of England made representations to ministers in May and indicated it may seek judicial review of the policy. This followed two cases at the European court of human rights where Italian Freemasons successfully argued it was discriminatory to be asked to declare membership of a non-secret society.

The Ministry of Justice said all levels of the judiciary were affected by the decision, but not coroners, who are appointed by local authorities.

Chris Connop, the United Grand Lodge's information officer and a magistrate for 17 years, said: "We are delighted at the decision. We have been feeling very miffed about this for a very long time.

"Even when the rule was introduced in 1998 after a report by the home affairs select committee, we were told there was no evidence of any impropriety on the part of judges who were members, but merely that there was a perception that it could be a problem, which is ridiculous."

Connop said he hoped the Home Office would now change the rules which currently require potential police officers and anyone working for the probation or prison service to declare whether they are Freemasons.

The Freemasonry is "blatantly" not a secret society, said Connop, adding that members were forbidden to use Freemasonry for financial gain.

"We never objected to declaration, but we objected to being singled out. Where do you think most business deals take place? On the golf course. So shouldn't people have to declare which golf course they are members of?" he added.

There are more than 330,000 Freemasons in England and Wales, and an estimated 6 million in the world.


14Jan10 - PEPIS #120 Ergenekon & Obama’s Brzezinski Plan

before we begin...............

Justice Ministry inspectors to be judged

Thursday, January 14, 2010 - ANKARA - Hürriyet Daily News

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=justice-ministry-inspectors-...

The Council of State has paved the way for Justice Ministry inspectors

who wiretapped 56 judges and prosecutors to be investigated, a probe

prompted by a former chairman of the Judges and Prosecutors

Association, or YARSAV. The ministry had launched an investigation

against 56 judges and prosecutors on charges of involvement in the

alleged Ergenekon gang, which is accused of aiming to topple the

government by creating turmoil in society.

The ministry’s inspectors applied to the 11th Istanbul High Criminal

Court to wiretap these judges and prosecutors..........

Military launches probe into ‘action plan’ colonel

Col. Dursun Çiçek, whose signature appears on a conspiracy plan

plotting illegal activity, is being investigated for possible “abuse

of authority.” A colonel whose signature was found on a military

document detailing a strategy to undermine the government and an

influential religious movement is being investigated by military

prosecutors, the Sabah newspaper reported

yesterday........................

http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/news-198388-101-military-launches-pr

obe-into-action-plan-colonel.html

Arab media: Turkish ambassador humiliated by Israel

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3833259,00.html

Newspapers, websites in Arab world flare over images of deputy foreign

minister's reprimand meeting with Ahmet Oguz Celikkol over anti-Israel

TV series

...........The reporters who arrived in order to cover the meeting on

Monday had asked Ayalon and Celikkol to shake hands, however the

former refused. "The important thing is that they see he's sitting

lower and we're up high and that there's only one flag, and you see

we're not smiling," Ayalon muttered in Hebrew with the embarrassed

Turkish envoy next to him.................

Obama’s Brzezinski Plan Ted Belman

14 Jan 2010

http://www.analyst-network.com/article.php?art_id=3314

In Appraising Obama’s Foreign Policy: From Hope to Audacity, Zbigniew Brzezinski described Obama’s, and his, world view which he characterized as “reconnect(ing) the United States with the emerging historical context of the twenty-first century.”

To this end, he writes Obama “has comprehensively reconceptualized

U.S. foreign policy with respect to several centrally important

geopolitical issues”. I shall comment on each of these in turn.

• Islam is not an enemy, and the “global war on terror” does not

define the United States’ current role in the world;

This has always been America’s policy. Even Bush 44, with his neocon

stalwarts, refused, after 9/11, to identify the enemy as Islam. He

avoided naming the enemy by declaring “war on terror”. He went so far

as to declare Islam, “a religion of peace”.

What Obama has done differently was to publicly praise Islam, at the

expense of truth and to bow down to its titular head, the King of

Saudi Arabia. He has moved from tolerance to overt partnership.

But a form of partnership has existed between Britain, US and the Arab

oil interests ever since last century’s thirties. The British worked

with the Arabs in the Middle East to thwart Germany’s expansion there

all at the expense of Jewish settlement rights. In the late seventies

Britain, with the complicity of the US brought about the downfall of

the Shah because the Shah wanted to have an independent oil policy and

not one controlled by Britain.

According to “A Century Of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the

New World Order”, by William Engdahl, a German historian.

Their scheme was based on a detailed study of the phenomenon of

Islamic fundamentalism, as presented by British Islamic expert, Dr.

Bernard Lewis, then on assignment at Princeton University in the

United States. Lewis’s scheme, which was unveiled at the May 1979

Bilderberg meeting in Austria, endorsed the radical Muslim Brotherhood

movement behind Khomeini, in order to promote balkanization of the

entire Muslim Near East along tribal and religious lines. Lewis argued

that the West should encourage autonomous groups such as the Kurds,

Armenians, Lebanese Maronites, Ethiopian Copts, Azerbaijani Turks, and

so forth. The chaos would spread in what he termed an ‘Arc of Crisis,’

which would spill over into Muslim regions of the Soviet Union.

So not only was this scheme intended to protect British oil interests

in Iran, it was also intended to put pressure on the Soviets.

In a Counterpunch translation of interview of Zbigniew Brzezinski in

Le Nouvel Observateur (France) 1998, Brzezinski took pride in having

brought on the Russian defeat in Afghanistan by supporting “some

stirred up Moslems”, the Mujahedeen, and dismissed the idea that

“Islamic fundamentalism represents a world menace today”. He said,.

Nonsense! It is said that the West had a global policy in regard to

Islam. That is stupid. There isn’t a global Islam. Look at Islam in a

rational manner and without demagoguery or emotion. It is the leading

religion of the world with 1.5 billion followers. But what is there in

common among Saudi Arabian fundamentalism, moderate Morocco, Pakistan

militarism, Egyptian pro-Western or Central Asian secularism? Nothing

more than what unites the Christian countries.

Pres Reagan continued this policy of working with Islamic

fundamentalists when he rescued Arafat and his minions from total

destruction by the IDF in Beirut. What other reason could there have

been other than to use them one day to put pressure on Israel to

return to the ‘67 armistice lines.

Present Clinton also co-opted Islamic fundamentalist, this time from

Kosovo, to dismember Serbia in order to reduce the power of Russia.

Obama’s policies totally reflect this mentality in his downplaying the

“war on terror” and overplaying “engagement”. Obama wants to deal with

each Moslem country as though it was not part of the whole of them, as

though they aren’t all followers of Islam as represented by the Koran

or “The Holy Koran” as he refers to it.

Saudi Arabian fundamentalism has invaded Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen,

Europe, US and parts of Africa. It has influenced the Muslim

Brotherhood which is attempting to overthrow Egypt. Al Qaeda is an

outgrowth of such fundamentalism. Iran with its Shiite brand of

Islamic fundamentalism has taken over Syria, Lebanon, and Gaza at

least politically if not religiously. Iraq with its 60% Shiite

population could fall to them and already Turkey is cozying up to

them.

Yet Brzezinski and Obama maintain “Islam is not an enemy” even while

the fundamentalists and the Arab street attack America as the Great

Satin and not Russia.

Remember that Brzezinski was a founder the Trilateral Commission along

with Rockefeller, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations in

New York and has attended meetings of the Bilderberg Group. Thus he

strongly favours World Government and its institutions as does Obama.

Nation states, such as Israel, are in their way. They find common

cause with Islam because Islam too favours its own version of world

government, namely, the Caliphate.

• the United States will be a fair-minded and assertive mediator when

it comes to attaining lasting peace between Israel and Palestine;

This conflict is so politicized as to make it impossible for anyone to

be “fair minded” or “even handed” or any other liberal balm. While

these notions sound great, they both ignore the facts and the law. You

cannot do this and reach a “just” solution.

The US and Britain are just as determined to undermine Israel as they

were the Shah and for the same reason, oil. How can they be “fair

minded” or trusted?

“assertive mediator” is an oxymoron. Mediation is not arbitration. The

role of the mediator is to help the parties reconcile their

differences without coercion. To assertively mediate is to coerce.

Obama certainly has been coercive to Israel. But all US

administrations have been coercive to varying degrees. The difference

being that Obama intends to impose a solution if he can.

Brzezinski and Obama propose that

1. “Jerusalem has to be shared, and shared genuinely”.

2. “a settlement must be based on the 1967 lines, but with territorial

swaps”

3. “US or NATO station troops along the Jordon River”.

4. “Palestinian refugees should not be granted the right of return to

what is now Israel.”

He argues that

“It is important to remember that although the Israeli and Palestinian

populations are almost equal in number, under the 1967 lines the

Palestinian territories account for only 22 percent of the old British

mandate, whereas the Israeli territories account for 78 percent.”

How could a man of his experience be so wrong. Israel together with

Judea, Samaria and Gaza comprise 22% of the Mandate. The rest was

given to Jordan in 1922. Now the international community wants Israel

to divide up the 22% remaining, leaving even less for Israel than the

22%.

He wants the refugees “to be resettled within the Palestinian state.

They number in the many millions. How could Judea and Samaria possibly

accommodate them. Imagine how destabilizing that would be. I venture

to say that the present Arab inhabitants would be the most vociferous

opponents to such an influx.

Would it not be a better solution to resettle them all in Jordan. Not

only is Jordan Palestine, its population is 60% Palestinian. Thus

there would be no need to divide Jerusalem or put foreign troops along

the Jordan.

• the United States ought to pursue serious negotiations with Iran

over its nuclear program, as well as other issues;

The US, even under Bush, has been unwilling to really challenge Iran,

preferring to talk them out of their agenda. Obama made engagement

with Iran, a political platform. After a year of trying to engage Iran

in a most humiliating manner, he has achieved nothing. And yet

Brzezinski is still beating the same drum. Give it up already.

What might the “other issues” be? Presumably, Middle East hegemony.

How much hegemony is he or Obama prepared to concede? If none or very

little, there is no point in negotiations. Besides, what would Saudi

Arabia and Egypt have to say about this, to say nothing about Israel.

Brzezinski argues

But it is still possible, perhaps through a more intrusive inspection

regime, to fashion a reasonably credible arrangement that prevents

weaponization.

It would not be conducive to serious negotiations if the United States

were to persist in publicly labeling Iran as a terrorist state, as a

state that is not to be trusted, as a state against which sanctions or

even a military option should be prepared.

Sanctions must punish those in power — not the Iranian middle class,

as an embargo on gasoline would do. The unintended result of imposing

indiscriminately crippling sanctions would likely be to give the

Iranians the impression that the United States’ real objective is to

prevent their country from acquiring even a peaceful nuclear program —

and that, in turn, would fuel nationalism and outrage.

Obama is following this prescription to a “T”, without good results I

might add. He is even unwilling to seriously support the opposition

with words to say nothing of deeds.

• the counterinsurgency campaign in the Taliban-controlled parts of

Afghanistan should be part of a larger political undertaking, rather

than a predominantly military one;

He wants to engage with “receptive elements of the Taliban” arguing

that “the Taliban are not a global revolutionary or terrorist

movement, … they do not directly threaten the West.” But they do host

al Qaeda who is a threat.

His prescription is to enlist the majority Afghans to defeat them.

Does this not oppose the idea of engaging them? Will this plan work?

The US has been trying for the last five years or so to build up Iraqi

forces to maintain order. Many believe that were the US to withdraw

from Iraq as Obama intends, that the Iraqi forces would not be able to

do so. So much more so, for Afghanistan.

Brzezinski recognizes that the support of Pakistan is a prerequisite

but recognizes how difficult this would be.

Given that many Pakistanis may prefer a Taliban-controlled Afghanistan

to a secular Afghanistan that leans toward Pakistan’s archival, India,

the United States needs to assuage Pakistan’s security concerns in

order to gain its full cooperation in the campaign against the

irreconcilable elements of the Taliban.

Will this result in ceding Afghanistan to the fundamentalists?

Pakistan wants to focus the war in Afghanistan rather than Pakistan

and thus has different objectives to those of the US. So the US will

have to reconcile her objectives with those of the Pakistani’s, to

gain their cooperation.

• the United States should respect Latin America’s cultural and

historical sensitivities and expand its contacts with Cuba;

Is that another way of saying that the US should accept that they are

socialists?

• the United States ought to energize its commitment to significantly

reducing its nuclear arsenal and embrace the eventual goal of a world

free of nuclear weapons;

Coming from the master of real politique, that’s quite a fantasy.

• in coping with global problems, China should be treated not only as

an economic partner but also as a geopolitical one;

• improving U.S.-Russian relations is in the obvious interest of both

sides, although this must be done in a manner that accepts, rather

than seeks to undo, post-Cold War geopolitical realities; and

• a truly collegial transatlantic partnership should be given deeper

meaning, particularly in order to heal the rifts caused by the

destructive controversies of the past few years.

Quite a workload.


PEPIS #119 Bilderberg book out for Christmas

9 Dec 2009

I couldn't find a single proper review. Make of that what you will.

Amazon.com just had two contradictory ones. Which means somebody is bothering to put out disinfo.

On the author's form alone it looks good this new one.

Bilderberg Conspiracy, The: Inside the World's Most Powerful Secret Society

http://www.amazon.com/Bilderberg-Conspiracy-H-Paul-Jeffers/dp/0806531150

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Bilderberg-Conspiracy-Inside-Powerful-Society...

Veteran journalist H. Paul Jeffers delves into the complicated and mysterious origins of the Bilderberg Group, their evolution into a top-secret society and their ultimate goal of world supremacy. Jeffers examines 50-plus years of the Bilderberg as he describes them, their membership, their purposes, the suspicions of their critics and what goes on at their secretive yearly meetings.

Just in time for Christmas..

Tony


PEPIS#118 CIA documentary maker Allan Francovich

Nov 2, 12:42 am

Allan Francovich - Operation Gladio part 2 of 3, BBC Timewatch (1993)

http://video.google.co.uk/videoplay?docid=8697248641166616573

Allan Francovich - On Company Business (1980)

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=17946

Allan Francovich discusses his three-part documentary film about the CIA which took five years to produce. Explains US Secret Foreign policy since the second world war 50-60-80 people interviewed. Interviews President of CBS News on collusion with the CIA. Influencing the news. All interviewees are ex CIA employees. On Company Business (1980) is a documentary film about the CIA, with exclusive use of interviews with current and former CIA employees. It won the International Critics Award for Best Documentary at the Berlin International Film Festival. Allan Francovich (1941 April 24, 1997) was an American film producer and director who made a series of films purporting to expose Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) covert operations. Francovich suffered a heart attack while going through US customs at Houston airport, Texas on April 17, 1997, and died at the age of 56.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FD84CAqIIZs

http://video.tiscali.it/canali/truveo/3015874909.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbqYTvCKi8k

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7rRmkJzWuw

Inside The CIA, On Company Business (1980) Hour one of three is now uploaded to Blip TV. Allan Francovich's unique and astounding 1980 insight into CIA covert operations, same sort of stuff that the good ol' boys, Mossad and MI6 get up to now.

Part 1 of 3: The History. What part did the CIA play in the Cold War? How instrumental were they in Cuba's 1961 Bay Of Pigs invasion? Did they cause the overthrow of President Allende in Chile? This volume starts at the end of World War II when 'The Company' was formed out of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and takes us through the various political incidents that the CIA has played a major role in for forty years from the 1940s to the 1970s. (approx 58 mins.)

http://www.blip.tv/file/2774354

Inside the CIA: On Company Business

And the second part is also available as of tonight.

Part 2 of 3: Assassination. It's been a 'Company' secret for many years, until this documentary. Assassination as a tool of US foreign policy has always been kept under wraps - until key ex-agents tell their shocking stories to our cameras. Now you can learn, for the first time, of plots by the CIA to murder the leaders of various governments around the world including, of course, Fidel Castro. Producers: Howard Dratch and Allan Francovich. Research: Howard Dratch, Allan Francovich and Kathleen Weaver. Featuring: Philip Agee, James Wilcott, William Colby, Victor Marchetti, John Stockwell, David Atlee Phillips and Joseph B. Smith.

http://www.blip.tv/file/2775765

Allan Francovich.

Inside The CIA: On Company Business: Subversion.

I suppose Allan knew some day his films would be understood as exposing political warfare.

http://www.blip.tv/file/2775765

Silly Madeline Albright denies then confirms Bilderberg attendance

Oct 16, 10:25 am

Madeline Albright confronted on Bilderberg and New World Order Crimes including 9/11

http://www.911blogger.com/node/21579

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s3WVTnGka0M

Madeleine Albright was confronted and exposed as a New World Order shill by a coalition of WeAreChange activists from Ohio and Chicago. As the activists attempted to ask the former Secretary of State some probing questions, they were shoved and assaulted by Albright's entourage.

Albright spoke at the Borders bookstore in Chicago on Wednesday, October 7th to flog her book and to propagandize the public.

Albright, who is a Director of the Rockefeller/British-controlled Council on Foreign Relations, was told that the American people would not stand for another false flag attack like on 9/11.

Anthony from WeAreChange Ohio stepped up and asked Albright about her appearance at the 2008 Bilderberg conference in Chantilly, Virginia. At first, Albright lied and said that she was not at the meeting but eyewitnesses had videotaped her arrival at the secret gathering.

When notified of this fact, she backpeddled and said that she "went in to pick somebody up."

Albright may be hesitant to admit her links to the Bilderberg Group because evidence has shown that the Bilderberg members intentionally planned to crash the U.S. economy in order to consolidate their economic power. In the film "The Obama Deception" by Alex Jones, author Daniel Estulin stated at the 2006 conference that members of the Bilderberg Group admitted that the group was planning to manipulate the housing market, create oil price fluctuations, and ultimately crash the economy.

Her attendance at the Bilderberg meeting would also be considered a violation of the Logan Act, which prohibits U.S. citizens from interacting with a foreign government without the authority of the United States.

Albright and her entourage seemed to think that she was only going to get puffball questions from a sycophantic public. Anthony of WeAreChange Ohio stated emphatically, "it was very interesting as soon as I asked her about Bilderberg, they said 'You can't ask any questions' and shoved me away!" Both Anthony and Steve of We Are Change Chicago were immediately removed once they begin to question Albright.


PEPIS#117 Completed masonic initiation rituals

Oct 20, 7:40 pm

Dear All,

"...I solemnly swear ... under no less a penalty than that of being severed in two, my body burnt to ashes and those ashes scattered over the face of earth and water by the four cardinal winds of heaven, that no trace or remembrance of so vile a wretch may longer be found among men..." Sworn by the candidate in the Master Mason ritual

Then, if you haven't understood the connections between Bilderberg and the inner core of freemasonry then this link should help. http://www.bilderberg.org/1998.htm#palmer Andrew Palmer organised the last Bilderberg conference to take place in Britain back in 1998.

I suggest you also check out John Robison's 'Proofs Of A Conspiracy' and send it on to anyone you know who might be interested.

http://www.bilderberg.org/lucis.htm

http://www.sacred-texts.com/sro/pc/index.htm

Now, worrying news then good news, from France:

Israel planning New Year attack on Iran? http://www.ww4report.com/node/7833

Historic 9/11 Debate on French TV http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=18196

best wishes

Tony

United Grand Lodge

http://www.bilderberg.org/masons.htm#ritual_texts

Complete texts of masonic rituals - three craft degrees and royal arch

The following rituals are copied directly from the small black (craft) and red (royal arch) books of masonic ritual given to candidates. In these books many expressions are represented only by their initial letter or, in the case of passwords and similar words simply by a blank underscore line. These have all been completed by an ex-royal arch freemason for publication here on the web.

Links to the full texts of initiation rituals

<http://www.bilderberg.org/First_Degree.htm>1st Degree Entered Apprentice

<http://www.bilderberg.org/Second_Degree.htm>2nd Degree Fellow Craft

<http://www.bilderberg.org/Third_Degree.htm>3rd Degree Master Mason

<http://www.bilderberg.org/Royal_Arch.htm>Royal Arch (Knights Templar) Ceremony

Note on substitution of 'penalties'

These small Masonic ritual books include an alternative form or 'substituted text' introduced by masonic officials as a response to criticism of the ritual 'penalties' where the candidate willingly places him or herself under various gruesome threats of death if masonic secrets are revealed. When freemasons are accused of using death threats in their initiation rites they often attempt to rebuke such criticism by saying that these have now been substituted for a tamer form of words. This substitution is optional in the original book text. The modern, alternative form of the penalty is 'ever bearing in mind the traditional penalty' rather than the older form which is 'under no less a penalty'. The original 'no lesser penalty' is used here.

The three craft rituals have been extracted from the following masonic publication:

EMULATION RITUAL as demonstrated in the EMULATION LODGE OF IMPROVEMENT

Compiled by and published with the approval of the Committee of the Emulation Lodge of Improvement

A LEWIS (Masonic Publishers) Ltd. Terminal House, Shepperton, Middlesex, TW17 8AS

ISBN 085318 006 7

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10Sep09 - PEPIS#116 - How Bilderberg & Friends Control The Global Economy

Sep 10, 2:23 am Controlling the Global Economy: Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission and the Federal Reserve Part2 Politics / Market Manipulation Aug 11, 2009 - 11:54 AM

part 1 is here

The Bilderberg Group and the European Union Project http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article12509.html http://www.911forum.org.uk

By: Global_Research http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article12666.html

Controlling the Global Economy: Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission and the Federal Reserve Part2

Continues from Part 1 Here

Globalization: A Liberal-Mercantilist Economic Order?

Neo-Liberals Take the Forefront

Andrew Gavin Marshall

In 1971, Jimmy Carter, a somewhat obscure governor from Georgia had started to have meetings with David Rockefeller. They became connected due to Carter's support from the Atlanta corporate elite, who had extensive ties to the Rockefellers. So in 1973, when David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski were picking people to join the Trilateral Commission, Carter was selected for membership. Carter thus attended every meeting, and even paid for his trip to the 1976 meeting in Japan with his campaign funds, as he was running for president at the time. Brzezinski was Carter's closest adviser, writing Carter's major campaign speeches.[73]

When Jimmy Carter became President, he appointed over two-dozen members of the Trilateral Commission to key positions in his cabinet, among them, Zbigniew Brzezinski, who became National Security Adviser; Samuel P. Huntington, Coordinator of National Security and Deputy to Brzezinski; Harold Brown, Secretary of Defense; Warren Christopher, Deputy Secretary of State; Walter Mondale, Vice President; Cyrus Vance, Secretary of State; and in 1979, he appointed David Rockefeller's friend, Paul Volcker, as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.[74]

In 1979, the Iranian Revolution spurred another massive increase in the price of oil. The Western nations, particularly the United States, had put a freeze on Iranian assets, "effectively restricting the access of Iran to the global oil market, the Iranian assets freeze became a major factor in the huge oil price increases of 1979 and 1981."[75] Added to this, in 1979, British Petroleum cancelled major oil contracts for oil supply, which along with cancellations taken by Royal Dutch Shell, drove the price of oil up higher.[76]

However, in 1979, the Federal Reserve, now the lynch-pin of the international monetary system, which was awash in petro-dollars (US dollars) as a result of the 1973 oil crisis, decided to take a different action from the one it had taken earlier. In August of 1979, "on the advice of David Rockefeller and other influential voices of the Wall Street banking establishment, President Carter appointed Paul A. Volcker, the man who, back in August 1971, had been a key architect of the policy of taking the dollar off the gold standard, to head the Federal Reserve."[77]

Volcker got his start as a staff economist at the New York Federal Reserve Bank in the early 50s. After five years there, "David Rockefeller's Chase Bank lured him away."[78] So in 1957, Volcker went to work at Chase, where Rockefeller "recruited him as his special assistant on a congressional commission on money and credit in America and for help, later, on an advisory commission to the Treasury Department."[79] In the early 60s, Volcker went to work in the Treasury Department, and returned to Chase in 1965 "as an aide to Rockefeller, this time as vice president dealing with international business." With Nixon entering the White House, Volcker got the third highest job in the Treasury Department. This put him at the center of the decision making process behind the dissolution of the Bretton Woods agreement.[80] In 1973, Volcker became a member of Rockefeller's Trilateral Commission. In 1975, he got the job as President of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, the most powerful of the 12 branches of the Fed.

In 1979, Carter gave the job of Treasury Secretary to Arthur Miller, who had been Chairman of the Fed. This left an opening at the Fed, which was initially offered by Carter to David Rockefeller, who declined, and then to A.W. Clausen, Chairman of Bank of America, who also declined. Carter repeatedly tried to get Rockefeller to accept, and ultimately Rockefeller recommended Volcker for the job.[81] Volcker became Chairman of the Federal Reserve System, and immediately took drastic action to fight inflation by radically increasing interest rates.

The world was taken by shock. This was not a policy that would only be felt in the US with a recession, but was to send shock waves around the world, devastating the Third World debtor nations. This was likely the ultimate aim of the 1970s oil shocks and the 1979 Federal Reserve shock therapy. With the raising of interest rates, the cost of international money also rose. Thus, the interest rates on international loans made throughout the 1970s rose from 2% in the 1970s to 18% in the 1980s, dramatically increasing the interest charges on loans to developing countries.[82]

In the developing world, states that had to import oil faced enormous bills to cover their debts, and even oil producing countries, such as Mexico, faced huge problems as they had borrowed heavily in order to industrialize, and then suffered when oil prices fell again as the recession occurring in the developed states reduced demand. Thus, in 1982, Mexico declared that it could no longer pay its debt, meaning that, "they could no longer cover the cost of interest payments, much less hope to repay the debt." The result was the bursting of the debt bubble. Banks then halted their loans to Mexico, and "Before long it was evident that states such as Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, and many sub-Saharan African countries were in equally difficult financial positions."[83]

The IMF and World Bank entered the scene newly refurnished with a whole new outlook and policy program designed just in time for the arrival of the debt crisis. The IMF "negotiated standby loans with debtors offering temporary assistance to states in need. In return for the loans states agreed to undertake structural adjustment programs (SAPs). These programs entailed the liberalization of economies to trade and foreign investment as well as the reduction of state subsidies and bureaucracies to balance national budgets."[84] Thus, the neoliberal project of 1973 in Chile was expanded into the very functioning of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs).

Neoliberalism is "a particular organization of capitalism, which has evolved to protect capital(ism) and to reduce the power of labour. This is achieved by means of social, economic and political transformations imposed by internal forces as well as external pressure," and it entails the "shameless use of foreign aid, debt relief and balance of payments support to promote the neoliberal programme, and diplomatic pressure, political unrest and military intervention when necessary."[85] Further, "neoliberalism is part of a hegemonic project concentrating power and wealth in elite groups around the world, benefiting especially the financial interests within each country, and US capital internationally. Therefore, globalization and imperialism cannot be analysed separately from neoliberalism."[86]

Joseph Stiglitz, former Chief Economist of the World Bank, wrote in his book, Globalization and its Discontents, "In the 1980s, the Bank went beyond just lending for projects (like roads and dams) to providing broad-based support, in the form of structural adjustment loans; but it did this only when the IMF gave its approval - and with that approval came IMF-imposed conditions on the country."[87] As economist Michel Chossudovsky wrote, "Because countries were indebted, the Bretton Woods institutions were able to oblige them through the so- called 'conditionalities' attached to the loan agreements to appropriately redirect their macro-economic policy in accordance with the interests of the official and commercial creditors."[88]

The nature of SAPs is such that the conditions imposed upon countries that sign onto these agreements include: lowering budget deficits, devaluing the currency, limiting government borrowing from the central bank, liberalizing foreign trade, reducing public sector wages, price liberalization, deregulation and altering interest rates.[89] For reducing budget deficits, "precise 'ceilings' are placed on all categories of expenditure; the state is no longer permitted to mobilize its own resources for the building of public infrastructure, roads, or hospitals, etc."[90]

Joseph Stiglitz wrote that, "the IMF staff monitored progress, not just on the relevant indicators for sound macromanagement - inflation, growth, and unemployment - but on intermediate variables, such as the money supply," and that "In some cases the agreements stipulated what laws the country's Parliament would have to pass to meet IMF requirements or 'targets' - and by when."[91] Further, "The conditions went beyond economics into areas that properly belong in the realm of politics," and that "the way conditionality was imposed made the conditions politically unsustainable; when a new government came into power, they would be abandoned. Such conditions were seen as the intrusion by the new colonial power on the country's own sovereignty."[92]

"The phrase 'Washington Consensus' was coined to capture the agreement upon economic policy that was shared between the two major international financial institutions in Washington (IMF and World Bank) and the US government itself. This consensus stipulated that the best path to economic development was through financial and trade liberalization and that international institutions should persuade countries to adopt such measures as quickly as possible."[93] The debt crisis provided the perfect opportunity to quickly impose these conditions upon countries that were not in a position to negotiate and with no time to spare, desperately in need of loans. Without the debt crisis, such policies may have been subject to greater scrutiny, and with a case-by-case analysis of countries adopting SAPs, the world would become quickly aware of their dangerous implications. The debt crisis was absolutely necessary in implementing the SAPs on an international scale in a short amount of time.

The effect became quite clear, as the result "of these policies on the population of developing countries was devastating. The 1980s is known as the 'lost decade' of development. Many developing countries' economies were smaller and poorer in 1990 than in 1980. Over the 1980s and 1990s, debt in many developing countries was so great that governments had few resources to spend on social services and development."[94] With the debt crisis, countries in the developing world were "[s]tarved of international finance, [and] states had little choice but to open their economies to foreign investors and trade."[95] The "Third World" was recaptured in the cold grasp of economic colonialism under the auspices of neo-liberal economic theory.

A Return to Statist Theory

Since the 1970s, mercantilist thought had re-emerged in mainstream political-economic theory. Under various names such as neo- mercantilism, economic nationalism or statism, they hold as vital the centrality of the state in the global political economy. Much "Globalization" literature puts an emphasis on the "decline of the state" in the face of an integrated international economic order, where borders are made illusory. However, statist theory at least helps us understand that the state is still a vital factor within the global political economy, even in the midst of a neo-liberal economic order.

Within the neo-liberal economic order, it was the powerful western (primarily US and Western European) states that imposed neo- mercantilist or statist policies in order to protect and promote their interests within the global political economy. Some of these methods were revolved around policy tools such as export subsidies, imposed to lower the price of goods, which would make them more attractive to importers, giving that particular nation an advantage over the competition.

For example, the US has enormous agriculture export subsidies, which make US agriculture and grain an easily affordable, attractive and accessible commodity for importing nations. Countries of the global south (the Lesser-Developed Countries, LDCs), subject to neo-liberal policies imposed upon them by the World Bank and IMF were forced to open their economies up to foreign capital. The World Bank would bring in heavily subsidized US grain to these poor nations under the guise of "food aid," which would have the affect of destabilizing the nation's agriculture market, as the heavily subsidized US grains would be cheaper than local produce, putting farmers out of business. Most LDCs are predominantly rural based, so when the farming sector is devastated, so too is the entire nation. They plunge into economic crisis and even famine.

With the statist approach, theorists examine how the state is still relevant in shaping economic outcomes and still remains a powerful entity in the international arena. One theorist who is prominent within the statist school is Robert Gilpin. Gilpin, a professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton, is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In his book, Global Political Economy, Gilpin postulated that multinational corporations were an invention of the United States, and indeed an "American phenomenon" upon which European and Asian states responded by internationalizing their own firms. In this sense, his theory postulated to a return to the competitive nature of mercantilist economic theory, in which one state gains at the expense of another. He also addresses the nature of the international economy, in that both historically and presently, there was a single state acting as the main enforcer and manager of the global economy. Historically, it was Britain, and presently, it was the United States.

One cannot deny the significance of the state in the global political economy, as it has been, and still remains very relevant. The events of 1973 are exemplary of this, however, more must be examined in order to better understand the situation. Though states are still prominent actors, it is vital to address in whose interest they act. Mercantilist and statist theorists tend to focus on the concept that states act in their own selfish interest, for the benefit of the state, both politically and economically. However, this is somewhat linear and diversionary, as it does not address the precise structure of the state economy, specifically in terms of its monetary and central banking system.

States, most especially the large hegemonic ones, such as the United States and Great Britain, are controlled by the international central banking system, working through secret agreements at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), and operating through national central banks (such as the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve). The state is thus owned by an international banking cartel, and though the state acts in such a way that proves its continual relevance in the global economy, it acts so not in terms of self-interest for the state itself, but for the powerful interests that control that state. The same international banking cartel that controls the United States today previously controlled Great Britain and held it up as the international hegemon. When the British order faded, and was replaced by the United States, the US ran the global economy. However, the same interests are served. States will be used and discarded at will by the international banking cartel; they are simply tools.

In this sense, interdependence theory, which presumes the decline of the state in international affairs, fails to acknowledge the role of the state in promoting and undertaking the process of interdependence. The decline of the nation-state is a state-driven process, and is a process that leads to a rise of the continental state and the global state. States, are still very relevant, but both liberal and mercantilist theorists, while helpful in understanding the concepts behind the global economy, lay the theoretical groundwork for a political economic agenda being undertaken by powerful interests. Like Robert Cox said, "Theory is always for someone and for some purpose."

Hegemonic-Stability Theory

In his book, Global Political Economy, Gilpin explained that, "In time, if unchecked, the integration of an economy into the world economy, the intensifying pressures of foreign competition, and the necessity to be efficient in order to survive economically could undermine the independence of a society and force it to adopt new values and forms of social organization. Fear that economic globalization and the integration of national markets are destroying or could destroy the political, economic, and cultural autonomy of national societies has become widespread."[96]

However, Gilpin explains that the "Creation of effective international regimes and solutions to the compliance problem require both strong international leadership and an effective international governance structure." Yet, he explains, "Regimes in themselves cannot provide governance structure because they lack the most critical component of governance - the power to enforce compliance. Regimes must rest instead on a political base established through leadership and cooperation."[97] This is where we see the emergence of Hegemonic Stability Theory.

Gilpin explains that, "The theory of hegemonic stability posits that the leader or hegemon facilitates international cooperation and prevents defection from the rules of the regime through use of side payments (bribes), sanctions, and/or other means, but can seldom, if ever, coerce reluctant states to obey the rules of a liberal international economic order." As he explained, "The American hegemon did indeed play a crucial role in establishing and managing the world economy following World War II."[98]

The roots of Hegemonic Stability Theory (HST) lie within both liberal and statist theory, as it is representative of a crossover theory that cannot be so easily placed in either category. The main concept champions the liberal notion of the open international economic system, guided by liberal principles of open-markets and free trade, while bringing in the statist concept of a single hegemonic state representing the concentration of political and economic power, as it is the enforcer of the liberal international economy.

The more liberal-leaning theorists of HST argue that a liberal economic order requires a strong, hegemonic state to maintain the smooth functioning of the international economy. One thing this state must do is maintain the international monetary system, as Britain did under the gold standard and the United States did under the Dollar- Wall Street Regime, following the end of the Bretton-Woods dollar-gold link.

Regime Theory Regime Theory is another crossover theory between liberal and mercantilist theorists. Its rise was primarily in reaction to the emergence of Hegemonic Stability Theory, in order to address the concern of a perceived decline in the power of the US. This was due to the rise of new economic powers in the 1970s, and another major purveyor of this theory was Robert Keohane. They needed to address how the international order could be maintained as the hegemonic power declined. The answer was in the building of international organizations to manage the international regime.

In this sense, Regime Theory has identified an important aspect of the global political economy, in that though states have upheld the international order in the past, never before has there been such an undertaking to institutionalize the authority over the international order through international organizations. These organizations, such as the World Bank, IMF, UN, and WTO, though still controlled and influenced by states, predominantly the international hegemon, the United States, represent a changing direction of internationalization and transnationalism. Regime Theorists tend to justify the formation of a more transnational apparatus of power, beyond just a single hegemonic state, into a more internationalized structure of authority.

Notes

[1] CBC, Informal forum or global conspiracy? CBC News Online: June 13, 2006: http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/bilderberg-group/

[2] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. (South End Press: 1980), 161-171

[3] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. (South End Press: 1980), 161-162

[4] CFR, The First Transformation. CFR History: http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/first_transformation.html

[5] Glen McGregor, Secretive power brokers meeting coming to Ottawa? Ottawa Citizen: May 24, 2006: http://www.canada.com/topics/news/world/story.html?id=ff614eb8-02cc-4...

[6] William F. Jasper, Rogues' gallery of EU founders. The New American: July 12, 2004: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JZS/is_14_20/ai_n25093084/pg_...

[7] Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs. The Telegraph: June 19, 2001: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-federal...

[8] Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs. The Telegraph: June 19, 2001: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-federal...

[9] Bilderberg Group, GARMISCH-PARTENKIRCHEN CONFERENCE. The Bilderberg Group: September 23-25, 1955, page 7:

http://wikileaks.org/leak/bilderberg-meetings-report-1955.pdf

[10] Who are these Bilderbergers and what do they do? The Sunday Herald: May 30, 1999: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_19990530/ai_n13939252

[11] Andrew Rettman, 'Jury's out' on future of Europe, EU doyen says. EUobserver: March 16, 2009: http://euobserver.com/9/27778

[12] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 110

[13] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 107

[14] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: pages 107-108

[15] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 108

[16] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 108

[17] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: pages 50-51

[18] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: page 65

[19] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 215

[20] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 66-67

[21] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: page 67

[22] C. Fred Bergsten, The New Economics and US Foreign Policy. Foreign Affairs: January, 1972: page 199

[23] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: pages 3-4

[24] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 76-78

[25] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: page 3

[26] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: page 5

[27] Congressional Research Service, TRILATERAL COMMISSION. The Library of Congress: pages 13-14: http://www.scribd.com/doc/5014337/Trilateral-Commission

[28] CFR, Joseph S. Nye, Jr.. Board of Directors: http://www.cfr.org/bios/1330/joseph_s_nye_jr.html

[29] Annual Report, The Council on Foreign Relations. Historical Roster of Directors and Officers, 2008: page 78

[30] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences. Page 19-20

[31] William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. (London: Pluto Press, 2004), 130-132

[32] William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. (London: Pluto Press, 2004), 286-287, 134

[33] CFR, "X" Leads the Way. CFR History: http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/x_leads.html

[34] Robert Dallek, The Kissinger Presidency. Vanity Fair: May 2007: http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/05/kissinger200705

[35] Ibid.

[36] David Stout, William P. Rogers, Who Served as Nixon's Secretary of State, Is Dead at 87. The New York Times: January 4, 2001: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B02E5D6113BF937A35752...

[37] TC, Tributes to David Rockefeller, Founder and Honorary Chairman. The Trilateral Commission: December 1, 1998: http://www.trilateral.org/nagp/regmtgs/98/1201tribs.htm

[38] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 304-307

[39] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 308-310

[40] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 310-311

[41] Robert Dallek, The Kissinger Presidency. Vanity Fair: May 2007: http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/05/kissinger200705

[42] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 312-313

[43] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: pages 130-132

[44] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: pages 136-137

[45] The Observer, Saudi dove in the oil slick. The Guardian: January 14, 2001: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2001/jan/14/globalrecession.oiland...

[46] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 24

[47] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 31-33

[48] IPC, James Akins. Iran Policy Committee: Scholars and Fellows: http://www.iranpolicy.org/scholarsandfellows.php#1

[49] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 35-36

[50] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 37-38

[51] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 44

[52] Time, The Cast of Analysts. Time Magazine: March 12, 1979: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,948424,00.html

[53] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 48

[54] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 50-51

[55] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 53

[56] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 137

[57] The Observer, Saudi dove in the oil slick. The Guardian: January 14, 2001: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2001/jan/14/globalrecession.oiland...

[58] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences: marxsite.com/ Gowan_DollarWallstreetRegime.pdf: page 10

[59] Dharam Ghai, ed., The IMF and the South: The Social Impact of Crisis and Adjustment (London: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1991), 81

[60] Dharam Ghai, ed., The IMF and the South: The Social Impact of Crisis and Adjustment (London: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1991), 82

[61] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 223

[62] Gisela Bolte, et. al., Jumbo Loans, Jumbo Risks. Time Magazine: December 3, 1984: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,923771,00.html

[63] Allen B. Frankel and Paul B. Morgan, A Primer on the Japanese Banking System. Board of Governors of the Federal reserve System, International Finance Discussion Papers: Number 419, December 1991: page 3

[64] A. W. Mullineux, International Banking and Financial Systems: A Comparison. Springer, 1987: page 63

[65] Robert K. Schaeffer, Understanding Globalization: The Social Consequences of Political, Economic, and Environmental Change. Rowman & Littlefield, 2005: page 82

[66] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences: marxsite.com/ Gowan_DollarWallstreetRegime.pdf: page 12

[67] David Rockefeller, Memoirs. New York: Random House: 2002: Page 431

[68] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 39-40

[69] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 41

[70] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: pages 40-41

[71] Daniel Brandt, U.S. Responsibility for the Coup in Chile. Public Information Research: November 28, 1998: http://www.namebase.org/chile.html

[72] Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Macmillan: 2007: page 77

[73] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 201-203

[74] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 91-92

[75] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 88

[76] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 173

[77] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 174

[78] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 36

[79] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 37

[80] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 38

[81] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: pages 57-60

[82] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 223

[83] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[84] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[85] A. Paloni and M. Zonardi, eds., Neoliberalism: A Critical Introduction. London: Pluto, 2005: page 3

[86] A. Paloni and M. Zonardi, eds., Neoliberalism: A Critical Introduction. London: Pluto, 2005: page 1

[87] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: page 14

[88] Michel Chossudovsky, The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, 2nd ed. Quebec: Global Research, 2003: page 35

[89] Marc Williams, International Economic Organizations and the Third World. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994: page 85

[90] Michel Chossudovsky, The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, 2nd ed. Quebec: Global Research, 2003: page 52

[91] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: pages 43-44

[92] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: pages 44-46

[93] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[94] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[95] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 225

[96] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: page 81

[97] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: page 97

[98] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: pages 97-98

Andrew Gavin Marshall is a Research Associate with the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG). He is currently studying Political Economy and History at Simon Fraser University.

Andrew G. Marshall is a frequent contributor to Global Research. Global Research Articles by Andrew G. Marshall (c) Copyright Andrew G. Marshall, Global Research, 2009


02Sep09 - PEPIS#115 - Dutroux witness X2: child abuse by Davignon & Lippens

Sep 2, 11:12 am PEPIS#115 - Dutroux witness X2: child abuse by Davignon & Lippens

Wikipedia - stealthily protecting the criminal elite. The pro-elitist anti-truth capabilities of Wikipedia most elegantly exposed here in article 3. Quotes here from the excellent, as ever, Project for the Exposure of Hidden Institutions (PEHI) now (somewhat annoyingly) renamed as the Institute for the Study of Globalization and Covert Politics (ISGP).

see also

Beyond the Dutroux Affair The reality of protected child abuse and snuff networks http://www.isgp.eu/dutroux/Belgian_X_dossiers_of_the_Dutroux_affair.htm

1. Bernhard's '1001 Club' membership lists

2. 'Black Prince' Junio Valerio Borghese

3. One single admin able to wipe ISGP from dozens of Wiki pages

4. Bilderberg Chairman child abuse allegations

1. Bernhard's '1001 Club' membership lists

A tribute: researcher who provided ISGP with 1001 Club membership lists has died 1001 mentioned in new critical biography on Prince Bernhard; also made the Dutch evening news

April 17, 2009

........................................................................... .............................................................

Back in late July 2008, right after publishing the Nebuleuse article, I said to myself: "It's done! Can't freakin' believe it, but after so many years there's nothing I really need to Confidential Leaked confidential letter of Charles de Haes, honorary secretary to Prince Bernhard and co-founder of the 1001. write about anymore. Maybe I can actually start to have a normal life now." As happened before, this lasted for a very short period. Within a few weeks I received an email from the Irish journalist Kevin Dowling: if I was still interested in having photocopies of the 1001 Club membership lists and some other 1001 material... Well, of course I was! I was dancing on the tables.

Off and on I had been trying to get hold of these lists for years, as two of them were known to have leaked over the decades. Unfortunately, the few researchers who may have been able to provide one or more copies for some reason all backed down on their initial promises to supply the lists. And although ISGP still became the only site with any meaningful information on the 1001, the article never felt comfortable for the simple reason that it was not based on at least a few original sources. This had now changed overnight and within one weekend - without having really time for it - I had written a whole new version of the 1001 Club article and made all the photocopies provided by Kevin available for download. For the first time ever since the founding of the 1001 in 1973-4, membership lists had become available to the world!

I mailed Kevin about the rewrite. He was very pleased and made a comment that some researchers definitely should remember:

"No need for thanks. You are very welcome. It bewilders me why researchers should choose to hide what they discover rather than share it with anyone else. ...

"I have a pretty full suite of documents concerning Bernhard's membership of the Nazi party. I'll post them to you if you like."

I declined this last offer, as there really was no time to look at the material and also because Bernhard's membership of the Nazi party is well known and actually has a pretty good explanation behind it. About six months went by without contact. Then on March 31, 2009, - completely by accident - my eye caught a portion of a Netwerk broadcast, which is a Dutch investigative fsf ISGP-compiled picture on the national news. Unfortunately, ISGP was not mentioned. program part of the national evening news. There was a discussion of a new book written by Gerard Aalders, en employee of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation. The book, titled De prins kan mij nog meer vertellen (roughly meaning, the Prince can tell me even more stories), is a very critical review of the life of Prince Bernhard. It was quite clear that the makers of program, while giving both sides a say, did not hold back either. Several of the scandals Bernhard had been embroiled in were discussed, Bilderberg was mentioned, and maybe for the first time ever on the news... the 1001 Club was mentioned! Immediate thoughts that the information had largely come from ISGP were supported when the picture above, part of ISGP's 1001 Club article, was shown on tv. Of course there was no mentioning of ISGP, the site which, among other things, can spell the end of Belgium.

Just today I picked up a copy of De prins kan mij nog meer vertellen. ISGP has indeed been mentioned in the book. Unfortunately, the information provided on the 1001 Club is still rather limited, but enough to grab many people's attention and make them look at the endnotes. Network did make one mistake though: it mentioned the mafia boss Meyer Lansky as a member of the 1001. This is not true, although Lansky did work with or for Mossad agent and 1001 Club member Tibor Rosenbaum, a good friend of both Bernhard and Edmond de Rothschild (another 1001 Club member). In many ways the Lansky-Rosenbaum connection reminds one of the relationship between the sinister Felix Przedborski and the Mossad and Israeli Foreign Office ISGP's Nebuleuse article has been talking about. Back to Kevin I contacted Kevin after seeing the Netwerk documentary to inform him that the information he had provided to ISGP had been picked up by the Dutch evening news and had also found its way into a new biography on the 1001 Club's former head, Prince Bernhard. Unfortunately it was not Kevin who replied back to me, but his (very kind) wife: Kevin had died unexpectedly on December 22 last year. Guess that's just another reminder that most of the researchers I interact with are decades older than me.

There's not much I know about Kevin, but I do know that he was one of the most open and jovial of the researchers I've interacted with. A brief summary of what I know about him and his work has been written down in the 1001 Club article and is cited below:

"Britain too has tried to find ways to remain an influence in the world, and some have argued over the years that British Intelligence and the Foreign Office have tried to use the WWF (and 1001 Club) to pursue some of the country's geopolitical interests. The most important of these critics has been the Irish journalist Kevin Dowling, who in 1990 produced the documentary 'Ten Pence in the Panda', in which he documented the extreme ineffectiveness of the WWF's efforts to defend species as the panda, the elephant, and the black rhino. dsd The 2009 book of Gerard Aalders During the controversy in the weeks and months after the documentary, Dowling produced more damning evidence against the WWF. It turned out that the people living in the reserves were forced to live under inhumane conditions (and could be shot on sight), that wealthy customers could illegally hunt on rhinos and elephants, that leading nature conservatives were involved in the illegal trade in ivory, and that criminal special operations were launched from nature reserves to sustain the apartheid system. [7]"

It's incredible to think that Kevin had these 1001 Club lists and documents in his possession for maybe two or three decades, but that only three months before he died he gave them to someone who was able to spread them - directly and indirectly - to a much greater public than before (ISGP, which also added it to Wikipedia; Aalders' book; and about 500,000 people watched the Netwerk program). If Kevin had not shared these lists, it may have taken God knows how much longer before any really reliable information on the 1001 would have entered the public domain. Remember, when ISGP attempted to write the first article on the 1001 Club in 2005, it took considerable effort to even find out whether the club still existed! (it did)

So, thanks for the work and your generosity, Kevin. Sorry I was not able to read all the material and comment back on it. But as you asked, some of the things you said years back to the Dutch alternative press and have not yet been translated in ISGP's 1001 Club article will be translated and posted up here. This cannot be done immediately though.

http://www.isgp.eu/miscellaneous/1001_Club_Kevin_Dowling_has_died.htm

2. 'Black Prince' Junio Valerio Borghese

Italy's Black Prince: Terror War Against the Nation-State by Allen Douglas

The Black Prince and the Sea Devils: The Story of Valerio Borghese and the Elite Units of the Decima Mas by Jack Greene and Alessandro Massignani Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press, 2004 284 pages, hardcover, $27.50

The career of the Roman "Black Prince," Junio Valerio Borghese, gruesomely illustrates how virtually all modern "international terrorism" and all assassinations of heads of state and government such as President John F. Kennedy, former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro, or the numerous attempts on France's President Charles de Gaulle, derive from the postwar Nazi International, sponsored by the Anglo-American-led Synarchy and its intelligence services. To trace all the ramifications of that career, is to open a door onto the centuries-old highest level of the financial oligarchy-the Synarchy: the aristocratic families of the "black nobility," the Sovereign Military Order of the Knights of Malta, and the heirs of what Pope John Paul I called the "ancients" of Venice.

The fascist Borghese founded Mussolini's elite naval warfare squadron, which he turned into a savage irregular warfare unit in northern Italy by the end of World War II. Picked up by Allen Dulles, James Jesus Angleton, and other anti-Franklin Delano Roosevelt operatives of the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), Borghese and his men would be involved in every major postwar coup attempt or terrorist outbreak in Italy until 1970, when he fled to Spain after the failed coup attempt most closely associated with his name. From Italy, and then while in Spain, he maintained connections all over Europe and with the bloody Operation Condor torture-and-murder syndicate in Ibero-America. An examination of Borghese's career enables one to peer beneath the surface of terrorism and spectacular assassinations, into the netherworld whence these actions are launched: where international high finance; ancient aristocratic families; pro-fascist elements of the Curia of the Catholic Church; leading fascists of the Hitler- Mussolini era; and the Anglo-American intelligence services, in particular those of NATO, are all unified in a war against the modern nation-state.

The British and U.S. intelligence services' files on Borghese are still classified, as are the Borghese family archives in the Vatican after 1922, when Mussolini seized power. The present book is the first biography of Borghese in English. When correlated with other recent exposés of Gladio, the post-World War II NATO "stay-behind" network in Europe, and when all are situated within the work of Lyndon LaRouche and his associates on the Synarchy, it is a notable contribution to unmasking international terrorism, though the book's authors are perhaps not always aware of the full implications of what they present. [1]

Borghese belonged to a principal family of Rome's ostensibly Catholic "black nobility," many members of which claim descent from the elite of the Roman Empire. Numerous Popes and cardinals came from the Borghese and allied families, such as the Pallavicini, the Colonna, and the Orsini; these families maintained enormous power into the 20th Century, and still today, in the Curia, the administration of the Vatican. Their faction within the Church helped construct the infamous "rat-line"-run, in part, through monasteries and convents-which spirited thousands of Fascists and Nazis out of Europe after the war, into Ibero-America, Asia, and the Middle East.

Whether the Borgheses indeed originated with the Roman Empire, as they claim, or only rose in the early 16th Century, as records suggest, they could boast of one Pope, Paul V (Camillo Borghese, reigned 1605-21), and several cardinals, while a Borghese prince married Napoleon's sister. They lost their fortune in the 19th Century, and thus the 20th Century saw Junio Valerio Borghese going to war..................

This article appears in the February 4, 2005 issue of Executive Intelligence Review. http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2005/3205_italy_black_prince.html

3. One single admin able to wipe ISGP from dozens of Wiki pages

ISGP's problem with Wikipedia One single admin able to wipe ISGP from dozens of Wiki pages July 1, 2009 Joël ........................................................................... .............................................................

You know, I think Wikipedia is a really great concept. Anyone can contribute information to articles, while a relatively small number of administrators see to it that the information remains objective and verifiable. Despite criticism that "anyone can write anything", in reality the vast majority of Wikipedia articles are well sourced and very reliable.

However, as usual, problems arise when it comes to controversial information. Many people cannot deal with this and without even thinking they just discard it. That's too bad, but not much can be done about it. What is worrying, however, is that some Wikipedia editors posses similar character traits. And occasionally, like in this case, they seem to go berserk.

An unwelcome surprise Today I had actually planned to write a little piece to ask people who take information from this site if they can double-check what I've written before writing down anything themselves. I've noticed that persons discussing my work half of the time cannot get the facts straight. The latest example is the following addition to Etienne Davignon's biography on Wikipedia:

"Around 1996, Regina Louf (X1 witness) accused Davignon of being involved in a child abuse network. She testified having seen him abusing children in a hotel in Knokke. Her testimony was discredited based on her psychological state."

It was not Regina Louf (X1) who made the claim to have seen Davignon. It was X2 who had stated this. So when making serious entries like these, please read before you write anything down. You become very easy to discredit when making mistakes like this. I really recommend that with every sentence you write down, you go back to source and check my exact wording. You'll be amazed how often you remembered something wrong.

Anyway, soon after seeing this new addition to Davignon's biography, I noticed that the link to ISGP had been deleted. More amazing, it turned out that every reference to ISGP anywhere on Wikipedia had been deleted around the same time. At first I thought this was the result of the careless mistake in Davignon's biography. However, it turns out that this was not the cause.

The cause turns out to be a Wikipedia admin nicknamed Will Beback. On June 29, at 20:41 (GMT), Beback apparently came across ISGP while editing Wikipedia's WWF page. This person, whose apparent internet information can be found below, decided to take a look at ISGP for less than five minutes. In response he decided it was his right to delete all references on Wikipedia to ISGP without spending one more second of fact checking. IP 69.104.219.235 Host name adsl-69-104-219-235.dsl.irvnca.pacbell.net Location Los Angeles, California 29th June 2009 23:41:43 No referring link www.isgp.eu/index.html 29th June 2009 23:42:52 www.isgp.eu/index.html www.isgp.eu/about.htm 29th June 2009 23:45:30 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1001_Club www.isgp.eu/index.html 29th June 2009 23:49:43 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1001_Club www.isgp.eu/organisations/1001_Club_members_list.htm Total visit time 8 minutes and 0 seconds

Beback's incompetence For a veteran Wikipedia admin, Beback doesn't seem to be a particularly bright light. Amazingly, he left the incorrect paragraph in Davignon's bio untouched. As of this writing, it's still there. Beback only deleted the source, which, ironically, would have shown that there's a serious mistake on Wikipedia.

Another interesting point is Wikipedia's 1001 Club article, in which the apparently nefarious influence of ISGP was first neutralized. This is the paragraph Beback deleted (except for the first sentence):

"The membership of the 1001 Club largely consists of managers of banks and multinationals from around the world. Examples from past and present include Sir Eric Drake of British Petroleum, Sir Val Duncan of Rio Tinto, Harry Frederick Oppenheimer and Sidney Spiro of Anglo- American Corporation, the British and French Rothschilds, Michel David- Weill of Lazard, Laurance and David Rockefeller, Henry Ford II, Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Edmond Safra, Peter von Siemens, and Berthold Beitz of Krupp. Among the more remarkable members have been Salem bin Laden, Osama bin Laden's older half-brother; Mobutu Sese Seko, the dictator of Zaire; BCCI founder and president Agha Hasan Abedi; Juan Carlos I King of Spain; early Zionist operatives as Louis Bloomfield and Tibor Rosenbaum; and the controversial businessman Nelson Bunker Hunt."

Beback deleted all the names, providing us with the following explanation: "trim unsourced list that includes living people". Excuse me, unsourced!? Oh, wait, of course this list is unsourced, as several minutes earlier Beback himself had deleted the links to photocopies of the membership list in which all these names could be found! The ISGP log shows Beback has been on the page where these photocopies could be found. Unless he's a hyperactive 12-year-old, it's incomprehensible to me how he could have missed this.

As you can see at the bottom of this article, over the next hour Beback deleted all entries of ISGP on Wikipedia - from the Bohemian Grove, the Pilgrims Society, and Le Cercle to about a dozen individual biographies. As we can see from ISGP's statistics, the Wiki admin did not once bother to check any other link. He just indiscriminately deleted everything that had to do with ISGP.

Even very important and detailed criticism on the Disclosure Project was deleted (Steven Greer must be so happy), while in the Pilgrims Society article Charles Savoie was allowed to remain. This is another clear indication that Beback only paid attention to his delete button and not at all to the subject at hand, nor the quality of the sources. You wonder if this is the kind of admin Wikipedia needs...

Sometimes Wikipedia is ISGP It's ironic that Wikipedia pages as the Pilgrims Society, the 1001 Club and Le Cercle are almost entirely based on the work of ISGP. As I've already explained in the FAQ:

"When PEHI/ISGP first wrote about the Cercle, the 1001 Club, and the Pilgrims, entries on Wikipedia about these societies did not exist. In each case they were added shortly after the PEHI/ISGP articles had been uploaded. Virtually no other information existed on these groups at the time. Wikipedia's Sun Valley/Allen & Co. entry took years before it was created. Wikipedia's JASON Group article did exist, but was far from complete. At least half of the members were taken from ISGP. Details about the Bohemian Grove camps and the visitors also came from ISGP. Although membership lists have leaked in recent years, back in 2005/2006 none were in the public domain and names were scattered all over the place. ISGP has been responsible for other information on Wikipedia, mainly relating to the Dutroux affair and snuff films. In many cases this information was removed for no good reason - sometimes after six months of continuous visits and no complaints."

Indeed, although ISGP was listed on about 30 different Wikipedia pages, it has been deleted from at least a dozen more. The JASON Group is one of them, but especially not done has been the addition of information from Beyond Dutroux or even Le Cercle to individual biographies on Wikipedia. Sometimes the information itself stuck - as the fact that Antoine Pinay was involved in setting up the Pinay Cercle - but the source of the information - ISGP - was deleted. In other cases entire paragraphs were undone and in at least one case a group of Belgian lawyers began to intimidate Wikipedia France after one of its admins expanded on the darker aspects of the life of Paul Vanden Boeynants. These legal threats were not unique, by the way, nor other forms of apparent intimation - but that's a whole other discussion.

The point being The point here is that a single Wikipedia admin named Will Beback has decided that the world has no need for the information on ISGP, even though dozens have been responsible for adding this information and even though thousands have seen these links but never felt the need to delete them. And the most astonishing thing is that this person never even bothered to check up on any of the material presented. He left mistakes and deleted undeniable and very unique sources. If his actions are not reversed, many thousands less will come across this site over the years, as Wikipedia has considerably increased overall visits to this site both directly (links) and indirectly (Google page ranking).

Things go the way go and I guess Will Beback is just one of the many reflections of our imperfect society. It would be nice if you all could try to reverse his actions, but if not, so be it.

Will Beback's anti-ISGP rampage (GMT):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Contributions/Will_Beback

* 22:41, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Bohemian Grove ? (rm self- published website) (top)

* 22:40, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) St. Elmo (secret society) ? (rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:40, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Le Cercle ? (rm self-published website and assertions) (top)

* 22:39, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Le Cercle ? (rm material based on self-published website)

* 22:38, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) m George Kennedy Young ? (fix) (top)

* 22:37, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) User:Will Beback/Weblinks ? (+) (top)

* 22:37, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Allen & Company Sun Valley Conference ? (?External links: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:36, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) William J. Casey ? (?Director of Central Intelligence: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:36, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Association for Cultural Freedom ? (?Involvement of the CIA: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:35, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) George Kennedy Young ? (rm self-published website)

* 22:34, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Frederic Bennett ? (?Other interests: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:32, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Peter Hain ? (?Anti-apartheid: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:32, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Conservative Monday Club ? (rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:30, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Geoffrey Stewart-Smith ? (?Publications: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:29, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) User talk:Chendy ? (?Reliable sources and links: new section) (top)

* 22:21, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) User talk:213.10.45.86 ? (third warning) (top)

* 22:17, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Pilgrims Society ? (?External links: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:15, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Friedrich Hayek ? (rm self- published website) (top)

* 22:15, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Jon Snow ? (?Memorable incidents: rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:13, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) James A. Farrell Jr. ? (rm self-published website) (top)

* 22:13, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) St. Elmo (secret society) ? (?Membership: rm self-published website)

* 22:09, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Jonathan Aitken ? (?Libel action: self-published website) (top)

* 22:08, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Ambrose Evans-Pritchard ? (rm material sourced to self-published website) (top)

* 22:07, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Le Cercle ? (?External links: rm self-published website)

* 22:07, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Le Cercle ? (?History: rm self- published website)

* 22:06, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) The Disclosure Project ? (?Criticism: rm section sourced entirely to a self-published website) (top)

* 22:04, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Maurice Lippens (businessman) ?(?Child Abuse Network: rm material sourced to self-published website)

* 22:04, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Étienne Davignon ? (rm self- publsihed website) (top)

* 22:03, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Marc Dutroux ? (?Alternative views: rm material from self-published wesbite) (top)

* 22:02, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Bohemian Grove ? (?External links: rm self-published site)

* 22:01, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) 1001 Club ? (trim unsourced list that includes living people) (top)

* 21:58, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Talk:Views of Lyndon LaRouche ?(?Misrepresentation in Gays and Aids section: please be specific)

* 21:52, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) Great Oil Sniffer Hoax ? (?Bibliography: rm link to self-published website) (top)

* 21:50, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) 1001 Club ? (rm self-publsihed site, add cite req)

* 21:49, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) 1001 Club ? (improve ref, intro)

* 21:46, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) 1001 Club ? (?External links: rm self-published site)

* 21:45, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) 1001 Club ? (?Alternative views: rm link to self-published site)

* 21:40, 29 June 2009 (hist) (diff) World Wide Fund for Nature ? (?Cambodia controversy: wl, refs, trim "controversy") (top)

Apparently Beback is keeping check on any reversals regarding ISGP:

* 08:55, 1 July 2009 (hist) (diff) Maurice Lippens (businessman) ? (undo - extraordinary clai, requires highly reliable source, www.isgp.eu doesn't qualify) (top)

He doesn't seem to realize that ISGP is not "the source". The sources are the photocopies of the official gendarmerie reports, which happen to be permanently posted on ISGP. And of course you won't find these documents in any newpaper or on any government-related site. Does that mean that no one has ever testified against Maurice Lippens? Apparently it does in Beback's mind.

http://www.isgp.eu/miscellaneous/ISGP_deleted_from_Wikipedia_history_...

4. Bilderberg Chairman child abuse allegations http://www.isgp.eu/dutroux/Belgian_X_dossiers_the_accused.htm Viscount Etienne Davignon b. 1932

Source(s): X2 (Present at parties with underage girls in villas in Knokke, including the one of his good friend Leopold Lippens, and Hotel Cromwell; The following text could well be a reference to Davignon, as he seems to be the only European Commissioner accused in the X-Files: December 29, 1996, Sunday Times: "In a separate twist, a Belgian newspaper claimed yesterday that a former European commissioner was among a group of judges, senior politicians, lawyers and policemen who attended orgies held in a Belgian chateau and organized by Michel Nihoul, one of Dutroux's alleged accomplices. La Derniere Heure, which claimed to have a guest list, did not name the commissioner but said he "came with a girl, Josette, nicknamed Jojo, the Bomb".")

Great great grandson of one of the revolutionaries which succeeded in separating Belgium from Holland in 1830 and to make it a Catholic state again. Grandson of Julien Davignon, an influential Belgian minister of Foreign Affairs. Etienne Davignon was born in Hungary in 1932. His family has intermarried with some of the more powerful Belgian blue blood families like the Janssens, Boëls, and Solvays. Studied law at Facultés Saint-Louis in Brussels and the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL). Completed his education with studies in Philosophy and Economy. Scholar of the Benedictine monks of Maredsous (at SG, he found out that three others were Benedictines: Maurice Lippens, Claude de Villenfagne van AnHyp, and Guy Ullens de Schooten). In 1959, Davignon joined the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as attache for the department of African Affairs. Became head of the cabinet of Paul-Henri Spaak in 1964 (as a follow up of Baron Robert Rothschild, and, together with Etienne Davignon, a governor of the Atlantic Institute in 1987), a position he held in 1965 when Pierre Harmel became prime-minister. During his career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was directly involved with Belgium's policies in Africa, the independence of Rwanda and Burundi and the solution to the Belgium and Zaire conflict. He was also a key figure behind the report on the future of the Atlantic Alliance (Harmel report) and he presided over the committee which prepared the first proposals regarding political cooperation between EEC members (Davignon Report, 1974-1975). Following the oil crisis in 1973, Davignon chaired the international conference that established an oil-sharing treaty. First president of the International Energy Agency 1974-1977. Worked as vice- president for the European Commission from 1977 to 1985, where he was in charge of industry, research and energy. He was active in the restructuring of European industry (steel, textiles, synthetic fibres) and in promoting new research cooperative ventures in information technology and telecommunications. In 1982, as Industry Commissioner, Davignon challenged Pehr Gyllenhammar (Volvo, Chase Manhattan, Kissinger Associates, Aspen Institute; later on managing director of Lazard, vice chairman of Rothschild Europe, and chairman of Rothschild Pension Funds) to organize a group of top European businessmen to lobby the European Commission. The Gyllenhammar group was to become the highly influential European Round Table of Industrialists or ERT, drawing up policy for Europe. Together with his Solvay business partner, Baron Daniel Janssen, Davignon was a long time member of the ERT. At the ERT Etienne chaired the working group on Trade and Investment. In 1985, he left the European Commission and joined Société Générale de Belgique. After the French Suez Group took over SGB in 1988, Etienne Davignon became its chairman and remained that until 2001. In March 1988 Gerald Bull, the famous gun builder, received a contract from the Iraqis to build 3 superguns, one of them a smaller prototype. The 2 full-size superguns were 150 meters / 450 feet long with a bore of one meter / three feet and, if finished, would have been capable of placing a 2000 kg / 4500 lb rocket propelled projectile into orbit (its purpose). Project Babylon, as it was called, was said to be financed by Société Générale. Bull had earlier built hundreds of revolutionary artillery pieces for the Iraqis and had upgraded their Scud missiles. He was assassinated in Brussels on March 22, 1990. It has been claimed that the former Belgian deputy prime minister Andre Cools, who was assassinated on July 18, 1991, was almost done investigating the Bull murder and wanted to lay bare an international criminal syndicate. Among the persons that supposedly were about to be indicted were Dick Cheney, Neil Bush, Frank Carlucci, Donald Rumsfeld, Jonathan Aitken (head of Le Cercle; member Privy Council), Count Hervé de Carmoy, and the Barbours, Racicots, and Bronfmans. At the time these people were assassinated, a scandal surfaced in Italy and the United States: $4 billion of unauthorized loans to Iraq were exposed, made by the Atlanta branch of the Italian Banca Nazionale del Lavoro. BNL had attracted the secretive Kissinger Associates as a business advisor, a firm Davignon, at some point, became a director of (identified as a director in April 2002, CSR Europe Magazine). Henry Kissinger, a close friend of Davignon, also sat on the advisory board of BNL. Davignon joined the board of Minorco in 1990 and retired from it in 2002, 3 years after this company had merged with Anglo-American Corporation (AGM). At that moment he stepped down to vice-chairman. Co-founder of the Association for the Monetary Union of Europe and president from 1991 to 2002. In 2002, after it had fulfilled its purpose of establishing the European Monetary Union (EMU), the group was dissolved just as quietly as it had been erected. Davignon is chairman of the Paul-Henri Spaak Foundation, chairman of the Royal Institute for International Relations (Belgian version of RIIA), and chairman of CSR Europe (European business network). Etienne Davignon is a founder of the EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation and was chairman of the EU-Japan Business Dialogue 1995-2005. The follow-up of Davignon, Baron Georges Jacobs, at the time, was chairman of UCB SA (owned by the Janssens) and Delhaize SA. Davignon is a president of Friends of Europe and a director of The European Institute (since about 1995). Honorary chairman of Bilderberg since 1999, after Lord Carrington resigned. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. Etienne Davignon sits on the Board of Advisors of 'Dialogues: Islamic World - U.S. - The West', together with Frank Wisner (Le Cercle) and Prince El Hassan bin Talal (head Club of Rome). The Dialogues, which are located in New York, are sponsored by the Carnegie Corporation and Rockefeller Brothers Fund. Etienne Davignon is chairman of the Board of the Institut Catholique des Hautes Etudes Commerciales in Brussels. He is a vice-chairman of Suez-Tractebel and Société Générale de Belgique (owned by Suez). He is a director of the Suez Group, which owns both companies. Davignon holds 10,000 shares in the Suez Group, while all other directors, including its chairman, own between 2,000 (almost all) and 5,500 shares (only one). The Suez Group itself is ultimately owned by the Belgian Frère (controls the Charleroi Group, a name probably not so popular anymore these days) and the Canadian Desmarais (Privy Council) families. In 2002, Tractebel was accused of business dealings with the billionaire (mafia) oligarchs in Kazakhstan, and their ally, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev. Among these Oligarchs were Patokh Chodiev and Alijan Ibragimov, both closely connected to their London business partners. Davignon is a vice-chairman of Fortis (Dutch-Belgian governed banking group). Appointed chairman of Fortis' newly- established International Advisory Council in 2001, together with Baron Paul Janssen (dr. and chair of Janssen Pharmaceutica; member Vatican Scientific Acadamy) and Guy de Selliers de Moranville (Solvay director). Maurice Lippens would attended the meetings of the IAC. Davignon was president of Union Miniere Belgique and vice-president of Petrofina, Arbed, Salem, Sidmar, Foamex, Gilead (USA), and Pechiney. Davignon was, or is, a member of the Board of the Générale de Banque, Maritime Belge, Compagnie des Wagons-Lits, Recticel, Sibeka, SN Airholding, Palais des Beaux-Arts (Belgium), Accor SA, Sofina (owned by the Boël family and chaired by Yves Boël), BASF, ICL, Solvay SA, Kissinger Associates (he's a friend of Henry and they have attended soccer/football matches together), and several SGB group companies. Etienne Davignon is a member of Belgium's most exclusive private club, Cercle de Lorraine - Club of Lotharingen. He is also a member of Cercle Gaulois, another elite Belgian club, and the Royal Sporting Club of Anderlecht. Listed as a governor of the Ditchley Foundation in 2000. Used to be a director of the Royal Club of Historic Cities and Gardens in Belgium (Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden en Tuinen van België), together with Baron Albert Frère, the Marquess de Trazegnies, Prince Alexander de Merode (former chair), Prince Lorenz (honorary chair), Count Ghislain d'Ursel and Count Emmanuel de Lichtervelde. Together with the Marquess de Trazegnies and the mayor of Venice, the Davignon is a patron of Veneziaviva, a foundation which is focused on preserving, restoring and enhancing the value of Venice's heritage. In 1999, Davignon was a main founder of Friends of Europe, a private lobbying organization for the European Union. Baron Daniel Janssen helped him to establish it and the institute's headquarters are located in the historic Bibliothèque Solvay, right outside the European Parliament in Brussels. Together with his business partner Count Maurice Lippens, Viscount Etienne Davignon was involved in setting up SN Brussels Airlines, the follow up of Sabena, which went bankrupt in 2001. Davignon also played a role in the Lernout & Hauspie scandal, which centered around a company that made by far the best voice recognition / language translation software on the market (although it wasn't perfect). According to one of the founders of the company, Jo Lernout, it went wrong in 1999/2000 when L&H started to buy up US companies who were working for the CIA and the Pentagon, especially because the L&H software worked almost the same as the NSA's Echelon spy system. The Wall Street Journal accused L&H of fraudulent book keeping in August 2000 and the 2 founders, Jo Lernout and Pol Hauspie, were arrested in April 2001. According to Business Wire, Davignon became a director of Lernout & Hauspie in May 2001. Within 3 weeks, in early June, he already resigned because Fortis, the bank he is a vice-chairman of, is the largest creditor of L&H. Jo Lernout and Pol Hauspie were released in early July of 2001 and L&H went broke in October 2001, its technology sold to the US for a fraction of its actual worth. Jo Lernout later claims that board members must have been pressured by the US intelligence agencies to destroy the company, because of all the incomprehensible mistakes they made. In 2003, the European Policy Centre, in cooperation with Notre Europe, released the papers 'Towards a Constitution for European Citizens', 'Building a Larger Europe', and 'Beyond Enlargement'. These papers were first discussed in closed debate at Société Générale de Belgique with Etienne Davignon and Jacques Delors (modern day successor to Jean Monnet; chair Notre Europe since 1996) chairing the first meeting, while both were key speakers at the second. Davignon works with Delors at PlaNet Finance, an institution which also counts the involvement of Pehr Gyllenhammar (Chase; Lazard; Rothschild), Michel David-Weill (owns Lazard), Felix Rohatyn (Lazard), Hervé de Carmoy (Almatis), Shimon Peres (Israeli prime minister; Gorbachev's Green Cross), and Michel Rocard (French prime minister; Bohemian Grove camp Mandalay). Delors, Davignon, Rocard, and members of the Green Cross, together with Gerald Mestrallet (Suez board with Davignon), sit on the membership board of Forum for a Responsible Globalization. Delors and Davignon also know each other from their involvement with The European Insitute; Delors was the main founder while Davignon has been a board member. Davignon was named 'European of the Year' in 2003 by European Voice, an Economist Group publication focusing on European affairs. In 2004, Davignon was one the witnesses of the declaration of birth of the Belgian princess Louise.


12Aug09 - PEPIS#114 The Road To Armageddon by Alf Mendes

Aug 12, 9:00 pm

PEPIS#114 The Road To Armageddon by Alf Mendes

Thanks for this Alf,

The next 9/11 style diabolical and cowardly false flag 'spectacular' may well be the big one in this terminal phase of the age.

Interesting to see on Newsnight last night that the 1999 Tashkent 'Muslim' bombings were false flags planted by the Uzbek military accordng to brave whistleblower Ikram Yakubov and confirmed by ex British Ambassador Craig Murray. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/newsnight/8195906.stm "Watched it.

It's a really good feeling to see it reported on the BBC that the Tashkent bombings were false flag - I reported that to the FCO at the time, but Ministers have simply recycled the Uzbek government propaganda repeatedly in parliament." http://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2009/08/newsnight_inves.html

Posted by: Craig at August 11, 2009 11:26 PM

Don't buy Israeli state sponsored military, mobile phone voicemail, phone billing or surveillance software. 911, The Israeli Connection - AmDocs Spy Scandal - 4 Part Series (Fox News 2001)

http://video.google.co.uk/videoplay?docid=-1539861490560216498

Tony

THE ROAD TO ARMAGEDDON by Alf Mendes

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=17858

Author's Foreword: The current global situation seethes with such expectation of oncoming turmoil that it is essential to examine it more closely, by focussing on America, whose governments have, for decades now, made no bones about the fact that they have been - and are still - calling-the-tune in order to gain political/financial control on a global scale (One has only to read their Project for the New American Century [PNAC] to confirm this). Hence the following events in brief, precised, more-or-less chronological form, and the fact that many of them are excerpts from previous articles written by this author, and others, is irrelevant inasmuch as they are of pertinence to the current global scenario - and need to be repeated.

1917: The Bolshevik revolution. NB: Germany, Britain, France, USA and Japan entered Russian territory in order to help the 'White Army' in its attempt to restore the Emperor. Forerunner of what would subsequently become known as the Cold War. A group of imfluential , atheistic Ashkenazim Jews had formed the Zionist Organisation in 1896 with the intention of creating the State of Israel in Palestine. They reached an agreement with Britain at the Balfour Declaration in 1917.

Nov.1919: George Herbert Walker forms W.A.Harriman & Co. bank - with Walker as president & chief executive, & Averell Harriman as chairman (He was to become US Ambassador to the USSR ['43 - '46]; US Secretary of Commerce ['46 - '48]; & Governor of NY State ['55 - '59]).

1920: Harriman & Walker of W.A.Harriman & C0. gain control of the German Hamburg-Amerika Line after negotiations with the latter's chief executive, William Cuno, & Max Warburg of the shipping line's bankers, M.M. Warburg. NB: Warburg's two brothers went to New York, becoming partners in the Kuhn Loeb & Co. The older brother, Paul, drew up a plan to centralise the American banks, as a result of which, President Wilson signed an Act establishing the Federal Reserve Bank in December 1913. It was now self-evident that there was a close relationship between Corporate America and Jews! (see below)

.Prior to '24: W. Averell Harriman was in Europe sometime prior to 1924 & at that time became acquainted with Fritz Thyssen, the German industrialist who was financing Hitler (and was later to become a member of the Nazi Party)- and they agreed to set up a bank for Thyssen in New York.

1924: W.A.Harriman & Co invested $400,000 in setting up Union Banking Corp. (UBC) in New York to act in partnership with the Thyssen-owned Bank voor Handel en Scheepvart (Bank for Trade and Shipping, BHS) in Holland....

1926: Prescott S. Bush Snr.(son-in-law of George H Walker) appointed Vice-President of W. A. Harriman & Co.

1930: The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) the world's oldest international financial institution, is set up - ostensibly to cope with the German financial post-WW1 recession, but, in fact, was formed in order to counter communist Soviet Union, with not-a-little-help from one of its co-founders, Montagu Norman (Governor of the Bank of England) - and Corporate America. Suffice it to say that the first President of the BIS was Gates W. McGarrah (ex-Chase National Bank & Federal Reserve Bank).....The 'Cold War' had begun, and its most blatant expression was the birth of fascism in the aftermath of the Bolshevik revolution - a birth both induced and nurtured by corporations such as I.G.Farben, SKF, Ford, ITT, Du Pont, W.A.Harriman & Co.- et al

Jan. 1933: Hitler assumes power in Germany - with not-a-little-help from Corporate America and the BIS.

Mar. 7th 1933: Prescott S. Bush Snr. notified Max Warburg (above) that he (Warburg) was to be the American Ship & Commerce Line official representative on the board of the Hamburg- Amerika Line. Warburg had been a long-time advisor to Hitler's Economic Minister, Hjalmar Schacht , co-founder of the BIS, & a close friend of Montagu Norman.

May. 20. '33: As reported in the New York Times: on Hitler achieving power, an agreement to coordinate all trade between Germany & America was reached in Berlin after negotiations between Hitler's Economics Minister, Hjalmar Schacht (above) & John Foster Dulles.The Dulles brothers' corporate law firm Sullivan & Cromwell, had acted for many Nazi enterprises during & after this period, including I. G. Farben, developer of the nerve gas, Tabun. (J. F. Dulles became Secretary of State ['53 - '59]; A. W. Dulles became CIA Deputy Director for Plans ['51]; Deputy Director of Central Intelligence ['51 - '53]; & Director of CIA ['53 -'61]). September 1938: Munich Agreement signed by Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier & Mussolini. By concluding a pact with Hitler, Britain and France - in effect - gave him the green light to advance eastwards towards the USSR (ref. "Mein Kampf") - for which they paid a heavy price!

1939: WW 2 is declared by Britain and France against Nazi Germany. NB: with FDR as President, American public opinion is against joining the Allies (Britain & France).

August '41: UN is conceived at the mid-Atlantic meeting (the Atlantic Charter) between FDR and Churchill.

Dec. 7 '41: Japanese bomb Pearl Harbour - thus ensuring that the US would now be at war against the German alliance.

in May 1942: Contrary to FDR's assurance to the USSR in May 1942 that a 'second front' would be opened later that year, this, in fact, did not occur until June 1944 - when it became clear that the Soviets were advancing inexorably westwards. Keeping in mind (as noted above) that America was against joining the Allies at the start of WW 2, and keeping in mind the foregoing events covered in this article - America would now be in position to ensure that the advance of their real enemy, the USSR, would soon be halted.

1944: Arabian American Oil Co. (ARAMCO [ex CASOC]) formed by Exxon, Texaco, Socal & Mobil , was Saudi's main source of wealth. As evidence of America's subornation of Saudi Arabia, the following joint secret deals were made - subsequently - without the knowledge of the US Congress at the time: (1) re-the IranGate scandal - the Saudis gave the American-controlled Contras $8 million in exchange for 400 American Stinger missiles; (2) the Saudis financed the unsuccessful CIA assasination of the Hizbollah leader, Sheikh Fadlallah - then gave the money to the Sheikh! ; (3) The Saudis jointly assisted in financing covert arms supplies to the Afghan Mujahadeen in the latters struggle against the Soviet Union in '79/'80.

July '44: The Bretton Woods Conference, which led to the formation of the World Bank and the IMF. Here, it is of pertinence to note that, at Bretton Woods, Resolution 5, calling for the dissolution of that most prestigious, and notorious banking organisation, the Bank fo International Security (BIS), was subsequently ignored and proven ineffective.The US corporate establishment had seen to that! NB: In its published "People of an International Organisation", the BIS states clearly that its "predominant tasks are summed up most succintly in part of Article 3 of its original Statute. They are to promote the co-operation of central banks and to provide additional facilities for international financial operations" - and they meant it! Their subsequent conferences/summits, G7, G10, G12...etc.would confirm this.

Feb. '45: At the Yalta Conference the US & Britain persuaded the USSR to join them in the continuing war against Japan. Stalin promised to do so 3 months after the end of the war in Europe. On August 6th, America atom-bombed Japan (without informing its 'allies'), and, as promised, on August 8th the USSR invaded Korea, which for the past 40 years had been occupied by Japan - defeating the Japanese....

May '45: The end of WW 2, which had decimated the economies & infrastructure of most of the worlds' nations (particularly that of the USSR) - but greatly enriched the economy of the USA. Result? The USSR would now no longer be an 'ally' - and all American Lend-Lease Aid would be terminated on May 8th '45 without prior consultation with any of its (USA's) allies.

June 1945: The US-financed San Francisco Conference of 50 nations resulted in the signing of the UN Charter 'to promote international security & cooperation', and incorporating both the World Bank and the IMF. NB: The USA (1) donated the land site for the UN Secretariat in New York City; (2) loaned the money to build the UN HQ buildings; (3) guaranteed the independence of the UN's American staff who, understandably, accounted for two-thirds of the UN staff (a promise that would soon be reneged upon); & (4) supplied 40% of the UN's running costs. Suffice it to add that future presidents of the World Bank would be appointed by America! Henceforth, all steps taken by the UN would be flaunting the banner of 'The International Community' - somewhat duplicitously. NB: America had refused to join the precursor to the UN - the League of Nations (formed, in Switzerland, in the immediate aftermath of WW 1).

Sept 2nd '45: The communist leader of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, declared independence from its French colonizers - which resulted in subsequent warfare between the two, the French relying heavily on American financial & military aid.

Sept. 6th '45: The liberated Koreans (see above), consisting mainly of anti-Japanese resistance groups of a left-wing bent, held an assembly and formed the 'People's Republic Government of Korea'..... Two days later, US troops entered Korea, ignoring this newly-formed government - and proposed the setting up of a 'line of demarcation' at the 38th parallel. This led to the Korean War of '50 - to '53. Korea was now a split-in-two nation, with America in control of South Korea. The UN General Assembly set up the 'UN Temporary Commission on Korea' to expedite its (Korea's) unified independence. The USSR vetoed UN entry into North Korea - so the UN decided to hold the election in South Korea (only) thereby making a mockery of their declared aim towards unification! On July 27th '53 the Korean Armistice was signed.

1947: With the threat of the powerful communist Soviet Union and the Cold War looming, America recognized the need for a centralized intelligence system to replace its two forerunners - the Office of Strategic Services (OSS); and the Central Intelligence Group (CIG) - and thus forms the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) via the National Security Act. The CIA would subsequently play a very crucial role on the global scene. June 48: Tito is expelled from the Cominform. The West's reaction to this was best spelt out by Pavlowitch in his book "Yugoslavia": "The American and West European governments were faced with a dilemma. Should they help a now weak and isolated, but otherwise successful, instance of communism, while 'containing' communism generally?". On the one hand.. "if Yugoslavia were left to collapse, only the Soviet Union would benefit. But if Tito's regime were helped to survive economically, his rift with Moscow could be widened to the point where no reconciliation were possible any longer, and his independent position could then entice other East European regimes to follow his example. Thus, at the same time as the states of Western Europe and North America were grouping together to constitute the North Atlantic Alliance, it was decided, as a calculated risk for a long -term advantage, to assist Yugoslavia without asking its government to alter its domestic policies in any way".

1948: Jews defeat Arabs in British protectorate of Palestine, resulting in the formation of the State of Israel by the secular group of Jews known as Zionists (established by Herzl & Weizmann in Basel in 1887). From America's viewpoint, a subservient Israel would now act as a convenient foil vis-a-vis MidEast Arab countries with vast oil reserves (many of which would soon be American-owned). NB: Thereby satisfying American Jews who were a strong, influential lobbying force in the US. 1948: The Marshall Plan was passed by the US Congress in order to ensure that the US would benefit from the reconstruction of war- damaged Europe - with not-a-little-help from the US Congressionally- authorised European Cooperation Act (ECA) of 1948, implemented by its subsidiary, the European Payments Union (EPU) of 1950 - both under the aegis of the Marshall Plan. The BIS would handle much of the wheeling- and-dealing involved in this.

1948: The Brussels Treaty was also the first step in the process leading to the signature of the American-controlled North Atlantic Treaty in 1949 (NATO). This 'reconstruction' understandably called for an intigrated Europe, in which NATO would play a crucial role (as confirmed in their 'Handbook of 1999': "The Brussels Treaty of 1948...was also the first step in the process leading to the signature of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949 & the creation of the North Atlantic Alliance"). The Brussels Treaty would subsequently evolve into the Common Market/EEC/EU. This close relationship between NATO and the EU led to the fact that - in the future - any country wanting to join the EU would be vetted by NATO.

1949: As noted by Pavlowitch above: America relaxed export controls to Yugoslavia, and instigated a series of loans and grants to same (this totalled some $2- to $2.5 billion in the decade up to '59). Yugoslavia was now embarked on a debt-ridden course which would eventually lead to the dissolution of its Federation - helped in no small measure by Tito's setting up in 1984 of a New Constitution which, in effect, split the Republic of Serbia into three parts by giving its provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina a higher degree of autonomy than they had previously held. American aid had ensured that Yugoslavia would become a country heavily in debt, and with an economy in turmoil.

1952: Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh plans to nationalise the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. so Britain asks the US to join them in a plan to have him removed from his presidency. Result: Mossadegh is overthrown by a joint CIA/SIS operation in '53.

April 1954: The French were defeated by Ho Chi Minh (see above) at Dienbienphu - as a result of which a Geneva Convention was called, and an armistice agreed upon on July 21st whereby Vietnam would be divided between North & South at the 17th parallel - elections being held to reunify the two after 2 years -And in June 16 '54: America, via its Secretary of State, John Dulles (see above) installs Ngo Dinh Diem (a Catholic, who had been in America from '50 to '53) as President of South Vietnam - a country with a Buddhist majority!... The Geneva Convention had now become a hindrance and would have to be bypassed. This called for an up-dating of America's political/military strategy, which would now be known as 'The Counter Insurgency Strategy'. Simply put: this meant that America would now embark on the dangerous tactic of interfering, militarily if necessary, in the affairs of a foreign country. The ensuing Vietnam War between US-controlled Vietnam and North Vietnam resulted in many deaths on both sides - helped in no small degree by the CIA's Phoenix Operation and much bombing by the Americans using Napalm incendiary bombs. The Americans were finally defeated by North Vietnam in 1975. Vietnam was now a united country once again.

1958 to 1963: Iraq was under the populist, reformist government of General Qasim, and its increasing involvement in oil development there, and the fast-rising influence of the Communist Party, therefore drew the attention of America. Result? In February 1963 Qasim was overthrown - and assassinated - by a Ba'athist Party coup, with the direct connivance of the CIA. The Ba'athist Saddam Hussein, who had fled the country to Egypt after his earlier abortive attempt to assassinate Qasim, returned and became Head of the Al-Jihaz al-Khas (more popularly known as Jihaz Haneen), the clandestine Ba'athist Intelligence organisation - and, as such, he was soon after involved in the killing of some five thousand communists. Saddam's rise to power had, ironically, begun on the back of a CIA-engineered coup!

1961: Founded as the Association of Data Processing Services Organisation (ADAPSO), it subsequently evolved into the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), a lobbying firm in California which specializes in getting special treatment for technology companies. It was to play a crucial role in the electronic voting system subsequently. (see below).

September 4, 1961: The Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) was passed by Congress, as a result of which: the US Agency for International Development (USAID) was established in November 1961. This was essentially a funding organisation whose main aim was on countering the spread of communism - and it would thenceforth play a crucial role. (see below)

August 1964: The assasination of Kennedy in 1963 resulted in the US corporate establishment setting up the News Election Service (NES), a consortium of the three major television networks: ABC, NBC and CBS, plus the Associated Press wire service, CNN, the New York Times, the Washington Post and other news-gathering organizations, their job being to compile computer-voting results at election time and feed them to the major media. Electronic voterigging - in the form of the Electronic Voting System (EVS) - would now be the order-of-the-day, superceding 'the buying of votes'. (As later exposed publicly by the two Collier brothers in their book "Votescam:The Stealing of America".

June 9th 1969: The Pemtagon asked for a sum of $10 million from the Congressional House Subcommittee on Appropriations to develop a new contagious micro-organsm capable of destroying the human immune system. It would therefore be necessary, first, to create such a virus! Such a 'virus' was discovered some ten years later in America which became known as 'acquired immune deficiency syndrome' (AIDS). In April 1974, Kissinger drew up a secret plan for population control called the 'National Security Plan of Action 200' (NSSM 200), which claimed that population growth in the less-developed countries was "..creating political or even national security problems for the US". On October 2nd 1979, Robert McNamara (President of the World Bank) addressed a group of international bankers thus: "We can begin with the most critical problem of all, population growth"..concluding that "..either the current birth rates must come down more quickly, or the death rates must go up...There are, of course, many ways in which the death rates can go up. In a thermonuclear age, we can accomplish it very quickly and decisively"(as indeed they had done in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in1945).

Early 1970's saw the collapse of the Bretton Woods system of exchange convertibility, thus exposing the irrelevance of the IMF and World Bank as agents for European reconstruction, the main reason being that, under the Bretton Woods agreement they were therefore hindered by being accountable statutorily-appointed agents of the UN, and were therefore - ostensibly - accountable to a much wider constituency than the BIS, and therefore politically less manageable by the corporate establishment From 1973 to '93: The BIS Secretariat of the Committee of Governors also served the Board of Governors of the European Monetary Co- operation Fund (EMCF), and acted as EMCF agent. As such, they therefore provided the institutional framework for monetary co- operation in the European Community until January '94, when they were replaced by the European Monetary Institute (EMI) under the headship of Baron Alexandre Lamfalussy - ex-General Manager of the BIS! The EMI was to become

The European Central Bank.

1978: The World Computing Services Industry is founded.. It was later to become the World Information Technology & Services Alliance (WITSA) which would have a real impact on the global IT environment. (see below)

July 1979: As revealed by Zbigniew Brzezinski, and unknown to the American public and Congress, President Jimmy Carter secretly authorized $500 million to create an international terrorist movement that would spread Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia and 'de- stabilise' the Soviet Union... The CIA called this Operation Cyclone and in the following years poured $4 billion into setting up Islamic training schools in Pakistan. ..Young zealots were sent to the CIA's spy training camp in Virginia, where future members of al-Qaeda were taught 'sabotage skills' - terrorism. December '79: well-aware of Ops. Cyclone, in December '79, the USSR invaded Afghanistan, and after a long and devastating war with guerrilla opposition forces (the mujahideen) the last of the Soviet troops left Afghanistan in February1989, their economy and rubles in tatters.

1980: With Saddam Hussein now in power, Iraq invades Iran - and (a) the US supplies Iraq with strategic information gleaned from its satellites during the Iran\Iraq War of 1980 to 1988. (b) Less well publicized was the substantial American aid brokered by such as: the US \Iraq Business Forum, set up in May 1985 with many top US corporations as members; the Kissinger Associates consulting firm, boasting such alumni as Brent Scowcroft, Lawrence Eagleburger and Lord Carrington; and the Bechtel Group, boasting such alumni as George Shultz and Caspar Weinberger. (Bechtel, it should be noted, won the contract to build the Iraqi PC-2 Complex near Al-Musaiyib for the production of gas precursors and ethyline oxide) The UN's response was to have Resolution 479 passed - which neither condemned Iraq nor demanded their withdrawal from Iran! Understandable when it is recalled that the UN had been suborned by the US since its formation. The build-up of the Iraqi military machine would not, of course, have been possible without considerable assistance from more technically advanced countries such as Germany, France, Britain, the USSR, America

June 1982: The secret arming of Iraq had been ordered by President Reagan in June 1982 as part of a National Security Decision Directive. Under it, CIA Director William Casey and his then-deputy, Robert Gates, "authorized, approved and assisted" delivery of cluster bombs to Iraq through Cardoen.

1983: The US Congress-funded National Endowment for Democracy (NED) had been set up by Congress"to try to do openly what the CIA used to do secretly". It, in turn, controls the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) which, in turn, funds the group of economists known as the G17, three of whose leading members are also staff members of both the IMF and World Bank. NED has been active in Yugoslavia since 1988.

1987: The notorious Guantanamo Bay detention camp/prison, operated by a Joint Task Force of the US, was set up.

1987: The Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) was set up in Alexandria, Virginia with the specific aim of promoting America's anti- left strategy on the international military scene. (see below)

1988: As evidence of vote-rigging: as is well-known, the New Hampshire primary is a crucial forerunner for any presidential candidate, and in the election of '88, GHW Bush won unexpectedly aginst his fellow- Republican Robert Dole. It transpired that the Governor of New Hampshire, John Sununu, was a computer engineer, and the computer voting machine being used was a 'Shouptronic' Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting machine, supplied by Ransom Shoup, who "had been twice convicted of vote fraud in Philadelphia"! On becoming president, Bush appointed Sununu Chief of Staff in his administration.

1989: The economist-cum-G17 coordinator, Vaselin Vukotic was appointed Minister of Privatisation under the federal Yugoslav premier, Ante Markovic (a Croat). Vukotic implemented the World Bank-sponsored 'bankruptcy program' in Yugoslavia between '89 and '90, which led to the devastation of the Yugoslav economy, and set the stage for the breakup of the republic. Result?: 50% of Yugoslav industry was broken up, and over 1100 industrial firms wiped out between January 1989 and September 1990!

late 1989: the Director of the Kuwaiti State Security Department, Brigadier al-Fahd, had had a secret week-long meeting in Langley, Virginia, with the US Director of the CIA, William Webster. In his own words: "We agreed with the American side that it was important to take advantage of the deteriorating situation in Iraq in order to put pressure on that country's government to delineate our common border. The CIA gave us its view of appropriate means of pressure, saying that broad co-operation should be initiated between us, on condition that such activities are co-ordinated at a high level".

August 2nd 1990: Iraq invades Kuwait and takes control of the country, installing a puppet government.

...On November 29, with US & coalition forces massing in Saudi Arabia and Iraq showing no signs of retreat, the UN Security Council passed a resolution to allow member states to "use all necessary means" to force Iraq from Kuwait if Iraq remained in the country after January 15, 1991. On January 17, 1991, coalition forces began a massive air attack on Iraqi targets. After five and a half weeks of intense bombing, Iraq's forces were severely damaged. On February 24 the coalition launched its long-anticipated land offensive, attacking southwestern Iraq, then turned east toward the Iraqi port of Al Basrah, thereby surroundeing Kuwait, encircling the Iraqi forces there and in southern Iraq, and allowed coalition forces (mainly Arab) to move up the coast and take Kuwait city. On February 28, with the collapse of Iraqi resistance and the recapture of Kuwait-thereby fulfilling the coalition's stated goals-the coalition declared a cease- fire. UN sanctions against Iraq were now enforced. The UN continued to maintain most of the economic embargo on Iraq after the war, and several coalition countries enforced other sanctions, such as the no- fly zones. The following September, Clinton authorises bombing of Iraq.

May 1991: George H.W. Bush nominated Robert Gates to be Director of Central Intelligence (DCI). Gates had played his part in effectively manipulating the circumstances surrounding the Iraq\Kuwait confrontation - thus ensuring the inevitability of the invasion that followed in August 1990. (Gates had served as a director of the well- known vote-rigging company, Votehere!)

1991: The collapse of the USSR was probably the most significant post- WW 2 event. America's role in destabilising the USSR (as noted above) therefore calls for closer scrutiny, and from the vantage point of hindsight, the fact that in the aftermath of the collapse of the USSR the American oil companies (with others) quickly bought their way into the vast reserves of Russian oil and gas is surely proof enough that this was one of the crucial aims of America's strategy. This 'destabilisation' was implemented, primarily, by money-laundering. Two Americans, Leo Wanta and the notorious Marc (Reich) Rich, were the main players in this, and, - in Wanta's own words: while working under Bill Casey's Special Operations Branch, Black Ops. "he had dealt with both the fusion bomb and the destabilisation of the ruble" - in conjunction with Kok Howie Kwong of the Chinese Secret Service! Casey was then Reagan's Director of Central Intelligence (DCI). As for Rich - he had fled to Switzerland in '83 to evade prosecution in a US Federal Court, and had been operating on Soviet territory since 1983. By 1993, his yearly turnover on ex-Soviet territory was $3 billion. Here it should be noted that George Kennan, who had been Head of Planning when NATO had been formed, revealed, at a BBC Reith Lecture, that NATO had not been set up solely to resist Soviet expansion - its true role had been to act as a counter-revolutionary, counter- reformist arm of the Corporate West. In plain English: NATO had been formed to deal with the internal political problems of Western society. Furthermore, as noted by Eric Hobsbawn, the reforms known as Glasnost, introduced by Gorbachev in the late '80's, led to the economic collapse within the Soviet Union.

Dec. 1 1991 : The people of the Ukraine, the so-called breadbasket of the Soviet Union, voted overwhelmingly in favour of independence from the USSR - sunsequently endorsed by the Ukraine parliament on Dec. 5th. (here it is of pertinence to note that Hitler's invasion of the USSR in June 1941 was aided in no small measure by fascist Ukrainian paramilitaries - this author can vouch for that).

December 1991: Germany recognises Croatian & Slovenian independence - which ensured that the conflict would spread to neighbouring Bosnia- Herzogovnia with its potentially explosive mixture of three ethno- religious groups. NB: 2 Germans held important posts in NATO at that time! That well-known 'Balkan Problem' would now, once again, rear its ugly head.

1992: As Stephen Dorril reported "The CIA launched Operation Maseraagh ('laundry') which flooded Iraq with forged dinars to undermine the economy" - adding that "At the beginning of 1992, CIA Director Robert Gates travelled round the Middle East states to drum up support for renewed covert action".

From June 1992: NATO's involvement in the Balkan crisis was a gradual process - from its avowed readiness to support peace-keeping under the authority of the Conference on Security & Cooperation in Europe (subsequently re-named the Organisation for Security & Cooperation in Europe [OCSE]). In October '92, it had inaugurated a plan to create an Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) of some 250,000 troops to be deployed whenever NATO deemed it necessary to intervene in order to 'keep the peace' - but, as originally foreseen, the ARRC would not be ready until 1995.

1992 to 1993: Belgrade-born cyclist, Milan Panic, who had defected to America in 1955 (where he had subsequently adopted American citizenship and founded a large, successful chemical corporation), returned to the country of his birth and served as its Prime Minister from 1992 to 1993...Panic"took his new job very seriously and employed a weighty team of Serb and American advisers".

1993: The HagueTribunal (International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia [ICTY]) - call-it-what-you-will was not legitimately set up by the UN Security Council via its Resolutions 808 and 827 - with not-a-little arm-twisting by then US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who, when asked whether the deaths of half a million Iraqi children (during the sanctions against Iraq ,1992-1998) was 'a price worth paying for removing Saddam', curtly replied 'we think it was worth it' !! The political character of the Tribunal was stressed by Antonio Cassese when he told Boutros-boutros Ghali (UN General- Secretary) that "Our tribunal will not be simply 'window dressing" but a decisive step in the construction of a new world order." In violation of Article 32 of its Charter, in 1994/95, the United States provided $700,000 in cash and $2,300,000 worth of equipment; George Soros' Open Society Foundation contributed $150,000; the Rockefeller Foundation, contributed $50,000; - et al.... (NB: Soros also funds the main KLA newspaper in Pristina, the Tribunal.) In its own words: "The tribunal does not need to shackle itself with restrictive rules which have developed out of the ancient trial-by-jury system." In plain english - this is a kangaroo court! (best described by Christopher Black, who helped to create the International Committee to Defend Slobodan Milos?evic´ (ICDSM), and is a vice-chair of that committee). (see below)

1994: Leonid Kuchma replaced Kravchuk as Ukrainian president in the 1994 election, and during his candidature, Kuchma had visited Soros in the US. In 1994, the American-Ukrainian Advisory Committee (AUAC), was formed, under Zbigniew Brzezinski with such prestigiously notorious members as Henry Kissinger, General Gavin (ex-head of NATO), Frank Carlucci, George Soros et al... Kuchma would later send 1650 Ukrainian troops as allies to the Americans after the latter's invasion of Iraq in 2003. Moreover, the Soros foundation would supply $363,100 to support the independent television stations' coverage of this election - all of it used within 3 months!.

1994: In 1994, a contract - titled Democracy Transition Assistance Program (DTAP) - was agreed between the Croat defence minister and the US Deputy Secretary of Defense, John Deutch (who subsequently became Director of CIA from '95 until he was forced to resign the following year because he had improperly stored classified information on his personal computer disc!). As a result, the MPRI had signed a contract with the Croatian Ministry of Defence under which the former would act as military advisors to the Croat army at the Petar Zrinski military school in Zagreb - the MPRI officer in charge being retired General Richard Griffiths who had once been assistant to the US Commander in Europe for Intelligence, in Frankfurt. MPRI's Chief of Operations was Lieut. General Harry Soyster, ex-Head of the US Defense Intelligence Agency. While head of the DIA, Soyster had dealt out a number of contracts to the notorious German arms dealer, Ernst Werner Glatt, for the procurement of Soviet weapons which were then shipped to the USA from whence they would be sent to America's proxy troops in Latin America, Asia and Africa. In Soyster's own words: "Glatt was the favorite arms merchant of the CIA, which chose him to move arms to the contras in Nicaragua and the mujahedeen in Afghanistan".He had also supplied weapons to Croatia, and had bought a country estate in Virginia, which he named the 'Black Eagle', a symbol of Nazi Germany!

August 1995: the training of the Croat army came to fruition and their attack on the Serbs of Western Krajina was so well and effectively planned that, within a matter of days, 150,000 Serbs had fled the region where, four centuries before, they had been settled to act as a buffer between Catholic and Muslim. The CIA had sent pilotless reconnaissance flights over Krajina from a base on the island of Brac (in the Adriatic) to assist in the attack. The Americans had now adopted a blatantly anti-Serb stance which embraced both Cetnik Serbian leadership in Bosnia (Karadic was a self-avowed royalist Cetnik) and the rump Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under Milosevic - conveniently disregarding the schism between these two groups, a schism born in WW 2 and now re-activated in this crisis. It was now self-evident that, in the eyes of the Americans, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) - still tainted with 'communism' - was now the ultimate target.

September 1995: with the ARRC now ready, NATO announced its readiness to deploy a large force to implement a Bosnian peace settlement.

December 1995: as a result of a conference convened in London to discuss the implementation of the coming Dayton accord, a Peace Implementation Council - with no UN representatives onboard - was set up in Brussels. The resulting Implementation Force (IFOR), a force of 60,000 American, British and French troops - under the command of the ARRC - was then deployed throughout Bosnia into three zones of operation.

14th of December 1995: The Dayton peace talks took place in the intimidating atmosphere of the Wright-Patterson Air Force base near Dayton, Ohio. The embargo against Yugoslavia was lifted in November - and the peace accord signed in Paris.

1996: The Trade & Development Agency (TDA - now known as the USTDA) was given the task of overseeing the South Balkan Development Initiative (SBDI) of 1996 - as a result of which, TDA gave the Albanian Macedonian Bulgarian Oil Corporation (AMBO) the exclusive right to run the Corridor 8 pipeline, a 900 kilometre trans-Balkan pipeline from Burgas - via Skopje in Macedonia - to the Albanian port of Vlore on the Adriatic Sea. In the words of the Director of TDA, J. Joseph Grandmaison, this project was "..a significant step forward for this policy and for US business interests in the Caspian region". The feasibility study for this pipeline project was contracted out - by the TDA - to the prestigious oil/construction company Brown & Root (the CEO of whose parent company, Halliburton, had been Dick Cheney - now Vice-President under Bush jnr.) Now - in 2009 -the project is still not completed! December 1996: IFOR was augmented by the Stabilisation Force (SFOR) of 30.000 troops. The cease-fire could now be ensured by this display of military might.

1997: saw the formation of the Central Asia Gas Pipeline consortium (Centgas) with the intention of running a 790-mile-long pipeline from the gas fields of Turkmenistan through neighbouring Afghanistan to Multan, in Pakistan (at a cost of $1.9 billion) - with a possible future extension to New Delhi, in India (cost: $600 million). all under the control of the California oil company, UNOCAL, but, due to the ever-worsening instability in Afghanistan, UNOCAL aborted the project in December 1998. it is reasonable to assume that these considerations would have been in the forefront of the minds of the US government officials, and would thus have played a crucial role in determining America's response to Afghanistan in the aftermath of the WTC bombing

1997: The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) was a very influential lobby group set up to promote American global leadership. January 26th 1998: eighteen members of the PNAC, including such as: John Bolton, Zalmay Khalilzad, , Richard Perle, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, James Woolsey, and Robert Zoellich (to name the more recognisable ones) sent a letter to the then President, Clinton, advising him that he "should aim, above all, at the removal of Saddam Hussein's regime from power", adding that "American policy cannot continue to be crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council". (shades of what was to come later!). On cue, in December of that same year, Clinton launched Operation Desert Fox, whereby the American air force heavily bombed Iraq - but did not occupy it, much to the chagrin of the PNAC. NB: In its 90-page long article published in 2000, the PNAC repeatedly stressed the need for "American global leadership..by maintaining the pre-eminence of US military forces", and proudly stating that "The United States is the world's only superpower", et al.... ( as proof of their influential status politically : August 1st 2005, Bush appoints Bolton as US Ambassador to the UN - replacing him by the Afghan/American Ambassador to Iraq, Khalilzad, in February 2007; and in 2007, Bush appoints Robert Zoellich to replace Paul Wolfowitz as Governor of the World Bank - two cases of one PNAC member replacing another!)

1998: ITAA does not confine its activities to America only - it is active on the international scene. As evidence of this was an ITAA- sponsored conference held in Fairfax, Virginia in 1998, at which there were 1686 attendees (of whom, 429 were not American) - including such 'noted speakers' as Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev.

End of 1998: After months of internal strife in Kosovo, NATO prevailed upon the Yugoslavs to allow its (NATO's) affiliate, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to monitor the situation in situ. Result: the Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) entered Kosovo under the leadership of a US diplomat, William Walker, who, as US Ambassador to El Salvador, had administered support for that State's reign of terror - with its politically motivated killings!

18th of March 1999: the representatives of the FRY, Serbia , and seven of the Kosovan ethnic minorities submitted - for discussion - an Agreement for Self-Government in Kosovo & Metohija (a document conforming to democratic principles), - only to have it rejected out- of-hand by the (American) Contact Group and the KLA. On the 23rd March '99, peace talks convened by the Americans at Rambouillet, just west of Paris, - without Yugoslavia - reached an 'agreement' - Appendix B of which stated "Status of Multi-National Military Implementation Force (Cool NATO personnel shall enjoy, together with their vehicles, vessels, aircraft, and equipment free and unrestricted passage and unimpeded access throughout the FRY including associated airspace and territorial waters". (Agreement - or Ultimatum?!). NATO launched its bombing campaign the following day, at the end of which, the UN Security Council approved Resolution 1244, which gave the UN Mission the responsibility to administer Kosovo. .In the aftermath of NATO's bombing of Kosovo in 1999, the KLA (once rightly considered by the Western Powers as 'terrorist') was transformed into the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) and the MPRI was awarded the contract to 'train & equip' same. Intriguingly, the commander of this newly-formed KPC was one Brigadier General Agim Ceku, an Albanian Kosovan who had been serving in the Croatian army when he had masterminded the successful HV (Croatian army) offensive at Medak in September '93; and had also played an important role in the Croat's routing of the Serbs in Western Krajina (covered above).

2000: John Bolton (see above) had served as assistant attorney general under Reagan , and assistant secretary of state under George H.W. Bush. During Bush Jnr's Presidential election quagmire in Florida, his campaign strategist James Baker dispatched Bolton to Palm Beach to halt the recount, which he did, thus ensuring Bush's electoral victory. In 2001, Bolton was appointed Undersecretary of State under Colin Powell. As stated by Jesse Helms:"John Bolton is the kind of man with whom I would want to stand at Armageddon"

April 1st 2001: Milosevic is arrested (with not-a-little-help from Ahthony Monckton, chief MI6 officer in Serbia) - and is sent to face trial by the Hague Tribunal - and dies of heartfailure there in March '06, the case against him not proven.

September 11 2001: 4 US planes are highjacked, 2 0f which crash into the NY World Trade Center twin towers, thereby destroying them, another crashing into the Pentagon, and a fourth re-captured by passengers and crew, thus aborting its attack (presumably on Washington). The Bush administration blame al Queda, and the following month bomb Afghanistan and NATO invades the country. At this point, it is of pertinence to add the following: In his 'Talk' in September 2006, the Canadian Dr. Peter Dale Scott exposed - comprehensively - that the FBI, CIA & US Special Forces had foreknowledge of the 9/11 attacks! Of particular interest was the fact that Abu Mohamed al Amriki (better known as Ali Mohammed), had had strong connections to al Queda, and from 1994 until his arrest in 1998, had lived as an American citizen in California - and had been used by the three US agencies noted above. Dr. Scott goes on to give detailed accounts of Mohammed's key role in training al Queda trainees in sabotage skills in America itself - as well as abroad - ending his 'talk' by saying: "It's time to confront the reality that these agencies themselves, and their own sponsorship and protection of terrorist activities, have aggravated the greatest threats to our national security." (It must not be forgotten that in the Afghan/USSR war, America had played a role in creating al Queda, as noted above).

13 - 19th September: Menbers of the Bin Laden family - with important Saudis - are flown out of the US, under supervision of the FBI.

22 December 2001: Bush Jnr. appointed Hamid Karzi - who had previously been a paid consultant for the oil company UNOCAL (and Deputy Foreign Minister of the Taliban) - Prime Minister of Aghanistan.

31 Dec. '01: Bush appointed Zalmay Khalilzad (PNAC) as Special Residental Envoy to Afghanistan - under Karzi.

1st January 2002: Khalilzad (also a former employee of UNOCAL - & a member of the PNAC) - is appointed special emvoy to Afghanistan.

14 February 2002: Quote from Israeli Newspaper, Ma'ariv: "If one looks at the map of the big American bases created in the Afghan war, one is struck by the fac that they are completely identical to the route of the projected oil pipeline to the Indian Ocean".(see Central Asia Gas Pipeline [CENTGAS] above).

March 2002: To quote Robert Parsons: "The US loudly & proudly boasted this month of its new bomb currently being used against al-Qaida hold- outs in Afghanistan; it sucks the air from underground installations, suffocating those within. The US has also admitted that it had used depleted uranium weaponry over the last decade against bunkers inIraq, Kosovo, and now Afghanistan."

August 2002: the Dutch-sponsored Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD) report revealed that the supply of arms/weapons (most of which came from Iran and Turkey) to the infighting factions in the war in Yugoslavia were all done with the connivance of NATO. More shockingly, it revealed that Turkish, Malaysian, Bangladeshi and Maltese troops serving in UNPROFOR (UN protective force) had been selling ammunition on a large scale to the Bosnian army (ABiH)!

October 2002: Bush Jnr's administration passed the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) which authorised the funding of $4 billion for states to use the Direct Recording Election system (DRE) equipment which would have to meet certain standards (set by the Act ) by the year 2006, at which point, they (the states) will be under obligation to have purchased said new equipment. As of December 2003, 36 states agreed to these obligations. [1] Note that in DRE, votes are stored electronically, and, as such, therefore under proprietary ownership of the equipment companies: the voter is therefore denied access! (NB: Bush Jnr. had set up NorthCom in 2002 to counter any 'terrorist' attacks on American homeland territory - thus ircumventing the Posse Comitatus Act (PCA) which had been passed in 1878 in order to prohibit any "future President or Congress from directing by military order of federal legislation the re-imposition of the US Army"

October 2002: Unknown to Congress, a very secretive group , The Office of Special Plans (OSP), under the leadership of its architect, Paul Wolfowitz (PNAC), was created by Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld to help create a case to invade Iraq.

February 2003: The Pentagon established the Iraqi Reconstruction and Development Council (IRDC), made up of Iraqis who would be part of a temporary government after the ousting of the Ba'ath regime..its leading members were transported to Baghdad in late April 2003 - their official task being to rebuild the structures of a government that would then be handed over to the new Iraqi authority. The team is headed by Imad Dhia, the top Iraqi adviser to ex-general Jay Garner

13 July 2003: the Governing Council of Iraq was inaugurated, its members having been appointed by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Under its civilian administrator, Paul Bremer (who had been Ronald Reagan's adviser on counter- terrorism) would oversee the Pentagon's man in Baghdad, the retired general Jay Garne, who is.a personal friend of the defence secretary, Donald Rumsfeld.

2004: The election of Victor Yuschenko as President of Ukraine was helped in no small measure by the AUAC (see above) - and Soros. This was an election, known as the Orange Revolution, entitled PORA (its Time!), organised by the same Serbian-trained group (overseen by America) which had set up the previous similarly-manipulated elections in Serbia (OTPOR), in October 2000 - and Georgia (K-MART), in 2004. The fact that all three elections were immediately denounced as 'rigged'; but most importantly that they had all three been manipulated by America - with not a little help from the Soros foundation - gave substance to the allegation that the Orange Revolution was imported from the United States via Serbia and Georgia.

2005: Bolton was named as America's Ambassador to the United Nations.NB: in a 1994 speech he had said, "There's no such thing as the United Nations....There is only the international community, which can only be led by the only remaining superpower, which is the United States" On December 4, 2006, Bolton resigned as U.S. Ambassador to the UN. Hardly surprising!

2007: ITAA currently acts as the Secretariat for the World Information Technology & Services Alliance (WITSA), which was then a consortium of 69 IT associations around the world (from Algeria to Zimbabwe - or 90% of the world's IT market!).The clonal relationship between these two organisations is confirmed by the fact that (a) Harris N. Miller is President of both; and (b) ITAA Director, Robert B. Laurence, is Chairman Emeritus of WITSA. Little wonder that the vote-rigging EVS's are today used worldwide!

2007: The great financial crisis began when a loss of confidence by investors in the value of securitized mortgages in the United States resulted in a liquidity crisis that prompted a substantial injection of capital into financial markets by the United States Federal Reserve, Bank of England and the European Central Bank - and deepened increasingly throughout 2008 and 2009, leading to the G 20. (see below)

Feb. 2008: US officially recognised Kosovo as an independent state. September '08: after 3 years service in Iraq, the army's1st Brigade Combat Team (BCT) was sent back to America to serve under Northern Command (NorthCom), where, for the next year, it would train/act "as an on-call federal response force for natural or manmade emergencies and disasters, including terrorist attacks"(As noted above, this would bypass the PCA). Intriguingly, "Army Times" reported that "another, as yet unnnamed, active-duty brigade will take over and that mission will be a permanent one", and Col. Louis Vogler, chief of NorthCom's future operations, notes "Right now, the response force requirement will be an enduring mission." - adding that "Now, the plan is to assign a force every year". This will not worry Obama unduly, inasmuch as he is keen on following Bush Jnr's mid-east strategy, resulting in the construction of the Central Asia Gas pipeline through Afghanistan. That is the goal (see above).

5th November '08; Obama wins election as president, and his subsequent administration includes the following two of pertinence to this article: Hillary Clinton (US Secretary of State); Robert Gates (US Secretary of Defense). Remember, Hillary had been a partner of the Rose Law Firm in1979 which was to play a role in helping G.W. Bush out of the financial hole he had dug for himself as Director/Consultant of the small oil drilling company, Harken Energy - to say nothing of the fact that her husband had played a key role in the break-up of Yugoslavia. And as for Gates - just refer to the foregoing in this atricle.

14/15 November 2008: The current global financial depression has now entered a crucially important phase, resulting in America - that quintessential capitalist State - holding a G-20 summit in Washington to discuss this matter. The first draft of thisWashington Action Plan had been drawn up previously by the ECB, IMF, and the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) - NB: under the supervision of the BIS, The participants were (a) leaders of the G-20 nations; (b) Chairman of the World Bank, Robert Zoellick (see above); (c) President Dominique Strauss-Kahn of the International Monetary Fund; (d) Secretary of the UN; and (e) Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum, Mario Graghi. The Americans strongly recommended that it be adopted at two subsequent summits that would be held in Britain

4 Mar 2009: US president has written to Moscow to stress that the contentious US missile defence system in Europe is focused on Iran. (believe that - you believe anything!)

14/15 March '09: The first G-20 is held in Horsham, Sussex - and, as with all cases of documents written in legalese, the Action Plan is a document written in convenient double-speak, as exemplified by the fact that Germany and France, in particular, were in favour of reforming the international financial system - whereas Robert Zoellick of the World Bank (see above), and Timothy Geithner, the US Treasury Secretary (who, in 2007, had served as Director on the board of the BIS!), were strongly in favour of stimulating the global economy by the injection of more money.

April 2nd. '09: The final G-2 summit is held in London, and Germany & France, having been 'persuaded' to follow the American way, an 'agreement' is reached.(t is worthy of note that the foregoing ignores the fact that it is Capitalism which is responsible for this current financial debacle. What are capitalists if they are not profiteers swamped in greed?)

18 May 2009: Binyamin Netanyahu, met President Obama today for talks expected to shape the direction of one of the toughest political challenges either leader will face in the coming years - with the Israeli prime minister trying to shift the primary focus away from the Palestinians toward confronting Iran over its nuclear programme while mapping out a long term strategy to build Palestinian self government. But Obama's principal challenge is to get Netanyahu to put "an end to Israel's well practised tactics of prevarication and obstruction over the creation of an independent Palestine while continuing to gobble up land that would be part of that state." (to quote the Guardian of 18th May '09). Obama has a problem indeed.

20 May 2009: Iran test fires surface-to-surface missile capable of reaching Israel or US bases in the Middle East

**************************

Two important conclusions from the foregoing:

(a) Over the past century, there is little, if any difference between the Republican and Democratic parties (not unlike the situation in Britain, where, since Thatcher, there has been little difference between Conservative and New Labour).

(b) The reason for this being that US administrations have (and are still) under the control of its Corporate Establishment with its fascist strategy of acheiving global control.

PS: And if you readers disagree My only answer would be - Just wait and see _________________ www.abolishwar.org.uk


PEPIS #113 - Bilderberg, timeline for global government?

PEPIS #113 - Bilderberg, timeline for global government?

Aug 6, 11:41 pm

Controlling the Global Economy: Bilderberg, the Trilateral Commission and the Federal Reserve

Global Power and Global Government: Part 3

by Andrew Gavin Marshall

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=14614

Global Research, August 3, 2009

This essay is Part 3 of "Global Power and Global Government," published by Global Research.

Part 1: Evolution and Revolution of the Central Banking System

Part 2: Origins of the American Empire: Revolution, World Wars and World Order

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----

The Bilderberg Group and the European Union Project

In 1954, the Bilderberg Group was founded in the Netherlands, which was a secretive meeting held once a year, drawing roughly 130 of the political-financial-military-academic-media elites from North America and Western Europe as "an informal network of influential people who could consult each other privately and confidentially."[1] Regular participants include the CEOs or Chairman of some of the largest corporations in the world, oil companies such as Royal Dutch Shell, British Petroleum, and Total SA, as well as various European monarchs, international bankers such as David Rockefeller, major politicians, presidents, prime ministers, and central bankers of the world.[2]

Joseph Retinger, the founder of the Bilderberg Group, was also one of the original architects of the European Common Market and a leading intellectual champion of European integration. In 1946, he told the Royal Institute of International Affairs (the British counterpart and sister organization of the Council on Foreign Relations), that Europe needed to create a federal union and for European countries to "relinquish part of their sovereignty." Retinger was a founder of the European Movement (EM), a lobbying organization dedicated to creating a federal Europe. Retinger secured financial support for the European Movement from powerful US financial interests such as the Council on Foreign Relations and the Rockefellers.[3] However, it is hard to distinguish between the CFR and the Rockefellers, as, especially following World War II, the CFR's main finances came from the Carnegie Corporation, Ford Foundation and most especially, the Rockefeller Foundation.[4]

The Bilderberg Group acts as a "secretive global think-tank," with an original intent to "to link governments and economies in Europe and North America amid the Cold War."[5] One of the Bilderberg Group's main goals was unifying Europe into a European Union. Apart from Retinger, the founder of the Bilderberg Group and the European Movement, another ideological founder of European integration was Jean Monnet, who founded the Action Committee for a United States of Europe, an organization dedicated to promoting European integration, and he was also the major promoter and first president of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the precursor to the European Common Market.[6]

Declassified documents (released in 2001) showed that "the US intelligence community ran a campaign in the Fifties and Sixties to build momentum for a united Europe. It funded and directed the European federalist movement."[7] The documents revealed that, "America was working aggressively behind the scenes to push Britain into a European state. One memorandum, dated July 26, 1950, gives instructions for a campaign to promote a fully-fledged European parliament. It is signed by Gen William J Donovan, head of the American wartime Office of Strategic Services, precursor of the CIA." Further, "Washington's main tool for shaping the European agenda was the American Committee for a United Europe, created in 1948. The chairman was Donovan, ostensibly a private lawyer by then," and "The vice-chairman was Allen Dulles, the CIA director in the Fifties. The board included Walter Bedell Smith, the CIA's first director, and a roster of ex-OSS figures and officials who moved in and out of the CIA. The documents show that ACUE financed the European Movement, the most important federalist organisation in the post-war years." Interestingly, "The leaders of the European Movement - Retinger, the visionary Robert Schuman and the former Belgian prime minister Paul- Henri Spaak - were all treated as hired hands by their American sponsors. The US role was handled as a covert operation. ACUE's funding came from the Ford and Rockefeller foundations as well as business groups with close ties to the US government."[8]

The European Coal and Steel Community was formed in 1951, and signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Newly released documents from the 1955 Bilderberg meeting show that a main topic of discussion was "European Unity," and that "The discussion affirmed complete support for the idea of integration and unification from the representatives of all the six nations of the Coal and Steel Community present at the conference." Further, "A European speaker expressed concern about the need to achieve a common currency, and indicated that in his view this necessarily implied the creation of a central political authority." Interestingly, "A United States participant confirmed that the United States had not weakened in its enthusiastic support for the idea of integration, although there was considerable diffidence in America as to how this enthusiasm should be manifested. Another United States participant urged his European friends to go ahead with the unification of Europe with less emphasis upon ideological considerations and, above all, to be practical and work fast."[9] Thus, at the 1955 Bilderberg Group meeting, they set as a primary agenda, the creation of a European common market.[10]

In 1957, two years later, the Treaty of Rome was signed, which created the European Economic Community (EEC), also known as the European Community. Over the decades, various other treaties were signed, and more countries joined the European Community. In 1992, the Maastricht Treaty was signed, which created the European Union and led to the creation of the Euro. The European Monetary Institute was created in 1994, the European Central Bank was founded in 1998, and the Euro was launched in 1999. Etienne Davignon, Chairman of the Bilderberg Group and former EU Commissioner, revealed in March of 2009 that the Euro was debated and planned at Bilderberg conferences.[11] This was an example of regionalism, of integrating an entire region of the world, a whole continent, into a large supranational structure. This was one of the primary functions of the Bilderberg Group, which would also come to play a major part in other international issues.

Interdependence Theory

The theoretical justifications for integration and regionalism arrived in the 1960s with what is known as "interdependence theory." One of its primary proponents was a man named Richard N. Cooper. Two other major proponents of interdependence theory are Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye. Interdependence theory and theorists largely expand upon the notions raised by Keynes.

Richard Cooper wrote that, during the 1960s "there has been a strong trend toward economic interdependence among the industrial countries. This growing interdependence makes the successful pursuit of national economic objectives much more difficult." He also identified that "the objective of greater economic integration involves international agreements which reduce the number of policy instruments available to national authorities for pursuit of their economic objectives."[12] Further, "Cooper argues that new policies are needed to address the unprecedented conditions of international interdependence."[13]

Cooper also opposed a return to mercantilist pursuits in order for nations to secure economic objectives, arguing that, "economic nationalism invited policy competition that is doomed to fail," and thus concludes "that international policy coordination is virtually the only means to achieve national economic goals in an interdependent world."[14]

Keohane and Nye go into further analysis of interdependence, specifically focusing on how interdependence transforms international politics. They tend to frame their concepts in ideological opposition to international relations realists, who view the world, like mercantilists, as inherently anarchic. Keohane and Nye construct what is known as "complex interdependence," in which they critique realism. They analyze realism as consisting of two primary facets: that states are the main actors in the international arena, and that military force is central in international power. They argue that, "global economic interdependence has cast doubt on these assumptions. Transnational corporations and organizations born of economic integration now vie with states for global influence."[15]

Keohane and Nye also discuss the relevance and importance of international regimes in the politics of interdependence, defining regimes as "networks of rules, norms, and procedures that regularize behavior." They argue that, "Regimes are affected by the distribution of power among states, but regimes, in turn, may critically influence the bargaining process among states."[16] Again, this contests the realist and mercantilist notions of the international sphere being one of chaos, as a regime can produce and maintain order within the international arena.

Interdependence theorists tend to argue that interdependence has altered the world order in that it has become based upon cooperation and mutual interests, largely championing the liberal economic notion of a non-chaotic and cooperative international order in which all nations seek and gain a mutual benefit. Ultimately, it justifies the continued process of global economic integration, while realist and mercantilist theorists, who interdependence theorists contest and debate, justify the use of force in the international arena in terms of describing it as inherently chaotic. In theory, the notions of mercantilism and liberalism are inimical to one another however, they are not mutually exclusive and are, in fact, mutually reinforcing. Events throughout the 1970s are a clear example of this mutually reinforcing nature of mercantilist behaviour on the part of states, and the "interdependence" of the liberal economic order.

As early mercantilist theorist Frederick List wrote in regards to integration and union, "All examples which history can show are those in which the political union has led the way, and the commercial union has followed. Not a single instance can be adduced in which the latter has taken the lead, and the former has grown up from it."[17] It would appear that the elites have chosen the road less traveled in the 20th century, with the Bilderberg Group pursuing integration and union in Europe by starting with commercial union and having political union follow. This concept is also evident in the notions of interdependence theory, which focuses on global economic integration as changing the realist/mercantilist notions of a chaotic international order, as states and other actors become more cooperative through such economic ties.

Trilateralism

In the late 1960s, Western European economies (in particular West Germany) and Japan were rapidly developing and expanding. Their currencies rose against the US dollar, which was pegged to the price of gold as a result of the Bretton Woods System, which, through the IMF, set up an international monetary system based upon the US dollar, which was pegged to gold. However, with the growth of West Germany and Japan, "by the late 1960s the system could no longer be expected to perform its previous function as a medium for international exchange, and as a surrogate for gold." On top of this, to maintain its vast empire, the US had developed a large balance-of-payments deficit.[18]

Richard Nixon took decisive, and what many referred to as "protectionist" measures, and in 1971, ended the dollar's link to gold, which "resulted in a devaluation of the dollar as it began to float against other currencies," and "was meant to restore the competitiveness of the US economy,"[19] as with devaluation, "U.S.- made goods would cost less to foreigners and foreign-made goods would be less competitive on the U.S. market." The second major action taken by Nixon was when he "slapped a ten percent surcharge on most imports into the United States," which was to benefit U.S. manufacturing firms over foreign ones in competition for the U.S. market. The result was that less imports from Asia were coming into the US, more US goods were sold in their markets at more competitive prices, forcing Japan and the European Economic Community (EEC) to relax their trade barriers to US products.[20]

An article in Foreign Affairs, the journal of the Council on Foreign Relations, referred to Nixon's New Economic Policy as "protectionist," encouraging a "disastrous isolationist trend,"[21] and that Nixon shattered "the linchpin of the entire international monetary system- on whose smooth functioning the world economy depends."[22] Another article in Foreign Affairs explained that the Atlanticist, or internationalist faction of the US elite were in particular, upset with Nixon's New Economic Policy, however, they "agreed on the diagnosis: the relative balance of economic strengths had so changed that the United States could no longer play the role of economic leader. But they also argued that further American unilateralism would fuel a spiral of defensive reactions that would leave all the Western economies worse off. Their suggested remedy, instead, was much more far-reaching coordination among all the trilateral [North American, European and Japanese] governments."[23]

There was a consensus within the American ruling class that the Bretton Woods System was in need of a change, but there were divisions among members in how to go about changing it. The more powerful (and wealthy) international wing feared how US policies may isolate and alienate Western Europe and Japan, and they advocated that, "The world economic roles of America must be reconciled with the growth to power of Europe and Japan. There must be fundamental reform of the international monetary system. There must be renewed efforts to reduce world trade barriers. The underlying U.S. balance of payments has deteriorated." However, Nixon "went much too far" as he alienated Western Europe and Japan.

In 1970, David Rockefeller became Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, while also being Chairman and CEO of Chase Manhattan. In 1970, an academic who joined the Council on Foreign Relations in 1965 wrote a book called Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era. The author, Zbigniew Brzezinski, called for the formation of "A Community of the Developed Nations," consisting of Western Europe, the United States and Japan. Brzezinski wrote about how "the traditional sovereignty of nation states is becoming increasingly unglued as transnational forces such as multinational corporations, banks, and international organizations play a larger and larger role in shaping global politics." David Rockefeller had taken note of Brzezinski's writings, and was "getting worried about the deteriorating relations between the U.S., Europe, and Japan," as a result of Nixon's economic shocks. In 1972, David Rockefeller and Brzezinski "presented the idea of a trilateral grouping at the annual Bilderberg meeting." In July of 1972, seventeen powerful people met at David Rockefeller's estate in New York to plan for the creation of the Commission. Also at the meeting was Brzezinski, McGeorge Bundy, the President of the Ford Foundation, (brother of William Bundy, editor of Foreign Affairs) and Bayless Manning, President of the Council on Foreign Relations.[24] So, in 1973, the Trilateral Commission was formed to address these issues.

A 1976 article in Foreign Affairs explained that, "Trilateralism as a linguistic expression-and the Trilateral Commission-arose in the early 1970s from the reaction of the more Atlanticist part of the American foreign policy community to the belligerent and defensive unilateralism that characterized the foreign economic policy of the Nixon Administration."[25] The Commission's major concerns were to preserve for the "industrialized societies," in other words, seek mutual gain for the Trilateral nations, and to construct "a common approach to the needs and demands of the poorer nations." However, this should be read as, "constructing a common approach to [dealing with] poorer nations." As well as this, the Commission would undertake "the coordination of defense policies and of policies toward such highly politicized issues as nuclear proliferation, terrorism, and aerial hijacking, and such highly politicized geographic areas as the Middle East or Southern Africa."[26]

Interestingly, interdependence theorist Joseph Nye is a member of the Trilateral Commission, as is Richard N. Cooper.[27] Today, Joseph Nye is a member of the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations,[28] and Richard N. Cooper was a Director of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1993-1994.[29]

The end of the link of the dollar to gold meant that, "the US was no longer subject to the discipline of having to try to maintain a fixed par value of the dollar against gold or anything else: it could let the dollar move as the US Treasury [and ultimately, the Federal Reserve] wished and pointed towards the removal of gold from international monetary affairs." This created a dollar standard, as opposed to a gold standard, which "places the direction of the world monetary policy in the hands of a single country," which was "not acceptable to Western Europe or Japan."[30] Addressing this issue was among the reasoning behind the creation of the Trilateral Commission.

The Oil Crisis

The May 1973 meeting of the Bilderberg Group occurred five months prior to the extensive oil price rises brought about by the Yom Kippur War. However, according to leaked minutes from the meeting, a 400% increase in the price of oil was discussed, and meeting participants were creating a "plan [on] how to manage the about-to-be-created flood of oil dollars."[31] Oil is no issue foreign to the interests of the Bilderberg Group, as among the 1973 participants were the CEOs of Royal Dutch Shell, British Petroleum (BP), Total S.A., ENI, Exxon, as well as significant banking interests and individuals such as Baron Edmond de Rothschild and David Rockefeller, and the US Secretary of State at the time, Henry Kissinger.[32]

In 1955, Henry Kissinger, a young scholar at the time, was brought into the Council on Foreign Relations, where he distinguished himself as a prominent Council member and became a protégé to Nelson Rockefeller, one of David Rockefeller's brothers. In 1969, Kissinger became Richard Nixon's National Security Adviser.[33] This Bilderberg meeting was taking place during a time of great international instability, particularly in the Middle East.

Kissinger, as National Security Adviser, was in a power struggle with Secretary of State William Rogers over foreign policy. Nixon even referred to the continual power struggle between Kissinger as National Security Advisor and Secretary of State William Rogers, saying that, "Henry's personality problem is just too goddamn difficult for us to deal [with]," and that Kissinger's "psychopathic about trying to screw [Secretary of State William] Rogers." Nixon even said that if Kissinger wins the struggle against Rogers, Kissinger would "be a dictator." Nixon told his Chief of Staff, Haldeman, that Kissinger feels "he must be present every time I see anybody important."[34]

At the time of the Yom Kippur War, Nixon was in the middle of major domestic issues, as the Watergate scandal was breaking, leading to an increase in the power and influence of Kissinger, as "The president was deeply preoccupied, and at times incapacitated by self-pity or alcohol."[35] By 1970, Kissinger had Rogers "frozen out of policy- making on Southeast Asia," during the Vietnam War, so Rogers "concentrated on the Middle East." Eventually, Nixon had Rogers resign, and then Henry Kissinger took the position as both National Security Advisor and Secretary of State.[36]

As Kissinger later said in a speech marking the 25th anniversary of the Trilateral Commission, "In 1973, when I served as Secretary of State, David Rockefeller showed up in my office one day to tell me that he thought I needed a little help," and that, "David's function in our society is to recognize great tasks, to overcome the obstacles, to help find and inspire the people to carry them out, and to do it with remarkable delicacy." Kissinger finished his speech by saying, "David, I respect you and admire you for what you have done with the Trilateral Commission. You and your family have represented what goes for an aristocracy in our country-a sense of obligation not only to make it materially possible, but to participate yourself in what you have made possible and to infuse it with the enthusiasm, the innocence, and the faith that I identify with you and, if I may say so, with your family."[37]

Kissinger sabotaged Rogers' peace negotiations with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, who, at the time, was trying to rally other Arab leaders against Israel. In 1972, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia had "insisted that oil should not be used as a political weapon." However, "in 1973, Faisal announced that he was changing his mind about an oil embargo." Faisal held a meeting with western oil executives, warning them. Sadat told Faisal of the plan to attack Israel, and Faisal agreed to help both financially and with the "oil weapon." Days later, the Saudi oil minister, Sheik Ahmed Yamani, "began dropping hints to the oil companies about a cutback in production that would affect the United States." Yamani said Henry Kissinger had been "misleading President Nixon about the seriousness of Faisal's intentions."[38]

On October 4, the US National Security Agency (NSA) "knew beyond a shadow of a doubt that an attack on Israel would take place on the afternoon of October 6." However, the Nixon White House "ordered the NSA to sit on the information," until the US warned Israel a few hours before the attack, even though "Nixon's staff had at least two days' advance warning that an attack was coming on October 6."[39] Hours before the attack on Israel by Syria and Egypt, the U.S. warned its Israeli counterparts, however, "the White House insisted that the Israelis do nothing: no preemptive strikes, no firing the first shot. If Israel wanted American support, Kissinger warned, it could not even begin to mobilize until the Arabs invaded." Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir stood Israeli defences down, citing "Kissinger's threats as the major reason." Interestingly, Kissinger himself was absent from his office on the day of the attack, and he knew days before when it was set to take place, yet, still went to the Waldorf Astoria in New York. Further, he waited three days before convening a U.N. Security Council meeting.[40] The attack needed to go forward, as directed by the backdoor diplomacy of Kissinger.

With the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War on October 6, 1973, Kissinger "centered control of the crisis in his own hands." After the Israelis informed the White House that the attack on them had taken place, Kissinger did not consult Nixon or even inform him on anything for three hours, who was at his retreat in Florida. After talking to Nixon hours later, Kissinger told him that, "we are on top of it here," and "the president left matters in Kissinger's hands." Alexander Haig, Kissinger's former second in command in the National Security Council, then Chief of Staff to Nixon, was with the President on that morning. Haig told Kissinger "that Nixon was considering returning to Washington, [but] Kissinger discouraged it-part of a recurring pattern to keep Nixon out of the process." For three days, it was Kissinger who "oversaw the diplomatic exchanges with the Israelis and Soviets about the war. Israeli prime minister Golda Meir's requests for military supplies, which were beginning to run low, came not to Nixon but to Kissinger." On October 11, the British Prime Minister called asking to speak to Nixon, to which Kissinger responded, "Can we tell them no? When I talked to the President he was loaded," but the British were told, "the prime minister could speak to Kissinger."[41]

On October 12, the major American oil companies sent a letter to Nixon suggesting the Arab countries "should receive some price increase," and Nixon, following Kissinger's advice, sent arms to Israel, which precipitated the Arab OPEC countries to announce a 70% increase in the price of oil on October 16th, and announce an oil embargo against the US on the 17th.[42]

The Bilderberg meeting five months prior involved participants planning "how to manage the about-to-be-created flood of oil dollars." At the meeting, an OPEC Middle East oil revenue rise of over 400% was predicted. A Bilderberg document from the meeting stated that, "The task of improving relations between energy importing countries should begin with consultations between Europe, the US and Japan. These three regions, which represented about 60 per cent of world energy consumption, accounted for an even greater proportion of world trade in energy products, as they absorbed 80 per cent of world energy exports." The same document also stated that "an energy crisis or an increase in energy costs could irremediably jeopardize the economic expansion of developing countries which had no resources of their own," and the "misuse or inadequate control of the financial resources of the oil producing countries could completely disorganize and undermine the world monetary system."[43]

As economist F. William Engdahl noted in his book, A Century of War, "One enormous consequence of the ensuing 400 per cent rise in OPEC oil prices was that investments of hundreds of millions of dollars by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch Shell [both present at Bilderberg] and other Anglo-American petroleum concerns in the risky North Sea could produce oil at a profit," as "the profitability of these new North Sea oilfields was not at all secure until after the OPEC price rises."[44] In 2001, the former Saudi representative to OPEC, Sheik Ahmed Yamani, said, "'I am 100 per cent sure that the Americans were behind the increase in the price of oil. The oil companies were in real trouble at that time, they had borrowed a lot of money and they needed a high oil price to save them." When he was sent by King Faisal to the Shah of Iran in 1974, the Shah said that it was Henry Kissinger who wanted a higher price for oil.[45]

An article in Foreign Policy, the journal published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, concluded from exhaustive research, that, "Since 1971, the United States has encouraged Middle East oil- producing states to raise the price of oil and keep it up." This conclusion was based upon State Department documents, congressional testimony and interviews with former policy-makers.[46] At the Eighth Petroleum Congress of the League of Arab States (Arab League) in 1972, James Akins, head of the fuel and energy section of the State Department, gave a speech in which he said that oil prices were "expected to go up sharply due to lack of short-term alternatives to Arab oil," and that this was, "an unavoidable trend." A Western observer at the meeting said Akins' speech was essentially, "advocating that Arabs raise the price of oil to $5 per barrel." The oil industry itself was also becoming more unified in their position. The National Petroleum Council (NPC), "a government advisory body representing oil industry interests, waited until Nixon was safely re- elected before publishing a voluminous series of studies calling for a doubling of U.S. oil and gas prices."[47]

The summer before the Yom Kippur War, in 1973, James Akins was made U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. He also happened to be a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.[48] Saudi Arabian minister for petroleum and representative to OPEC, Sheik Ahmed Yamani, stated in February of 1973, that, "it is in the interests of the oil companies that prices be raised," as "their profits are collected from the production stage." It was also in the interests of the US, as OPEC will have a massive increase in revenues to be invested, likely in the US, itself.[49]

The oil companies themselves were also fearful of having their business facilities in OPEC countries nationalized, so they "were anxious to engage OPEC countries in the oil business in the United States, in order to give them an interest in maintaining the status quo." Weeks before war broke out, the National Security Council, headed by Kissinger, issued a statement saying that military intervention in the event of a war in the Middle East was "ruled out of order."[50]

U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, James Akins, later testified in congress on the fact that when, in 1975, the Saudis went to Iran to try to get the Shah to roll back the price of oil, they were told that Kissinger told the Iranians that, "the United States understood Iran's desire for higher oil prices."[51] Akins was removed from Saudi Arabia in 1975, "following policy disputes with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger."[52]

The OPEC oil price increases resulted in the "removal of some withholding taxes on foreign investment" in the United States, "unchecked arms sales, which cannot be handled without U.S. support personnel, to Iran and Saudi Arabia," as well as an "attempt to suppress publication of data on volume of OPEC funds on deposit with U.S. banks."[53] Ultimately, the price increases "would be of competitive advantage to the United States because the economic damage would be greater to Europe and Japan." Interestingly, "Programs for sopping up petrodollars have themselves become justifications for the continued flow of U.S. and foreign funds to pay for higher priced oil. In fact, a lobby of investors, businessmen, and exporters [was] growing in the United States to favor giving the OPEC countries their way." Outside the United States, it is "widely believed" that the high- priced oil policy was aimed at hurting Europe, Japan, and the developing world.[54] There was also "input from the oil industry" which went "into the formulation of U.S. international oil policy."[55]

In 1974, when a White House official suggested to the Treasury to force OPEC to lower the price of oil, his idea was swept under, and he later stated that, "It was the banking leaders who swept aside this advice and pressed for a 'recycling' program to accommodate to higher oil prices." In 1975, a Wall Street investment banker was sent to Saudi Arabia to be the main investment adviser to the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA), and "he was to guide the Saudi petrodollar investments to the correct banks, naturally in London and New York."[56]

In 1974, another OPEC oil price increase of more than 100 percent was undertaken, following a meeting in Tehran, Iran. This initiative was undertaken by the Shah of Iran, who just months before was opposed to the earlier price increases. Sheikh Yamani, the Saudi oil minister, was sent to meet with the Shah of Iran following his surprise decision to raise prices, as Yamani was sent by Saudi King Faisal, who was worried that higher prices would alienate the US, to which the Shah said to Yamani, "Why are you against the increase in the price of oil? That is what they want? Ask Henry Kissinger - he is the one who wants a higher price."[57]

As Peter Gowan stated in The Globalization Gamble, "the oil price rises were the result of US influence on the oil states and they were arranged in part as an exercise in economic statecraft directed against America's 'allies' in Western Europe and Japan. And another dimension of the Nixon administration's policy on oil price rises was to give a new role, through them, to the US private banks in international financial relations." He explained that the Nixon administration was pursuing a higher oil price policy two years before the Yom Kippur War, and "as early as 1972 the Nixon administration planned for the US private banks to recycle the petrodollars when OPEC finally did take US advice and jack up oil prices."[58] Ultimately, the price rises had devastating impacts on Western Europe and Japan, which were quickly growing economies, but which were heavily dependent upon Middle eastern oil. This is an example of how the US, while championing a liberal international economic order, acted in a mercantilist fashion, depriving competitors through improving its own power and influence.

In 1973, David Rockefeller set up the Trilateral Commission to promote coordination and cooperation among Japan, Western Europe, and North America (namely, the US), yet, in the same year, his good friend and close confidante, Henry Kissinger, played a key role in promoting and orchestrating the oil price rises that had a damaging impact upon Japan and Western Europe. Also it should be noted, David Rockefeller's Chase Manhattan Bank, of which he was CEO at the time, profited immensely off of the petrodollar recycling system promoted by Henry Kissinger, where the OPEC countries would reinvest their new excess capital into the American economy through London and New York banks.

How does one account for these seemingly diametrically opposed initiatives? Perhaps the oil crisis, having a negative effect on Japan and Western European economies, could have spurred the necessity for cooperation among the trilateral countries, forcing them to come together and coordinate future policies.

It is of vital importance to understand the global conditions in which the price rises and its solutions arose, particularly in relation to the Third World. Africa, since the late 1800s, had been under European colonial control. It was from the 1950s to the 1960s that almost all African countries were granted independence from their European metropoles. Africa is a very significant case to look at, as it is extremely rich in many resources, from agriculture to oil, minerals, and a huge variety of other resources used all around the world. If African nations were able to develop their own economies, use their own resources, and create their own industries and businesses, they could become self-sufficient at first, and then may become a force of great competition for the established industries and elites around the world. After all, Europe does not have much to offer in terms of resources, as the continent's wealth has largely come from plundering the resources of regions like Africa, and in becoming captains of monetary manipulation. A revitalized, vibrant, economically independent and successful Africa could spell the end of Western financial dominance. "Between 1960 and 1975 African industry grew at the annual rate of 7.5 per cent. This compared favourably with the 7.2 per cent for Latin America and 7.5 per cent for South-East Asia."[59] In Africa, "the 1960-73 period witnessed some important first steps in the process of industrialization," however, "[t]he dramatic decline in rates of industrialization began to show after the first 'oil crisis'. Between 1973 and 1984, the rate of growth" rapidly declined.[60]

So, by manipulating the price of oil, you can manipulate the development of the Third World, which was beginning to look as if it could grow into significant competition, as it was experiencing exponential growth. There were two oil shocks in the 1970s; one in 1973 and another in 1979. Following the price rises, there was a need for the developing countries of the world to borrow money to finance development.

The banks that were getting massive amounts of petrodollars deposited into them from the oil producing countries needed to "recycle" the dollars by investing them somewhere, in order to make a profit. Luckily for the banks, "[d]eveloping countries were desperate for funds to help them industrialize their economies. In some cases, developing countries were oil consumers and required loans to help pay for rising oil prices. In other cases, a decision had been made to follow a strategy of indebted industrialization. This meant that states borrowed money to invest in industrialization and would pay off the loans from the profits of their new industries. Loans were an attractive option because they did not come with the influence of foreign transnational corporations that accompanied foreign direct investment and most states had few funds of their own to invest."[61]

The oil price rises "changed the face of world finance," as: "In the new era of costly energy, scores of countries, not all of them in the Third World, were too strapped to pay their imported-oil bills. At the same time, Western banks suddenly received a rush of deposits from oil- producing nations. It seemed only logical, even humane, that the banks should recycle petrodollars." This is where the true face of Trilateralism began to show: "It became an everyday event for one or two lead banks in the U.S. or Western Europe to round up dozens of partners by telephone to put together so-called jumbo syndicates for loans to developing countries. Some bankers were so afraid of missing out that during lunch hours they even empowered their secretaries to promise $5 million or $10 million as part of any billion-dollar loan package for Brazil or Mexico." Interestingly, these banks argued, "that their foreign loans were encouraged by officials at the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve Board. They feared that developing countries would become economically and politically unstable if credit was denied. In 1976 Arthur Burns, chairman of the Federal Reserve, began cautioning bankers that they might be lending too much overseas, but he did nothing to curb the loans. For the most part, they ignored the warning. Financiers were confident that countries like Mexico, with its oil reserves, and Brazil, with abundant mineral resources, were good credit risks."[62]

According to a report produced by the Federal Reserve, prior to the 1973 oil crisis, "the private Japanese financial system remained largely isolated from the rest of the world. The system was highly regulated," and, "various types of banking firms and other financial service firms were legally and administratively confined to a specified range of activities assigned to each." However, the "OPEC oil shock in 1973 signaled a turning point in the operation of the Japanese financial system."[63] As part of this turning point, the Bank of Japan (the central bank of Japan), relaxed "monetary control by lending more generously to the major banks. The result was a growing budget deficit and a rapid rise in inflation."[64] The deregulation of Japanese banking access to foreign markets went hand- in-hand with the deregulation of domestic markets. It was a two-way street; as Japanese industry and banks gained access to foreign markets, foreign industry and banks gained access to the Japanese market. This led to the growth of Japanese banks internationally, of which today many are among the largest banks in the world. This was a result of the Trilateral Commission's efforts. Also evident of the Trilateral partnership was that western banks "made loans so that poor countries could purchase goods made in Western Europe and North America."[65]

Of great significance was that, "the new international monetary arrangements gave the United States government far more influence over the international monetary and financial relations of the world than it had enjoyed under the Bretton Woods system. It could freely decide the price of the dollar. And states would become increasingly dependent upon developments in Anglo-American financial markets for managing their international monetary relations. And trends in these financial markets could be shifted by the actions (and words) of the US public authorities, in the Treasury Department and the Federal Reserve Board (the US Central Bank)."[66] This new system is referred to as the Dollar-Wall Street Regime (DWSR), as it is dependent upon the US dollar and the key actors on Wall Street.

The Federal Reserve's response to the initial 1973-74 oil price shock was to keep interest rates low, which led to inflation and a devalued dollar. It's also what allowed and encouraged banks to lend massive amounts to developing countries, often lending more than their net worth. However, in 1979, with the second oil shock, the Federal Reserve changed policy, and the true nature of the original oil crisis, petrodollar recycling and loans became apparent.

The Rise of Neo-Liberalism

In the early 1970s, the government of Chile was led by a leftist socialist-leaning politician named Salvador Allende, who was considering undertaking a program of nationalization of industries, which would significantly affect US business interests in the country. David Rockefeller expressed his view on the issue in his book, Memoirs, when he said that actions taken by Chile's new government "severely restricted the operations of foreign corporations," and he continued, saying, "I was so concerned about the situation that I met with Secretary of State William P. Rogers and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger."[67]

As author Peter Dale Scott analyzed in his book, The Road to 9/11, David Rockefeller played a pivotal role in the events in Chile. After a failed attempt at trying to solve the 'situation' by sending David's brother Nelson Rockefeller, the Governor of New York, down to Latin America, David Rockefeller attempted a larger operation. David Rockefeller told the story of how his friend Agustin (Doonie) Edwards, the publisher of El Mercurio, had warned David that if Allende won the election, Chile would "become another Cuba, a satellite of the Soviet Union." David then put Doonie "in touch with Henry Kissinger."[68]

In the same month that Kissinger met with Edwards, the National Security Council (of which Kissinger held the top post) authorized CIA "spoiling operations" to prevent the election of Allende. David Rockefeller had known Doonie Edwards from the Business Group for Latin America (BGLA), which was founded by Rockefeller in 1963, later to be named the Council of the Americas. Rockefeller founded it initially, in cooperation with the US government, "as cover for [CIA's] Latin American operations." The US Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs at the time was Charles Meyer, formerly with Rockefeller's BGLA, who said that he was chosen for his position at the State Department "by David Rockefeller." When Allende was elected on September 4, 1970, Doonie Edwards left Chile for the US, where Rockefeller helped him "get established" and the CEO of PepsiCo, Donald Kendall, gave him a job as a Vice President. Ten days later, Donald Kendall met with Richard Nixon, and the next day, Nixon, Kissinger, Kendall and Edwards had breakfast together. Later that day, Kissinger arranged a meeting between Edwards and CIA director, Richard Helms. Helms met with both Edwards and Kendall, who asked the CIA to intervene. Later that day, Nixon told Helms and Kissinger to "move against Allende."[69]

However, before Edwards met with the CIA director, Henry Kissinger had met privately with "David Rockefeller, chairman of the Chase Manhattan Bank, which had interests in Chile that were more extensive than even Pepsi-Cola's." Rockefeller even allowed the CIA to use his bank for "anti-Allende Chilean operations."[70] After Allende came to power, "commercial banks, including Chase Manhattan, Chemical, First National City, Manufacturers Hanover, and Morgan Guaranty, cancelled credits to Chile," and the "World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, Agency for International Development, and the Export-Import Bank either cut programs in Chile or cancelled credits." However, "military aid to Chile, which has always been substantial, doubled in the 1970-1974 period as compared to the previous four years."[71]

On September 11, 1973, General Augusto Pinochet orchestrated a coup d'état, with the aid and participation of the CIA, against the Allende government of Chile, overthrowing it and installing Pinochet as dictator. The next day, an economic plan for the country was on the desks of "the General Officers of the Armed Forces who performed government duties." The plan entailed "privatization, deregulation and cuts to social spending," written up by "U.S.-trained economists."[72] These were the essential concepts in neoliberal thought, which, through the oil crises of the 1970s, would be forced upon the developing world through the World Bank and IMF.

In essence, Chile was the neo-liberal Petri-dish experiment. This was to expand drastically and become the very substance of the international economic order.

Globalization: A Liberal-Mercantilist Economic Order?

Neo-Liberals Take the Forefront

In 1971, Jimmy Carter, a somewhat obscure governor from Georgia had started to have meetings with David Rockefeller. They became connected due to Carter's support from the Atlanta corporate elite, who had extensive ties to the Rockefellers. So in 1973, when David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski were picking people to join the Trilateral Commission, Carter was selected for membership. Carter thus attended every meeting, and even paid for his trip to the 1976 meeting in Japan with his campaign funds, as he was running for president at the time. Brzezinski was Carter's closest adviser, writing Carter's major campaign speeches.[73]

When Jimmy Carter became President, he appointed over two-dozen members of the Trilateral Commission to key positions in his cabinet, among them, Zbigniew Brzezinski, who became National Security Adviser; Samuel P. Huntington, Coordinator of National Security and Deputy to Brzezinski; Harold Brown, Secretary of Defense; Warren Christopher, Deputy Secretary of State; Walter Mondale, Vice President; Cyrus Vance, Secretary of State; and in 1979, he appointed David Rockefeller's friend, Paul Volcker, as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.[74]

In 1979, the Iranian Revolution spurred another massive increase in the price of oil. The Western nations, particularly the United States, had put a freeze on Iranian assets, "effectively restricting the access of Iran to the global oil market, the Iranian assets freeze became a major factor in the huge oil price increases of 1979 and 1981."[75] Added to this, in 1979, British Petroleum cancelled major oil contracts for oil supply, which along with cancellations taken by Royal Dutch Shell, drove the price of oil up higher.[76]

However, in 1979, the Federal Reserve, now the lynch-pin of the international monetary system, which was awash in petro-dollars (US dollars) as a result of the 1973 oil crisis, decided to take a different action from the one it had taken earlier. In August of 1979, "on the advice of David Rockefeller and other influential voices of the Wall Street banking establishment, President Carter appointed Paul A. Volcker, the man who, back in August 1971, had been a key architect of the policy of taking the dollar off the gold standard, to head the Federal Reserve."[77]

Volcker got his start as a staff economist at the New York Federal Reserve Bank in the early 50s. After five years there, "David Rockefeller's Chase Bank lured him away."[78] So in 1957, Volcker went to work at Chase, where Rockefeller "recruited him as his special assistant on a congressional commission on money and credit in America and for help, later, on an advisory commission to the Treasury Department."[79] In the early 60s, Volcker went to work in the Treasury Department, and returned to Chase in 1965 "as an aide to Rockefeller, this time as vice president dealing with international business." With Nixon entering the White House, Volcker got the third highest job in the Treasury Department. This put him at the center of the decision making process behind the dissolution of the Bretton Woods agreement.[80] In 1973, Volcker became a member of Rockefeller's Trilateral Commission. In 1975, he got the job as President of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, the most powerful of the 12 branches of the Fed.

In 1979, Carter gave the job of Treasury Secretary to Arthur Miller, who had been Chairman of the Fed. This left an opening at the Fed, which was initially offered by Carter to David Rockefeller, who declined, and then to A.W. Clausen, Chairman of Bank of America, who also declined. Carter repeatedly tried to get Rockefeller to accept, and ultimately Rockefeller recommended Volcker for the job.[81] Volcker became Chairman of the Federal Reserve System, and immediately took drastic action to fight inflation by radically increasing interest rates.

The world was taken by shock. This was not a policy that would only be felt in the US with a recession, but was to send shock waves around the world, devastating the Third World debtor nations. This was likely the ultimate aim of the 1970s oil shocks and the 1979 Federal Reserve shock therapy. With the raising of interest rates, the cost of international money also rose. Thus, the interest rates on international loans made throughout the 1970s rose from 2% in the 1970s to 18% in the 1980s, dramatically increasing the interest charges on loans to developing countries.[82]

In the developing world, states that had to import oil faced enormous bills to cover their debts, and even oil producing countries, such as Mexico, faced huge problems as they had borrowed heavily in order to industrialize, and then suffered when oil prices fell again as the recession occurring in the developed states reduced demand. Thus, in 1982, Mexico declared that it could no longer pay its debt, meaning that, "they could no longer cover the cost of interest payments, much less hope to repay the debt." The result was the bursting of the debt bubble. Banks then halted their loans to Mexico, and "Before long it was evident that states such as Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, and many sub-Saharan African countries were in equally difficult financial positions."[83]

The IMF and World Bank entered the scene newly refurnished with a whole new outlook and policy program designed just in time for the arrival of the debt crisis. The IMF "negotiated standby loans with debtors offering temporary assistance to states in need. In return for the loans states agreed to undertake structural adjustment programs (SAPs). These programs entailed the liberalization of economies to trade and foreign investment as well as the reduction of state subsidies and bureaucracies to balance national budgets."[84] Thus, the neoliberal project of 1973 in Chile was expanded into the very functioning of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs).

Neoliberalism is "a particular organization of capitalism, which has evolved to protect capital(ism) and to reduce the power of labour. This is achieved by means of social, economic and political transformations imposed by internal forces as well as external pressure," and it entails the "shameless use of foreign aid, debt relief and balance of payments support to promote the neoliberal programme, and diplomatic pressure, political unrest and military intervention when necessary."[85] Further, "neoliberalism is part of a hegemonic project concentrating power and wealth in elite groups around the world, benefiting especially the financial interests within each country, and US capital internationally. Therefore, globalization and imperialism cannot be analysed separately from neoliberalism."[86]

Joseph Stiglitz, former Chief Economist of the World Bank, wrote in his book, Globalization and its Discontents, "In the 1980s, the Bank went beyond just lending for projects (like roads and dams) to providing broad-based support, in the form of structural adjustment loans; but it did this only when the IMF gave its approval - and with that approval came IMF-imposed conditions on the country."[87] As economist Michel Chossudovsky wrote, "Because countries were indebted, the Bretton Woods institutions were able to oblige them through the so- called 'conditionalities' attached to the loan agreements to appropriately redirect their macro-economic policy in accordance with the interests of the official and commercial creditors."[88]

The nature of SAPs is such that the conditions imposed upon countries that sign onto these agreements include: lowering budget deficits, devaluing the currency, limiting government borrowing from the central bank, liberalizing foreign trade, reducing public sector wages, price liberalization, deregulation and altering interest rates.[89] For reducing budget deficits, "precise 'ceilings' are placed on all categories of expenditure; the state is no longer permitted to mobilize its own resources for the building of public infrastructure, roads, or hospitals, etc."[90]

Joseph Stiglitz wrote that, "the IMF staff monitored progress, not just on the relevant indicators for sound macromanagement - inflation, growth, and unemployment - but on intermediate variables, such as the money supply," and that "In some cases the agreements stipulated what laws the country's Parliament would have to pass to meet IMF requirements or 'targets' - and by when."[91] Further, "The conditions went beyond economics into areas that properly belong in the realm of politics," and that "the way conditionality was imposed made the conditions politically unsustainable; when a new government came into power, they would be abandoned. Such conditions were seen as the intrusion by the new colonial power on the country's own sovereignty."[92]

"The phrase 'Washington Consensus' was coined to capture the agreement upon economic policy that was shared between the two major international financial institutions in Washington (IMF and World Bank) and the US government itself. This consensus stipulated that the best path to economic development was through financial and trade liberalization and that international institutions should persuade countries to adopt such measures as quickly as possible."[93] The debt crisis provided the perfect opportunity to quickly impose these conditions upon countries that were not in a position to negotiate and with no time to spare, desperately in need of loans. Without the debt crisis, such policies may have been subject to greater scrutiny, and with a case-by-case analysis of countries adopting SAPs, the world would become quickly aware of their dangerous implications. The debt crisis was absolutely necessary in implementing the SAPs on an international scale in a short amount of time.

The effect became quite clear, as the result "of these policies on the population of developing countries was devastating. The 1980s is known as the 'lost decade' of development. Many developing countries' economies were smaller and poorer in 1990 than in 1980. Over the 1980s and 1990s, debt in many developing countries was so great that governments had few resources to spend on social services and development."[94] With the debt crisis, countries in the developing world were "[s]tarved of international finance, [and] states had little choice but to open their economies to foreign investors and trade."[95] The "Third World" was recaptured in the cold grasp of economic colonialism under the auspices of neo-liberal economic theory.

A Return to Statist Theory

Since the 1970s, mercantilist thought had re-emerged in mainstream political-economic theory. Under various names such as neo- mercantilism, economic nationalism or statism, they hold as vital the centrality of the state in the global political economy. Much "Globalization" literature puts an emphasis on the "decline of the state" in the face of an integrated international economic order, where borders are made illusory. However, statist theory at least helps us understand that the state is still a vital factor within the global political economy, even in the midst of a neo-liberal economic order.

Within the neo-liberal economic order, it was the powerful western (primarily US and Western European) states that imposed neo- mercantilist or statist policies in order to protect and promote their interests within the global political economy. Some of these methods were revolved around policy tools such as export subsidies, imposed to lower the price of goods, which would make them more attractive to importers, giving that particular nation an advantage over the competition.

For example, the US has enormous agriculture export subsidies, which make US agriculture and grain an easily affordable, attractive and accessible commodity for importing nations. Countries of the global south (the Lesser-Developed Countries, LDCs), subject to neo-liberal policies imposed upon them by the World Bank and IMF were forced to open their economies up to foreign capital. The World Bank would bring in heavily subsidized US grain to these poor nations under the guise of "food aid," which would have the affect of destabilizing the nation's agriculture market, as the heavily subsidized US grains would be cheaper than local produce, putting farmers out of business. Most LDCs are predominantly rural based, so when the farming sector is devastated, so too is the entire nation. They plunge into economic crisis and even famine.

With the statist approach, theorists examine how the state is still relevant in shaping economic outcomes and still remains a powerful entity in the international arena. One theorist who is prominent within the statist school is Robert Gilpin. Gilpin, a professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton, is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In his book, Global Political Economy, Gilpin postulated that multinational corporations were an invention of the United States, and indeed an "American phenomenon" upon which European and Asian states responded by internationalizing their own firms. In this sense, his theory postulated to a return to the competitive nature of mercantilist economic theory, in which one state gains at the expense of another. He also addresses the nature of the international economy, in that both historically and presently, there was a single state acting as the main enforcer and manager of the global economy. Historically, it was Britain, and presently, it was the United States.

One cannot deny the significance of the state in the global political economy, as it has been, and still remains very relevant. The events of 1973 are exemplary of this, however, more must be examined in order to better understand the situation. Though states are still prominent actors, it is vital to address in whose interest they act. Mercantilist and statist theorists tend to focus on the concept that states act in their own selfish interest, for the benefit of the state, both politically and economically. However, this is somewhat linear and diversionary, as it does not address the precise structure of the state economy, specifically in terms of its monetary and central banking system.

States, most especially the large hegemonic ones, such as the United States and Great Britain, are controlled by the international central banking system, working through secret agreements at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), and operating through national central banks (such as the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve). The state is thus owned by an international banking cartel, and though the state acts in such a way that proves its continual relevance in the global economy, it acts so not in terms of self-interest for the state itself, but for the powerful interests that control that state. The same international banking cartel that controls the United States today previously controlled Great Britain and held it up as the international hegemon. When the British order faded, and was replaced by the United States, the US ran the global economy. However, the same interests are served. States will be used and discarded at will by the international banking cartel; they are simply tools.

In this sense, interdependence theory, which presumes the decline of the state in international affairs, fails to acknowledge the role of the state in promoting and undertaking the process of interdependence. The decline of the nation-state is a state-driven process, and is a process that leads to a rise of the continental state and the global state. States, are still very relevant, but both liberal and mercantilist theorists, while helpful in understanding the concepts behind the global economy, lay the theoretical groundwork for a political economic agenda being undertaken by powerful interests. Like Robert Cox said, "Theory is always for someone and for some purpose."

Hegemonic-Stability Theory

In his book, Global Political Economy, Gilpin explained that, "In time, if unchecked, the integration of an economy into the world economy, the intensifying pressures of foreign competition, and the necessity to be efficient in order to survive economically could undermine the independence of a society and force it to adopt new values and forms of social organization. Fear that economic globalization and the integration of national markets are destroying or could destroy the political, economic, and cultural autonomy of national societies has become widespread."[96]

However, Gilpin explains that the "Creation of effective international regimes and solutions to the compliance problem require both strong international leadership and an effective international governance structure." Yet, he explains, "Regimes in themselves cannot provide governance structure because they lack the most critical component of governance - the power to enforce compliance. Regimes must rest instead on a political base established through leadership and cooperation."[97] This is where we see the emergence of Hegemonic Stability Theory.

Gilpin explains that, "The theory of hegemonic stability posits that the leader or hegemon facilitates international cooperation and prevents defection from the rules of the regime through use of side payments (bribes), sanctions, and/or other means, but can seldom, if ever, coerce reluctant states to obey the rules of a liberal international economic order." As he explained, "The American hegemon did indeed play a crucial role in establishing and managing the world economy following World War II."[98]

The roots of Hegemonic Stability Theory (HST) lie within both liberal and statist theory, as it is representative of a crossover theory that cannot be so easily placed in either category. The main concept champions the liberal notion of the open international economic system, guided by liberal principles of open-markets and free trade, while bringing in the statist concept of a single hegemonic state representing the concentration of political and economic power, as it is the enforcer of the liberal international economy.

The more liberal-leaning theorists of HST argue that a liberal economic order requires a strong, hegemonic state to maintain the smooth functioning of the international economy. One thing this state must do is maintain the international monetary system, as Britain did under the gold standard and the United States did under the Dollar- Wall Street Regime, following the end of the Bretton-Woods dollar-gold link.

Regime Theory

Regime Theory is another crossover theory between liberal and mercantilist theorists. Its rise was primarily in reaction to the emergence of Hegemonic Stability Theory, in order to address the concern of a perceived decline in the power of the US. This was due to the rise of new economic powers in the 1970s, and another major purveyor of this theory was Robert Keohane. They needed to address how the international order could be maintained as the hegemonic power declined. The answer was in the building of international organizations to manage the international regime.

In this sense, Regime Theory has identified an important aspect of the global political economy, in that though states have upheld the international order in the past, never before has there been such an undertaking to institutionalize the authority over the international order through international organizations. These organizations, such as the World Bank, IMF, UN, and WTO, though still controlled and influenced by states, predominantly the international hegemon, the United States, represent a changing direction of internationalization and transnationalism. Regime Theorists tend to justify the formation of a more transnational apparatus of power, beyond just a single hegemonic state, into a more internationalized structure of authority.

Notes

[1] CBC, Informal forum or global conspiracy? CBC News Online: June 13, 2006: http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/bilderberg-group/

[2] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. (South End Press: 1980), 161-171

[3] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. (South End Press: 1980), 161-162

[4] CFR, The First Transformation. CFR History: http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/first_transformation.html

[5] Glen McGregor, Secretive power brokers meeting coming to Ottawa? Ottawa Citizen: May 24, 2006: http://www.canada.com/topics/news/world/story.html?id=ff614eb8-02cc-4...

[6] William F. Jasper, Rogues' gallery of EU founders. The New American: July 12, 2004: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0JZS/is_14_20/ai_n25093084/pg_...

[7] Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs. The Telegraph: June 19, 2001: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-federal...

[8] Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs. The Telegraph: June 19, 2001: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-federal...

[9] Bilderberg Group, GARMISCH-PARTENKIRCHEN CONFERENCE. The Bilderberg Group: September 23-25, 1955, page 7:

http://wikileaks.org/leak/bilderberg-meetings-report-1955.pdf

[10] Who are these Bilderbergers and what do they do? The Sunday Herald: May 30, 1999: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_19990530/ai_n13939252

[11] Andrew Rettman, 'Jury's out' on future of Europe, EU doyen says. EUobserver: March 16, 2009: http://euobserver.com/9/27778

[12] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 110

[13] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 107

[14] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: pages 107-108

[15] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 108

[16] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: page 108

[17] George T. Crane, Abla Amawi, The Theoretical evolution of international political economy. Oxford University Press US, 1997: pages 50-51

[18] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: page 65

[19] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 215

[20] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 66-67

[21] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: page 67

[22] C. Fred Bergsten, The New Economics and US Foreign Policy. Foreign Affairs: January, 1972: page 199

[23] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: pages 3-4

[24] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 76-78

[25] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: page 3

[26] Richard H. Ullman, Trilateralism: "Partnership" For What? Foreign Affairs: October, 1976: page 5

[27] Congressional Research Service, TRILATERAL COMMISSION. The Library of Congress: pages 13-14: http://www.scribd.com/doc/5014337/Trilateral-Commission

[28] CFR, Joseph S. Nye, Jr.. Board of Directors: http://www.cfr.org/bios/1330/joseph_s_nye_jr.html

[29] Annual Report, The Council on Foreign Relations. Historical Roster of Directors and Officers, 2008: page 78

[30] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences. Page 19-20

[31] William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. (London: Pluto Press, 2004), 130-132

[32] William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. (London: Pluto Press, 2004), 286-287, 134

[33] CFR, "X" Leads the Way. CFR History: http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/x_leads.html

[34] Robert Dallek, The Kissinger Presidency. Vanity Fair: May 2007: http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/05/kissinger200705

[35] Ibid.

[36] David Stout, William P. Rogers, Who Served as Nixon's Secretary of State, Is Dead at 87. The New York Times: January 4, 2001: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B02E5D6113BF937A35752...

[37] TC, Tributes to David Rockefeller, Founder and Honorary Chairman. The Trilateral Commission: December 1, 1998: http://www.trilateral.org/nagp/regmtgs/98/1201tribs.htm

[38] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 304-307

[39] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 308-310

[40] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 310-311

[41] Robert Dallek, The Kissinger Presidency. Vanity Fair: May 2007: http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/05/kissinger200705

[42] John Loftus and Mark Aarons, The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People. St. Martin's Griffin: 1994: pages 312-313

[43] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: pages 130-132

[44] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: pages 136-137

[45] The Observer, Saudi dove in the oil slick. The Guardian: January 14, 2001: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2001/jan/14/globalrecession.oiland...

[46] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 24

[47] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 31-33

[48] IPC, James Akins. Iran Policy Committee: Scholars and Fellows: http://www.iranpolicy.org/scholarsandfellows.php#1

[49] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 35-36

[50] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 37-38

[51] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 44

[52] Time, The Cast of Analysts. Time Magazine: March 12, 1979: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,948424,00.html

[53] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 48

[54] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: pages 50-51

[55] V.H. Oppenheim, Why Oil Prices Go Up (1) The Past: We Pushed Them. Foreign Policy: No. 25, Winter, 1976-1977: page 53

[56] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 137

[57] The Observer, Saudi dove in the oil slick. The Guardian: January 14, 2001: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2001/jan/14/globalrecession.oiland...

[58] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences: marxsite.com/ Gowan_DollarWallstreetRegime.pdf: page 10

[59] Dharam Ghai, ed., The IMF and the South: The Social Impact of Crisis and Adjustment (London: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1991), 81

[60] Dharam Ghai, ed., The IMF and the South: The Social Impact of Crisis and Adjustment (London: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1991), 82

[61] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 223

[62] Gisela Bolte, et. al., Jumbo Loans, Jumbo Risks. Time Magazine: December 3, 1984: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,923771,00.html

[63] Allen B. Frankel and Paul B. Morgan, A Primer on the Japanese Banking System. Board of Governors of the Federal reserve System, International Finance Discussion Papers: Number 419, December 1991: page 3

[64] A. W. Mullineux, International Banking and Financial Systems: A Comparison. Springer, 1987: page 63

[65] Robert K. Schaeffer, Understanding Globalization: The Social Consequences of Political, Economic, and Environmental Change. Rowman & Littlefield, 2005: page 82

[66] Peter Gowan, The Globalization Gamble: The Dollar-Wall Street Regime and its Consequences: marxsite.com/ Gowan_DollarWallstreetRegime.pdf: page 12

[67] David Rockefeller, Memoirs. New York: Random House: 2002: Page 431

[68] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 39-40

[69] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 41

[70] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: pages 40-41

[71] Daniel Brandt, U.S. Responsibility for the Coup in Chile. Public Information Research: November 28, 1998: http://www.namebase.org/chile.html

[72] Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Macmillan: 2007: page 77

[73] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 201-203

[74] Holly Sklar, ed., Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management. South End Press: 1980: pages 91-92

[75] Peter Dale Scott, The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America. University of California Press: 2007: page 88

[76] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 173

[77] F. William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. London: Pluto Press, 2004: page 174

[78] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 36

[79] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 37

[80] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: page 38

[81] Joseph B. Treaster, Paul Volcker: The Making of a Financial Legend. John Wiley and Sons, 2004: pages 57-60

[82] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 223

[83] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[84] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[85] A. Paloni and M. Zonardi, eds., Neoliberalism: A Critical Introduction. London: Pluto, 2005: page 3

[86] A. Paloni and M. Zonardi, eds., Neoliberalism: A Critical Introduction. London: Pluto, 2005: page 1

[87] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: page 14

[88] Michel Chossudovsky, The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, 2nd ed. Quebec: Global Research, 2003: page 35

[89] Marc Williams, International Economic Organizations and the Third World. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994: page 85

[90] Michel Chossudovsky, The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, 2nd ed. Quebec: Global Research, 2003: page 52

[91] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: pages 43-44

[92] Joseph Stiglitz, Globalization and its Discontents. New York: Norton, 2003: pages 44-46

[93] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[94] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 224

[95] Robert O'Brien and Marc Williams, Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics, 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan: 2007: page 225

[96] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: page 81

[97] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: page 97

[98] Robert Gilpin, Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press, 2001: pages 97-98

Andrew Gavin Marshall is a Research Associate with the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG). He is currently studying Political Economy and History at Simon Fraser University.


PEPIS#112 Iran blames Bilderberg for election riots

Latest in this occasional digest.

Somehow again, Bilderberg is accused of being at the centre of important world events.

As always the question is: do the accusations stand up to closer scrutiny?

Three great videos to be going on with - best wishes, Tony

Annie Machon talks about intelligence service interference in the media

http://blip.tv/file/2223151

http://nujnewmedia.blogspot.com/2009/07/annie-machon-talks-about-intelligence.html

Malalai Joya really is one of the bravest women in Afghanistan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f36SwISfOtE

Inspired Bicycles - Danny MacAskill April 2009

http://youtube.com/watch?v=Z19zFlPah-o

1. Mandelson's Greek farce Act II

2. Iran Regime Accuses Soros, Cheney, Bilderberg of Conspiracy to

Subvert System

3. The Bilderberg Group analysed

4. The UK Privy Council oath of allegiance

Mandelson's Greek farce Act II

After last year's furore in Corfu, the minister is again courting controversy over lavish hospitality. Jane Merrick and James Hanning report

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/mandelsons-greek-farce-act-ii-1761474.html

Sunday, 26 July 2009

Lord Mandelson's two paid-for nights in the Astir Palace resort cost under £1,000, he says

It was, arguably, one of the most memorable incidents of last year, and certainly one the key players would rather forget: involving Peter Mandelson, George Osborne, a couple of yachts, some of the planet's richest and most influential people – all set against the glistening backdrop of the Aegean.

Obviously unconcerned about the risk of tempting history to repeat itself, the two politicians again came together in 2009, again in Greece – and again surrounded by lavish floating gin palaces to mix with millionaires, billionaires and the world's elite.

Yet, while Mr Osborne noted his attendance at the Bilderberg conference in the MPs' register of interests, his co-player in this Greek drama's second act has been a little coy.

Iran Regime Accuses Soros, Cheney, Bilderberg of Conspiracy to Subvert System

http://www.casavaria.com/cafesentido/2009/07/08/3489/iran-regime-accuses-soros-cheney-bilderberg-of-conspiracy-to-subvert-system/

8 July 2009 :: Anjika Sridhar

In an ongoing quest to sideline or incarcerate opposition figures, the leadership of Iran’s government continues to defend the disputed official results of the 12 June election and is now blaming Hungarian- American financier and open society activist George Soros, Liz Cheney — the daughter of the former US vice president— and the secretive Bilderberg group of a conspiracy to overthrow the Iranian government by backing opposition protests.

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamene’i has now reportedly put his own son in charge of the paramilitary militia being used to attack, intimidate and round up, those who would participate in opposition rallies. Reports suggest that conservative clerics are increasingly concerned about what appears to be an escalating grab for power by Khamene’i and those close to him.

Mojtaba Khamene’i’s role in the crackdown is said to be sowing concern and anger among even conservative clerics, who see the supreme leader’s behavior as deligitimizing clerical rule. Some Revolutionary Guard generals and conservative politicians have also begun to join the dissident clerics in questioning the legitimacy of the methods being used to decide the election and establish the next government.

An unnamed source told the Guardian newspaper that this growing alliance of clerics, conservative politicians and security officials, may not openly challenge the legal legitimacy of Khamene’i or Ahmedinejad, but may be working to formulate a cohesive strategy for making it difficult for either of the two men to exercise real authority through the government.

As the AP reports:

Khamenei’s political strategy since taking his position in 1989 has been to maintain a consensus among competing factions. But now to preserve power he may have to rely on a far narrower base of hard-line ayatollahs — and more than ever before on the security services, particularly the Revolutionary Guards, the elite protectors of the system.

A major question looking ahead will be whether discontented clerics will aggressively push their criticisms behind the scenes, and whether their followers who look to them for spiritual guidance will rally behind the reformist political opposition.

Mir Hossein Mousavi, the opposition candidate with the most votes, and who claims he won the disputed election, has pledged to continue his resistance to the incoming Ahmedinejad government. He calls on supporters to stage peaceful protests and to use non-violence. And there are signs that top clerics are not willing to support either the supreme leader or Pres. Ahmedinejad, given the deep divisions across the nation.

The AP also reports that only one of nine Iranian clerics holding the highest possible rank —”marja’ taqlid,” meaning “model for imitation”—  has congratulated Pres. Ahmedinejad for his return to power. Three of the nine have spoken out openly against the election results and the brutal security crackdown.

Grand Ayatollah Youssef Saanei, one of the nine marja’ taqlid, said on Friday that “due to the lack of public support, the government may face legal and civil problems and a lack of competency”. Other clerics have also begun directly questioning the legitimacy of the Khamene’i- Ahmedinejad power bloc: Ayatollah Hossein Mousavi Tabrizi, one of the leaders of the Association of Researchers and Teachers of Qom, said “The least we can say is that this government’s legitimacy is in doubt. A majority of the people don’t believe that Ahmadinejad was their vote”.

Pres. Ahmedinejad has said on national television that he plans to implement broad changes to the system of government and to the policy goals his administration will pursue. Ahmedinejad praised the election as the “cleanest” in Iran’s history and said he would establish an entirely new team for his second term, oriented toward addressing the concerns of young people, many of whom have been openly hostile to Ahmedinejad throughout the campaign.

The Bilderberg Group

Posted Tuesday, July 21, 2009, at 8:03 PM

http://www.areawidenews.com/blogs/1215/entry/28810/

It has been said that power corrupts. But the ultimate truth is that positions of power attract the corruptible among us. In 1954, a group of powerful men and women met in the Bilderberg Hotel in Holland to form an alliance whose purpose was to organize the world in a manner suitable to their liking.

This alliance, known as the Bilderberg Group, was made up of 120 prominent businessmen, politicians and European royalty, and has held annual meetings ever since in posh locations in Europe or North America to influence the fate of the world.

These annual meetings are held in total secrecy Reporters and other outsiders are prevented from attending, or even entering the premises, by armed security forces, and not a word of what is said in a Bilderberg meeting can be breathed outside. Meetings are held behind closed doors and the minutes are not published.

Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, former member of the SS within the Nazi Party, a Bilderberg Group founder, stated, "It's difficult to reeducate the people who have been brought up on nationalism to the idea of relinquishing part of their sovereignty to a supernatural body."

According to former Bilderberg delegate Will Hutton, a British economist, the meetings are the "backdrop against which policy is made worldwide."

The primary goals of the Bilderberg Group are a one-world government, a one-world monetary system and a vast reduction in world population. And to no one's surprise, the Bilderbergers would like very much to be in charge of that government.

Bilderberger George McGhee, former U.S. Ambassador to Germany, contends, "the Treaty of Rome, which brought the European Market into being was nurtured at Bilderberg meetings."

In the 1998 Bilderberg meeting, one of the decisions was to encourage British Prime Minister Tony Blair to press harder for Britain's entry into the European Union, another step toward one-world government.

British journalist Tony Gosling claims, "I first heard about the determination of U.S. forces to attack Iraq from leaks that came out of the 2002 Bilderberg meeting."

In 2009, the annual Bilderberg meeting took place in Greece whereby participants apparently came to an agreement that in order to achieve their objective of a New World Order that the U.S. dollar needed to be completely destroyed. Investigative reporter Daniel Estulin reported that the plan to totally destroy the economy and ultimately reduce the global population by 80 percent has caused concerns within the Bilderberg Group that the resulting chaos could lead to the global elitists losing control of the world.

As reported by several mainstream news sources, just prior to the Bilderberg meeting in Greece, a group of global elitists held a "secret" meeting at the behest of David Rockefeller (New World Order advocate) in New York where the main topic was to plot the demise of the U.S. dollar. Not surprisingly, president Obama continues to be a one-man train wreck on the U.S. economy, plunging the country further and further into unprecedented debt.

Gary Dorsch, editor of GLOBAL MONEY TRENDS, observes: "No one is asking who will purchase the $1-trillion of U.S. Treasuries to be offered to the market by September. Once that colossal amount of paper is bought, who will purchase another $5-trillion of Treasury paper over the next four-years, as the US-government plunges deeper into insolvency."

After the deliberate collapsing of the U.S. Dollar, the Bilderberg plan for the Global economy calls for something called Special Drawing Rights issued by the International Monetary Fund (privately controlled by global elitists).

The International Monetary Fund elitists already have plans to print billions of dollars worth of a global "super-currency" to address the economic crisis they created in the first place. A one-world currency is the next step toward a one-world government.

Critics of the Bilderberg Group claim that they coercively manipulate global finances and establish rigid, binding monetary rates around the world. The Group selects political figures they believe will further their cause and targets those who oppose their goals. This strategy guarantees the propagation of their own power and the enrichment of its members, often at the expense of human rights and environmental concerns.

Like it or not, a small group of powerful people in high places are meeting regularly and secretly to manipulate world affairs.

Our currency says it all: Novus Ordo Seclorum -- New World Order.

Perhaps a one-world government has been in the works for a long time.

The global elitists control the global monetary system, the mainstream media, the military-industrial complex and government leaders. They want it all under one central command and have a strong desire to vastly reduce the global population. There have even been discussions among the global elitists about implanting chips within the human population to aid in their command and control over their global empire.

Life is simple -- Live free or die.

4. The UK Privy Council oath of allegiance

De Rigeur for all Iraq War Inquiry appointees.

You do swear by Almighty God to be a true and faithful Servant unto the Queen's Majesty, as one of Her Majesty's Privy Council. You will not know or understand of any manner of thing to be attempted, done, or spoken against Her Majesty's Person, Honour, Crown, or Dignity Royal, but you will lett and withstand the same to the uttermost of your Power, and either cause it to be revealed to Her Majesty Herself, or to such of Her Privy Council as shall advertise Her Majesty of the same. You will, in all things to be moved, treated, and debated in Council, faithfully and truly declare your Mind and Opinion, according to your Heart and Conscience; and will keep secret all Matters committed and revealed unto you, or that shall be treated of secretly in Council. And if any of the said Treaties or Counsels shall touch any of the Counsellors, you will not reveal it unto him, but will keep the same until such time as, by the Consent of Her Majesty, or of the Council, Publication shall be made thereof. You will to your uttermost bear Faith and Allegiance unto the Queen's Majesty; and will assist and defend all Jurisdictions, Pre-eminences, and Authorities, granted to Her Majesty, and annexed to the Crown by Acts of Parliament, or otherwise, against all Foreign Princes, Persons, Prelates, States, or Potentates. And generally in all things you will do as a faithful and true Servant ought to do to Her Majesty. So help you God.

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199798/cmhansrd/vo980728/text/80728w22.htm#80728w22.html_sbhd8


08Jul09 - PEPIS#111b - New design against the New World Order

New design in the New World Order – Line.

Women's or mens T-shirts for $20.00

The puppetmasters BILDERBERG GROUP T-Shirt

Bilderberg group is said to have a bit too much to say about our economy. If you don’t know who they are just google it.

This design illustrates their control by exposing them as the puppet masters.

I’d love feedback so please rate my designs from 1-5 by adding a comment and enter the rating! Thanx!

http://spreadmaster.wordpress.com/2009/07/06/bilderberg-group-the-puppet-masters/

America's War With Muslim Nations

Written by www.daily.pk

Tuesday, 30 June 2009 20:47

http://www.daily.pk/world/americas/10566-americas-war-with-muslim-nations-.html

“The sooner the extremists are isolated and unwelcome in Muslim communities, the sooner we will all be safer”.

U.S. President Barack Obama, Cairo, June 04, 2009.

According to U.S. leaders and their Zionist handlers, the term “extremist” is any nation or movement resisting U.S.-Israel domination and murderous ideology is defamed and deemed extremist. Whether in Afghanistan, in Iraq or in Pakistan, the extremists are part of the U.S. strategy to justify war of aggression.

Let’s be very clear. The Muslim world is not at war with the West, it is the West that is at war with Muslim nations. Neither Afghanistan nor Iraq attacked the U.S. and its allies. And despite the widespread of the virus of Islamophobia, particularly in Europe and America, Muslims are avoiding violence. Today, it is easier to invade Muslim nations, murder their women and children, and destroy them beyond belief. George W. Bush and Tony Blair (the main culprits) were re-elected while their armies were committing horrendous war crimes in Afghanistan and Iraq. When will Westerners start protesting against the daily massacre of Muslim children by U.S.-NATO forces?

In 2001, Afghanistan was invaded and occupied because the U.S. accused the former Afghani government (known in the West as the “Taliban”) of harbouring “al-Qaeda” extremists even when al-Qaeda never took responsibility for the 9/11 attack on the U.S. When the Afghani government offered to apprehend those extremists on behalf of the U.S. if the Bush regime provided the evidence against them, the U.S. refused the offer and embarked on a murderous and illegal war of aggression.

It should be acknowledge that, “al-Qaeda” was a U.S. proxy used against the Soviet troops in Afghanistan Indeed, in the 1990s the U.S. supported Osama bin Laden, while at the same time placed him on its so-called “most wanted list of terrorists”. Today, al-Qaeda is a card played when it serves Western imperialist interests.

The entire country is decimated and thousands of innocent Afghan civilians, mostly women and children have been killed since the 2001 invasion. Recently, the United Nations reveals that in 2007 there were over 1,500 civilian deaths in Afghanistan. In 2008, the number has increase 40 per cent. Although Western media often credit the U.S.- installed Ahmed Karzai “Afghan Army” of conducting military operations, the majority of civilians were killed by U.S./NATO indiscriminate bombings. The motive is the geostrategic importance of Afghanistan relative to the energy-producing region in Central Asia.

According to Ken Fireman of Bloomberg.com, Secretary of Defence Robert Gates told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on January 27, 2009: "U.S. goals in Afghanistan must be 'modest, realistic,' and 'above all, there must be an Afghan face on this war,' Gates said: ‘The Afghan people must believe this is their war and we are there to help them. If they think we are there for our own purposes, then we will go the way of every other foreign army that has been in Afghanistan.'" Just replace Afghanistan with Iraq or Pakistan and you get a clearer picture of the real motives behind the U.S. pursuit of war and violence against Muslim nations.

Furthermore, the war on Afghanistan is a test for a new NATO strategy as a global military intervention force and the future of NATO wars depend on this strategy being successful. Dominated by the U.S, NATO is an imperialist expeditionary force always on the look for a fight. Perpetual violence is its most essential tool to impose its worldwide imperialist ideology. Hence, the U.S. war on Afghanistan has been labelled in the media as the “good war”. The war on Iraq is described as a “bad war” or a “strategic blunder”, not war crime.

Iraq was invaded and occupied because the U.S. regime accused the Iraqi government of the late president Saddam Hussein of possessing ‘Weapons of Mass Destructions’ (WMD) and having links with extremists. Of course, the pretexts were a pack of lies. The real motives behind U.S. violent aggression were: 1) to conquer Iraq’s oil resources; and 2) to enhance Israel’s Zionfascist expansion and dispossession of the Palestinian people.

In order to expand the war further, Pakistan is accused of harbouring “extremists”. The CIA alleges – without a shred of evidence that Osama bin Laden, who according to reliable sources died in 2002, is “hiding” in Pakistan. Western Zionist media, led by the anti-Muslims propaganda organs like the BBC, CNN and their variants, have obviously abandoned the truth and instead continue the warmongering agenda, inventing news and adopting the role of cheerleader. Pakistan is crucified and depicted as the “front of terrorism”. Of course, there is no hard evidence and the aim is to manipulate public opinion and prepare the world for another war. The truth is that the Pakistani people are against U.S. murderous war on Afghanistan.

Opportunists and apologists for U.S. war crimes are on the move again spreading pro-U.S. propaganda, without taking into consideration the consequences of their actions. In his latest fatigue in the Independent, Patrick Cockburn writes: “Pakistan is the root of the problem”. And “Pakistan was always the real base for al-Qaeda”. Of course, Cockburn has no evidence to support his usual recycled rubbish. To support his rubbish against Pakistan, Cockburn writes that the anti-Occupation Iraqi Resistance had many friends in Iran and Syria and so the Afghan Resistance has in Pakistan. Only a deranged cynic can make such a statement. The murderous U.S. Occupation of Iraq made only possible with Iran’s cooperation with the U.S.

Meanwhile, Ahmed Rashid, a native Pakistani informer who is well-known

for his pro-Western propaganda, wrote recently: “Pakistan is about to

collapse and only unconditional aid from the U.S. can stop this”.

Rashid provided no evidence and his so-called analysis is just Western

propaganda sponsored by the U.S. Zionist media. Rashid regurgitated

Israel’s Zionist propaganda word by word. "[A] nuclear-armed military

and an intelligence service that have sponsored Islamic extremism as

an intrinsic part of their foreign policy for nearly four decades have

found it extremely difficult to give up their self-destructive and

double-dealing policies". His is consistent with the anti-Pakistan

propaganda spread out by pro-Israel right-wing Americans. “Pakistan

has 173 million people and 100 nuclear weapons, an army which is

bigger than the American army, and the headquarters of al-Qaeda

sitting in two-thirds of the country which the Government does not

control”, said David Kilcullen, a right-wing former Australian army

officer who made a career advising the Bush administration during the

murderous surge in Iraq and now a consultant to the Obama

Administration.

The myth of Pakistan nuclear defence will fall in the hands of few

U.S. proxies is a distortion of reality planted by Israeli

propagandists and U.S. Zionists. The Pakistani armed forces are not

loosing Pakistan to few U.S. proxies.

Like in Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.S. is sowing the seeds of violence

in Pakistan by pitting one Pakistani community against the other. The

arming and financing of militias like Tahrik-e- Taliban Pakistan (TTP)

and Jundullah or “Soldier of God” by the U.S. is designed to

destabilise Pakistan and the eventual break up of the nation in a

Yugoslavia-like destruction. The recent surge in attacks targeting

mosques and religious congregations is a case in point. “It seems to

me a calculated conspiracy to trigger sectarian violence in the

country in line with Iraq so that the public attention could be

diverted from real issues,” said Abdul Khalique Ali, a Karachi-based

senior political analyst.

It is important to remember that, the TTP has nothing to do with the

anti-occupation Resistance movement in Afghanistan, known in the West

as the “Taliban”. The TTP is a Pakistani religious fundamentalist

militia based in the Swat Valley. It is armed by the U.S. and India

through Afghanistan. The TTP despises the Resistance in Afghanistan.

Jundullah is another anti-Iran/anti-Pakistan terrorist militia

financed by the U.S. and Israel. It is used not only in Pakistan but

it is also responsible for cross-border terrorist attacks in Iran

which have killed a number of innocent Iranians citizens.

The problem in Pakistan is that the army has become a U.S. proxy army

waging a war against its own people. It is used by the U.S. as a

condom whenever the U.S. engaged in war. The Pakistan ruling clique is

a Western-oriented band of corrupt landlords and businessmen serving

U.S. imperialist interests at the expense of the majority of the

Pakistani population. The Government’s reliance on U.S. funding allows

the U.S. to hold the nation hostage to U.S. conditions, including the

freezing of Pakistan’s nuclear and missiles program. The people of

Pakistan consider the Pakistani Government corrupt and subordinate to

U.S. demands. Hence, the Pakistani people support any group fighting

the U.S.-NATO occupation that is the greatest threat to the in the

region.

Under U.S. pressure the Pakistani army is attacking communities and

towns in the north-western provinces and Waziristan. The province is

home to the anti-occupation Pashtun tribes and fields more than thirty

anti-occupation resistance groups. There is no marked border and the

people share one common goal; the liberation of their land from

foreign invaders.

Before the Pakistani army attacks, the province was under constant

cross-border attacks by U.S.-NATO forces using CIA-operated drones,

helicopter gunships and F-16s bombers in violation of Pakistani

sovereignty. The attacks are now extended to include Baluchistan.

Thousands of innocent Afghan and Pakistani civilians, mostly women and

children, have been killed in indiscriminate bombardments.

In addition, the attacks have caused a humanitarian crisis of two to

three million internal refugees. The situations looks more like the

1971 Britain-India sponsored partition of Pakistan and the creation of

Bangladesh in Eastern Pakistan that precipitated mass migrations and

massacres among Muslims. The refugees are left on its own, relaying on

private charities and local NGOs to survive. The so-called “U.S. aid”

to Pakistan to “rebuild” its shattered economy is an empty rhetoric.

In fact the U.S. aid is fuelling the war and destroying the nation.

The U.S. is not in the business of “rebuilding”. History shows that

every time the U.S. and its allies invaded and occupied a defenceless

nation, they installed a colonial dictatorship and leave the country

in ruins, drowning in poverty, suffering, diseases and deaths.

Before he left to Saudi Arabia, President Obama told the New York

Times (NYT 03 June 2009) that the pro-U.S. Arab leaders are not

publicly expressing their concern about Iran developing nuclear

weapons. “There are a lot of Arab countries more concerned about Iran

developing a nuclear weapon than the [real] threat from Israel, but

won’t admit it”, Obama told the Times. It is a U.S.-orchestrated

propaganda war against Iran designed to deflect attention away from

the serious threat to world peace posed by Israel’s unchecked nuclear

arsenal. We all know that Iran – with a legitimate right to nuclear

technology, including uranium enrichment – doesn’t posses any nuclear

arm or nearer to developing one.

It is worth remembering that the same misleading falsehood propagated

prior to the U.S. illegal invasion and murderous Occupation of Iraq.

It was Dick Cheney, the U.S. most known (unindicted) war criminal, who

went to see pro-U.S. Arab leaders. At the time, no one bought into

U.S.-Israel propaganda. Most countries neighbouring Iraq have

acknowledged that Iraq was not a threat. Indeed, Iraq posed no threat

to any nation. The U.S. and its few allies are guilty of illegal war

of aggression, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in

Iraq.

For decades, Iran has been demonised in the West and subjected to

ongoing anti-Muslims racist propaganda campaign (Iranophobia) on

behalf of Israel’s Zionfascist regime. The U.S. and Britain continue

meddling in Iran internal affairs, including fomenting unrest and

inciting violence in order to sabotage Iran’s stability. At time of

writing, Iran is being persecuted and condemned. Western media –

packed by some Western governments – are questioning the legitimacy of

Iran’s recent free and fair elections in order to discredit Iran’s

legitimate government and destabilise the nation (See Esam Al-Amin,

Counterpunch, 22 June 2009). Democracy is not the reason behind

Western meddling. Western ruling elites despise democracy. When did

the British people have their chance to elect Gordon Brown? In 1953,

the U.S. and Britain undermined and overthrew the democratically-

elected Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and

replaced it with one of the most vicious dictators. (See Ghali Hassan,

Global Research, 26 June 2005). Now, imagine anyone questioning the

legitimacy of the U.S.-staged fraudulent and violent elections in Iraq

and Afghanistan?

In his interview with the Times, Obama revealed that: “We have a joke

around the White House. … We’re just going to keep on telling the

truth until it stops working — and nowhere is truth-telling more

important than the Middle East”. In American parlance, the term

“truth” means fabricated lie. What the President really meant is

telling the lie, not “the truth”, until people start believing it.

That is what George W. Bush said, after all.

Meanwhile, Obama’s speech in Cairo (04 June 2009) – loaded with

deceit, obfuscation, contradiction, hypocrisy, double-standards and

empty of substance – was designed to manipulate public opinion,

isolate the Islamic Republic of Iran and absolve Israel’s occupation

of Palestinian land. Instead of ranting from a country ruled by the

U.S.-financed longest-serving tyrant in the Middle East, Obama should

have travelled to Gaza (the largest Concentration Camp ever existed)

to witness firsthand the countless Israeli war crimes, including mass

graves of Palestinian children. Sadly, Obama failed to acknowledge and

condemned Israel’s violence and Israel’s role in Palestinians

suffering and dispossession from their land. Obama remains silent on

the recent massacre of Palestinian children and the U.S.-Israel

sponsored murderous military siege of the Gaza.

And who told Obama that Iraqis are better off under U.S. murderous

Occupation than under a sovereign indigenous government? Since 2003,

nearly 1.5 million innocent Iraqi civilians – mostly women and

children – have been killed and more than 5 million Iraqis are

refugees and displaced Iraqis. In addition to the destruction of

Iraq’s health services and the education system, the U.S. brought into

Iraq a culture of corruption and violence unheard of in Iraq’s

history. Before 2003 U.S. invasion Iraq was an envy of the region.

Today’s Iraq is an example of a society that has been deliberately

terrorised and reduced to state of abject destitution, its progressive

Constitution was replaced by a U.S.-drafted sectarian and backwards

constitution.

So far, Obama has proved to be the creation of the U.S. wealthy ruling

class. The President is “a global celebrity modelled easily into a

brand” to all people, writes author Chris Hedges. But, what the new

brand stands for remains a mystery to most ordinary people inside and

outside the U.S. Obama seems comfortable following in the footsteps of

his predecessors.

It is unfortunate that many of the so-called “progressive” and

“leftist” commentators and pundits are deliberately ignoring the power

of the U.S. ruling class and instead focusing on Obama, the President.

The President is used to deflect public attention away from those who

exert real power in the U.S. It is not difficult to see that Obama is

surrounded by a band of anti-Muslims/anti-Arabs Judeo-Christian white

ruling class. It is a collection of wealthy Zionists who exert total

control on U.S. foreign policy, U.S. finance, the mainstream-corporate

media and the U.S. education system. The U.S. Congress is their

territory and devoted entirely to the defence of Israel and its

Zionfascist policies in Palestine. Indeed, the Obama Administration is

the most Zionist administration in America’s history.

It is naïve to suggest that Obama has “inherited difficult

challenges”. These are U.S. policies and Obama is in no position to

change them. In fact, Obama is continuing and extending Bush’s

policies. Just after he took office, Obama said that: “It will be a

seamless transition”. In other words, “change” without change. As

usual, the U.S. Senate has just approved $106 billion dollar war

funding bill to fund the U.S. war on Afghanistan, Iraq and now

Pakistan.

With the U.S. war on Islamic nations has no end in sight,

democratically elected nations are defamed and labelled “extremist”,

while brutal dictatorship and religious fundamentalist regimes are

welcomed with open arms and labelled “moderate”. Both terms have

nothing to do with the character of the groups.

In his Cairo’s speech President Barack Obama told the Muslim world:

“You are either with us or against us”. Picking and choosing America’s

war on Muslim nations is not the right way to improve relations with

the Muslim world. Peace is. G Hass


PEPIS#111a AFP's 2009 Bilderberg booklet/pdf

2 articles here from American Free Press's printable .pdf file (attached)

http://d.yimg.com/kq/groups/1507434/1243555733/name/Bilderberg_2009_Report.pdf

http://www.americanfreepress.net/bilderberg2009.pdf

1. Bilderberg Security Perimeter Extended Record Two Miles

By Peter Papaheraklis

Bilderberg security has always been extreme, but

this year in Vouliagmeni, Greece, Bilderberg

outdid itself. In addition to the annual ritual

of completely surrounding the crime scene with

armed police, plainclothesmen and private

security, Bilderberg extended its uniformed

security perimeter for more than two miles beyond

the gates of the exclusive Nafsika Astir Palace Hotel.

There are three sister hotels on the Nafsika

campus. When Bilderberg met there in 1993,

reporters and the public stayed in either of two

sister resorts and only the Nafsika Astir was

sealed off for Bilderberg. This time, one was

closed for renovation and Bilderberg spent big

bucks to keep the other empty.Thus, Bilderberg

was able to seal off the main entrance to the compound.

Despite having police cars and armed guards

deployed around a two-mile perimeter, newsmen and

patriots burst through to Bilderberg's main gate

to shout questions and scream protests.

Police seized many newsmen, most of them several

times. Police surrounded them with guns drawn,

forced them to give up their film and notes.

Bernie Davids of South Carolina, who accompanied

AFP’s JimTucker and collected information for all

reporters, was among those arrested.

One evening, a stream of buses burst past dodging

guards and 300members of “KKE,” a Greek Communist

Party, jumped out, waving red flags and chanting

“new democracy.” The Communists screamed that

Bilderberg is “criminal” and “murderous.”

The following night, the right-wing LAOS Party,

also called “NEOS,” an acronym for “Youth of the

Orthodox Rally” burst through. They carried flags

saying Bilderberg Unwelcome.” A man with a

bullhorn led chants. They were led by two Greek

Orthodox priests. Reporters seized at least once

included Charlie Skelton of the Guardian of

London [See Personal From the Editor, page

2.—Ed.] Gerhard Wisnewski of Germany, Alexander

Kintas of Athens, Giorgio of Brussels and Richard

Toibin of Dublin, among others.

From early morning to late at night, newsmen and

protesters stormed the hotel gates, despite the

ultraextreme security efforts. Cars were stopped

by police at the PlazaVouliagmeni, wheremost of

the newsmen were staying, more than two miles

from the crime scene. The few drivers who could

produce the right credentials were waved on with

a bow and a smile. Most were turned away with a growl.

2. Nationalists Counter Global Influence of Bilderbergers

By James P. Tucker Jr. As you have and will read,

Bilderberg is hurting but still haunting. They

remain determined to formally establish the

United Nations as a world government, reducing

America to a mere geographical reference on the

map of the “American Union” map.

But the news has been bad for Bilderberg for a

long time. In the early 1990s, Bilderberg was

confident that the American Union, patterned

after the European Union, would be established by the year 2000—nine years ago.

Since the 2009 meeting in Greece, Bilderberg has

endured more bad news. There is a continent-wide

rebellion against the European Union, as

demonstrated by the recent elections to the

European Parliament. The EU Parliament will now

have many members dedicated to its elimination.

Europeans are fighting world government and

illegal immigration harder than Americans because

they are better informed. Most European cities

have many daily newspapers that are pricey—they

rely less on advertising and tend to be

independently owned. That’s why they dare to

publish heavy coverage of Bilderberg’s meetings.

Now, more than ever, nationalist patriots across

the world are opposing Bilderberg.

Throughout Europe, patriots expressed their

hostility to the EU and the fact that its

parliament can dictate laws to member states and

its court is superior to each nation’s highest

court. Voters also objected to EU-imposed

immigration that threatens to change each

nation’s culture from white to black and tan. It

is every American patriot’s duty to inform fellow

citizens about this evil so we can fight back,

too. We encourage you to purchase extra discount

copies of this report to hand out to friends and colleagues.

Printable File(s)

http://d.yimg.com/kq/groups/1507434/1243555733/name/Bilderberg_2009_Report.pdf

http://www.americanfreepress.net/bilderberg2009.pdf

http://www.radio4all.net:8080/files/tony@tlio.org.uk/2149-1-dialect20090314.mp3

_________________

www.abolishwar.org.uk

www.elementary.org.uk

www.radio4all.net/index.php/series/Bristol+Broadband+Co-operative

<http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf>http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media\2003.pdf

"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates the possessor from the community" Carl Jung

https://217.72.179.7/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/


PEPIS#110 Bilderberger treason goes unpunished

Subject: PEPIS#110 Bilderberger treason goes unpunished

1. Bilderberger treason goes unpunished!

2. Kay Griggs exposes figures like Henry Kissinger

1. Bilderberger treason goes unpunished!

By Jerry Mazza

Online Journal Associate Editor

Jun 5, 2009, 00:26

The True Story of the Bilderberg Group

http://onlinejournal.com/artman/publish/article_4772.shtml

The updated, revised, expanded

North American Union Edition

By Daniel Estulin

It is ironic, as Daniel Estulin points out, that America's fledgling

democracy established the Logan act in 1799 to protect itself from

Americans fostering foreign associations to intrude in our affairs.

Named after Dr. George Logan, a pro Republican and prescient Quaker

from Pennsylvania, it has remained almost unchanged and unfortunately

unused since its passage, though it reads with great relevance in the

shadows of the New World Order's operatives . . .

It states, "Any citizen of the United States, wherever he may be, who,

without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly

commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any

foreign government or any officer or agent thereof, with intent to

influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any

officer or agent thereof, in relation to any disputes or controversies

with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United

States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than

three years, or both."

In fact, it is amazing that the Bilderberg Group has met since 1954

with funding from the CIA and is made up of the world's most powerful

people, notably US and world heads of state, made and in the making,

numerous international corporate CEOs from business, banking,

industry, media, as well as world royalty, plus high-ranking members

of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Tri-Lateral Commission.

The Bilderberg goal has been to shape policy that deeply concerns the

United States and its citizens in regards to innumerable foreign

alliances without providing US citizens any awareness of same. And not

once has any US member been indicted for their treasonous breaches in

these actions.

Even though high-ranking members of the press attend Bilderberg annual

meetings, there is little or no press coverage. They are there, as it

were, to get with and push the program, albeit disguised. The

meetings' locales are announced only days before the events, always in

a small town near a big city -- this year's at the five-star Nafsika

Astir Palace Hotel in Vouliagmeni, Greece, May 14-17.

There are no press reports of discussions, agendas or conclusions

released. Yet the matters discussed ranged this year from all facets

of the US economy, including the dollar's future, whether there will

be depression or prolonged stagnation, US unemployment; more

frighteningly, even to the destruction of the United States as we know

it into the North American Union of Canada, the US, and Mexico.

Even though I read and favorably reviewed Estulin's Bilderberg 2007:

Welcome to the Lunatic Fringe, this new edition of the story lends new

urgency to what has been happening in the darkness of the political

night we live in, both north and south of us, including newly made

associations of corporations, plans to usurp US laws to North American

Union imperatives, all part of a scheme to hammer America into the

pieces of this NAU like broken glass into an unrecognizable mosaic of

oppression.

There will also be a push for the enactment of the Lisbon Treaty,

which depends on the Irish voting YES on the treaty in September or

October. One of the Bilderberg concerns is neutralizing the anti-

Lisbon treaty movement, Libertas, led by Declan Ganley. One of the

Bilderberg strategies, for instance, is a whispering campaign in the

US media, suggesting that Ganley is funded by arms dealers in the US

linked to the US military. Right there you have a bird's eye view of

the Bilderbergers in action, with enough evidence to imprison a

weighty handful of them, including some top dogs. And dogs they are,

dogs of overt and covert war.

Most notably, they include the multi-billionaire David Rockefeller and

ex-Secretary of State and war criminal Henry Kissinger. The

Rockefeller family, influence, and fortune constitute the very hub of

the Bilderberg Group. Its various spokes connect to international

finance, economics, media, science, world health, politics, public

works, any phase of life and death you can think of.

Together they form the wheel of the New World Order, rolling towards a

vast collectivist society in which free nation states are subsumed

under the Bilderberg Big Brothers, most notably Rockefeller, with an

expanded UN military force, supported by taxes on oil at the wellhead

to maintain order and security.

It is a strangely utopian notion of a "World Company," an uber

capitalist corporation vs. the nation state, a whole new Brand X of

authoritarian rule. Its model most closely resembles a free-trade

capitalist China with a communist authoritarianism to buttress it, in

which the individual vanishes literally and figuratively; in which the

rich get richer and the poor get poorer, and two classes are de

rigueur, rich and slave-class.

It's no wonder one of the first familiar faces we see on the

introduction's page xxx is Chinese-speaking, India-born Secretary of

the Treasury Timothy Geithner. He is at the 2005 Germany-based

Bilderberg meeting, then as president of New York's Federal Reserve

Bank, connecting as it were with those of common interests. How far

he's come since then and how deep we've sunk in Treasury debt.

You will find this highly secret organization's history exposed with

an encyclopedic level of documentation, including over 100 pages of

participant photos, documents, names, titles, endnotes by Daniel

Estulin, in this The True Story of The Bilderberg Group, updated

revised and expanded in his latest North American Union Edition, 385

pages in all. To date, the editions of this groundbreaking work have

sold over 2.5 million copies worldwide in 48 languages. The reason is

its relevance for citizens of every free nation in the world, now an

endangered species in the wake of Bilderberg connections and

activities.

Estulin's text reads like a mixture of Robert Ludlum, John LeCarre and

Ian Fleming, given the world of intrigue he inhabits at the highest

levels, meeting in the most luxurious, private-army and police guarded

hotels. Estulin delivers secrets from an eyewitness point of view,

having researched the group for the past 17 years and actually pierced

the secret annual meetings well before his first 2007 edition.

One time it nearly cost him his life as he waited for an elevator in a

hi-rise hotel with an information "source." As the door opened, he

stepped forward and was hauled back by the source's iron grip. There

was no floor. The elevator had been jimmied 800 feet down. One more

step and he'd been silenced. Fortunately, Estulin's family emigrated

from Russia to Ottawa, Canada. His grandfather was high-level KGB,

which gives him a genetic leg up in this predator's game.

Estulin's research has been augmented by many persons working in these

hotels who, repulsed by the Bildies, have shared information on their

dubious agendas, attendees, and locales. Then there are past and

present intelligence officials from around the world, who report in as

well, as the Bildies play "good old boys" club. They permit only a few

wives to attend, a few noted media women, and the Queen of the

Netherlands, one of the richest women in the world.

To give you a sense of its scope, the new Bilderberg edition is broken

up into four sections: Part One: the Bildberg Group, including its

foundation, bedfellows, objectives, puppets, a tale of the Watergate

con game, and Bilderberg unmasked.

Part Two: The Council on Foreign Relations, includes Hit or Miss [that

is a near miss of a hit on the author's life in Italy], 1999,

Crossover Partners, Journalistic Courtesans?, Enforced Disarmament,

CFR Cabinet Control, CFR and Psycho-Political Operations, CFR and the

Marshall Plan, Visible Partners.

Part Three: The Trilateral Commission, Back to the Future,

Sophisticated Subversion, Packaging a President, Game of Monopoly,

Bolsheviks' Benefactors, Treason for Profit, Sacrificing a Nation

[America].

The all-New Part Four: The North American Union (NAU), Detention,

2004, Overture, A Coming Union? Behind the Closed Door – In Documents

& Pictures, Endnotes, a PS: actual Bilderberg Meeting Reports – 2005,

2006, 2007, 2008, Author's Afterward, and Index.

Again, as someone who read the earlier edition, I can say that all the

new information is a substantial leap forward in exposing this shadow

government that is working steadily for the US and other nations'

coups and subjugation to its New World Order.

The Bilderberg Meeting Reports give you a candid view of this motley

crew, the self-proclaimed Masters of the Universe. The reports survey

crossover relationships between ex-presidents, chiefs of state from

yesterday and today, from their involvements in pointless wars and

conflicts, all ending in private profit. You walk away with a real

idea of the world elite's plans for today and tomorrow, which are

definitely not wine and roses for you.

In fact, the New World Order can be seen as a giant step backward in

time to a form of feudalism governed with today's technology and power

brokers. It is an order ruled by raw power. The smell of this power

seems to ooze out of the pages of the book and its tales, from Woodrow

Wilson and his alter-ego, Edward M. House, working together to

establish a NWO through the League of Nations . . . back to the

financing of the Bolshevik Revolution by JP Morgan to undermine the

power of the Czar and Russia.

As an alternate title to this review, I thought of "Flipping the

Bilderbergers," for in fact so many household names and faces of 20th

and 21st century politics -- from history, business, media, banking

and finance -- are revealed, involved in various predatory schemes to

deflate or inflate currencies, destroy alliances, but most of all, to

weaken America. And towards that end, is it any surprise that we find

our industrial infrastructure in ruins, General Motors in bankruptcy,

Chrysler about to be sold to Fiat, millions of American high tech jobs

outsourced to India, millions more to near and far-eastern sweatshops,

our economy bankrupted?

Is it any wonder that we find one bubble after another created and

then broken in the stock market until the market itself is broken, a

conspiracy of deregulation, and Greenspan's photo turning up in

various Bilderberg meetings, along with the ubiquitous Kissinger's,

like so many grinning cats who have swallowed the canaries? Is it any

wonder that the Trilateral Commission has broken the world in three

pieces: The Americas, Europe, and Asia, assigning South and Central

Americas as our new sweat shops, Africa as Europe's, and Vietnam,

Thailand, the Philippines as Japan's?

And so, reading this True Story of the Bilderberg Group -- The North

American Union Edition is an act of revelation. One that is necessary

to help us protect ourselves against this final trashing of our

borders as well as Canada's and Mexico's, which would pummel us into

one entity ruled by the money-lust of corporate deal-makers, the same

who have been planning this for years in their poisonous meetings.

Bottom line, the Fix is in. Innumerable deals have been and are being

made between the north and south to weaken America like a brave bull

by picadors, bleeding our strength, until the matadors thrust the

final swords in us. Do not by any means underestimate their power or

be overly afraid of it. When push comes to shove, there are more of us

than them.

In fact, being exposed, opposed, deposed are the worst nightmares of

the Bilderbergers, starting with its pointy-nosed, grinning

zillionaire posing as a philanthropist, Dr. Doom himself, along with

his cronies, from Bill Gates to Goldman Sachs, et al. We have to seek

punishment for these men (and women) who have undermined the strength

of our government and people with foreign alliances profitable only to

them. We have to bring these treasonous persons to stand for their

crimes. We have to use the Logan Act as it has never been used before

and any and all other means to gain justice or face the consequences.

That is Estulin's message, loud and clear. Read it. See it. Believe

it!

Jerry Mazza is a freelance writer living in New York City. Reach him

at gv...@verizon.net. His new book, "State Of Shock: Poems from 9/11

on" is available at www.jerrymazza.com, Amazon or Barnesandnoble.com.

2. Kay Griggs exposes figures like Henry Kissinger

Kay Griggs, wife of colonel George Griggs, USMC (retired USMC

Commandant): 29th Commandant of the Marine Corps, found her husband's

diary, which contains details of homosexual blackmail in the top ranks

of the US Marine Corps and names leading politicians and military

leaders. Kay Griggs's information about the US government also comes

from observations and people she met. She exposes initiation rituals,

the raping of young men and blackmail and murders to keep people

quiet. Much of this, according to Griggs, is related to secret society

activity and she names figures like Henry Kissinger and a string of

other top government individuals. This is part 1 of 2 of the full

interview.

http://www.kaygriggstalks.com

http://video.google.co.uk/videoplay?docid=-341031042963487862


PEPIS#109 - Obama officials giving secret Bilderberg briefings

1. Obama officials gave secret Bilderberg briefings

2. Bilderberg Official List PDF available

3. The Alternative View II Conference - London Heathrow Airport - 29-31May09

1. Obama officials gave secret Bilderberg briefings

Obama officials gave Bilderberg briefings

By KENNETH P. VOGEL - 26May09

A handful of high-ranking Obama administration officials this month delivered

private briefings at the annual invitation-only conference held by an elite

international organization known as the Bilderberg group.

http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0509/22957.html

The closed meeting of some of the most powerful business, media and political

leaders in North America and Western Europe heard from top Obama diplomats James

Steinberg and Richard Holbrooke, who detailed the administration’s foreign

policy, while economic adviser Paul Volcker, chairman of President Obama’s

Economic Recovery Advisory Board, also gave a presentation at the heavily

guarded seaside resort in Greece that hosted the event.

The Bilderberg group, which takes its name from the Dutch hotel where it held

its first meeting in 1954, exists solely to bring together between 100 and 150

titans of politics, finance, military, industry, academia and media from North

America and Western Europe once a year to discuss world affairs.

Its ultra-exclusive roster of globally influential figures has captured the

interest of an international network of conspiracists, who for decades have

viewed the Bilderberg conference as a devious corporate-globalist scheme.

This year's closed-press meeting, held at the five-star Astir Palace hotel in

Vouliagmeni on the Aegean Sea about 25 miles south of Athens, marked the 57th

gathering of the opaque organization.

The publicity-shy Bilderberg group â€" which in a rare mass-circulation press

release last year described itself as “a small, flexible, informal and

off-the-record international forum in which different viewpoints can be

expressed and mutual understanding enhanced” â€" has no website and

participants are asked not to publicly discuss the proceedings.

But a meeting attendee tells POLITICO that Holbrooke, a State Department special

envoy, briefed attendees on the Obama administration’s unified approach to

dealing with Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Steinberg, the deputy secretary of state, gave a presentation on the

administration’s broader foreign policy and National Security Agency Director

Lt. Gen. Keith Alexander also participated in the conference.

An assistant to Volcker said she did not know the subject of his presentation at

this year’s meeting. A White House official stressed that Volcker is not a

full-time employee and wasn’t representing Obama in Greece. The White House,

State Department and NSA did not respond to questions about whether Alexander,

Holbrooke and Steinberg â€" all repeat Bilderberger attendees â€" were

representing the Obama administration at the meeting and whether tax dollars

paid for their travel.

Steinberg, it should be noted, was in the region on official business for talks

with officials from Greece, Macedonia and Montenegro, on the eve of Vice

President Joe Biden’s trip to other Balkan states: Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Kosovo and Serbia.

Though Bilderberg tends to attract mostly former U.S. government officials,

it’s not uncommon for sitting officials to attend.

Bilderberg stalwart Henry Kissinger, who’s attended more than half of its

meetings, reportedly went at least twice during his stint as Secretary of State,

while Alexander attended last year’s session as NSA director. In 2004,

then-Sen. John Edwards (D-N.C.) attended the Bilderberg conference in Stresa,

Italy, and both TIME magazine and the New York Times reported that his

performance at a debate there played a role in his selection one month later as

the vice presidential running mate for Democratic presidential nominee Sen. John

Kerry of Massachusetts.

But any suggestion that Bilderberg is secretly anointing world leaders or

plotting global policy is the provenance of “the black helicopter crowd,”

the attendee of this year’s conference told POLITICO.

The meetings are “one of the least well-kept secrets in the world” and

“don’t have any decision-making authority,” said the attendee, who did not

want to be identified breaching Bilderberg’s off-the-record rule. The attendee

called Bilderberg “a useful group of people who are well-connected and

thoughtful who put on these meetings and usually invite a few people from the

[U.S.] administration to come so they understand what the administration is

doing.

http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0509/22957.html

2. Bilderberg Official Press Release PDF download

Simple - find it here

http://www.bilderberg.org/Bilderberg2009.pdf

3. The Alternative View II Conference - London Heathrow Airport - 29-31May09

The Alternative View II website

http://www.avll.co.uk/

Aim: To advance awareness and facilitate discussion of Political, Scientific and

Spiritual alternatives without constraint by Consensus Reality and/or Received

Wisdom.

The Alternative View is more than a Conference ... it's a Community!

Meet and share your thoughts amongst the increasing number of people who realise

that the world and humanity are in a process of scientific, political &

spiritual transition.

As a three day residential conference, registrations begin at 5.00pm on the

Friday, with the speakers and entertainment beginning at 7.30pm. Alongside our

speakers, throughout the weekend you will have access to our Alternative Market,

as well as a full programme of Workshops, allowing you a choice of activities.

There will also be events and happenings every evening, right up until the early

hours of Monday morning â€" allowing you plenty of time to network and make your

own journey of discovery.

Mankind is at a fork in the road. Ahead, potentially, is an Orwellian nightmare,

or an opportunity to participate in creating a new beginning for our world.

There is a co-ordinated effort by our world leaders (elected and unelected),

with the willing help of a corporate controlled mass media, to use manufactured

global crises to create what they term a ‘New World Order’. You’ve heard

that term in the media, indeed Gordon Brown uses the phrase with alarming

regularity, but what does it mean? Simply this: A global super state, controlled

by a World Government, policed by a World Army, with a single World Currency…

and a single world Religion!

There is, however, an Alternative View. An alternative which will be mapped out

at ‘AVII’, after we have shown our delegates - through well researched

evidence and facts - what is really going on around us.

The Alternative View is not just an event, it’s a Community. Our aim is to

facilitate a community of shared values which supports, nurtures and encourages

an alternative sustainable existence. An existence that does not differentiate

between race or creed but which is founded upon mutual respect, understanding

and support.

If you are visiting this website, you probably already know that something is

not quite right in how events are being portrayed. This conference is

all-encompassing; only by joining us from Friday evening until the early hours

of Monday morning will you see the entire ‘Big Picture’ unfolding in front

of you.

Due to limits in numbers we can cater for, we are initially ONLY making full

weekend tickets available â€" this is to ensure that our ‘Early Bird’

delegates get the opportunity to secure the on-site accommodation for the

weekend. With prices starting from just £35.00 per person per night*, it’s an

offer you simply cannot miss!

*Based on a Bed & Breakfast package for three nights, when you share a Double or

Twin Bed room â€" incredible value for a London hotel!


PEPIS#108 - Participant list 2009 - unconfirmed

1. 2009 Participant list - from German/Austrian site

2. VIPS AT SECRET SUMMIT - Sunday Express

3. REMINDER - Revealed: The secret report that shows how the Nazis planned a Fourth Reich ...in the EU - Daily Mail

1. 2009 Participant list - from German/Austrian site UNCONFIRMED

Montag, 18. Mai 2009 - Liste der Teilnehmer Bilderberg 2009

http://alles-schallundrauch.blogspot.com/2009/05/liste-der-teilnehmer- bilderberg-2009.html

In this Greek Newspaper the list of the participants of the "Bilderberg-Meeting" was published. http://www.tovima.gr/

It would be a good idea to check, if this list is correct. Thanks in advance.

German text in the Blog:

List of the participants of Bilderberg 2009 (some difficulties as transferred from abot Greek Newspaper ...).

Liste der Teilnehmer Bilderberg 2009

Hier die vorläufige Liste der Teilnehmer am Bilderberg-Treffen in Vouliagmeni Griechenland, wie veröffentlicht durch die griechische Zeitung To Vima:

Beatrix - Königin der Niederlande

Sofia - Königin von Spanien

Konstantin - ehemaliger König von Griechenland

Prinz von Belgien - Mitglied des Club of Rome

Joseph Ackerman - Vorstandsvorsitzende der Deutschen Bank

Kieth Alexander - Direktor der US National Security Agency (NSA), grösster Geheimdienst der Welt

Roger Altman - Vizefinanzminister unter Präsident Clinton

Efstratios-Georgios A. Arapoglou - Zentralbankchef Griechenland

Ali Babacan - Wirtschaftsminister Türkei

Francisco Pinto Balsemão - Portugisischer Ministerpräsident

Nicolas Baverez- Herausgeber Le Point Frankreich

Franco Bernabè - Chef von Telecom Italia

Xavier Bertrand - Generalsekretär der UMP Partei Frankreich

Nils Daniel Carl Bildt - Aussenminister Schweden

Jan Bgiorklount

Christoph Blocher - ehemaliger Bundesrat und ehemaliger Parteichef der SVP

Alexander Bompar

Anna Boten

Henry Alfred Kissinger - ex-US-Sicherheitsberater und US-

Aussenminister, Chef von alles

Juan-Luis Themprian

Edmunds Clark

Kenneth Harry Clarke - ex-Finanzminister Grossbritannien

Luc Cohen

George David

Richard Ntiarlav

Mario Draghi - Chef der italienischen Zentralbank

Anders Elntroup

John Jacob Philip Elkann - Vizepräsident des Fiat-Konzerns

Thomas Enders - Chef Airbus

José Manuel Entrecanales - Chef des Baukonzerns Acciona Spanien

Niall Ferguson - [Rothschild personal biographer] Professor für

Wirtschaft an der Havard Business School

Timothy Franz Geithner - Finanzminister der USA

Donald Graham

Victor Halberstadt - Professor für Wirtschaftswissenschaften Uni Leiden

Ernst Chirs Ballina

Richard Holbrooke - Sonderbeauftragter für Pakistan und Afghanistan für Obama

Jaap de Hoop - NATO-Generalsekretär

James Logan Jones Jr. - Sicherheitsberater von Präsident Obama

Vernon Eulion Jordan - ehemaliger Berater von Präsident Clinton

Robert Kagan - US-Regierungsberater für Sicherheitspolitik, Terrorismus und den Balkan

Jyrki Katainen - Finanzminister Finnland

Mustafa Kots

Cohen Samiou

Henry Kravis - Hudson Institute

Marie-Josee Kravis - Hudson Institute

Neelie Kroes - EU-Kommissar für Wettbewerb

Odysseas Kyriakopoulos - Präsident des Verbandes Griechischer Industrien

Manuela Ferreira Leite - portugiesische Wirtschaftswissenschaftlerin und Politikerin

Bernarntino Leon

Jessica Matthews

Philip Meistant

Frank McKenna - Vizevorsitzender der TD Bank Financial Group

John Micklethwait - Wirtschaftsredakteur The Economist

Tieri Montmprian

Mario Monti - Präsident der Wirtschaftsuniversität Luigi Bocconi

Miguel Ángel Moratinos - Aussenminister Spanien

Craig Mundie - Chefstratege Microsoft

Egkil Miklempast

Denis Olivennes - Direktor Nouvel Observateur Frankreich

Frederic Oudea - Chef Societe General Bank Frankreich

Cem Özdemir - Bundesvorsitzender der Partei Bündnis 90/Die Grünen

Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa - ex-Finanzminister Italien

Dimitris Papalexopoulos - Chef Titan Cement Company S.A. Griechenland

Richard Pearl - Sicherheitsberater unter George W. Bush

David Petraeus - Kommandeur des übergeordneten US Central Command

Manuel Pint

Robert Pritsarnt

Romano Prodi - ex-Ministerpräsident Italien, ex-Präsident der Europäischen Kommission

Heather Reisman - Chefin Indigo Books & Music Inc Kanada

Eivind Reiten - Generaldirektor des Petroleumskonzerns Norsk Hydro

Michael Ringier - Verwaltungsratspräsident der Ringier Holding AG, grösster Verlag der Schweiz

David Rockefeller - Banker, Gründer der Council on Foreign Relations und Trilateralen Kommission

Dennis Ross

Barnet Ruby

Alberto Ruiz-Gallardòn - Bürgermeister von Madrid

Susan Sampantzi Ntintzer

Intira Samarasekera

Rountol Solten -

Jürgen Schrempp - ex-Vorstandsvorsitzender der DaimlerChrysler AG

Pedro Solbes Mira - ex-Wirtschafts- und Finanzminister Spanien

Sampatzi Saraz

Sanata Seketa

Lawrence Summers - ex-Chefökonom der Weltbank, ex-Finanzminister unter Clinton, Wirtschaftsberater von Obama

Peter Sutherland

Martin Taylor

Peter Thiel - ex-Chef PayPal

Agan Ourgkout

Matti Vanhanen - Premieminister Finnland

Daniel Vasella - Chef von Novartis

Jeroen van der Veer - Chef Royal Dutch Shell

Guy Verhofstadt - ehemaliger Premierminister Belgien

Paul Volcker - ehemaliger Fed Chef, Wirtschaftsberater von Barack Obama

Jacob Wallenberg - Bankier und Grossindustrieller.

Marcus Wallenberg -

Nout Wellink - Chef der niederländischen Zentralbank, Mitglied der Europäischen Zentralbank

Hans Vizers -

Martin Wolf - Journalist der Financial Times

James David Wolfensohn - ehemaliger Präsident der Weltbank

Paul Wolfowitz - ex-Präsident der Weltbank, Berater von George W. Bush, und stellvertretender, ex-Verteidigungsminister der USA

Farint Zakaria - Journalist der Newsweek

Robert Zoellick - Präsident der Weltbank

Dora Bakoyannis - Aussenminister Griechenland

Anna Diamantopoulou - Parlamentsmitglied der PASOK Griechenland

I. Papathanasiou - Finanzminister Griechenland

G. Alogoskoufis - ehemaliger Minister Griechenland

George David - Präsident CocaCola Griechenland

2. VIPS AT SECRET SUMMIT

Sunday Express - May 17,2009

By Helena Smith

ARMED guards are patrolling the grounds of the Athenian Riviera’s luxurious Astir Palace resort this weekend to ensure impenetrable privacy for a coterie of A1 celebrities – but don’t ask who they are.

They make the Vatican look open

They are attending the annual gathering of the powerful Bilderberg illuminati, a club so secret that officially it does not even exist.

The five-star hotel is hosting a roll call of luminaries – royalty, politicians, bankers, plutocrats and backroom power brokers – who will be debating the great global problems of the day and what they might do to solve them.

SECRET SOCIETY: US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is said to be part of the Bilderberg illuminati

Since its foundation in the Netherlands in 1954 at the Hotel de Bilderberg, the group has guarded its identity so jealously that only a chosen few are summoned and attendance is strictly by invitation only.

One well-placed insider, who dared not give his name, said: “Bilderberg makes the Vatican look positively open. These are hugely influential people, men and women who truly wield power.”

The Athens meeting, its 55th, might have gone unnoticed had it not been for the intense media scrutiny that the organisation has come under with the advent of the internet and technology-driven information transparency.

It is believed that US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, along with Google boss Eric Schmidt, World Bank president Robert Zoellick and members of several European royal houses are in Athens for the forum, originally set up to halt anti-Americanism in Europe and promote joint understanding.

http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/101572/VIPs-at-secret-summit

3. Revealed: The secret report that shows how the Nazis planned a Fourth Reich ...in the EU

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1179902/Revealed-The-secret-report-shows-Nazis-planned-Fourth-Reich--EU.html
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1179902/Revealed-The-secret-report-shows-Nazis-planned-Fourth-Reich--EU.html

Last updated at 10:30 PM on 09th May 2009

The paper is aged and fragile, the typewritten letters slowly fading. But US Military Intelligence report EW-Pa 128 is as chilling now as the day it was written in November 1944.

The document, also known as the Red House Report, is a detailed account of a secret meeting at the Maison Rouge Hotel in Strasbourg on August 10, 1944. There, Nazi officials ordered an elite group of German industrialists to plan for Germany's post-war recovery, prepare for the Nazis' return to power and work for a 'strong German empire'. In other words: the Fourth Reich.

Plotters: SS chief Heinrich Himmler with Max Faust, engineer with Nazi-backed company I. G. Farben

The three-page, closely typed report, marked 'Secret', copied to British officials and sent by air pouch to Cordell Hull, the US Secretary of State, detailed how the industrialists were to work with the Nazi Party to rebuild Germany's economy by sending money through Switzerland.

They would set up a network of secret front companies abroad. They would wait until conditions were right. And then they would take over Germany again.

The industrialists included representatives of Volkswagen, Krupp and Messerschmitt. Officials from the Navy and Ministry of Armaments were also at the meeting and, with incredible foresight, they decided together that the Fourth German Reich, unlike its predecessor, would be an economic rather than a military empire - but not just German.

The Red House Report, which was unearthed from US intelligence files, was the inspiration for my thriller The Budapest Protocol.

The book opens in 1944 as the Red Army advances on the besieged city, then jumps to the present day, during the election campaign for the first president of Europe. The European Union superstate is revealed as a front for a sinister conspiracy, one rooted in the last days of the Second World War.

But as I researched and wrote the novel, I realised that some of the Red House Report had become fact.

Nazi Germany did export massive amounts of capital through neutral countries. German businesses did set up a network of front companies abroad. The German economy did soon recover after 1945.

The Third Reich was defeated militarily, but powerful Nazi-era bankers, industrialists and civil servants, reborn as democrats, soon prospered in the new West Germany. There they worked for a new cause: European economic and political integration.

Is it possible that the Fourth Reich those Nazi industrialists foresaw has, in some part at least, come to pass?

The Red House Report was written by a French spy who was at the meeting in Strasbourg in 1944 - and it paints an extraordinary picture.

The industrialists gathered at the Maison Rouge Hotel waited expectantly as SS Obergruppenfuhrer Dr Scheid began the meeting. Scheid held one of the highest ranks in the SS, equivalent to Lieutenant General. He cut an imposing figure in his tailored grey-green uniform and high, peaked cap with silver braiding. Guards were posted outside and the room had been searched for microphones.

Death camp: Auschwitz, where tens of thousands of slave labourers died working in a factory run by German firm I. G. Farben

There was a sharp intake of breath as he began to speak. German industry must realise that the war cannot be won, he declared. 'It must take steps in preparation for a post-war commercial campaign.' Such defeatist talk was treasonous - enough to earn a visit to the Gestapo's cellars, followed by a one-way trip to a concentration camp.

But Scheid had been given special licence to speak the truth – the future of the Reich was at stake. He ordered the industrialists to 'make contacts and alliances with foreign firms, but this must be done individually and without attracting any suspicion'.

The industrialists were to borrow substantial sums from foreign countries after the war.

They were especially to exploit the finances of those German firms that had already been used as fronts for economic penetration abroad, said Scheid, citing the American partners of the steel giant Krupp as well as Zeiss, Leica and the Hamburg-America Line shipping company.

But as most of the industrialists left the meeting, a handful were beckoned into another smaller gathering, presided over by Dr Bosse of the Armaments Ministry. There were secrets to be shared with the elite of the elite.

Bosse explained how, even though the Nazi Party had informed the industrialists that the war was lost, resistance against the Allies would continue until a guarantee of German unity could be obtained. He then laid out the secret three-stage strategy for the Fourth Reich.

In stage one, the industrialists were to 'prepare themselves to finance the Nazi Party, which would be forced to go underground as a Maquis', using the term for the French resistance.

Stage two would see the government allocating large sums to German industrialists to establish a 'secure post-war foundation in foreign countries', while 'existing financial reserves must be placed at the disposal of the party so that a strong German empire can be created after the defeat'.

In stage three, German businesses would set up a 'sleeper' network of agents abroad through front companies, which were to be covers for military research and intelligence, until the Nazis returned to power.

'The existence of these is to be known only by very few people in each industry and by chiefs of the Nazi Party,' Bosse announced.

'Each office will have a liaison agent with the party. As soon as the party becomes strong enough to re-establish its control over Germany, the industrialists will be paid for their effort and co-operation by concessions and orders.'

Extraordinary revelations: The 1944 Red House Report, detailing 'plans of German industrialists to engage in underground activity'

The exported funds were to be channelled through two banks in Zurich, or via agencies in Switzerland which bought property in Switzerland for German concerns, for a five per cent commission.

The Nazis had been covertly sending funds through neutral countries for years.

Swiss banks, in particular the Swiss National Bank, accepted gold looted from the treasuries of Nazi-occupied countries. They accepted assets and property titles taken from Jewish businessmen in Germany and occupied countries, and supplied the foreign currency that the Nazis needed to buy vital war materials.

Swiss economic collaboration with the Nazis had been closely monitored by Allied intelligence.

The Red House Report's author notes: 'Previously, exports of capital by German industrialists to neutral countries had to be accomplished rather surreptitiously and by means of special influence.

'Now the Nazi Party stands behind the industrialists and urges them to save themselves by getting funds outside Germany and at the same time advance the party's plans for its post-war operations.'

The order to export foreign capital was technically illegal in Nazi Germany, but by the summer of 1944 the law did not matter.

More than two months after D-Day, the Nazis were being squeezed by the Allies from the west and the Soviets from the east. Hitler had been badly wounded in an assassination attempt. The Nazi leadership was nervous, fractious and quarrelling.

During the war years the SS had built up a gigantic economic empire, based on plunder and murder, and they planned to keep it.

A meeting such as that at the Maison Rouge would need the protection of the SS, according to Dr Adam Tooze of Cambridge University, author of Wages of Destruction: The Making And Breaking Of The Nazi Economy.

He says: 'By 1944 any discussion of post-war planning was banned. It was extremely dangerous to do that in public. But the SS was thinking in the long-term. If you are trying to establish a workable coalition after the war, the only safe place to do it is under the auspices of the apparatus of terror.'

Shrewd SS leaders such as Otto Ohlendorf were already thinking ahead.

As commander of Einsatzgruppe D, which operated on the Eastern Front between 1941 and 1942, Ohlendorf was responsible for the murder of 90,000 men, women and children.

A highly educated, intelligent lawyer and economist, Ohlendorf showed great concern for the psychological welfare of his extermination squad's gunmen: he ordered that several of them should fire simultaneously at their victims, so as to avoid any feelings of personal responsibility.

By the winter of 1943 he was transferred to the Ministry of Economics. Ohlendorf's ostensible job was focusing on export trade, but his real priority was preserving the SS's massive pan-European economic empire after Germany's defeat.

Ohlendorf, who was later hanged at Nuremberg, took particular interest in the work of a German economist called Ludwig Erhard. Erhard had written a lengthy manuscript on the transition to a post-war economy after Germany's defeat. This was dangerous, especially as his name had been mentioned in connection with resistance groups.

But Ohlendorf, who was also chief of the SD, the Nazi domestic security service, protected Erhard as he agreed with his views on stabilising the post-war German economy. Ohlendorf himself was protected by Heinrich Himmler, the chief of the SS.

Ohlendorf and Erhard feared a bout of hyper-inflation, such as the one that had destroyed the German economy in the Twenties. Such a catastrophe would render the SS's economic empire almost worthless.

The two men agreed that the post-war priority was rapid monetary stabilisation through a stable currency unit, but they realised this would have to be enforced by a friendly occupying power, as no post-war German state would have enough legitimacy to introduce a currency that would have any value.

That unit would become the Deutschmark, which was introduced in 1948. It was an astonishing success and it kick-started the German economy. With a stable currency, Germany was once again an attractive trading partner.

The German industrial conglomerates could rapidly rebuild their economic empires across Europe.

War had been extraordinarily profitable for the German economy. By 1948 - despite six years of conflict, Allied bombing and post-war reparations payments - the capital stock of assets such as equipment and buildings was larger than in 1936, thanks mainly to the armaments boom.

Erhard pondered how German industry could expand its reach across the shattered European continent. The answer was through supranationalism - the voluntary surrender of national sovereignty to an international body.

Germany and France were the drivers behind the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the precursor to the European Union. The ECSC was the first supranational organisation, established in April 1951 by six European states. It created a common market for coal and steel which it regulated. This set a vital precedent for the steady erosion of national sovereignty, a process that continues today.

But before the common market could be set up, the Nazi industrialists had to be pardoned, and Nazi bankers and officials reintegrated. In 1957, John J. McCloy, the American High Commissioner for Germany, issued an amnesty for industrialists convicted of war crimes.

The two most powerful Nazi industrialists, Alfried Krupp of Krupp Industries and Friedrich Flick, whose Flick Group eventually owned a 40 per cent stake in Daimler-Benz, were released from prison after serving barely three years.

Krupp and Flick had been central figures in the Nazi economy. Their companies used slave labourers like cattle, to be worked to death.

The Krupp company soon became one of Europe's leading industrial combines.

The Flick Group also quickly built up a new pan-European business empire. Friedrich Flick remained unrepentant about his wartime record and refused to pay a single Deutschmark in compensation until his death in July 1972 at the age of 90, when he left a fortune of more than $1billion, the equivalent of £400million at the time.

'For many leading industrial figures close to the Nazi regime, Europe became a cover for pursuing German national interests after the defeat of Hitler,' says historian Dr Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, an adviser to Jewish former slave labourers.

'The continuity of the economy of Germany and the economies of post-war Europe is striking. Some of the leading figures in the Nazi economy became leading builders of the European Union.'

Numerous household names had exploited slave and forced labourers including BMW, Siemens and Volkswagen, which produced munitions and the V1 rocket.

Slave labour was an integral part of the Nazi war machine. Many concentration camps were attached to dedicated factories where company officials worked hand-in-hand with the SS officers overseeing the camps.

Like Krupp and Flick, Hermann Abs, post-war Germany's most powerful banker, had prospered in the Third Reich. Dapper, elegant and diplomatic, Abs joined the board of Deutsche Bank, Germany's biggest bank, in 1937. As the Nazi empire expanded, Deutsche Bank enthusiastically 'Aryanised' Austrian and Czechoslovak banks that were owned by Jews.

By 1942, Abs held 40 directorships, a quarter of which were in countries occupied by the Nazis. Many of these Aryanised companies used slave labour and by 1943 Deutsche Bank's wealth had quadrupled.

Abs also sat on the supervisory board of I.G. Farben, as Deutsche Bank's representative. I.G. Farben was one of Nazi Germany's most powerful companies, formed out of a union of BASF, Bayer, Hoechst and subsidiaries in the Twenties.

It was so deeply entwined with the SS and the Nazis that it ran its own slave labour camp at Auschwitz, known as Auschwitz III, where tens of thousands of Jews and other prisoners died producing artificial rubber.

When they could work no longer, or were verbraucht (used up) in the Nazis' chilling term, they were moved to Birkenau. There they were gassed using Zyklon B, the patent for which was owned by I.G. Farben.

But like all good businessmen, I.G. Farben's bosses hedged their bets.

During the war the company had financed Ludwig Erhard's research. After the war, 24 I.G. Farben executives were indicted for war crimes over Auschwitz III - but only twelve of the 24 were found guilty and sentenced to prison terms ranging from one-and-a-half to eight years. I.G. Farben got away with mass murder.

Abs was one of the most important figures in Germany's post-war reconstruction. It was largely thanks to him that, just as the Red House Report exhorted, a 'strong German empire' was indeed rebuilt, one which formed the basis of today's European Union.

Abs was put in charge of allocating Marshall Aid - reconstruction funds - to German industry. By 1948 he was effectively managing Germany's economic recovery.

Crucially, Abs was also a member of the European League for Economic Co-operation, an elite intellectual pressure group set up in 1946. The league was dedicated to the establishment of a common market, the precursor of the European Union.

Its members included industrialists and financiers and it developed policies that are strikingly familiar today - on monetary integration and common transport, energy and welfare systems.

When Konrad Adenauer, the first Chancellor of West Germany, took power in 1949, Abs was his most important financial adviser.

Behind the scenes Abs was working hard for Deutsche Bank to be allowed to reconstitute itself after decentralisation. In 1957 he succeeded and he returned to his former employer.

That same year the six members of the ECSC signed the Treaty of Rome, which set up the European Economic Community. The treaty further liberalised trade and established increasingly powerful supranational institutions including the European Parliament and European Commission.

Like Abs, Ludwig Erhard flourished in post-war Germany. Adenauer made Erhard Germany's first post-war economics minister. In 1963 Erhard succeeded Adenauer as Chancellor for three years.

But the German economic miracle – so vital to the idea of a new Europe - was built on mass murder. The number of slave and forced labourers who died while employed by German companies in the Nazi era was 2,700,000.

Some sporadic compensation payments were made but German industry agreed a conclusive, global settlement only in 2000, with a £3billion compensation fund. There was no admission of legal liability and the individual compensation was paltry.

A slave labourer would receive 15,000 Deutschmarks (about £5,000), a forced labourer 5,000 (about £1,600). Any claimant accepting the deal had to undertake not to launch any further legal action.

To put this sum of money into perspective, in 2001 Volkswagen alone made profits of £1.8billion.

Next month, 27 European Union member states vote in the biggest transnational election in history. Europe now enjoys peace and stability. Germany is a democracy, once again home to a substantial Jewish community. The Holocaust is seared into national memory.

But the Red House Report is a bridge from a sunny present to a dark past. Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's propaganda chief, once said: 'In 50 years' time nobody will think of nation states.'

For now, the nation state endures. But these three typewritten pages are a reminder that today's drive towards a European federal state is inexorably tangled up with the plans of the SS and German industrialists for a Fourth Reich - an economic rather than military imperium.

• The Budapest Protocol, Adam LeBor's thriller inspired by the Red House Report, is published by Reportage Press.

Many of us have been attempting to yell this from the rooftops for a long time now. The roots of the EU have a clear and definable route to the defeat of the Nazis and, what we are actually seeing now is the log awaited move to re-take control.

The current economic collapse is merely a move to "level the playing field" so to speak, giving a good (but false) reason to enact the European Constitution.

If this odious piece of legislature is ever ratified, the EU will give itself powers that even Hitler would have baulked at. We must make no mistake, the EU IS the continuation of The Third Reich. It's sole aim is to empower itself for its own ends and has nothing to do with the good of any but a few.

If we do not simply remove ourselves from the EU as a political "ally" and revert to purely trading links, then we will have lost WW3 - without many of us even realising it had started. And STILL people will not listen.

- Paul Kearns, Ilfracombe, HMP England, 10/5/2009 08:52

Find this story at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1179902/Revealed-The-secret-report-shows-Nazis-planned-Fourth-Reich--EU.html


PEPIS#107 Bilderberg 2009 meets, Guardian sends comedy reporter

Real time discussions here

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewforum.php?f=23

Top Nazis Planned EU-Style Fourth Reich

http://www.prisonplanet.com/top-nazis-planned-eu-style-fourth-reich.html

Influential economists and industrialists were ordered to preserve Nazi power by creating European common market, documents show (see below)

London Guardian Runs Joke Coverage Of Bilderberg

Only mainstream coverage on huge confab of heads of state, global business and academia comes from a comedian

http://www.prisonplanet.com/london-guardian-runs-joke-coverage-of-bil...

Top Nazis Planned EU-Style Fourth Reich

Influential economists and industrialists were ordered to preserve Nazi power by creating European common market, documents show

http://www.prisonplanet.com/top-nazis-planned-eu-style-fourth-reich.html

Paul Joseph Watson

Prison Planet.com

Monday, May 11, 2009

A writer who was collecting material for a fictional book based around the premise that top Nazis, seeking to preserve their power at the end of the second world war, conspired to create a Fourth Reich under the auspices of the European Union, actually discovered documents proving the plot to be true.

In a Daily Mail piece, Adam Lebor reveals how he uncovered US Military Intelligence report EW-Pa 128, also known as The Red House Report, which details how top Nazis secretly met at the Maison Rouge Hotel in Strasbourg on August 10, 1944 and, knowing Germany was on the brink of military defeat, conspired to create a Fourth Reich - a pan-European economic empire based around a European common market.

Top Nazi industrialists were ordered by SS Obergruppenfuhrer Dr Scheid to set up front companies abroad and pose as democrats in order to achieve economic penetration and lay the foundations for the re- emergence of the Nazi party.

“The Third Reich was defeated militarily, but powerful Nazi-era bankers, industrialists and civil servants, reborn as democrats, soon prospered in the new West Germany. There they worked for a new cause: European economic and political integration,” writes Lebor.

Wealthy Nazi industrialists like Alfried Krupp of Krupp Industries and Friedrich Flick, as well as front companies like BMW, Siemens and Volkswagen, set about the task of building a new pan-European business empire. According to historian Dr Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, an adviser to Jewish former slave labourers, “For many leading industrial figures close to the Nazi regime, Europe became a cover for pursuing German national interests after the defeat of Hitler….The continuity of the economy of Germany and the economies of post-war Europe is striking. Some of the leading figures in the Nazi economy became leading builders of the European Union.”

Banking titan Hermann Abs, who joined board of Deutsche Bank during the rise of Nazis, also sat on the supervisory board of I.G. Farben, the company that made the Zyklon B gas used to kill concentration camp victims. “Abs was put in charge of allocating Marshall Aid - reconstruction funds - to German industry. By 1948 he was effectively managing Germany’s economic recovery,” writes Lebor.

“Crucially, Abs was also a member of the European League for Economic Co-operation, an elite intellectual pressure group set up in 1946. The league was dedicated to the establishment of a common market, the precursor of the European Union.”

The European League for Economic Co-operation developed policies for European integration that almost mirrored those proposed by Nazis just years previously.

In his book “Europe’s Full Circle,” Rodney Atkinson provides a list of policies proposed by Nazis and their similarity to today’s European Union.

“Is it possible that the Fourth Reich those Nazi industrialists foresaw has, in some part at least, come to pass?” asks Lebor.

“These three typewritten pages are a reminder that today’s drive towards a European federal state is inexorably tangled up with the plans of the SS and German industrialists for a Fourth Reich - an economic rather than military imperium.”

As we have highlighted in the past, Nazism and the EU have some very disturbing parallels. Indeed, the two are fundamentally intertwined and the origins of the EU can be traced directly back to the Nazis.

The foundations for the EU and ultimately the Euro single currency were laid by the secretive Bilderberg Group in the mid-1950’s. Bilderberg’s owned leaked documents prove that the agenda to create a European common market and a single currency were formulated by Bilderberg in 1955. One of the group’s principle founders was H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, a former Nazi SS officer.

But the ideological framework for the European Union goes back even further, to the 1940’s when top Nazi economists and academics outlined the plan for a single European economic community, an agenda that was duly followed after the end of the second world war.

In his 1940 book The European Community, Nazi Economics Minister and war criminal Walther Funk wrote about the need to create a “Central European Union” and “European Economic Area” and for fixed exchange rates, stating “No nation in Europe can achieve on its own the highest level of economic freedom which is compatible with all social requirements…The formation of very large economic areas follows a natural law of development….interstate agreements in Europe will control [economic forces generally]…There must be a readiness to subordinate one’s own interests in certain cases to those of [the EC].”

Funk’s co-authors echoed his sentiments. Nazi academic Heinrich Hunke wrote, “Classic national economy..is dead…community of fate which is the European economy…fate and extent of European co-operation depends on a new unity economic plan”.

Fellow Nazi Gustav Koenig observed, “We have a real European Community task before us…I am convinced that this Community effort will last beyond the end of the war.”

In 1940, Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels ordered the creation of the “large-scale economic unification of Europe,” believing that “in fifty years’ time [people would] no longer think in terms of countries.” Just 53 years later, the European Union in its current form was established.

Other top Nazis who called for the creation of a pan-European federal economic superstate include Ribbentrop, Quisling and Seyss-Inquart, who spoke of “The new Europe of solidarity and co-operation among all its people… will find…rapidly increasing prosperity once national economic boundaries are removed.”

Such rhetoric would not look out of place at a present day Bilderberg, Trilateral Commission or CFR confab.

The Nazis killed people who spoke out against the Third Reich, whereas the EU has implemented an altogether more efficient solution - simply kill their free speech instead.

A Dutch MP was recently refused entry to Britain because his political opinions were deemed offensive under EU laws. Euro MP’s have consistently attempted to ban the “dangerous and unregulated blogosphere” in an attempt to shut down free speech on the Internet. Under the 1999 ruling of the European Court Of Justice (case 274/99), it is illegal to criticize the EU and the EU is on a mission to outlaw any national political parties that do not pander to the European federal superstate agenda.

Most of the individuals who hold the reigns of power in the European Union are not Nazis, indeed, they probably believe themselves to be fair-minded liberals working for the “greater good”. However, the European Union by its very nature is totalitarian, because it seeks to remove power from national governments accountable to their electorate and centralize it into the hands of supra-national entities that are accountable to nobody but themselves. It also seeks to remove the right of free speech for anyone in a position of influence who criticizes this agenda.

The fact that the EU was a brainchild of top Nazi economists and industrialists, formulated as a means of preserving dictatorial power and then implemented by a former Nazi working under the auspices of the Bilderberg Group in 1955, proves that the entire European Union system is poisoned with a legacy and a raison d’être of totalitarianism.

This is becoming increasingly obvious in the 21st century as popular social movements across Europe rise up to oppose the blatant power grab being undertaken by the EU via the Lisbon Treaty, which will again be put before Irish voters later this year despite them already rejecting it in a national referendum, which prevented the treaty from being enforced.


08Apr09 - PEPIS #106 - Bilderberg 2009, 14-16 May in Athens, Greece?

1. NOT LOSING GRIP ON THE SYSTEM

2. 2009 Bilderberg Conference in Athens, Greece?

3. PLUTOCRATS TO MEET IN GREECE

4. BILL MOYERS JOURNAL | William K. Black | PBS

1. NOT LOSING GRIP ON THE SYSTEM

------------------------------------------

by Marek Tysis

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=10864#10864

The reinforcement of the IMF, the World Bank, OECD, etc decided at the G20 is the use of old formula to keep control of the world. But will it succeed?

This is another affair. A lot of Bilderbergers have lost their jobs, the last in date is Rick Wagoner,...they fight to be still in control, but I believe a new class of millionaire will be invited at Bilderberg's meetings in the future, under the auspice of KISSINGER and David Rockefeller.

The G20 conference adopted the credo of no Protectionism admitted, because it should stop their insane dreams....

Several sources indicate this year's Bildebrerg meeting will take place in just over a month's time.

2. 2009 Bilderberg Conference in Athens, Greece?

B31548 / Wed, 25 Mar 2009 11:54:43 / Miscellaneous

http://floydanderson.gnn.tv/blogs/31548/2009_Bilderberg_Conference_in...

Reports: Bilderberg To Meet in Athens

Greek media outlets state that elite luminaries will convene on luxury resort in mid May

Steve Watson  Infowars March 24, 2009

Reports circling in the Greek media have suggested that the location of this year’s secretive Bilderberg meeting will be Athens, Greece.

GR Reporter, a Greek based website that gathers information from different print and electronic media in Greece, reports that the Elefterios Tipos newspaper recently announced the location and date of the meeting as Athens between 14th and 16th of May.

A second report in another Greek newspaper, Tovima, has also suggested that the confab will be held in Athens in the same area that hosted the 1993 conference.

According to the reports, invited guests include the Queen of Netherlands Beatrix, the Spanish Queen Sophia, Lawrence Summers, head of the National Economic Council and James Jones, head of the US National Security Council.

Meanwhile, researchers have also picked up on an article by Andrew Rettman in the EU Observer alleging that the meeting would take place in Europe sometime in June. Rettman has not responded to emails requesting additional information.

If the meeting does take place in Athens, it is likely that the group will use the Nafsika Astir Palace (pictured), the resort that was previously used by the heads of global business, banking and politics.

Situated in Vouliagmeni, a few miles south of Athens, the hotel is built along a cliff side and features a private beach at sea level, with a business center and a large conference room.

It must be stressed however, that such reports may be mere conjecture, or even a disinformation campaign by Bilderberg itself, in an attempt to throw researchers and journalists off their scent.

Bilderberg usually convene at the end of May into early June. The 2005 meeting in Germany was in early May but every other meeting over the last decade has been later in the month of May or in early June.

Similar reports were circulated prior to last year’s conference, also pinpointing the location as Athens. However, the actual location turned out to be the Marriott Hotel in Chantilly, Virginia, a few miles from Washington DC.

Both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton were thought to have attended the meeting, which took place at the height of the run in to the national party nominations and the Presidential election.

The hectic scenes outside last year’s Bilderberg conference were documented in filmmaker Alex Jones’ newly released feature The Obama Deception.

In 2006 Alex Jones traveled to Ottawa, Canada after gaining intelligence that the Bilderberg meeting would take place there. Jones and his team were detained by Canadian immigration on orders of the Bilderberg Group for a 15 hour nightmare of interrogation, accusations and threats of arrests in anticipation of the conference.

However, Jones made it to the Brookestreet Hotel in Ottawa, met up with veteran Bilderberg investigator Jim Tucker and Daniel Estulin, author of The True Story of the Bilderberg Group, to capture footage that would later appear in his seminal film Endgame.

It was mainly due to the efforts of the three activists combined that elements of the Canadian media produced a rash of reports about the Ottawa meeting.

Media moguls who attend Bilderberg, such as Washington Post CEO and Chairman Donald E. Graham, swear an oath of secrecy and fulfil a promise each year to omit any coverage of Bilderberg from their news outlets.

At the time Estulin stated that inside sources had informed him that the elite group was seeking to artificially inflate the subprime housing sector over a course of 18 months, in order to lure investors back into the market, before bottoming it out and consolidating the gains (see the video below). Now this has happened exactly as predicted.

2007 saw the elite confab head to Istanbul in Turkey under an increased media lockdown.

Insiders at Istanbul revealed that the Bilderberg agenda for 2007/2008 included a hiking of oil prices towards the $200 mark, something that seemed unbelievable at the time but again consequently happened exactly as predicted.

3. PLUTOCRATS TO MEET IN GREECE

http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/meet_in_greece_173.html

AFP on the trail of Bilderberg group: Site near Athens, Greece, is verified to be scene of 2009 globalist coven

By James P. Tucker, Jr.

Bilderberg will return to its 1993 crime scene when it attempts to meet secretly in Vouliagmeni, Greece, May 14-17. Bilderberg will return to the grounds of Nafsika Astir Palace hotels in Vouliagmeni, 20 miles outside Athens, and meet behind guards at the Westin Nafsika.

High on the Bilderberg agenda will be how to manipulate the global economic crisis for their selfish interests. They will pressure both European and North American nations to pull back from “protectionism” in the later meetings of heads of state. Since the international financiers and high officials of government see themselves as “citizens of the world” and scorn “nationalism,” their only loyalty is bankrolls, not their country. They love free trade, essential for world government.

Thus, they are determined that the United States and other nations refuse to impose tariffs that would equalize competition at the water’s edge. They want to continue shipping U.S. manufacturing jobs overseas where cheap labor may be exploited. They want to continue importing products made by slave labor in China and Africa, underselling domestic products.

Bilderberg, a secret elitist group that meets each spring at posh resorts protected by armed guards, uniformed police, sometimes the host nation’s military plus a brigade of private, plain-clothes guards, tries hard to keep its deliberations secret. But, with help from the European media and with inside sources, their mischief is always revealed to this newspaper.

Bilderberg has a dutiful son in President Barack Obama who will be told to press ahead with the North American Union, which is to be expanded throughout the Western Hemisphere into an “American Union” similar to the European Union. Ultimately, with creation of an “Asian-Pacific Union,” the world is to be divided into three great regions for the administrative convenience of a global government of the UN.

Following orders, Obama has a platoon of Bilderberg luminaries in his administration.

But Bilderberg has had problems for years in trying to impose its will on the globe. When meeting in Greece 19 years ago, it was celebrating President Bill Clinton’s promise to sign the Rio Treaty on global warming, which would have surrendered U.S. wealth and sovereignty to international bureaucrats.

Clinton, who attended Bilderberg in 2001 and was elected president in 2002, did sign the Rio Treaty but a test vote in the Senate showed ratification would be overwhelmingly rejected. It is still pending and Bilderberg boys are depressed.

AFP editor James P. Tucker Jr. is a veteran journalist who spent many years as a member of the “elite” media in Washington. Since 1975 he has won widespread recognition, here and abroad, for his pursuit of on- the-scene stories reporting the intrigues of global power blocs such as the Bilderberg Group. Tucker is the author of Jim Tucker’s Bilderberg Diary: One Man’s 25-Year Battle to Shine the Light on the World Shadow Government. Bound in an attractive full-color softcover and containing 272 pages—loaded with photos, many never published before—the book recounts Tucker’s experiences over the last quarter century at Bilderberg meetings. $25 from AFP. No charge for S&H in U.S.

4. BILL MOYERS JOURNAL | William K. Black | PBS

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rz1b__MdtHY

http://www.pbs.org/billmoyers

The financial industry brought the economy to its knees, but how did they get away with it? With the nation wondering how to hold the bankers accountable, Bill Moyers sits down with Bill Black, the former senior regulator who cracked down on banks during the savings and loan crisis of the 1980s. Black offers his analysis of what went wrong and his critique of the bailout. This show aired April 3, 2009. Bill Moyers Journal airs Fridays at 9 p.m. on PBS (check local listings).

For more: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rz1b__MdtHY


26Mar09 - PEPIS#105 Wikipedia deletes all Bilderberg attendee lists

Hi all,

Could this action by the Wikipedia crooks be timed to avoid various Bilderbergers being hunted down as organised criminals this year as they kick of a third world war? Let's not forget Wikipedia already airbrush out any reference to Bilderberg's Nazi (SS no less) origins, and the Bilderbergers are technocrats. These psychopathic control freaks look like they intend to rule the world after the coming conflict by pseudo-science and technology.

Do remember though that they invite some people to meetings that they are afraid of and want to influence. Not all attendees are convinced by Bilderberg's glitzy approach to PR (wowing them with Kings, Queens and stuff).

http://www.oneworldscam.com

http://www.threeworldwars.com

http://www.prophecyhouse.com/

Tony

Wikipedia’s Bilderberg Group Attendee List

http://www.infowars.com/wikipedias-bilderberg-group-attendee-list/

Wikipedia To Delete Bilderberg Attendee List

Sat, 14/02/2009 - 11:10 — smashdracs

http://www.openureyes.org.nz/blog/?q=node/940

(UPDATE, That was quick, the list has gone already! 15/2/09)

The lords of Wikipedia have announced they will delete the Bilderberg attendees list entry on the site because it is allegedly a “totally un-reliably-sourced list [and] possibly defamatory towards living persons.” The announced deletion will occur five days from 2009-02-18 at 14:53.

While the list is still up I am going to copy and paste it in its entirety. It will look pretty messy but I may get around to tidying it up sooner or later.

(smash) PS Is it any surprise Mike Moore (former NZ PM) is a member?

List of Bilderberg attendees is a list of prominent persons who have attended one or more conferences organized by the Bilderberg Group.

The list is currently organized by category. It is not a complete list and it includes both living and deceased people. Where known, the year(s) they attended are denoted in brackets.

The Bilderberg Group or Bilderberg conference is an unofficial annual invitation-only conference of around 130 guests, most of whom are persons of influence in the fields of business, media, and politics.

The elite group meets annually at luxury hotels or resorts throughout the world, normally in Europe, once every four years in the United States or Canada. It has an office in Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands.[1] They met at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Istanbul, Turkey for the June 2007 meeting.[2] The 56th Bilderberg meeting took place June 6-8, 2008 at the Westfields Marriott in Chantilly, Virginia.

Royalty

* Prince Philip (1965, 1966, 1967), Duke of Edinburgh[3]

* Prince Charles (1986), Prince of Wales

* Prince Bernhard (Chairman of Bilderberg Meetings 1954-1976), father of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

* Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands[4]

* Claus von Amsberg (1967, 1968, 1971, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1986-1989), husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

* Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange (1990, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2008), Crown Prince of the Netherlands

* Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (1989)

* Queen Sofia of Spain, wife of Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996)

* Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, younger daughter of Juan Carlos I, King of Spain

* Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant (1992, 1993, 1996, 2008), Crown Prince of Belgium

* Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, King of Sweden (1995)

* Harald V of Norway, King of Norway (1984)

* Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1985, 1986, 1987)

* Prince Axel of Denmark (1955, 1957)

* Prince Henrik of Denmark (1966)

Politics

United States

* David L. Aaron (1977), former Deputy National Security Advisor

* Dean Acheson (1957, 1958, 1964, 1966), former United States Secretary of State

* Madeleine Albright (2008), former United States Secretary of State

* Keith B. Alexander (2008), current Director, National Security Agency

* Roger Altman (2008), former United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury

* John B. Anderson (1977), former US Congressman

* Michael Armacost (1997), President, Brookings Institution

* Nancy Kassebaum Baker (1988), former US Senator

* George W. Ball (1954-1992),[5] former U.S. diplomat

* Evan Bayh (1999), current US Senator, former Democratic Leadership Council Chairman, also attended the Renaissance Weekend. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Member of the Alfalfa Club

* Lloyd Bentsen (1989, 1992, 1995 - 1997), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Sandy Berger (1997), former National Security Advisor (United States)

* James H. Billington (1992), former Librarian of Congress

* Eugene R. Black, Sr. (1957, 1966), former President of the World Bank

* John Bolton (2003)

* John Brademas (1966), former US Congressman

* Bill Bradley (1985), former US Senator

* Nicholas F. Brady (1984, 1986, 1988, 1991), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Edward Brooke (1968), former US Senator

* David K. E. Bruce (1966)

* Zbigniew Brzezinski (Guest, 1966, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1985), President Carter's National Security Advisor

* McGeorge Bundy (1956, 1957, 1964, 1966, 1980), former National Security Advisor (United States)

* William Bundy (1977)

* Clifford P. Case (1958), former US Senator

* John Chafee (1979, 1986, 1991, 1992), former US Senator

* Frank Church, former US Senator

* Harlan Cleveland (1967)

* Hillary Clinton (1997), current US Secretary of State, also attended the World Economic Forum, the Munich Conference on Security Policy, the Salzburg Global Seminar and the Renaissance Weekend. Member of the Democratic Leadership Council

* Bill Clinton (1991),[6] former US President, 1993 - 2001

* Carlos M. Collazo (2003)

* Barber Conable, former President of the World Bank

* Richard N. Cooper (1975, 1977), former United States Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs

* Jon Corzine (1995 - 1997[4], 1999, 2003, 2004), current Governor of New Jersey

* Kenneth W. Dam (1983, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989-1997), former United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury

* Richard Darman (1987), former United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury

* Thomas A. Daschle (2008), former US Senator

* Lynn Davis (1995)

* John M. Deutch (1998), former CIA Director, former United States Deputy Secretary of Defense

* Thomas E. Dewey (1956, 1957, 1966), former Governor of New York

* C. Douglas Dillon (1968), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Christopher Dodd (1999 - 2001), current US Senator

* John Edwards (2004), former US Senator

* Stuart Eizenstat (2002), former United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury

* Mike Espy (1994), former United States Secretary of Agriculture

* Daniel J. Evans (1986, 1988), former US Senator, former Governor of Washington

* Dianne Feinstein (1991), current US Senator

* Douglas Feith (2004)

* Ralph Flanders (1955, 1966), former US Senator

* James Florio (1994), former Governor of New Jersey

* Tom Foley (1988, 1990, 1995, 2002), former Speaker of the US House of Representatives

* Gerald R. Ford (1964, 1966), former US President, 1974 - 1977

* Harold Ford, Jr. (2008), current Chairman, Democratic Leadership Council, former US Congressman, Vice Chairman, Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.

* Donald M. Fraser (1971), former US Congressman

* Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen, Jr. (1964, 1966, 1971), former US Congressman

* J. William Fulbright (1956, 1957, 1964), former US Senator

* Cornelius Edward Gallagher (1963, 1966), former US Congressman

* John Galvin, former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

* Melinda Gates (2004), wife of Bill Gates

* Robert Gates (2008), current United States Secretary of Defense

* David Gergen (1992, 1995), political consultant and presidential adviser during the Republican administrations of Nixon, Ford, and Reagan, campaign staffer for George H.W. Bush and adviser to Democratic President Bill Clinton

* Roswell Gilpatric (1966)

* Dan Glickman (2001), former US Congressman

* Andrew Goodpaster (1968, 1974), former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

* Lincoln Gordon (1957, 1966)

* Donald Gregg (1985), former United States Ambassador

* Marc Grossman (2007), former Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs

* Alfred Gruenther (1955, 1957, 1966), former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

* Richard N. Haass (1991, 2003, 2004)[7], president, Council on Foreign Relations

* Philip C. Habib (1992)

* Chuck Hagel (1999 - 2001), current US Senator

* Alexander Haig (1978), former United States Secretary of State

* Lee H. Hamilton (1997)[4], former US Congressman

* Fred R. Harris (1966), former US Senator

* Arthur A. Hartman (1975), former Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs

* Brooks Hays (1957, 1966), former US Congressman

* H. John Heinz III (1978), former US Senator

* Christian Herter (1961, 1963, 1964, 1966),[8] former Secretary of State

* Bourke Hickenlooper (1963, 1966), former US Senator

* Carla Anderson Hills (2002), former United States Trade Representative

* Paul G. Hoffman (1955, 1957, 1966)

* Richard Holbrooke (1995 - 1999, 2004 - 2006, 2008), former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations

* Chet Holifield (1964, 1966), former US Congressman

* Kay Bailey Hutchison (2000, 2002), current US Senator

* Henry M. Jackson (1964, 1966-1968), former US Senator

* Jacob Javits (1964, 1966), former US Senator

* Joseph E. Johnson (1954)[9], former President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

* Bennett Johnston Jr. (1991), former US Senator

* James Robert Jones (1985), former US Congressman

* Vernon Jordan (1979-1985, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 2005, 2006, 2008)

* Robert Kagan (2004)

* Carl Kaysen (1967)

* Thomas Kean (1989), former Governor of New Jersey

* George Kennan (1955, 1957, 1966)

* David M. Kennedy (1968), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Robert M. Kimmitt (1995), current United States Deputy Secretary of the Treasury

* Lane Kirkland (1977), former President, AFL-CIO.

* Jeane Kirkpatrick (1981), former United States Ambassador to the United Nations

* Henry Kissinger (1957, 1964, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1977-2003, 2004, [7] 2005-2008), Secretary of State, 1973 - 1977

* John LaFalce (2002), former US Congressman

* Michael Ledeen (2005)

* Lyman L. Lemnitzer (1957, 1963, 1966), former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

* Winston Lord (1974, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1996), former United States Ambassador to China

* William J. Luti (2004), Senior Director for Defense Policy and Strategy for the National Security Council

* Terry McAuliffe (2002), former Chairman of the Democratic National Committee

* John J. McCloy (1958, 1964, 1966), former President of the World Bank

* Gale McGee (1966), former US Senator

* Donald F. McHenry (1986, 1996), former United States Ambassador to the United Nations

* Robert S. McNamara (1968, 1975), former United States Secretary of Defense, former President of the World Bank

* Charles Mathias, Jr. (1967, 1968, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1984-1993), former U.S. Senator

* Ken Mehlman (2005), former Chairman of the Republican National Committee

* Cord Meyer (1957), CIA official

* George J. Mitchell, former U.S. Senator

* Walter F. Mondale (1974, 1981), former Vice President of the United States, 1977 - 1981

* A. S. Mike Monroney (1966), former U.S. Senator

* Paul H. Nitze (1955, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1966)

* Lauris Norstad (1967), former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

* Sam Nunn (1996, 1997[4]), former US Senator

* William Odom (1993), former National Security Agency Director

* Dan Quayle (1990, 1991), former US Vice President, 1989 - 1993

* George Pataki (2006), former Governor of New York

* Henry M. Paulson, Jr. (2008), current United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Claiborne Pell (1992), former US Senator

* Richard Perle (1983, 1985, 2003, 2006, 2008), assistant Secretary of Defense, 1981 - 1987

* Rick Perry (2007), current Governor of Texas

* William J. Perry (1996), former United States Secretary of Defense

* Peter George Peterson (1978), former United States Secretary of Commerce

* Colin L. Powell (1997), former United States Secretary of State

* Larry Pressler (1993), former US Senator

* Lewis Thompson Preston, former President of the World Bank

* Joel Pritchard (1975), former US Congressman

* Marc Racicot (2002), former Chairman, Republican National Committee

* Ralph E. Reed, Jr. (2004), former first executive director of the Christian Coalition

* William K. Reilly (1989), former Environmental Protection Agency Administrator

* Henry Reuss (1966, 1971), former US Congressman

* Walter P. Reuther (1966), former U.S. labour leader

* Condoleezza Rice (2008), former United States Secretary of State

* Bill Richardson (1999, 2000), current Governor of New Mexico

* Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (1971), former US Senator

* Alice Rivlin (1984)

* Charles W. Robinson (1975), former Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs

* David Rockefeller, original U.S. founding member, life member, and member of the Steering Committee (1954-

* David Rockefeller, Jr. (1989)

* Jay Rockefeller (1971), current US Senator

* Nelson A. Rockefeller (1957, 1974), former US Vice President, 1974 - 1977, former Governor of New York, 1959 - 1973

* Bernard W. Rogers, former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

* Dennis Ross (2004, 2006, 2008)

* Eugene V. Rostow (1967, 1968)

* Walt Whitman Rostow, former National Security Advisor (United States)

* Donald Rumsfeld (1975, 2002), Secretary of Defense, 2001 - 2006

* Dean Rusk (1955, 1957, 1966), former United States Secretary of State

* Mark Sanford (2008), current Governor of South Carolina, also attended the Renaissance Weekend

* Hugh Scott (1961, 1966), former US Senator

* Brent Scowcroft (1985, 1988, 1994), former National Security Advisor (United States)

* Kathleen Sebelius (2007, 2008), current Governor of Kansas

* George P. Shultz (2008), former United States Secretary of State, former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Kristen Silverberg (2007), Bureau of International Organization Affairs, part of the State Department

* William E. Simon (1982), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* Walter Bedell Smith, former CIA Director

* Nancy Soderberg (1995)

* Helmut Sonnenfeldt (1974), former U.S. State Department Counselor, former member, National Security Council

* John Sparkman (1955, 1966), former US Senator

* James Steinberg (1994, 2000), former Deputy National Security Advisor

* Adlai Stevenson III (1971), former US Senator

* Robert Schwarz Strauss (1982, 1989, 1990, 1992), former Chairman of the Democratic National Committee

* Lawrence Summers (1998, 2002, 2008), former United States Secretary of the Treasury

* John H. Sununu (1990), former Governor of New Hampshire

* Shirley Temple (1982), former United States Ambassador, former child actress

* Laura D'Andrea Tyson (1999)

* Cyrus Vance (1971), former United States Secretary of State

* John M. Vorys (1957, 1966), former US Congressman

* Mark Warner (2005), former Governor of Virginia

* Vin Weber (2007, 2008), former US Congressman

* John C. Whitehead (1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1989-1997), former United States Deputy Secretary of State

* Christine Todd Whitman (1998), former Governor of New Jersey

* L. Douglas Wilder (1991), former Governor of Virginia, current Mayor of Richmond, Virginia

* Alexander Wiley (1957, 1966), former US Senator

* Ross Wilson (ambassador) (2007), current United States Ambassador to Turkey

* Paul Wolfowitz (1990, 1994-1998, 2008), former President of the World Bank

* George David Woods (1966), former President of the World Bank

* Philip D. Zelikow (2007), executive director of the 9/11 Commission and Counselor of the United States Department of State

* Robert Zoellick (1991, 2003, 2006, 2008), former Deputy Secretary of State and current President of the World Bank

Canada

* Lester B. Pearson (1964, 1966, 1968), former Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968

* Pierre Trudeau (1971***, 1983, 1985), former Prime Minister of Canada from 1968 to 1979, 1980 to 1984

* Jean Chrétien (1982, 1996), Canadian Prime Minister, 1993 - 2003

* W. Edmund Clark, President and CEO, Toronto-Dominion Bank

* Paul Martin (1996), Canadian Prime Minister, 2003 - 2006

* Stephen Harper (2003), Canadian Prime Minister, 2006 - Present

* Bernard Lord (2001), former Premier of New Brunswick

* Robert L. Stanfield (1968), former Premier of Nova Scotia

* Jason Kenney (2007), Canadian Member of Parliament

* Preston Manning (1998), former leader and founder of the Reform Party of Canada

* Lloyd Axworthy (1996), former Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)

* Kevin G. Lynch (2004), Canadian civil servant

* Frank McKenna (1994, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008), former Canadian Ambassador to the United States, former Premier of New Brunswick, current Deputy Chairman of Toronto-Dominion Bank

* Michael Wilson (politician) (1991), current Canadian Ambassador to the United States, former Minister of Finance (Canada), former Minister of International Trade (Canada)

* Marc Lalonde (1977), former Minister of Finance (Canada)

* Jacques Parizeau (1968), former Premier of Quebec

* Robert Bourassa (1971), former Premier of Quebec

* Jean Lesage (1966), former Premier of Quebec

* Mike Harris (1996), former Premier of Ontario

* David Peterson (1990), former Premier of Ontario

* Ralph Klein (1995), former Premier of Alberta

* Peter Lougheed (1973), former Premier of Alberta

* Gerald Regan (1977), former Premier of Nova Scotia

* Paul Joseph James Martin (1957***, 1966-1968), former Canadian Senator, former Leader of the Government in the Senate (Canada), former Minister of National Health and Welfare (Canada), former Secretary of State for External Affairs (Canada), father of former Prime Minister of Canada,Paul Martin

* Jeanne Sauvé (1974, 1986, 1989), former Governor General of Canada

* Donald S. Macdonald (1971, 1973, 1979-1986, 1988, 1993), former Minister of Finance (Canada), former Minister of National Defence (Canada)

* Allan MacEachen (1983), former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada and Secretary of State for External Affairs

* Heather Reisman (2006, 2007, 2008), Canadian businesswoman

* Andre Desmarais, Power Corporation of Canada

SOURCES for the following EDITS MARKED *** by YEAR of the Bilderberg guest lists: 1954 - George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at Princeton University, as transcribed and placed online by www.bilderberg.org 1957 - Source: http://www.bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm 1971 - The Washington Observer Newsletter, 15 May 1971 edition, Number 199, see headline "Controller's Confab". Available here in uploaded documents. 1978 - George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at Princeton University, as transcribed and placed online by www.bilderberg.org 1981 - George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at Princeton University, as transcribed and placed online by www.bilderberg.org 1985 - George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at Princeton University, as transcribed and placed online by www.bilderberg.org

United Kingdom

* Antony Acland (1988), former British Ambassador to the United States

* Paddy Ashdown (1989), former leader of the UK Liberal Democrats

* Ed Balls (2001-2003), Economic Secretary to the Treasury 2006 - 2007

* John Baring, 7th Baron Ashburton (1980, 1984, 1986), former Chairman of British Petroleum

* Frederic Bennett (1963, 1964, 1966-1968, 1971, 1973-1975, 1977-1980, 1984)

* Tony Blair (1993),[6] former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom [10]

* Rodric Braithwaite (1993)

* George Brown, Baron George-Brown (1966, 1978)

* Gordon Brown (1991), current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* James Callaghan (1963, 1966), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* Peter Carrington, 6th Baron Carrington (1978, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1989-1998), former Secretary-General of NATO

* Kenneth Clarke (1993, 1998,[11] 2006[12] & 2007[13]), former Chancellor of the Exchequer

* Clement Davies (1954, 1955, 1957), former leader of the Liberal Party (UK)

* Richard Dearlove (2007), former head of MI6

* Edmund Dell (1978)

* Alec Douglas-Home (1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1986), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* Rodney Elton, 2nd Baron Elton (1977)

* Charles Forte, Baron Forte (1977)

* Lawrence Freedman (1991), Professor, Oxford University

* Hugh Gaitskell (1954, 1955, 1958), former leader of the Labour Party (UK)

* Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury (1997)

* Philip Gould, Baron Gould of Brookwood (2003)

* Jo Grimond (1958, 1966), former leader of the Liberal Party (UK)

* William Hague (1998), former leader of the Conservative Party (UK), current Shadow Foreign Secretary

* David Hannay, Baron Hannay of Chiswick (1995, 1998)

* Roy Hattersley (1985)

* Denis Healey, former Secretary of State for Defence 1963-1970, former Chancellor of the Exchequer 1974-1979 (founding member of Bilderberg)

* Edward Heath (1963, 1966, 1967), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* Michael Heseltine (1984), former Secretary of State for Defence

* Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone (1967)

* John Horam (1975)

* Douglas Hurd (1980, 1981), former British Foreign Secretary

* Roy Jenkins, former President of the European Commission

* Keith Joseph (1977)

* John Keegan (1988), British military historian

* John Kerr, Baron Kerr of Kinlochard (2004, 2008), member of the House of Lords, Deputy Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell

* Norman Lamont (1995), former Chancellor of the Exchequer

* Nigel Lawson (1982, 1990), former Chancellor of the Exchequer

* Harold Lever, Baron Lever of Manchester (1977, 1985), former Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

* John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* Reginald Maudling (1955, 1957, 1966, 1967, 1971, 1973, 1978), former Chancellor of the Exchequer

* John Monks (1996) , former General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress

* Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1965, 1966)

* Pauline Neville-Jones, Baroness Neville-Jones (2004)

* John Nott (1977), former Secretary of State for Defence

* David Ormsby-Gore, 5th Baron Harlech (1958, 1966), former British Ambassador to the United States

* George Osborne (2006)[14] (2008) Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer 2004-Present; member of the opposition 2001-Present

* David Owen (1973, 1982, 1993), former British Foreign Secretary

* Cecil Parkinson (1989), former Shadow chancellor of the Exchequer

* Enoch Powell (1968)

* Christopher Price (UK politician), former Labour Party (UK) Member of Parliament, former member of the European Parliament

* Giles Radice, Baron Radice (1995)

* William Rees-Mogg (1993)

* Sir Malcolm Rifkind (1986, 1996), former British Foreign Secretary

* Geoffrey Rippon (1974)

* William Rodgers, Baron Rodgers of Quarry Bank (1974)

* Eric Roll (1964, 1966, 1967, 1973-1975, 1977-1999) (Bilderberg Steering Committee),[15] Department of Economic Affairs, 1964, later Bilderberg Group Chairman

* John Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Preston Candover (1982, 1983, 1984, 1986)

* Sir Patrick Sheehy Professor of International Relations (1985, 1986, 1993)

* John Smith (UK politician) (1986, 1989, 1991), former leader of the British Labour Party

* David Steel (1986), former leader of the Liberal Party (UK)

* Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham (1964, 1966)

* Norman Tebbit (1985)

* Margaret Thatcher (1975),[16] former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* George Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth (1971)

* Jeremy Thorpe, former leader of the Liberal Party (UK)

* William Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of North Hill (1987, 1988, 1990, 1995)

* George Weidenfeld (1992)

* Gareth Williams, Baron Williams of Mostyn (2002, 2003)

* Harold Wilson (1966), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

* David Young, Baron Young of Graffham (1985, 1986)

* Kenneth Younger (1966)

Ireland

* John Bruton (1998), former Prime Minister of Ireland

* Garret FitzGerald (1975, 1977, 1984, 1985, 1987), former Prime Minister of Ireland

* Paul Gallagher (2008), Attorney General of Ireland

* Michael McDowell (1992, 2007), founding member of the Progressive Democrats of Ireland

Germany

* Egon Bahr (1968, 1971, 1982, 1987), German Minister, creator of the Ostpolitik

* Rainer Barzel (1966), former German opposition leader

* Kurt Biedenkopf (1992), former Prime Minister of Saxony

* Max Brauer (1954, 1955, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966), former Mayor of Hamburg

* Birgit Breuel (1973, 1979, 1980, 1991, 1992, 1994), chairwoman of Treuhandanstalt

* Andreas von Bülow (1978), former Minister of Research of Germany

* Karl Carstens (1971), former President of Germany

* Klaus von Dohnanyi (1975, 1977), former Mayor of Hamburg

* Ursula Engelen-Kefer (1998), former chairwoman of the German Confederation of Trade Unions

* Björn Engholm (1991), former Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein

* Ludwig Erhard (1966), former Chancellor of Germany

* Fritz Erler (1955, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966), Socialist Member of Parliament

* Joschka Fischer (2008), former Minister of Foreign Affairs (Germany)

* Herbert Giersch (1975), Director, Institut fur Weltwirtschaft an der Universitat Kiel

* Helmut Haussmann (1979, 1980, 1990, 1996), former Minister of Economics of Germany

* Wolfgang Ischinger (1998, 2002, 2008), former German Ambassador to Washington

* Helmut Kohl (1980, 1982, 1988), former Chancellor of Germany

* Walter Leisler Kiep (1974, 1975, 1977, 1980), former Treasurer of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany)

* Kurt Georg Kiesinger (1955, 1957, 1966), former Chancellor of Germany

* Hans Klein (1986), Member of German Bundestag

* Otto Graf Lambsdorff (1980, 1983, 1984), former Minister of Economics of Germany

* Karl Lamers (1995), Member of the German Bundestag

* Angela Merkel (2005), current Chancellor of Germany

* Alois Mertes (1983, 1985)

* Siegmar Mosdorf (2001), Secretary of State for Economics in Germany

* Alfred Müller-Armack (1966), Secretary of State for Economics in Germany

* Volker Perthes (2008), Director, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik

* Friedbert Pflüger (2005, 2006), Member of the German Bundestag

* Ruprecht Polenz (2002), Member of the German Bundestag

* Volker Rühe (1983, 1991-1994), former Defense Minister of Germany

* Rudolf Scharping, former Defense Minister of Germany

* Wolfgang Schäuble (2003), current Minister of Internal Affairs of Germany

* Walter Scheel (1981-84, 1986), former President of Germany

* Karl Schiller (1966), former Finance Minister of Germany

* Otto Schily (2003-2006), former Minister of Internal Affairs of Germany

* Carlo Schmid (1955, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966), former Vice President of the Federal Parliament

* Helmut Schmidt (1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986), former Chancellor of Germany

* Gerhard Schröder (CDU) (1971, 1974), former Minister of Foreign Affairs (Germany), former Minister of Defence (Germany)

* Gerhard Stoltenberg (1966, 1968), former Minister of Germany and Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein

* Franz Josef Strauß (1963, 1966), former Minister of Germany and Prime Minister of Bavaria

* Lothar Späth (1993), former Prime Minister of Baden-Wurttemberg

* Erwin Teufel (1991), former Prime Minister of Baden-Wurttemberg

* Henning Voscherau (1996), former Mayor of Hamburg

* Richard von Weizsäcker (1978), former President of Germany

* Guido Westerwelle (2007), leader of the Free Democratic Party of Germany

* Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski (1971, 1973, 1974, 1978), former Secretary of State in the Chancellor's Office of Germany

* Matthias Wissmann (1998, 2004, 2005), former Minister of Research of Germany

Austria

* Otto von Habsburg, Archduke and Crown Prince of Austria

* Alfred Gusenbauer (2002, 2006), former Chancellor of Austria

* Wolfgang Schussel (1984), former Chancellor of Austria

* Franz Vranitzky (1975, 1979, 1986-1991, 1993, 1995-1999), former Austrian Chancellor

* Bruno Kreisky (1979), former Austrian Chancellor

* Thomas Klestil (1988), former President of Austria

* Martin Bartenstein (2006), Austrian Minister for Economy and Labour

* Josef Krainer (1989), former Governor of Styria

Switzerland

* Flavio Cotti (1994-1997), former President of the Swiss Confederation

* Pascal Couchepin (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005), current President of the Swiss Confederation

* Jean-Pascal Delamuraz (1995), former President of the Swiss Confederation

* Max Petitpierre (1963, 1966), former President of the Swiss Confederation

* Jacob Kellenberger (1993), former Swiss State Secretary of Foreign Affairs

* Sigmund Widmer (1975), former Mayor of Zürich

* Denis de Rougemont (1954, 1955, 1966)

France

* Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1968, 2003), former President of the French Republic

* Lionel Jospin (1996), former Prime Minister of France

* Georges Pompidou (1966), former President of the French Republic

* Dominique de Villepin (2003), former Prime Minister of France

* Laurent Fabius (1994), former Prime Minister of France

* Michel Rocard (1986), former Prime Minister of France

* Pierre Bérégovoy (1992), former Prime Minister of France

* Edouard Balladur (1987), former Prime Minister of France

* Raymond Barre (1983), former Prime Minister of France

* Edgar Faure (1974), former Prime Minister of France

* René Pleven (1963, 1966), former Prime Minister of France

* Pierre Mendes-France (1968), former Prime Minister of France

* Antoine Pinay (1954, 1955, 1963, 1964, 1966), former Prime Minister of France

* Jean-Bernard Raimond (1994), former French Foreign Minister

* Jean Francois-Poncet (1982, 1985, 1988), former French Foreign Minister

* Michel Barnier (2007), former French Foreign Minister

* Hubert Védrine (1987, 1992, 2008), former French Foreign Minister

* Bernard Kouchner (2005), current Minister of Foreign Affairs (France)

* Manuel Valls (2008), French Member of Parliament

* Jean-Pierre Jouyet (2008), French Minister of European Affairs

* Jean-Pierre Chevenement (1984, 1990), former Minister of Defense (France)

* Jacques Attali (1975), French economist and scholar and former presidential adviser of France's socialist government

* Gaston Defferre (1964, 1966), former Mayor of Marseille

* Maurice Herzog (1974), former Mayor of Chamonix

* Philippe Seguin (1990), former Mayor of Epinal

* Jean-Pierre Cot (1977), French politician, former Mayor of Coise

* Olivier Guichard (1966, 1977), French politician, former French Minister of Justice

* Guy Mollet (1954, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1966), former Socialist Prime Minister of France

* Maurice Faure (1955, 1963, 1966)

* Jacques Rueff (1958, 1966)

Belgium

* Paul Van Zeeland (1955-1958, 1966), former Prime Minister of Belgium

* Theo Lefevre (1967), former Prime Minister of Belgium

* Leo Tindemans (1980), former Prime Minister of Belgium

* Wilfried Martens (1989-1991, 1993), former Prime Minister of Belgium

* Jean-Luc Dehaene (2004), former Prime Minister of Belgium

* Philippe Maystadt (1996), former Belgian Minister of Finance

* Etienne Davignon

Netherlands

* Jan-Peter Balkenende (2008), current Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 2002 - present

* Ruud Lubbers (1983, 1991, 1992, 1994), former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1982 - 1994

* Wim Kok (1993, 2003), former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1994 - 2002

* Barend Biesheuvel (1968), former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1971 - 1973

* Jelle Zijlstra (1966, 1975), former Prime Minister of the Netherlands, 1966 - 1967

* Laurens-Jan Brinkhorst (1974, 1981), former Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs

* Max van der Stoel (1980), former Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1973 - 1977, 1981 - 1982

* Jozias van Aartsen (2005), former Dutch Minister of Agriculture, 1994 - 1998, former Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1998 - 2002

* Maxime Verhagen (2006, 2008), current Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2007 - present

* Frank Heemskerk (2007), Dutch Minister of Foreign Trade

* Frans Timmermans (2008), Dutch Minister of European Affairs

* Klaas de Vries (2003), Dutch Member of Parliament

* Ivo Samkalden (1963, 1966), former Mayor of Amsterdam

* Harold Goddijn (2008), CEO of TomTom

Italy

* Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (1987), former President of the Italian Republic, former Governor of the Banca d'Italia

* Francesco Cossiga (1977), former President of the Italian Republic

* Amintore Fanfani (1955, 1956, 1966), former Italian Prime Minister

* Alcide de Gasperi (1954), former Italian Prime Minister

* Claudio Martelli, former Italian Minister of Justice

* Gianni De Michelis (1991), former Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs

* Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa (1986, 1998, 1999, 2008), former Italian Minister of Economy and Finance

* Romano Prodi (Steering Committee Member of Bilderberg in the 1980s), former Italian Prime Minister and former President of the European Commission

* Virginio Rognoni (1982, 1991), former Italian Minister of Defense

* Mariano Rumor (1966), former Italian Prime Minister

* Domenico Siniscalco (1998), former Italian Minister of Economy and Finance

* Giulio Tremonti (2000), current Italian Minister of Economy and Finance

* Walter Veltroni (1996), former Mayor of Rome

* Giorgio La Malfa (1974, 1975), former Member of Parliament

* Guido Colonna di Paliano (1974), former Italian politician and European Commissioner

Spain

* Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma (1999, 2000), president of Madrid

* Joaquin Almunia (1998, 2008), European Commissioner for Economic & Financial Affairs

* Enrique Barón (1988), former President of European Parliament

* Jaime de Carvajal y Urquijo (1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998), CEO, Ford Spain, Ericsson Spain and Banco Urquijo.

* Juan Luis Cebrián (1988, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005), former director of newspaper El País, CEO, Grupo Prisa

* Guillermo de la Dehesa (1989, 1993), CEO, Banco Pastor

* Carlos Ferret Salat (1993), banker

* Manuel Fraga Iribarne (1977), politician, former Secretary General, Alianza Popular

* Felipe Gonzalez (1989), former Prime Minister of Spain (1982-1996)

* Loyola de Palacio (2005), former European Commissioner for Transport

* Jesús de Polanco (1989), CEO, media group PRISA

* Jordi Pujol (1991), former president of the autonomous community of Catalonia

* Rodrigo Rato (1992, 1994), former Second Vice President and Minister of Economy and Finance, and former Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund

* Eduardo Serra Rexach (2004), former Minister of Defense

* Matías Rodríguez Inciarte (1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001-2008), Deputy CEO, Grupo Santander

* Miguel Boyer Salvador (1989), former Finance Minister of Spain

* Miguel Sebastián Gascón (2005), former Chief Economic Adviser to the Prime Minister and Minister of Industry (2008-...)

* Narcís Serra (1990, 1991, 1992), former Minister of Defense, former Vice President of Spain.

* Javier Solana (1985, 1998, 2000), Secretary-General of the Council of the EU, former Secretary-General of NATO

* Pedro Solbes Mira (1999), Second Vice President and Minister of Economy and Finance

* Federico Trillo-Figueroa Martínez-Conde (1995), former Minister of Defense and former president of National Parliament of Spain

* Juan Antonio Yañez-Barnuevo (1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1996), Spanish Permanent Representatives to the United Nations

* Emilio de Ybarra y Churruca (1988, 1989), former CEO, BBVA

* Juan Carlos I de Borbón y Borbón (1989), King of Spain

* Queen Sofía de Grecia (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2003-2005), Queen of Spain, wife of Juan Carlos I, King of Spain

Portugal

* Francisco Pinto Balsemão (1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995-2008) ,[17] former Prime Minister of Portugal, 1981 - 1983 and CEO of Impresa media group

* António Guterres (1990, 2005), former Prime Minister of Portugal, currently the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

* Pedro Santana Lopes (2004), former Prime Minister of Portugal

* José Sócrates (2004), current Prime Minister of Portugal

* Jorge Sampaio (1989, 1999), former President of Portugal

* Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues (2003), former Leader of the Socialist Party

* António Costa (2008), current Mayor of Lisbon

* Rui Rio (2008), current Mayor of Porto

* Jose Pedro Aguiar-Branco (2006),[17] Member of Parliament (PSD)

* Augusto Santos Silva (2006),[17] Minister for Parliamentary Affairs

* Rui Machete (1989), former Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal

* Joaquim do Amaral (1999), Member of Parliament

* Manuel Sarmento Rodrigues (1966)

Greece

* Kostas Karamanlis (1998), current Prime Minister of Greece

* Constantine Mitsotakis (1993), former Prime Minister of Greece

* Georgios Alogoskoufis (2008), former Minister for Economy and Finance (Greece)

* Dora Bakoyannis (2003), current Minister for Foreign Affairs (Greece), former Mayor of Athens

* Anna Diamantopoulou (2008), Member of Parliament in Greece and former EU Commissioner

* George Andreas Papandreou (1998), former Minister for Foreign Affairs (Greece), President of the Socialist International

* Gerasimos Arsenis (1994), former Minister of Defense of Greece

* Stefanos Manos (1986, 1993, 2001), Greek politician

* Andreas Andrianopoulos (1988), former Mayor of Piraeus

Turkey

* Süleyman Demirel (1975), former Prime Minister of Turkey

* Bülent Ecevit (1975), former Prime Minister of Turkey

* Adnan Menderes (1956), former Prime Minister of Turkey

* Mesut Yilmaz (1990), former Prime Minister of Turkey

* Selim Sarper (1966), former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

* Ismail Cem (1989, 1998), former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

* Hikmet Çetin (1995, 2007), former Minister of Foreign Affairs and former leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP)

* Emre Gönensay (1992, 1996, 2007), former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

* Ali Babacan (2003, 2004, 2007, 2008), current Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey

Sweden

* Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006), Prime Minister of Sweden, 2006 - present

* Carl Bildt[4] (1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2006-2008), former Prime Minister of Sweden and current Minister for Foreign Affairs

* Olof Palme (1962, 1966, 1973, 1975, 1984), former Prime Minister of Sweden

* Percy Barnevik (1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001), Businessman

* Mona Sahlin (1996), Chairman of the Swedish Social Democratic Party, (Invited by Percy Barnevik)

* Thorbjörn Fälldin (1978), former Prime Minister of Sweden

* Tage Erlander (1962, 1966), former Prime Minister of Sweden

* Leif Pagrotsky (2001), former Swedish Minister for Education, Research and Culture [1];

* Anders Borg (2007), current Minister for Finance of Sweden

* Herbert Tingsten (1954, 1955, 1966), former Chief Editor, Dagens Nyheter

* Martin Waldenström (1955), Industrialist

* Björn Lundvall (1968, 1975, 1977-1980) (LM Ericsson)

* Anna Lindh (2003), former Minister for Foreign Affairs (Sweden)

* Göran Persson (2001), former Prime Minister of Sweden

* Gunnar Sträng (1973), former Minister for Finance of Sweden

* Krister Wickman (1973, 1974, 1975, 1977), former Minister for Foreign Affairs (Sweden)

* Hans Blix (1989), former Minister for Foreign Affairs (Sweden)

* Maud Olofsson (2008), Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden

Norway

* Gro Harlem Brundtland (1982, 1983), former Prime Minister of Norway

* Kåre Willoch (1966, 1968, 1982, 1987), former Prime Minister of Norway

* Trygve Bratteli (1977), former Prime Minister of Norway

* Jens Stoltenberg, (2002), current Prime Minister of Norway

* Siv Jensen (2006), Chairman Fremskrittspartiet

* Johann Olav Koss (2006)

* Halvard Lange (1964), former Minister of Foreign Affairs (Norway)

* Ole Myrvoll (1974), former Minister of Finance (Norway), former Mayor of Bergen

* Svein Gjedrem (2003), Chairman of Norges Bank 1999 - present

* Dagfinn Varvik (1975), former Chairman, Centre Party (Norway)

Denmark

* Anders Fogh Rasmussen (2003), current Prime Minister of Denmark

* Mogens Lykketoft (1998), former leader of the Social Democrats of Denmark

* Tøger Seidenfaden (1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999), editor-in-chief of Danish newspaper "Politiken"

* Ritt Bjerregaard (1991, 1995), former Danish Secretary of Education, EU Commissioner and currently Mayor of Copenhagen

* Anders Eldrup (2001-2007, 2008), Former permanent secretary to the Ministry of Finance, current CEO, Danish Oil and Gas Corporation (DONG) [citation needed]

* Flemming Rose (2008), cultural editor (Originator of the Muhammed cartoon controversy), Jyllands-Posten

Finland

* Jaakko Iloniemi (1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990-1997)

* Ilkka Suominen (1988)

* Aatos Erkko (1991)

* Jarl Köhler (1992-1994)

* Ulf L. Sundqvist (1992)

* Johannes Koroma (1993)

* Jorma Ollila (1994, 1997-2008), former CEO of Nokia

* Krister Ahlström (1994), former CEO of Ahlstrom

* Georg Ehrnrooth (1994)

* Sirkka Hämäläinen (1994)

* Jaakko Ihamuotila (1994)

* Max Jakobson (1975, 1994)

* Gerhard M. H. Wendt (1994)

* Jukka Harmaja (1995)

* Björn Mattsson (1995)

* Pertti Voutilainen (1995)

* Janne Virkkunen (1998, 2001)

* Olli-Pekka Heinonen (2001)

* Christoffer Taxell (2002)

* Teija H. Tiilikainen (2002-2007)

* Olli Kivinen (2003)

* Björn Whalroos (2003)

* Paula Lehtomäki (2004)

* Erkki Liikanen (1999, 2005)

* Matti Vanhala (1999)

* Pentti Vartia (1999)

* Mikael Pentikäinen (2005)

* Eero Heinäluoma (2006)

* Sixten Korkman (2006)

* Atte Jääskeläinen (2007)

* Kalevi Sorsa (1990), former Prime Minister of Finland

* Esko Aho (1994), former Prime Minister of Finland

* Paavo Lipponen (1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004), former Prime Minister of Finland

* Matti Vanhanen, current Prime Minister of Finland

* Martti Ahtisaari (1994, 1995, 1996), former President of Finland

* Sauli Niinistö (1997)[4], former Minister of Finance (Finland), Speaker of Parliament

* Jyrki Katainen (2007), current Minister of Finance (Finland)

Iceland

* Davíð Oddsson (1987, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999), Prime Minister of Iceland (1991 - 2004), chairman of the board of the Central Bank of Iceland since 2005.

* Geir Hallgrímsson (1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984-1988, 1990), Prime Minister of Iceland (1974 - 1978).

* Björn Bjarnason (1977, 1978, 1982-1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1995), assistant editor of Morgunblaðið (1984 - 1991), Minister of Education (1995 - 2002), Minister for Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs (2003-2009).

Russia

* Anatoly Chubais (1998), Russian politician

* Grigory Alexeyevich Yavlinsky (2004), Russian politician

Slovakia

* Ivan Mikloš (2005), former Deputy Prime Minister of Slovakia

* Marián Šantavý (2008) - hockey star from HC Oranges

Czech Republic

* Karel Schwarzenberg (2008), Czech Minister of Foreign Affairs

* Jirí Pehe (2001), Director, New York University in Prague; former advisor to President Václav Havel

* Michael Žantovský (1999), Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defense and Security, Czech Senate, presently Czech Ambassador in Israel

* Karel Kovanda (1998), Head of Mission of the Czech Republic to NATO and the WEU, presently Deputy Director General responsible for CFSP, Multilateral Relations and North America, East Asia, Australia, New Zealand, EEA, EFTA

Poland

* Joseph Retinger (1954-1960), founder of Bilderberg Group

* Hanna Suchocka (1998), first woman Prime Minister of Poland

* Andrzej Olechowski (1994-1999, 2003), former leader of Civic Platform

* Aleksander Kwasniewski (2008), former President of Poland

Hungary

* János Martonyi (2008), former Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of International Trade Law, Partner, Baker & McKenzie

* Gyorgy Suranyi (1996, 1997, 1999), former President, Hungarian National Bank

Israel

* Natan Sharansky (2005)

Iran

* Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (2006)

Iraq

* Ahmed Chalabi (2006)

New Zealand

* Thomas Clifton Webb (1955)

* Mike Moore (2000)

EU Commissioners

European Union Commissioners who have attended include:

* Joaquin Almunia (1998, 2008), European Commissioner for Economic & Financial Affairs

* José Manuel Barroso (1994, 2003), current President of the European Commission

* Ritt Bjerregaard (1991, 1995), Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and former European Commissioner for Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection[10]

* Frederik Bolkestein (1996, 2003),[18] former European Commissioner

* Emma Bonino (1998)

* Leon Brittan (1992, 1998)

* Hans van den Broek (1986, 1988, 1991, 1995),[10] former European Commissioner

* David Byrne (politician) (2005), former European Commissioner

* Henning Christophersen (1979, 1982, 1983)

* Étienne Davignon (1974, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994-2008), Bilderberg conference chairman in 2005

* Jacques Delors (1992), former President of the European Commission

* Franz Fischler (2001), former European Commissioner

* Walter Hallstein (1955, 1958, 1966), former President of the European Commission

* Neelie Kroes (2005 - 2008), present Commissioner for Competition

* Pascal Lamy (2003)[18]

* Erkki Liikanen (1999, 2005)

* Franco Maria Malfatti (1964, 1966, 1974), former President of the European Commission

* Peter Mandelson (1999[19])

* Sicco Mansholt (1963, 1964, 1966), former President of the European Commission

* Robert Marjolin (1966), former European Commissioner

* Charlie McCreevy (2008), European Commissioner

* Karel Van Miert (1993), former European Commissioner

* Mario Monti (1983-1994, 1996, 1999, 2003[18]) ,former and/or present member of the Bilderberg Steering Committee[10]

* Francois-Xavier Ortoli (1977), former President of the European Commission

* Filippo Pandolfi (1989)

* Lord Patten of Barnes (2007)

* Andris Piebalgs (2006), European Commissioner for Energy

* Romano Prodi, Steering Committee Member of Bilderberg in the 1980s

* Olli Rehn (2007), European Commissioner for Enlargement

* Jean Rey (1966), former President of the European Commission

* Jacques Santer (1991), former President of the European Commission

* Henri Simonet (1971, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982), former Vice Chairman of the European Commission

* Javier Solana (1985, 1998, 2000), High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU)

* Pedro Solbes (1999)

* Gaston Thorn, former President of the European Commission

* Günter Verheugen (1995)

* António Vitorino (1996)

UN, WTO, NATO and other International Organizations

* Josette Sheeran (2007), Executive Director of United Nations World Food Programme

* Kurt Waldheim, former United Nations Secretary-General

* Kemal Dervis (2002), current United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Administrator

* Ad Melkert (1996), current UNDP Associate Administrator

* Thorvald Stoltenberg (1973, 1982, 1994, 1995), former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

* Muhammad Zafrulla Khan (1955, 1966), Pakistani politician, diplomat and international jurist

* Knut Vollebæk (2008), OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities

* Eric Wyndham White (1964, 1966), former Director-General of the World Trade Organization

* Arthur Dunkel (1991), former Director-General of the World Trade Organization

* Mike Moore (2000), former Director-General of the World Trade Organization

* Renato Ruggiero (1986, 1987, 1990-1996), former Director-General of the World Trade Organization

* Jaap de Hoop Scheffer (2003, 2008), current Secretary General of NATO

* George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen (1998), former Secretary General of NATO[10]

* Willy Claes (1994, 1995, 2003), former Secretary General of NATO

* Manfred Wörner (1982, 1985, 1990-1993), former Secretary General of NATO

* Joseph Luns (1964, 1966-1968, 1971, 1973-1975, 1977, 1978-1984), former Secretary General of NATO

* Manlio Brosio (1965-1967), former Secretary General of NATO

* Dirk Stikker (1964, 1966), former Secretary General of NATO

* Paul-Henri Spaak (1963, 1966), former Secretary General of NATO

* Hastings Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay (1955), former Secretary General of NATO

Military

* Terence Airey (1955, 1966), Military Governor of Trieste

* Colin Gubbins (1955, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966), head of the British SOE[20]

* Hans Speidel (1964, 1966), former World War II and Cold War general

Corporate

Financial institutions

* Hermann Josef Abs (1958, 1966), former Chairman of Deutsche Bank

* Josef Ackermann (2005, 2008), CEO of Deutsche Bank

* Wilfrid S. Baumgartner (1963-1968, 1971, 1974, 1975), former Governor, Banque de France

* Ben S. Bernanke (2008), current Chairman of the Federal Reserve

* Michel Camdessus, former IMF Managing Director

* Guido Carli (1958, 1965, 1966, 1975, 1977, 1987), former Governor of the Banca d'Italia

* Tim Collins (financier) (2003, 2008), founder, Chief Executive Officer of Ripplewood Holdings LLC

* E. Gerald Corrigan (1994), former President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, current Goldman Sachs Managing Director

* Mario Draghi (1994, 1995, 2004, 2008), current Governor of the Banca d'Italia

* Wim Duisenberg (1977, 1978-1983, 1986), former President of the European Central Bank

* Otmar Emminger (1966), former President of the Deutsche Bundesbank

* Timothy F. Geithner (2004, 2008), current President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York

* Dermot Gleeson (1995, 2008), Chairman of Allied Irish Banks

* Alan Greenspan (2002), former Chairman of the Federal Reserve

* Alfred Herrhausen (1978-1985, 1987, 1988), German banker, former Chairman of Deutsche Bank

* André Action Diakité Jackson (2002), Chairman of JFPI Corporation

* Kenneth Jacobs (2007, 2008), Deputy Chairman, Lazard Frères & Co. LLC

* Per Jacobsson (1957), former IMF Managing Director

* James A. Johnson (businessman) (1998, 2008), Vice Chairman, Perseus, LLC

* Mervyn A. King (2003), current Governor of the Bank Of England

* Cyril Kleinwort (1966, 1971), former Chairman, Kleinwort Benson

* Hilmar Kopper (1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998-2003, 2005), former CEO of Deutsche Bank

* Alexandre Lamfalussy (1983, 1986, 1988, 1992), former General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements

* Thomas S. Lamont (1957), former Vice Chairman, Morgan Guaranty Trust

* Jacques de Larosière (1982), former Governor of the Banque de France

* Rene Larre (1974), former Director, Bank for International Settlements

* William J McDonough (1997)[4], former President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

* Tom McKillop (2008), Chairman, The Royal Bank of Scotland Group

* Karl Otto Pöhl (1982, 1991), former President of the Deutsche Bundesbank

* Jürgen Ponto (1975), German banker, former Chairman of Dresdner Bank

* John Francis Prideaux (1974), former Chairman, National Westminster Bank

* Louis Rasminsky (1968), former Governor of the Bank of Canada

* Rodrigo Rato (1992, 1994), former IMF Managing Director

* Gordon Richardson (1966, 1975),[21] former Governor of the Bank of England

* David Rockefeller, CEO of Chase Manhattan Bank

* Robert Roosa (1966), former Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman

* Emma Rothschild (1995)

* Sir Evelyn de Rothschild (1983, 1998)

* Guy de Rothschild (1974)

* Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild

* Lynn Forester de Rothschild (1998)

* Rudolf Scholten (1992, 1999-2001, 2003-2008), CEO of Oesterreichische Kontrollbank

* Pierre-Paul Schweitzer (1964, 1966), former IMF Managing Director

* George Soros (1990, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2002)

* Dominique Strauss-Kahn (2000), Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and member of the social-democrat Socialist Party of France

* Gerald Thompson (1974), former Chairman, Kleinwort Benson

* Jean-Claude Trichet (1995, 1999, 2008), current President of the European Central Bank

* Anthony Tuke (1974), former President, Barclays Bank

* Alfons Verplaetse (1990), former Governor of the National Bank of Belgium

* Paul Volcker (1982, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1997)[4], former Chairman of the Federal Reserve

* Marcus Wallenberg (1996, 1997), current Chairman of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, former CEO of Investor AB

* Jacob Wallenberg (1998, 2008), current Chairman of Investor AB, former Chairman of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken

* Siegmund Warburg (1966, 1977), founder of S. G. Warburg & Co.

* Eric Warburg (1957), founder of Warburg Pincus

* James Wolfensohn (1985, 1987, 1988, 1989-1999, 2004, 2008), former President of the World Bank Group

* Walter Wriston (1964, 1966), former Chairman, Citibank

Major corporations

* Giovanni Agnelli (1958, 1963, 1964, 1966-1968, 1973-1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1985, 1987-1998, 2000), former CEO of Fiat

* Otto Wolff von Amerongen (1955, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966-1968, 1971, 1973-1975, 1977-1980, 1982-2001), CEO of Otto Wolff Group (today: Part of ThyssenKrupp)

* Dwayne Andreas (1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987-1996), Chairman and CEO of Archer Daniels Midland

* Percy Barnevik (1992-1996, 1997,[4] 2001), former CEO of ASEA

* Anders Björgerd (1973, 1982), former deputy CEO of Sydkraft AB

* Lloyd Blankfein (2007), CEO of Goldman Sachs

* Ian Bremmer (2007), President of Eurasia Group

* Lord Browne of Madingley (1995, 1997,[4] 2004), Chief Executive BP

* Gerhard Cromme (2000), former CEO and Chairman of ThyssenKrupp

* Paul Desmarais (1982)

* Paul Desmarais, Jr. (2006, 2008), Chairman and co-CEO of Power Corporation of Canada

* John Elkann (2008), vice chairman of Fiat and the Agnelli Group investment company IFIL

* Louis V. Gerstner (1994, 1997), former Chairman of IBM, current Chairman of The Carlyle Group

* Maurice R. Greenberg (1989-1991), former Chairman and CEO of American International Group

* H. J. Heinz II (1954)[9], CEO of H. J. Heinz Company

* Paul Hermelin (2007), CEO of Capgemini

* Daniel Janssen (1971, 1973-1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1995), former Chairman of the Executive Committee, Solvay (company), former vice president of the board, Union Chimique Belge, member of the European Round Table of Industrialists, member of Trilateral Commission executive committee

* James Kimsey (2006), co-founder, CEO, and first chairman of America Online (AOL)

* Andrew Knight (1978, 1980-1985, 1987-1996), Director of News Corporation, 1991-present, CEO of News International, 1900-1994, CEO and Editor-in-Chief The Daily Telegraph Group, Editor of The Economist, 1974-1984

* Klaus Kleinfeld (2008), CEO of Siemens AG

* Rahmi Koç (1994), Turkish business tycoon

* Idar Kreutzer (2007), CEO of Storebrand

* Craig Mundie (2008), chief research and strategy officer at Microsoft

* Egil Myklebust (1997, 2006, 2008), Chairman of the Board of SAS Group

* Stavros Niarchos (1967, 1968), Greek shipping tycoon

* Harald Norvik (2006), former CEO of Statoil

* Jorma Ollila (1997,[4] 2005, 2008), Chairman of Royal Dutch Shell and Nokia Corporation

* Eivind Reiten (2000), former CEO of Norsk Hydro

* Eric E. Schmidt (2007, 2008), Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Google

* Jürgen E. Schrempp (1994-1996, 1997,[4] 1998, 1999, 2001-2005, 2006, 2007), former CEO of DaimlerChrysler

* Ekkehard Schulz (2002, 2005, 2006), CEO of ThyssenKrupp

* Peter Sutherland (1989-1996, 1997,[4] 2005), former Chairman of BP

* Sidney Taurel (2007), Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Eli Lilly

* Martin Taylor (1993-1996, 1997),[4] former CEO, Barclays

* Peter A. Thiel (2007, 2008), Co-Founder, PayPal

* Daniel Vasella (1998, 1999, 2005, 2008), Chairman and CEO of Novartis

* Jürgen Weber (2004), Chairman of Lufthansa Airline

* Klaus Zumwinkel (2002-2006), former CEO of Deutsche Post AG

University, institute and other academic

* Heather Munroe-Blum (1997), Principal and Vice-Chancellor, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

* Marie-Josée Kravis (1998, 1999, 2008), Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute

* C. Fred Bergsten (1971, 1974, 1984, 1997)[4], President, Peterson Institute

* Walter Isaacson (2004), President, Aspen Institute

* Bruce MacLaury (1977), former President, Brookings Institution

* Victor Halberstadt (1975, 1977, 1978-1999, 2008), Professor of Economics, Leiden University, Former Honorary Secretary General of Bilderberg Meetings, Netherlands

* Klaus Schwab (1995-1997), founder of the World Economic Forum

* Laurence Parisot (2007), Head of French MEDEF

* Marshall McLuhan, Canadian Professor of English literature, literary critic, and communications theorist

* Michael Boskin (1991), Professor of Economics and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution

* William Kristol (1995), co-founder of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), member of the American Enterprise Institute, the Manhattan Institute and the Ethics and Public Policy Center

* Graham Allison (1970, 1971, 1974, 2007), Harvard political scientist and leading analyst of U.S. national security and defense policy with a special interest in nuclear weapons and terrorism

* Eberhard Sandschneider (2004), political scientist, Director of the Research Institute of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für auswärtige Politik, expert on China

* Fouad Ajami (2006, 2008), Director, Middle East Studies Program, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

* Barnett Rubin (2008), Director of Studies and Senior Fellow, Center for International Cooperation, New York University

* Chester A. Crocker (2008), James R. Schlesinger Professor of Strategic Studies

* Martha Farah (2008), Director, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience; Walter H. Annenberg Professor in the Natural Sciences, University of Pennsylvania

* Roger Martin (2008), Dean, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto

* Jeffrey Sachs (1990), Professor, Harvard University

* John Polanyi (1991), Professor of Chemistry, University of Toronto

* Gerald L. Curtis (1990), Professor of Political Science, Columbia University

* Aurelio Peccei (1963, 1964, 1966-1968), founder of the Club of Rome

* Lester Thurow (1977), Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School, former Dean, MIT Sloan School of Management

* Paul Samuelson (1966, 1970), American Economist, Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

* Andrew W. Cordier (1966, 1970), former President of Columbia University

* Theodore M. Hesburgh (1975), former President, University of Notre Dame

* Paul McCracken (1975), University of Michigan

* Marshall Shulman (1964, 1966)

* Kingman Brewster, Jr. (1966), former President, Yale University

* Stanley Hoffmann (1967)

* Ralf Dahrendorf (1974, 1975, 1977)

Media

* Michael Barone (pundit) (2007), journalist

* Frederick S. Beebe (1967), former Chairman, Washington Post

* John G. Bernander (2002), former head of the Norwegian national broadcaster NRK

* Lord Black of Crossharbour (1981, 1983, 1985-1996, 1997) [4],Telegraph Chairman

* Oscar Bronner (2005-2007, 2008), Editor of the Austrian newspaper Der Standard

* William F. Buckley, Jr. (1975, 1996), founder of National Review and former host of Firing Line

* Hubert Burda (1997, 1998, 2001, 2003, 2005-2007), Owner and CEO of Hubert Burda Media

* Phillip Crawley (2006), Globe and Mail Publisher

* Mathias Döpfner (2005-2007), CEO of Axel Springer AG, editing amongst others Die Welt and Bild

* Hedley Donovan (1966)

* Esther Dyson (2007), commentator on emerging digital technology

* Osborn Elliott (1971), former Editor in Chief, Newsweek

* Paul Finney (1977), former Managing Editor, Business Week

* Donald E. Graham (1999, 2008), Chairman of the Board of The Washington Post Company

* Katharine Graham, former Publisher and Chairman of The Washington Post Company

* Henry Grunwald (1974), former Managing Editor, Time (magazine)

* Josef Joffe (1993, 2006), Publisher of Die Zeit

* Rupert Murdoch (1982, 1988)

* Christine Ockrent (1984, 2007, 2008), former first anchor of the 8pm news on the Antenne 2 French TV channel

* Anthony O'Reilly (1983), Irish media tycoon

* Norman Podhoretz (1996), Editor, Commentary

* George Stephanopoulos (1996, 1997[4]), ABC News's Chief Washington Correspondent, host of ABC's This Week, senior political adviser to the 1992 U.S. presidential campaign of Bill Clinton and former communications director for Clinton.

* Arthur Hays Sulzberger (1956, 1957, 1966)

* Cyrus L. Sulzberger (1966, 1975)

* Arthur Taylor (1977), former President, CBS

* Ben J. Wattenberg (1982)

* Mortimer Zuckerman (1994), publisher/owner of the New York Daily News, current Editor-in-Chief of U.S. News & World Report

Journalists

* Alexandre Adler (2003), French conservative journalist

* Paul Gigot (1996, 2008), Editor of the Editorial Page of The Wall Street Journal 2003- present

* Martin Wolf (1999-2001, 2003-2006), Financial Times columnist

* Juan Luis Cebrián (1983, 1985, 1987-1990, 1993, 2008), Ex-director of El País Spanish daily newspaper and CEO of PRISA Group

* Will Hutton (1997)[6]

* Peter Jennings (1995)

* George Will (1978, 1981)

* Charlie Rose (2002, 2008)

* Fareed Zakaria (2002, 2005)

* Andrea Mitchell (2002)

* Lesley Stahl (1989, 1997)

* Thomas L. Friedman (1995, 2003)

* Bill D. Moyers (1967, 1968, 1971, 1973)

* Jim Hoagland (1993, 1998, 1999, 2002)

* Joseph Kraft (1967)

* James Reston (1966)

* Max Frankel (1966)

* Tom Wicker (1968)

* Vendeline A. H. von Bredow (2006-2008), Business Correspondent for The Economist

* Adrian Wooldridge (2004-2008), Foreign Correspondent for The Economist

Other

* Guest at the 2003 Bilderberg Meeting included Carlos M. Collazo;

* Guests at the 2004 Bilderberg Meeting included Melinda Gates, and Mario Draghi;

* Guests at the 2005 Bilderberg Meeting included Vernon Jordan and Mark Warner and may also have included, according to the Financial Times of 2 May, Natan Sharansky and Bernard Kouchner;

* Guests at the 2006 Bilderberg Meeting included Vernon Jordan, George Pataki, Richard Perle, Dennis Ross, and prominent Canadians Paul Desmarais, Frank McKenna, Heather Reisman and Globe and Mail publisher Phillip Crawley. Other international guests included Mahmood Sariolghalam (Iran National University), Siv Jensen, leader of Norwegian political party Fremskrittspartiet, Johann Olav Koss, and chairman of Scandinavian Airlines, Egil Myklebust;

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Bilderberg_attendees

http://www.infowars.com/wikipedia-threatens-to-delete-list-of-bilderberg

Tony,

You may find some of the information in my blogs of some interest, especially the "New World Moral Order" map published in Philadelphia in early 1942 and some information accompanying it. Chicago Tribune articles on the Rhodes Scholars from the mid-20th also strikes home for all interested in identifying the globalist organizations undermining liberty.

Rick

18th Century Liberal

21st Century Reactionary

http://PhreedomPhan-lostliberty.blogspot.com

http://phreedomphan-americasenemies.blogspot.com


PEPIS#104 CBS News scrutinises Obama cabinet/Bilderberg links

Subject: PEPIS#104 CBS News scrutinises Obama cabinet/Bilderberg links

1. New York We Are Change voxpopping about Bilderberg in Times Square.

2. CBS News scrutinises Obama cabinet's Bilderberg links

3. My post about preventing violence and Agents Provocateurs at the forthcoming G20 summit demo

1. New York We Are Change voxpopping about Bilderberg in Times Square.

New York We Are Change voxpopping about Bilderberg in Times Square. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSIcOdmCvuk

This video was premiered on our new live video show http://www.mogulus.com/wearechangelive its rebroadcasting right now

Tune in every Sunday 3pm Eastern US time to get the latest CHANGE news from Robert Wanik and Luke Rudkowski live.

WeAreChange hits the streets to talk to people in Time Square about the current states of America.

keep spreading this video - people need to see it and realize how dumbed down society is and how to educate people.! Rate it, Email it, Favorite it, Message it, and Share it.

don't be silent get the word out!

http://www.wearechange.org

http://www.nwoalert.com

http://www.infowars.com

WeAreChange would like to acknowledge that we do not support or endorse Spotlight' magazine.The views described by the people being interviewed represent themselves and not the wearechange organization

part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nnLmWHKK4TY

2. CBS News scrutinises Obama cabinet's Bilderberg links

Politico: Many Of The President's Nominees Are Part Of A Secret Elite International Group Known As Bilderbergers

'It turns out that Sebelius - like top administration economists Timothy Geithner, Larry Summers and Paul Volcker, as well as leading Obama diplomats Richard Holbrooke and Dennis Ross - is a Bilderberger. That is, she is someone who has participated in the annual invitation- only conference held by an elite international organization known as the Bilderberg group. The group, which takes its name from the Dutch hotel where it held its first meeting in 1954, exists solely to bring together between 100 and 150 titans of politics, finance, military, industry, academia and media from North America and Western Europe once a year to discuss world affairs. It doesn't issue policy statements or resolutions, nor does it hold any events other than an annual meeting.'

Conspiracy Theorists Scrutinize Obama Ties Politico: Many Of The President's Nominees Are Part Of A Secret Elite International Group Known As Bilderbergers WASHINGTON March 15, 2009 (The Politico) This story was written by Kenneth P. Vogel. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/03/15/politics/politico/main48665...

The highest levels of the Obama administration are infested with members of a shadowy, elitist cabal intent on installing a one-world government that subverts the will of the American people.

It sounds crazy, but that's what a group of very persistent conspiracy theorists insists, and they point to President Obama's nominee for Health and Human Services Secretary, Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius, as the latest piece of evidence supporting their claims.

It turns out that Sebelius - like top administration economists Timothy Geithner, Larry Summers and Paul Volcker, as well as leading Obama diplomats Richard Holbrooke and Dennis Ross - is a Bilderberger. That is, she is someone who has participated in the annual invitation- only conference held by an elite international organization known as the Bilderberg group.

The group, which takes its name from the Dutch hotel where it held its first meeting in 1954, exists solely to bring together between 100 and 150 titans of politics, finance, military, industry, academia and media from North America and Western Europe once a year to discuss world affairs. It doesn't issue policy statements or resolutions, nor does it hold any events other than an annual meeting.

Past participants have included Margaret Thatcher, who attended the 1975 meeting at Turkey's Golden Dolphin Hotel, former media mogul Conrad Black, who has been to more than a dozen conferences, and Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, Condoleezza Rice, Donald Rumsfeld, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, King Juan Carlos of Spain and top officials of BP, IBM, Barclays and the Bank of England.

It is precisely that exclusive roster of globally influential figures that has captured the interest of an international network of conspiracists, who for decades have viewed the Bilderberg conference as a devious corporate-globalist scheme.

The fulminating is aggravated by Obama's preference for surrounding himself with well-credentialed, well-connected, and well-traveled elites. His personnel choices have touched a populist, even paranoid nerve among those who are convinced powerful elites and secret societies are moving the planet toward a new world order.

Their worldview, characterized by a deep and angry suspicion of the ruling class rather than any prevailing partisan or ideological affiliation, is widely articulated on overnight AM radio shows and a collection of Internet websites.

The video sharing website YouTube alone is home to thousands of Bilderberg-related videos.

"I don't laugh at the people who claim that they understand the connections, but I've never really spent much time tracing that through," said Rep. Ron Paul (R-Texas), a former presidential candidate whose libertarian sensibilities have made him a darling of the Bilderberg conspiracists.

"The one thing that concerns me is that the people who surround Obama or Bush generally come from the same philosophic viewpoint and they have their organizations - they have the Trilateral Commission, the CFR [Council on Foreign Relations] and the Bilderbergers, and they've been around a long time. And my biggest concern is what they preach: Keynesian economics and interventionism and world planning," he said.

While it's easy to dismiss the Bilder-busters as cranks, these voices have a way of making themselves heard on the margins of the debate in ways that can prove to be a real, if minor, distraction to Obama's political team. Bill Clinton had trouble shaking rumors that he was behind a shady criminal syndicate operating out of the Mena airport. George W. Bush was sometimes portrayed as the puppet of clandestine Middle Eastern oil interests.

Obama's selection of numerous Bilderbergers for key posts "certainly would verify their suspicions," said Paul, referring to fears of the group's influence.

"And I don't think it's just Obama. Whether t's the Republicans or the Democrats - Goldman Sachs generally has somebody in treasury. And the big banks generally have somebody in the Federal Reserve. And they're international people, too. And they're probably working very hard this weekend, with the G20. And they get involved in the IMF. But that is their stated goal. They do believe in a powerful centralized government and we believe in the opposite."

One popular website, "Prison Planet," greeted Sebelius' nomination with the headline "Obama Picks Bilderberger for Health Secretary."

It's obvious why Bilderberg is a frequent target of conspiracy theorists, who've credited it with anointing aspiring presidents, selecting their running mates, creating the European Union and instigating the war in Iraq and the bombing of Serbia, among other coups.

Bilderberg meetings are closed to the press, participants are asked not to publicly discuss the proceedings and the attendee list is only occasionally released. As a result, the group has come to be viewed as a more publicity-shy cousin to the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations - other influential international think tanks that are staples of fringe group conversation.

Unlike Bilderberg, though, those organizations have opened their proceedings to public scrutiny, maintain websites and have long listed their members.

The Bilderberg group, in a rare press release last year, laid out a benign if vague mission: creating "a better understanding of the complex forces and major trends affecting Western nations."

"Bilderberg is a small, flexible, informal and off-the-record international forum in which different viewpoints can be expressed and mutual understanding enhanced," read the press release, which noted that a list of participants would be available by phone request between 9:00 AM and 5:00 PM on the second and third days of the conference.

The Bilderberg conspiracists first pounced on the Obama connection during the 2008 campaign, when news leaked in May that the candidate, who at the time was closing in on the Democratic presidential nomination, had initially tapped former Fannie Mae chairman Jim Johnson, a top Bilderberger, to help him select a running mate.

IRS filings show that Johnson as recently as 2006 was the treasurer of a non-profit group called American Friends of Bilderberg. The group has raised hundreds of thousands of dollars over the years to pay for meetings--including $125,000 in total contributions from Bilderberg stalwarts Henry Kissinger and David Rockefeller in 2005 and 2006 plus $25,000 in 2005 from the Washington Post, whose chairman Don Graham has attended in the past.

Johnson did not return a message inquiring about his role at Bilderberg.

"The news further puts to rest any delusions that Bilderberg is a mere talking shop where no decisions are made," reported Prison Planet. "It also ridicules once again any notion that an Obama presidency would bring `change' to the status quo of America being ruled by an unelected corporate and military-industrial complex elite."

One month later, in June, Johnson was joined at the 2008 Bilderberg meeting by Geithner, Holbrooke, Summers and Ross, as well as Obama's first choice for HHS secretary, Tom Daschle, and Sebelius, who at the time was included on some short lists of prospective Obama running mates and who also attended the 2007 meeting in Istanbul, Turkey.

According to the Bilderberg press release, the meeting was designed to "deal mainly with a nuclear free world, cyber terrorism, Africa, Russia, finance, protectionism, US-EU relations, Afghanistan and Pakistan, Islam and Iran." Approximately two-thirds of the 140 expected attendees came from Europe, according to the release, and the rest from North America.

Had the meeting been held outsie the United States, that might have been the end of the Obama angle. But the conference, which took place from June 5 through 8, was held at a heavily guarded hotel in Chantilly, Va. in suburban Washington-coincidentally overlapping with an Obama campaign event in the area.

While Obama's schedule indicated he was to fly home to Chicago for the weekend-and journalists were herded on a campaign plane under the impression they were headed there along with Obama-the future president slipped away for a private meetings and never actually boarded the flight. As it turned out, Obama secretly met that evening with Hillary Rodham Clinton in Washington, D.C., but not before raising alarms among the Bilder-busters, who were convinced something was rotten in Chantilly.

Prison Planet connected the dots and concluded Obama and Clinton met at the Bilderberg meeting, declaring that "the complete failure of the mainstream media to report on the fact, once again betrays the super- secretive nature and influential reputation that the 54-year-old organization still maintains."

"It is now seems increasingly likely that the secret meetings with Bilderberg this weekend will herald the decision to name Hillary Clinton as Obama's VP candidate," predicted a sister site, Infowars.net.

Even the snarky D.C.-based Wonkette blog weighed in, half-seriously positing that "really, it sounds like" Obama and Clinton rendezvoused "at that creepy Bilderberg Group meeting, which is happening now, and which is so secret that nobody will admit they're going, even though everybody who is anybody goes to Bilderberg."

Curiously, though, the episode wasn't the first time a Bilderberg meeting intersected with vice presidential selection machinations.

In 2004, both Time magazine and the New York Times noted that then- Sen. John Edwards (D-N.C) had impressed Bilderbergers at that year's conference in Stresa, Italy-roughly one month prior to his selection as Sen. John Kerry's (D-Mass.) running mate-- when Edwards debated Republican Ralph Reed. Then, as in 2008, Jim Johnson led the vice presidential vetting.

Time reported that then-Sen. Jon Corzine (D-N.J.) and Holbrooke attended and called Kerry "with rave reviews" about Edwards' debate skills.

In its tick-tock of the vice-presidential selection process, the New York Times also noted the Bilderberg effect.

"His performance at Bilderberg was important," a friend of Kerry told the Times. "He reported back directly to Kerry. There were other reports on his performance. Whether they reported directly or indirectly, I have no doubt the word got back to Mr. Kerry about how well he did."

An attendee of the 2004 meeting dismissed the notion that Edwards' Bilderberg performance helped land him on the Democratic ticket.

"It wasn't because of his performance at the meeting - he was at the meeting because he was going to get picked" said the attendee, who did not want to be identified breaching Bilderberg's off-the-record rule. "He was there as a surrogate for Kerry" and to boost his foreign policy bona fides, said the attendee.

Either way, the attendee contended, the Bilderberg conspiracy theories don't make sense on their face, if only because the wide array of ideologies represented would make it difficult to reach consensus.

"There were so many different people there with so many different viewpoints that it belied the opportunity to really conspire, because obviously a Kissinger and a [prominent neoconservative Richard] Perle are going to come down in a very different place than say a Holbrooke or a Johnson," the attendee said.

Besides, the attendee observed, it's almost impossible to name a Bilderberger-free Cabinet.

"You'd be hard pressed to find an administration that hasn't reahed into those ranks into the last 20, 30, 40 years."

By Kenneth P. Vogel

and AOL

Have you ever heard of the Bilderberg group?

No 71%

Yes 29%

Total Votes: 215,349

Does it sound suspicious to you at all?

Yes 69%

No 31%

Total Votes: 201,293

Conspiracists Push 'Bilderberger' Theory

(March 15) - Another conspiracy theory surrounding President Barack Obama is making the rounds, according to Politico.com.

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=4268

http://news.aol.com/article/bilderberger-conspiracy/382953

The latest one contends that many top officials in Obama's administration are involved in a clandestine global cabal bent on creating a one-world government that supersedes the United States.

For decades, conspiracy theorists have viewed the Bilderberg group, an international organization made up of political, financial, academic and military heavyweights that comes together annually to discuss world affairs, as similar to the Trilateral Commission or the Council on Foreign Relations -- two groups comprised of influential movers and shakers who, some say, control world events from behind the scenes.

And now, some in the Obama administration who have taken part in Bilderberg conferences in the past are gaining attention for their alleged involvement in a secret bid for worldwide domination.........

3. My post about preventing violence and Agents Provocateurs at the forthcoming G20 summit demo in London hidden by anonymous UK Indymedia editor 'FreeThePeeps'

http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2009/03/424253.html?c=all

G20 Flashpoint? Will demo be deliberately turned into a violent event?

Will G20 demo be deliberately turned into a violent event facilitating a right-wing clampdown on Civil Liberties in Britain? Will the G20 demonstration end up alienating hard-working activsts from the great bulk of the public whose support they need if their actions are to have any wider resonance?

Inspector Chris Dreyfus - Provocateur?

picture

Will G20 demo be deliberately turned into a violent event? http://groups.yahoo.com/group/diggers350/message/2180

Apologies if this comes across as patronising but it is so important to have at critique of this big up-and-coming event.

Please be aware that this event is likely to be riddled with Police, Mafia/Organised Crime and Intelligence services' Agents Provocateurs. The way they work is to infiltrate and influence genuine activist groups and they are almost entirely unaccountable.

Those lawless fanatics who want World War Three to get going as soon as possible are probably already looking closely at this event to make it as violent as possible, for innocent people to be hurt and to use that in the press as an excuse for yet further clampdowns on hard won Civil Liberties in Britain.

My own personal feeling is that unless all organisers make it absolutely clear that there will be no toleration of ANY violence, or risk of violence, against the person as well as serious stewarding and report-back measures in place to prevent agents provocateurs inflitrating the event then I would not take an active part. Organisers should consider showing they are not being influenced and manipulated by outside forces, by showing their organisational committment to proactive non-violence.

Please remember that the 7/7 London Bombings (that many believe to be a 'false flag' attack facilitated by the Israeli Defence Force) also took place at the time of a big international conference.

BT 4.1, 7/7 London Bombings - investigative terror documentary

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1898995800774523510

Israeli Connections to the London Tube Bombs.

http://aangirfan.blogspot.com/2009/02/israeli-connections-to-london-t...

Tony

see also

George Galloway exposes Police Agent Provocateur

http://chimesofreedom.blogspot.com/2008/06/george-galloway-exposes-po... html

Agent provocateur - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_provocateur


22Jan09 - PEPIS#103 - The Pinay Cercle, NATO Intelligence cabal

PEPIS#103 - Intelligence cabal book - The Pinay Cercle

See also the rare texts on witchcraft, satanism and black magic by RAF WWII war cabinet officer and author Dennis Wheatley below. Published on the web here for the first time.

1. New Pinay Cercle exposee - published web-first

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?p=129753#129753

Cercle researcher resurfaces after 15 years to finish and publish book

David Teacher's ROGUE AGENTS: The Cercle Pinay complex 1951 - 1991 - November 8, 2008

"Formed in the Fifties... One of the most influential, secretive, and, it goes without saying, exclusive political clubs in the West... One member contacted by this newspaper said he could not talk about it "even off, off the record". Another simply put the phone down... The source of its funding is a mystery..."

- June 29, 1997, The Independent, 'Aitken dropped by the Right's secret club', one of the very few mainstream reports on Le Cercle.

Back in 1988 and 1989 Lobster Magazine published two major articles on a secretive group of French origin called the Pinay Cercle. These articles were written by David Teacher, a translator at the European Union. In 1991 Lobster Magazine announced that David would soon finish up a book on the Cercle, to be published in both French and English. Unfortunately the book never appeared (for reasons that have only become clear now), and Robin Ramsay, the editor of Lobster, lost contact with the author.

Fast forward to 2008: David Teacher, living in Geneva as an international administrator, discovers the ISGP website and the Cercle article on it. As a result he has decided to update and finish his original manuscript and allow it to be published here. The book gives great insight into the Paneuropean Right (what ISGP has been calling the Vatican- Pauneuropa network), and is a perfect addition to the information on this site. I suggest you download it, print it, read it, and spread it around.

Download now: ROGUE AGENTS: The Cercle Pinay complex 1951 - 1991, in PDF format. (right-click to save to harddisk) [December 6, 2008, final version of book]

http://www.isgp.eu/organisations/Rogue_Agents_the_Cercle_Pinay_complex_1951_1991.pdf

The purpose of the Project for the Exposure of Hidden Institutions (PEHI) is to put together the entire spectrum of highly influential but low-profile organizations which appear to shape the world from behind the scenes. It's a grass-roots effort carried out by a person with absolutely zero "inside" sources. Although information will continue to be gathered on such organizations as Le Cercle, the 1001 Club, and the Pilgrims Society, in the future focus will shift to more loose networks and other, related topics. http://www.isgp.eu/

MODERN WITCHCRAFT

Robert Graves

Witches have made headlines recently both in Germany and England. Mob violence is reported from Franconia, a Catholic province with a somewhat backward peasant population, against half-crazed old women accused of bewitching their neighbours. Farmer Sepp's best cow dies mysteriously, lice infest his house, his well dries up, his wife miscarries. Who is to blame? Old Mitzi, of course, who lives at the end of the land and once mumbled something nasty when Farmer Sepp accused her of stealing his apples. Nobody likes Old Mitzi, and the cat is doubtless a demonic familiar.

Julius Streicher, Nazi editor of Der Sturmer and Gauleiter of Franconia, exploited these old-fashioned witch-hunting instincts when he blamed the Jews for all Germany's ills. Now that the Jews have all gone, peasants vent their spite on witches again.

The sudden spread of organized witch groups in modem Britain follows naturally from Dr. Margaret Murray's anthropological studies, Witchcraft in Western. Europe and The God of the Witches, published a generation ago. She surprised her readers by -presenting witches as members of an ancient British fertility cult - akin to those of Greece, Italy and Germany - whom the Christians persecuted for their stubborn traditionalism and who, despite all witness to the contrary, were harmless enough.

Until then, the popular view of witches had been the semi-comic Victorian one of the old crones in steeple hats riding through the moonlit air on brooms. Witch-hunts were ascribed to mass-hysteria, like the frequent reports of flying saucers a few years ago; and lawyers could smile at our famous legal authority, Blackstone of The Commentaries, who wrote: 'To deny the possibility, nay, the actual existence of witchcraft, is to contradict the revealed world of God.' Blackstone had in mind I Samuel xxviii, 7-25, when the Witch of Endor raised up Samuel's ghost for Saul. But he can have placed little reliance in the confessions of supposed witches, extorted under the Witchcraft Act of 1541 by inquisitors armed with the official handbook, Malleus Maleficarum, or Hammer of Witches. Witch trials had been a public scandal at the time, although Elizabeth's inquisitors did not use the rack, hot tongs, tooth-drawing, or other crude Continental methods which violated English Common Law.

The witch's alleged crimes - of blasting crops, producing abortions in women and impotence in men, causing murrain among cattle, raising gales to wreck ships, killing by use of wax images or direct means - were all subsidiary to a greater sin of a pact with the Devil. Confession of this sin was readily obtained by anticipation of modern brain-washing techniques.

The word witch derives from the Anglo-Saxon wicca, 'a magician who weakens the power of evil'; and it was held that these 'powers of evil' could be identified and weakened only by a priest. A witch was taking too much on himself by his spells. Before the Norman Conquest, however, a proved witch had merely to do penance, though in some cases for as much as seven years; it was not until 1562 that he could be condemned to death. Many thousands of witches were then hanged: most charges being prompted by fear, malice, revenge, hope of gain, or sheer fanaticism - just as, in war¬time, spies are seen everywhere. King James I intervened personally at the trial of the North Berwick witches, who confessed that they had attempted to wreck his ship by throwing a christened cat into the sea. This offended his common sense, and he shouted out that they lied. But Agnes Sampson, a leader of the coven answered quietly that she did not wish him to think her a liar. Drawing James aside, she repeated word for word the conversation which had passed between him and his Danish queen in bed on their wedding night. Such manifest proof of second sight tilled him with fear: and the witches were accordingly hanged.

Witch-hunting in England was largely the sport of Puritans. They took to heart the Mosaic command in Exodus xxii, 18: 'Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live !' Though a distinction had been hitherto made between 'white witches', who did cures or told fortunes in the name of the Virgin or the Saints, and the 'black witches', who followed their own dark devices, a witch's colour made no odds to the Puritans. After the Reformation their madness slowly cooled, but it was not until George II's reign that the various Witchcraft Acts were replaced by one making the crime punishable only if used for monetary fraud. In 1950, this was superseded by the 'Fraudulent Mediums Act', when a confession of witchcraft became no more dangerous than that of atheism. Three or four covens seem somehow to have survived in England when Dr. Murray's sympathetic reassessment of organized witchcraft made a revival possible. It was helped by Britain's rapid de- Christianization, which did not imply a moral decline, but rather a criticism of church-going as inadequate to spiritual needs and out-of- step with history and science. Some of the younger generation took to ideal Communism or Nuclear Disarmament. But the witch cult, presented by Dr. Murray as a more ancient form of worship than Christianity, attracted the daredevils.

Its revival allowed full play to the stronger human emotions. Witches met secretly in wooded country, not in cold Gothic cathedrals or red- brick chapels. Women took as important a part in the dancing, singing, and feasting as men.

Each 'coven' consisted of six pairs, either husbands and wives, or engaged couples, and an officiating priestess. All went naked. Tests of fortitude under flagellation and horrific danger, the raising of spirits, cauldron stirrings, incense burning, love feasts, round- dances performed back to back, served one main purpose: that of reaching an ecstatic state in which the magnetic force of the whole coven was focused on some unanimously chosen object. Strange phenomena were then experienced - among them, it was said, visions of past and future. To concentrate this force, the rites were formed in a magic circle cut on turf.

I am not a witch myself and have never assisted at any Sabbath. Although most English witches of my acquaintance are honest idealists, the craft attracts hysterical or perverted characters and, there being no longer a Grand Master or Chief Devil to discipline them, schisms and dissolutions are frequent in covens.

The main architect of this revival was an elderly Scottish anthropologist, now dead, Dr. Gerald Gardner, curator of a Witchcraft Museum in the Isle of Man, and author of Witchcraft Today, a popular apology for his fellow-witches.

Dr. Gardner was first initiated into a Hertfordshire coven whose traditions had, it seems, been reinterpreted by a group of theosophists before being aligned with his own views of what young witches need in the way of fun and games. A female deity whom Dr. Gardner identified with the ancient European Moon-goddess, was preferred to Dr. Murray's Homed God.

Witchcraft Today, with a foreword by Dr. Murray, excited immediate attention. Sensational attacks made on Dr. Gardner by the British Press as 'a devil worshipper who puts around the dangerous idea that witchcraft is not evil' seems to have been based on Montague Summers' highly coloured accounts of diabolism and blood sacrifice in his Witchcraft and Black Magic. Dr. Gardner who believes in neither the devil nor in blood sacrifice received hundreds of fan-letters and applications for admittance to witch covens.

Apparently the equal division of the sexes in modem covens is Dr. Gardner's contribution to the craft; for Dr. Murray shows that although every medieval coven had its Maiden as assistant to the Chief, men were in the majority.

That witches existed in Britain from early times is undeniable. Members of a surviving Somersetshire coven still carry small blue tattoos in woad pricked below a particular finger joint, which stands for a letter in the pre-Christian Celtic alphabet. They call themselves 'Druids', worship a neolithic British god, and meet at cross-quarter-days - Candlemas, May Eve, Lammas, and Hallowe'en - in a Druidic stone circle. Nevertheless, I suspect that their traditions are based on reforms made by some late eighteenth century antiquarian of the Edward Davies school.

Druids are chosen, after puberty, for certain natural powers of intuition and diagnosis, second sight, and thought control. Their membership, though tending to run in local families, includes professional men and women from London and Bristol. Their practices are very different from the spell casting, love-philtres, poisonings and blackmail of ancient Franconian, or indeed present-day Majorcan, witches! There is a village carpenter, living not many miles from my home in Majorca, whose wife, hearing that he was in love with the baker's daughter, once put a spell on him. He could no longer cross the doorstep into the street without fainting; not for 13 years. Then his wife died, he followed her coffin across the threshold and is now happily married to the baker's daughter.

Dr. Murray, Miss Christina Hole, Mr. Mervyn Peake, the late Charles Williams, and other investigators seem to have ignored one important fact about the medieval witch cult: that it was brought to Europe by the Saracens, and grafted on a pagan Celtic stock. The Saracens had seized Spain in 711 A.D. (and were not expelled until 1492), controlled southern France by 889, and soon added to it Savoy, Piedmont, and part of Switzerland. Their witch groups, like the dervishes, were devoted to ecstatic dancing, miraculous cures, and the pursuit of wisdom personified as a Divine Woman, from whom comes The Queen of Elphame, beloved by Thomas the Rhymer and other Scottish witch-men.

The God of the witches is held by Dr. Murray to be a lineal descendant of a paleolithic Goat or Stag-god who later became the Gaulish Cernunnus, and Shakespeare's Herne the Hunter. Yet the lighted candle which every Grand Master, disguised as a black he-goat, wore between his horns on the great Witches' Sabbath - whether in England or in France - points in a very different direction.

Idries Shah Sayed, the Sufi historian, has shown that a candle set between two horns emblemised the ninth-century Aniza school of mystics, founded by Abu-el-Ataahia. Abu came from the powerful Arabian Aniza (Goat) tribe, to which our contemporaries, Ibn Saud's sons and the Ruler of Kuwait both belong. The candle therefore meant 'illumination from the head of Aniza'.

'Robin', the generic name for a Chief or Grand Master, represents the Persian Rah-bin ('he who sees the road'). A Berber off-shoot of the Aniza school was known as 'the Two-Horned', and in Spain lived under the protection of the Aragonese Kings, who intermarried alike with the Prophet's royal descendants at Granada and with the English monarchy. It is evidently this particular cult that reached the British Isles.

An illustration on the cover of Sadducismus Trium¬phantus, a 1681 chap- book, shows Robin Goodfellow, horns on his head and candle in hand, capering among a coven of witches who number 13 like the Berber groups. A Two-Horned devotee wore his ritual knife, the ad-dbamne ('athame' to present-day witches) unsheathed and, as a reminder of his mortality, danced in a kafan, or winding-sheet (which is the most probable derivation of coven), at a meeting known as az zabat, 'the Powerful Occasion'. Hence the 'Witches Sabbath', or 'Esbar'. Two beautiful young French witches told De" Lancre, an examiner at La Bourd, that their Sabbath was a paradise of inexpressible joy, a prelude to still greater glory, and far better than the Mass. The Two Horneq did indeed consider ecstasy no more than a prelude to divine wisdom. Some of them rode sticks, or brooms, like hobby-horses; cantering 'widder-shins', against the course of the sun, as around the Kaaba at Mecca; which explains why English witches were accused of causing storms, mildew, and blight by this means. Modern witches are careful to dance in the sun-wise direction.

It is not known at what period the Two-Horned cult entered Britain. The climate was favourable in 1208, when the Pope laid England under an Interdict for ten years, and King John sent an embassy to Morocco with secret promises that he would turn Moslem. And again, 100 years later, when the entire Order of Knights Templars was accused of witchcraft and suppressed at the Pope's orders.

The original school of Aniza achieved a state of ecstasy by beating drums and cymbals, or rhythmic clapping in ever-increasing tempo: but hallucinogenic drugs seem to have been preferred at a later period, lest the noise of Two-Horned revels might come to the ears of Church officers.

The earliest accounts of broomstick rides say nothing of levitation; later ones suggest that an English witch, when initiated, was blindfolded, smeared with toxic flying ointment, and set astride a broom. The ointment contained fox-glove (digitalis) to accelerate the pulse, aconite to numb feet and hands, and belladonna, cowbane, or hemlock to confuse the senses. Other witches fanned the novice's face and, after a while, she could no longer feel her feet on the ground.

The cry went up :

Horse and hattock,
Horse and go,
Horse and pellatis
Ho, Ho!

and she believed the Chief who told her she was flying across land and sea.

Loathing of the crucifix is attributed alike to Templars and witches, the crucifix being a graven image of the kind which Moses (supported by Jesus himself, and by Mahomed) forbade to be worshipped. Both witches and Templars were, in fact, Christians, though heretical ones. Robin Hood ballads, sung at May Games around a pagan Maypole, suggest that the Two-Horned cult had been active in the reign of Edward 11, who enlisted Robin and his merry men as Royal archers. Robin and Maid Marian belonged to a coven of thirteen.

But the Two-Horned did not dance naked; nor did any medieval British witches. The modern cult has borrowed its nudism either from the Far East or from Germany - where souvenir shops in the Harz mountains have long been selling figurines of naked young Brocken Hexen astride brooms.

There is no need to worry about modern witches. In fact, they have a great many worries of their own: such as that of finding 'seclusion for their rites - difficult these days, except in private houses or at nudist camps. Also charges of obscenity and diabolism, still levelled at them by newspapers. The diabolic Black Masses described by Montague Summers are not witchcraft, but intellectual atheism: a revolt from within the Catholic Church against its prime mysteries.

In 1954, Dr. Gardner wrote gloomily about the future of witchcraft: 'I think we must say goodbye to the witch. The cult is doomed, I am afraid, partly because of modern conditions, housing shortage, the smallness of modern families, and chiefly by 'education. The modern child is not interested. He knows witches are all bunk.'

Yet the craft seems healthy enough now, and growing fast, though torn by schisms and Dr. Gardner's death. It now only needs some gifted mystic to come forward, reunite, and decently reclothe it, and restore its original hunger for wisdom. Fun and games are insufficient. The very latest development is that certain reputable psychotherapists are considering the possibility of curing their more socially inhibited patients by a discipline based on modern witchcraft, after enlisting coven-leaders in their service. But psychological science, even if supported by a prolonged study of primitive magic, is insufficient. Like fun and games.

From

Satanism and Witches

The Dennis Wheatley Library of the Occult Volume 21

Selected by Dennis Wheatley

ISBN 0 7221 9038 7

Pub. Sphere Books 1974

THE WITCHES' SABBATH

Dennis Wheatley

The Sabbath - at which thirteen persons met by night to worship the Devil with obscene rites - was in Europe the direct outcome of the spread of Christianity. The New religion sought to enforce fasting, chastity and a generally puritanical existence. Many people were used to looking forward to such Roman festivals as the Saturnalia, when slaves were for a day the equal of their masters, and feasting ended in a general orgy. In consequence the Old religion went underground. It must, too, be remembered that in the Dark Ages there were no buses to take people from lonely villages into the towns; no newspapers, football pools or television. So the Devil was on a good wicket for tempting country folk into occasional nights of wild indulgence.

Today Sabbaths - like those recently reported from Birmingham - usually take place in houses. But one cannot altogether ignore the persistent rumours of moonlight gatherings for Satan worship in Cornwall, Derbyshire and Northern Scotland; and there is very good reason to believe that a Sabbath was held on the site of an old pagan temple in the Cotswolds as recently as last April.

Aleister Crowley, so I was told by a well-known Member of Parliament who knew him intimately, held a Sabbath, of sorts, when he was up at Cambridge. He was a brilliant scholar, and planned to produce a Greek play; but owing to its immorality the Master of John's forbade him to do so.

To be avenged he made a wax image of the Master, then induced some of his fellow students to accompany him on a propitious night to a field. Having performed certain rites, Crowley called on the Devil and was about to plunge a needle into the liver of the wax figure. But his companions panicked. His arm was jerked and, instead, the figure's ankle was pierced. Next day the Master fell down some steps and broke his ankle.

Covens always numbered thirteen - a parody of The Last' Supper. They met in lonely dells, or sometimes in a high place if upon it there was an ancient monolith. There had to be a pond near-by: if there were not the members of the Coven dug a hole and urinated into it. Sabbaths were held at full-moon, and on St. Walpurga's Eve (April 30th), St. John's Eve (June 23rd) and All hallowe'en (October 31st). On those dates Grand Sabbaths were also held, by thirteen Covens uniting at such places as the Brocken mountain in Germany and on Salisbury Plain.

The badge of office of the Chief of each Coven was a string worn below the left knee. This emblem of occult power goes back to prehistoric times, and it is probable that the Most Noble Order of the Garter originated from it.

The chronicle tells us that while King Edward III was dancing with his mistress, the Countess of Salisbury, her garter fell off; and, to her great confusion, snatching it up, he proclaimed the founding of the Order. Her confusion would have been great if it was a witch's garter; and it is conceivable that she was the Queen Witch of England. If so, by seizing her insignia he took her power to himself. It may well have been a clever political move to merge into his person as King the Chieftainship of the followers of the Old religion, of whom in those days there were still great numbers.

It is at least curious that he should have limited the Order to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales and 24 Knights - two Covens; and that the Sovereign's mantle is embroidered with 168 garters which., with the garter he wears, makes 169 - i.e. 13 x 13 signifying lordship over that number of Covens.

The attempted suppression of the Old religion did not start till much later, and had its origin in the growing Puritanism which led to the Reformation. There then began the horrible witch-hunts in which old women, often guilty only of ugliness or practising White Magic, were ducked in ponds to see if they would float, stripped and searched for a third teat from which they were believed to feed their familiars - a cat, owl or toad - and stuck with pins, to find the spot rendered painless by the touch of the Devil's finger when he had accepted them as his own.

When preparing for a Sabbath, witches smeared their bodies with an unguent. Some unguents had stupefying qualities which caused them to dream that they had ridden naked through the night on a broomstick and that the Devil had had sexual intercourse with them.

The cult of the Voodoo goddess Erzulie is of a similar nature. Today, in the West Indies, every Thursday night thousands of negroes light candles to her, put clean sheets on their beds and - as she is violently jealous - turn their unfortunate wives out of the house; then give themselves up to dream embraces with this female counterpart of Satan.

The use of unguents by those who actually attended the Sabbaths is paralleled by modern worshippers in Satanic Temples inhaling the smoke from burning certain herbs. This has the effect of overcoming the scruples of the more timid, who might otherwise be revolted by the acts they are called on to perform, and stimulating the more hardened to a frenzy of abandonment. Aphrodisiacs are, of course, taken by all to increase sexual potency.

A Sabbath must have been a truly hellish spectacle. Head masks of goats, bats, cats and other animals were worn to conceal the identity of the participants. In a great cauldron a hell-broth bubbled - 'eye of newt and toe of frog, wool of bat and tongue of dog', etc. A band struck up but each member of it played a different tune, resulting in cacophony. Grabbing up food and drink, the company gorged themselves to a surfeit. Naked but for their masks, they danced in a circle back to back. The Chief of the Coven presented his posterior and the others kissed it in homage. He, or she, then 'blessed' evil amulets, among which there was some times a dead man's hand - a talisman that was said to enable a robber to enter any house without being heard. Finally, in a wild orgy they vied with one another in sexual excess and every form of perversion.

The equivalents of Sabbaths are held by the Mau Mau to initiate recruits. Among other horrors the initiate, male or female, is made to perform most bestial acts with a goat and one of the Devil's names is 'The Goat of Mendes'.

In Haiti, too, such abominations still take place. There, the most terrible rite ever conceived is performed - the taking of a man's soul. The selected victim is bewitched and to all appearances dies. After he has been buried his body is dug up and re-animated. He does not know who he is; his memory has been completely obliterated. He has become a Zombie. The wizard who has stricken him puts him to work in the fields. There he labours automatically and tirelessly, day after day, until he really dies from natural causes.

Zora Huston, a coloured American journalist of repute, carried out an exhaustive investigation into this subject. In her book, Voodoo Gods, she publishes a photograph of a Zombie.

THE BLACK MASS

Dennis Wheatley

Witches' Sabbaths, in various forms, are still held by people of every race and religion, but the Black Mass is exclusively a perversion of Christianity. It is a religious ceremony as distinct from a Satanic 'beanfeast'.

Each Holy Mass is dedicated to a definite 'intention'; so are Black Masses. It will be recalled that King Albert I of Belgium died in most mysterious circumstances ~ He was an exceptionally good man, so his premature end was a tragedy for all Europe. Soon after the publication of my book The Haunting of Toby Jugg I received a letter from a woman who stated that she had been present at a Black Mass held in Brighton the day before King Albert died, and that it had been held with the intention of bringing about his death. Her account was highly circumstantial and showed her to have a thorough knowledge of the Black Art.

Incidentally, it was at Brighton that Aleister Crowley was cremated in 1947, and the Black Magic rites that his disciples performed at his funeral led to an inquiry by the Town Council. .

The mummery indulged in during the celebration of a Black Mass might seem rather childish, were it not so horrible and carried out with intense seriousness by those who participate. It is a complete travesty of the Christian ritual and the supreme act in the worship of the Devil.

The celebrant and his assistant - who is always a woman - wear their vestments back to front, and hitched up so as to expose their sexual parts. The altar is furnished with a broken crucifix standing upside down, and black candles in which brimstone has been mixed with the tallow. The ceremony opens by the congregation reciting the Lord's Prayer backwards.

Of this particular blasphemy I was an unconscious wit¬ness three years ago in a cellar Night Club in Nice. The compere of the cabaret was a haggard-looking man of about sixty, with a shock of white hair. After a husky rendering of some questionable songs, he began to intone. My French is limited almost to reading a restaurant menu, so I asked the friends who had brought me there what he was saying 'The Paternoster backwards,' they replied, shrugging it off as a memory feat in ill taste. But my own belief is that it was a subtle form of 'invitation' - an indication to anyone present who was interested in Black Magic that the blasphemer could put them in touch with a Satanic Circle. A more usual means of recruiting for the Devil is through Spiritualism. I cannot believe that any good ever comes of trying to get in touch with loved ones who have died, although one cannot blame broken-hearted people who attempt to do so; but others attend seances only in search of excitement. At many seances the Black fraternity have what might be termed 'talent scouts'. They are on the lookout for widows 'of a certain age', for wealthy gentlemen in the fifties who have developed a prostate, and for young women who show signs of being neurotic.

They tell such people that the medium's 'act' is kindergarten stuff, and that they can show them something really thrilling. The older ones of both sexes who accept such invitations soon find their desires satisfied - at the price of having been photographed by hidden cameras and later blackmailed - the younger, drugged, dragooned and terrified, become the unpaid prostitutes of the Satanic Temples from which hideous bondage they rarely manage to escape.

At a Black Mass the whole ritual is recited backwards, then Communion wafers are defiled. These wafers are stolen from churches, and during the past twenty years the Press has reported numerous cases of such thefts. Next the sacrifice is offered up, its throat cut, the blood caught in a chalice and drunk in place of Communion wine. Finally the celebrant has intercourse with his assistant on the altar and the congregation, made frenzied by incense containing drugs, throw themselves upon one another in a general orgy.

To be of maximum effectiveness the Black Mass should be celebrated by an unfrocked priest, and the sacrifice be an unweaned babe. Madame de Montespan, the beautiful mistress of Louis XIV, ordered many Black Masses with the 'intention' of retaining the King's waning love; and, it is said, both gave herself to the infamous Abbe Guibourg, who celebrated them for her, and bought unwanted babies for sacrifice. The case of the warrior-sorcerer Gilles de Rais - upon whom the Blue Beard story was founded - permits of no doubt. After his execution the remains of 14 murdered children were found in the dungeons of his castle.

In our modern world it is not easy to buy infants, or kidnap them without risk of detection; so the usual sacrifice is a cat. Aleister Crowley, so a disciple of his told me, always used cats at his Abbaye de Theleme in Sicily. There was, too, the severed paw of a white kitten left on the altar of the Church of St. John the Baptist at Yarcombe, Somerset, in 1948. The church had been broken into and desecrated In various ways, making it evident that a Black Mass had been celebrated there.

The parallel Pagan rituals of the Carthaginians, the Aztecs and the Druids, all called for human sacrifice, but not necessarily of a child. And there remains unsolved the murder of Charles Walton at Meon Hill, Warwickshire, in 1945, to which no explanation could be found - other than that it was a ritual killing.

THE DEVIL'S SECRET SOCIETIES

Dennis Wheatley

'They draw pentacles on the floor, sir, and late at night the men dress up in silk smocks with the signs of the Zodiac on them. The ladies come down wearing masks and red, highheeled shoes. I've seen black candles, too.

'I hadn't an idea what it was all about. Just thought they were playing charades, or something, until I read your book To the Devil- a Daughter. Of course, I tumbled to it then. There can be no doubt about it, my employers are Satanists.'

The above is from a letter written to me by a chauffeur. He was employed by wealthy people who lived in a big house in the Eastern Counties. He went on to say that these parties sometimes numbered as many as twenty people, some of whom came down from London in big cars and drove off in them again before dawn.

This man wrote to me three times. He gave his address, signed his name and offered to meet me in his nearest town. In view of that, and the fact that his letters showed no signs of hysteria, I see no reason to suppose that he was not telling the truth.

Such gatherings to practise the Black Art undoubtedly take place. There are, of course, phony imitations, organized only for the purpose of lechery followed by blackmail, but genuine Satan worship is still as prevalent today as - shall we say - the dope traffic.

Magic is a science. It cannot just be picked up. One would have to have a quite exceptional brain to make, unaided, any practical use of Eliphas Levi's Doctrine and Ritual of Transcendental Magic, or the famous Malleus Maleficarum, or even of Aleister Crowley's Magick in Theory and Practice; let alone of the rare but great classics such as Le Clavicule de Salomon and Grimoire of Pope Honorius. Without a sound understanding of the esoteric doctrine it would be futile - if not actually dangerous - to call up evil forces, or to rely for protection on a pentacle the Cabalistic signs of which had been chosen by guesswork.

It follows that the sorcerer or witch must be taught his or her business, just as the priests of any other religion are taught theirs. Therefore, secret societies to hand down the Devil's mysteries, and to spread his cult as widely as possible among the ignorant, have always existed.

Their most successful operations have been to infiltrate themselves into the leadership of movements for reform. Many saintly men have led revolts against the abuses of the 'Church, but their words have been misinterpreted and their work worse than undone by the disciples of evil a generation later.

An example is cited in the first volume of Sir Winston Churchill's book, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. The Albigenses, [Cathars? ed.] a people who in the thirteenth century inhabited a large part of south-western France, were led to believe that 'life on this earth in the flesh was the work of Satan', which meant that 'they were freed from the menaces of the next'. Like a prairie fire immorality and disorder spread through the whole region. The King of France launched a 'home Crusade'; they were massacred by the thousand, until none was left.

Then there were the Knights Templar, an Order of Chivalry founded for the rescue of the Holy Sepulchre. Their main base was Malta. In their decadence, perverted by evil successors to their early Grand Masters, initiates had to spit three times on the Cross and swear allegiance to the Devil in the form of a bearded idol named Baphomet.

Their headquarters in Paris was a palace-fortress called the Temple. King Philippe IV had their Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, and many of his Knights arrested there, and brought to trial for heresy. They were burnt at the stake. But the Order swore to be avenged upon the Monarchy of France.

Five hundred years later it was. From the tower of the Temple Louis XVI was taken to the guillotine. And that the Temple had been chosen for his prison was not chance. The French Revolution was directed by the Masonic Lodge of the Grand Orient, which had inherited the championship of evil.

It should be clearly understood that Masonry in the British Commonwealth has no connection whatever with the Grand Orient. Continental Masonry is altogether different. Its inner circles are the successors of those of the German Illuminati and the Rosicrucians -:- two other great secret societies whose leaders started them with good intent, but which later fell into evil hands. Even its rank and file members are avowed atheists.

In the past two hundred years the Grand Orient has brought about many revolutions and in 1902-4, with the French War Minister, General André, in its toils, it succeeded in so weakening the High Command of the Army that France would have proved incapable of resisting invasion.

It is the Grand Orient, more than all other factors together, which has reduced France, once the most powerful nation in Europe, to her present pitiful condition. But now its activities are being surpassed by those of its fellow revolutionaries and atheists - the Communists. Their founder, Karl Marx, advocated the destruction of the middle classes by every means including violence, and their efforts are world wide.

The dual principle of Good and Evil, which is the basis of every religion, must continue in perpetual conflict until the end of time. On the Right hand we have warmth, light, growth and order; on the Left hand darkness, cold, decay and chaos.

Do the authorities know of any Satanic societies operating in our midst today? I can only tell you that when discussing this matter in 1938 with one of my oldest friends - a man who has spent most of his life in MI5 - he asked me:

'Does "The Shadow" convey anything to you?'

'No,' I replied.

He made a wry grimace and said: 'Believe me, Dennis, I would rather be up against a combination of the most dangerous German and Russian agents I have ever known, than up against "The Brothers of the Shadow".'

FORETELLING THE FUTURE

Dennis Wheatley

There is a 'gap in the curtain' through which some people can see. Of that I have incontestable proof.

In the 1920s I used occasionally to visit a seer named Dewhirst. He predicted to me the circumstances in which I should meet my wife' and even described the way she did her hair.

In 1932 I went to see him again. Immediately I entered his room he exclaimed: 'You've written a book!'

That was pretty staggering as I had not seen him for two years and I had only just sent the manuscript of my first novel to an agent. But he went on:

'You are on your right road at last. Someone whose name begins with H will sell millions of your books. They will be read in every country under the sun.' Then he named the seven weeks ahead, on which I would have good news about my book.

On that date I learned that Walter Hutchinson had taken The Forbidden Territory for publication..

He used no cards or crystal. Only lesser soothsayers require such aids for tuning in to the occult. And I have never 'known anyone else with such powers of supernormal vision.

Fortune-telling of this kind is not evil. But it becomes so, when cruelty to animals and/or Satanic rituals are employed. The Ancients examined the entrails of still living birds and beasts; and necromancy entails raising the dead as that dark tale in the Bible tells us the Witch of Endor did for Saul. .

Whole life forecasts are obtained by casting horoscopes. That means relating the day and hour of birth to the position of the Heavenly bodies. It is a long and complicated process, as the Sun, Moon and Planets are all credited with contributing to a person's character and influencing his acts.

Each, too, has a number, and every person has a number arrived at by a combination of. his birth date and the numerological value of the letters forming his name. The ancient belief is that from these lucky and unlucky days and periods can be foretold.

This possibility cannot be ruled out. There is good reason to believe that plants thrive better when planted under a waxing Moon. It is possible that each Heavenly body emits something in the nature of what we now term 'cosmic rays', to which the human mind is sensitive. If so, they are governed by Natural Laws not yet fathomed by science - and we regard predictions of this kind as supernatural only because we have no explanation for them.

Palmistry is definitely a science, although not yet accepted as such. I learned to read hands while serving as a subaltern on the Western Front. With practice anyone can tell character, talents and health. tendencies from the shape of the hands, their resilience, the nails and the lines on the palms. But, when it comes to predicting the future, the latter must be regarded as a means of tuning in.

Disappointment and warped judgment are the price that nearly everyone pays who seeks guidance by having his fortune told - however innocent the means. Because, even apart from fraud, the tendency is always to interpret predictions in the sense one would like them to mean. The most famous oracle of ancient times was at Delphi. In a cellar priestesses threw themselves into a trance by inhaling the smoke of burning herbs, then answered questions put to them through a crack in the ceiling. Their utterances usually contained the germ of truth, but were so cryptic that numerous Greek generals were led by them into doing the wrong thing.

The extraordinary prophecies of Nostradamus, in the sixteenth century, were so obscure that few people understood them when made; yet many of them have since been fulfilled. Among other things, he predicted that in the year 2000 Paris would finally be destroyed by fire sent down from a flock of giant man-made birds coming from the Far :East. That must have sounded sheer nonsense 400 years ago. But, were I likely to live that long, you would not find me drinking a champagne cocktail in the Ritz bar there round the year 2000. ,

Perhaps, though, by then the Russians will be occupying Paris, and the atom-belching missiles have been despatched from an Australia which has become the home base of the British people? It is so easy to put a wrong construction on prophecies. The stars may foretell that on Wednesday 'Something is coming your way'. It may be an old boot at your head.

And predictions can lead you into trouble. When Dewhirst foretold big money from my book for me, I might have gone on a spending spree. But it was not until a year later that I received more than an advance of £30, so I would have landed myself in a nasty mess.

The following shows how futile it is to make plans based on information received by occult means. Hitler employed the best astrologers and soothsayers that could be found in the Nazi empire, and never made a move without consulting them. Churchill, on the other hand, had no dealings with such people. All War Cabinet decisions were based upon reasoned assessments submitted by our Chiefs of Staff. Yet the British - for a year, alone - held the whole might of Germany at bay.

A few more words on Magic. No saying is less true than that 'The Devil looks after his own'. I have never yet met anyone who practised Black, or even Grey, Magic who was not hard up.

Finally: should you ever have reason to believe that you or yours have come into the orbit of malignant occult forces, do not hesitate to consult your parson or priest. They will not laugh. And should you ever be confronted with an evil manifestation, have no fear. Pray for help. It will immediately be given to you. Make the Sign of the Cross and 'thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night'.

I've been trawling around for something reasonably authoritative on this subject for a while - here is a first on the web tonight for these two Dennis Wheatley essays.

From

Satanism and Witches

The Dennis Wheatley Library of the Occult Volume 21

Selected by Dennis Wheatley

ISBN 0 7221 9038 7

Pub. Sphere Books 1974

WHITE AND BLACK MAGIC

Dennis Wheatley

The Devil is just round the corner, and he is watching you. Don't you believe that? There are a lot of people who do, and some of them, even in this country, still participate in abominable rites for the purpose of courting his favour.

If you do not believe that the Devil is interested in you, then you do not believe in God, without Whose knowledge, so the Bible tells us, not a sparrow falls. You cannot believe in one and not the other. In the beginning Lucifer, to give the Devil his personal name, was an Archangel. His pride and ambition caused him to become the leader of the first revolution. God gave St. Michael command of the loyal angels. There was a tremendous battle and Michael's angels drove Lucifer and his angels out of Heaven down to Earth. That is why the Devil is known as 'The Lord of This World'.

That, too, is why, when our Lord Jesus Christ was on earth, the Devil was able to take Him up into a High Place and offer Him dominion over the fair cities and fruitful plains. To deny that the Temptation occurred is to deny a fundamental tenet of the Christian religion. In the Middle Ages it was not uncommon for people to report that the Devil had appeared to them. In those days everyone's mind was dominated by religion. Most people attended two services on Sundays, fasted on Fridays and were present at family prayers morning and evening. They had no holidays other than Saints' days and going on a pilgrimage;. they went regularly to confession and, for even the smallest sin, had to perform a penance. For them Heaven and Hell were vivid realities and, as life was cheap, they might find themselves pitchforked into one or the other with little warning. So it is not surprising that the more imaginative sometimes 'saw things'. We may, therefore, put down most of these reported 'visions' as the product of an empty stomach upon an empty brain. But not all.

Not, that is, if we can believe the late Aleister Crowley, who once assured me that it is perfectly possible to raise - he did not say the Devil, but that was what he meant.

Of course, it is not suggested that the mighty Lucifer ..... who is second only in power to the Lord God Himself appears to people in person. But each of us has a Guardian Angel, and it is his opposite number, a creature of the Devil's charged with our undoing, who, in exceptional circumstances, may become visible to human eyes. The form in which such evil entities materialise is naturally that expected of them. Hence the fire-breathing horrors with horns, cloven hoofs and spiked tail which appeared to people in the Middle Ages, and that in Crowley's case it was that of Pan - the coldly evil Greek horned-god whom he had deliberately conjured up.

Why, you may ask, are people rarely troubled by such supernatural visitors in these days? The answer is that life is infinitely more complex, and the modem mind occupied by such things as politics, sport, the cinema, travel, broadcasts, the constant change in the fashions of clothes, and so on to the exclusion of religion. They are no longer interested in either saints or demons.

But do not suppose that, for that reason, the Devil no longer exists. As part of the original Creation he is immortal. Being no fool he has adapted himself to modem conditions and gone underground. It is with good reason that one of his names is 'Lord of Misrule'. God's wish, clearly manifested in the teachings of Jesus Christ, is that we should avoid all cause for quarrels and so lead peaceful orderly lives. The Devil's province is to make us do the opposite. By luring individuals into sin he can break up families; by fostering trade disputes he can cause conditions which. ultimately lead to poverty and crime; by arousing the passions of nations he can cause war.

From the beginning of time he has made tools of the greedy, the discontented and the ambitious, stimulating them by the temptation of power to sabotage peace, prosperity and good stable government. Can anyone maintain that he has been idle during the past half century?

These subtle and ubiquitous activities apart, the Devil still plays an active role in the lives of quite a number of people. It is a fact that any day in a bus or a train YOU may be sitting opposite to a man or woman who has made a pact with Satan, or been sold to him. In the introduction to Story IV 'A Life for a Life' I have already mentioned the case of the Essex woman who was' sold as a child to the Devil; and as 'Lord of this World' the Devil does not, of course, confine his attention to Christian people. As an example there is the case of the young Australian aboriginal, Lyn Wulumu, which was recently featured in the Press.

His mother-in-law wanted him out of the way so she 'sung him the song of the dreamtime snake'. When this is done by a votary of Satan a dream-snake coils itself round the body of the victim and gradually crushes him until he can no longer breathe. Lyn Wulumu, unquestionably a dying man, was flown down by the Methodist Mission to Darwin Hospital. Four doctors could find nothing whatever wrong with him physically, but they put him in an iron lung; his life was saved and it is now reported that he has regained the will to live.

My books with occult backgrounds have brought me many hundreds of letters from all parts of the world upon similar subjects. Scores of them are, of course, from people with bees in their bonnets; but with some knowledge of such matters it is not difficult to sort the wheat from he chaff, and many are from doctors, magistrates and clergymen vouching for their personal knowledge of happenings impossible to explain except as the result of witchcraft.

The fact is that, although unrealized by most Europeans, in every great city, in the jungles of Africa, the villages of Asia, the plantations of the West Indies, and even in some remote hamlets of our own countryside. Satanism is still practised.

The dual principle of Good and Evil, which is the basis of every religion, must continue in perpetual conflict until the end of time. On the Right hand we have light, warmth, growth and order; on the Left hand, darkness, cold, decay and chaos.

Each of us, having within us a part of the eternal Spirit, is able at will to communicate with the Higher Powers and draw down from them additional power to ourselves. The Saints did so by prayer to God, which enabled them to perform their miracles. The Devil may be found even quicker to answer.

As a young officer in the 1914-18 war, while convalescing, I, played a lot of vingt-et-un. After one ten-hour session, having become bored from drawing few cards worth betting upon, on the bank passing to me, I called on the Devil to give me luck. I drew two aces, doubled the table, drew another ace, split three times and finished with two naturals and a five and under. Everyone paid me sixteen times his original stake.

That shook the other chaps at the table; but it shook me infinitely more, as, sooner or later, that sort of 'luck' has to be paid for. I have never prayed to the Devil since. Neither have I ever attended any form of magical ceremony or a séance. It is obviously such a fascinating game that even the strongest-willed person could easily get drawn further and further into it until - well, there are several very real dangers. The least is that one might find oneself being blackmailed for taking part in obscene practices. The worst, failure to pull out in time, with the realization that one had imperilled one's immortal soul. There is also the risk of slipping up in some ritual, with consequent failure to keep under control the forces one has called up. The result of that used to be called demonic possession. It is now classed as lunacy. One of Crowley's occult 'operations' misfired; so that he was found next morning a gibbering idiot, and had to spend six months in an asylum.

By prayer, fasting, and mortification of the flesh, the Saints called down power in order that they might perform miracles to the glorification of God, and heal the sick. This, the use of Supernatural Power for good or unselfish ends, is WHITE MAGIC.

The use of Supernatural Power for wicked or selfish ends is BLACK MAGIC. Such magic is of the Devil and can be obtained only by such sexual depravity and bestial rites as are described in the official reports of the initiation ceremonies of the Mau Mau.

Yet it is not only in Africa that such abominations are practised. A few years ago women were giving themselves up to hideous eroticism with a great carved ebony figure, during Satanic orgies held in a secret temple in Bayswater, London, W.2.

THE BLACK ART AND THE SUPERNATURAL

Dennis Wheatley

Perhaps the most interesting man I met while collecting data for my novels with occult backgrounds was Mr. Rollo Ahmed. He was an advanced practitioner of Yoga and made good use of it. Although a native of the West Indies he never wore an overcoat and used to go about London in the winter in a thin cotton suit. One night, when it was well below freezing, he arrived to dine with me. He had no gloves but his hands were as warm as toast.

Rollo Ahmed was deeply versed in magical lore and possessed the gift of explaining it with great lucidity. From him I learnt much of the theory of the Black Art. Briefly it may be defined as a system of short cuts to obtaining Power.

Anyone can say prayers, or think evil. God will give new strength and fortitude in answer to prayer. The Devil will give strength and resolution actually to perform the evil deed contemplated. However, the human brain resembles a radio set. It needs tuning in to get the best results.

In very early times ways were discovered of 'tuning in' more rapidly. The holy used fasting and mortification of the flesh; the unholy gross indulgence and sexual depravity. Hence the wild orgies which are a main feature of every Satanic gathering - both ancient and modern. It was also found that contact could be more swiftly achieved by the use of certain material aids. For example, the Clairvoyant does not actually see things in the crystal. It is a device to induce self- hypnotism and turn the mind inward so that it can pick up occult vibrations. To achieve this state practitioners of the Black Art consume potions composed of the vilest secretions of the human body. The Mau Mau do this; so, too, do the depraved followers of the Devil's cult who still live in our midst. Such acts may be compared to the ringing of a bell which summons a supernatural Power.

SUPERNATURAL is simply a word to express that which lies beyond our comprehension, and MAGIC the procuring of a result normally regarded as impossible by the accepted 'LAWS' of cause and effect. In the MATERIAL sphere the MAGIC of yesterday becomes the SCIENCE of today; but there remain innumerable NATURAL LAWS which are not yet generally understood. That applies particularly to the ability of certain humans to call upon forces of a SPIRITUAL nature; and since all spiritual power emanates from either God or the Devil those who employ them become priests and priestesses of either Good or Evil.

The good 'priest' uses supernatural power for unselfish ends; and the most common forms of his activities are 'paintaking' and faith healing. A recent inquiry by the British Medical Association has revealed that this type of White Magic is widely practised all over Britain. The investigators admit that warts can be charmed away, and can offer no explanation for that. Concerning more important cures, brought about by prolonged prayer, their report states:

'In the Committee's opinion it is probably better to acknowledge that the cures are at present inexplicable on scientific grounds.' In this connection I had first-hand knowledge of an extraordinary happening while staying with my sister-in-law in South Africa. Her old negro cook, Maria, complained of acute pains in the breast and displayed to her an ugly tumour. Maria was at once taken down to the hospital. After examining her, the doctor put her in the waiting-room then, just outside its door, told my sister-in-law that the tumour was an advanced cancer and that it must be cut out without delay. An hour later he telephoned to ask where Maria was. She had disappeared. Ten days later she returned with not a trace of the tumour. When asked for an explanation she said: 'I hears what that white doctor says to you, Missis, 'bout cuttin' me up. I's scared, so I slips off back to ma Kraal. The black doctor, he throws the bones for me and I's well again now.'

Another supernatural potential of the human mind which has now been recognized by the medical profession is Hypnotism. Yet no doctor can explain how it is possible for a subject to be made so iron rigid that his neck can be placed on one chair-back, his feet on another, and the hypnotist be able to kneel on the subject's stomach without his body even bending. .

The French psychologist, Pierre Janet, has even succeeded in hypnotising a patient at a distance of over a mile, at a time known only to the experimenters. That brings us to Mental Telepathy, of which countless people have had personal experience. Such happenings used to be put down to coincidence; but a few years ago Dr. Soal, by infinitely patient and prolonged tests, proved the case for telepathy conclusively. And Water Divining - a common and valuable practice - what explanation can science give for that?

Turning to more sensational manifestations of the supernatural, many people have been saved from death by warnings of an occult nature. One of the most intriguing is that which was vouched for by the late Lord Dufferin and Ava.

While staying in a house in Ireland, one night before getting into bed he looked out of the window. Below him in the bright moonlight he saw a man carrying a coffin. The man looked up; his face was striking and most unpleasant. Next morning no one in the house could offer any explanation of this extraordinary occurrence. Years later, Lord Dufferin was in Paris. He was about to enter an already crowded hotel lift. Suddenly he recognized the face of the lift attendant as that of the ghoul with the coffin. Startled, he stepped back. The man slammed the lift gates and up went the lift. At the third floor the cable broke. It crashed to the basement and everyone in it, including the lift man, was killed.

Many people will swear to having seen a ghost; but proof of the actual materialization of a spirit is very difficult to obtain. Personally, I am prepared to take the word of that great seeker after Truth, Harry Price. He carried out countless tests of reported psychic phenomena and ruthlessly exposed scores of fake mediums; but he told me once that there could be no possible explanation, other than a supernatural one, for the appearances of Rosalie.

Every conceivable check to prevent fraud was taken. Yet on using his luminous plaque he saw this little naked girl standing in front of him; and having felt her all over would have sworn - but for the low temperature of her flesh - to her being a living child.

It was Harry Price who told me of a strange haunting in Sussex. One bedroom in this old house was so badly haunted that even the most sceptical visitors woke in it to find themselves being strangled; and any food left in a semi-basement room became putrid within a few hours. An exorcist was called in. The exorcism was carried out just before dawn in the bedroom. A ball, seemingly composed of black smoke and about the size of a football, appeared, rolled downstairs, out through the window of the semi-basement room and across the lawn to disappear in a small lake. The lake was later dredged and no less than three skeletons were brought up from it.

The Reverend Montague Summers told me of an exorcism he had performed in Ireland. He was called to a farmer's wife who, it was said, was possessed by an evil spirit. He arrived in the evening. On the table in the living room the remains of a cold leg of mutton had already been placed for supper; the woman was in the same room. At the sight of a priest she became so violent that she had to be held down. As he sprinkled the Holy Water on her and commanded the demon to come forth, a small cloud of black smoke issued from her foam-flecked mouth. It went straight into the cold mutton, and within a few minutes everyone present saw that the meat was alive with maggots.

Few men had more knowledge of the Occult than Montague Summers, and his books upon Witchcraft and Were wolves are classics. But he was, to say the least of it, a curious character. Rumour has it that he was not, in fact, a priest.

My wife and I went to stay at his house for a weekend. On the ceiling of our bedroom we found a score of enormous spiders. When I mentioned this, he replied only, 'I like spiders'; and in his garden my wife came upon the biggest toad she has ever seen. He tried to sell me a rare book. When I refused to buy it, I have never seen such malefic anger come into the eyes of any man. We made an excuse to leave on Sunday morning. .

With his long silver locks and, normally, benign expression, he looked like a Restoration Bishop. Years later I used his physical appearance for Canon Copely-Syle in To the Devil - a Daughter. For that I had a precedent, as in Mr. Somerset Maugham's early book The Magician the sorcerer, Hado, bears a striking resemblance to Aleister Crowley. Mentioning books reminds me of A. E. W. Mason's Prisoner in the Opal. In it, he rightly associates the presence of the most powerful evil entities with intense cold. Dante's lowest circle in Hell was formed of ice.

I do not regard myself as psychic but I have once felt that terrifying chill. I was building a shack by moonlight in an old walled garden behind the Somme battlefield. It came upon me without rhyme or reason. I knew that something incredibly evil was watching me from behind - and it had suddenly become very cold. After a minute that seemed an eternity I panicked and fled in abject terror.

All this adds up to the fact that one cannot laugh off the Supernatural, and that like everything else in the Universe it is governed by definite laws. To utilise those laws for personal ends is to practise the Black Art. And it is still practised in England today. One of the doctors who gave evidence before the B.M.A. Committee of Inquiry into faith healing stated that Black as well as White Magic is still widely practised in Devonshire; and that among his patients he had had one definite death caused by Witchcraft. That is something to give pause for thought to those readers who will this summer be motoring through Devon's lovely lanes.

--~--~---------~--~----~------------~-------~--~----~

Please consider seriously the reason why these elite institutions are not discussed in the mainstream press despite the immense financial and political power they wield? There are sick and evil occultists running the Western World. They are power mad lunatics like something from a kids cartoon with their fingers on the nuclear button! Armageddon is closer than you thought. Only God can save our souls from their clutches, at least that's my considered opinion - Tony

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13Nov08 - [PEPIS] PEPIS#102 - Visor Consultants' London Bomings Terror Drill Inquest

Please forward to journalists and anti-war activists

VIDEO: 7/7 Bus Bomb Survivor Daniel Obachike - The Peter Power Terror

Drill Inquest - 60 min - Nov 10, 2008

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6453336143085991879

http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2008/11/412793.html

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=16036

Please also take a look at www.bilderberg.org latest stories on the

front page and check out and register on the Bilderberg or UK 9/11

Truth fora.

BILDERBERG WEBSITE

http://217.72.179.7/bilderberg/ and www.bilderberg.org

BILDERBERG FORUM

https://217.72.179.7/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/ and

https://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/

9/11 TRUTH FORUM

http://www.911forum.org.uk/

VIDEO: 7/7 Survivor Daniel Obachike - The Peter Power Terror Drill

Inquest

Tony Gosling | 12.11.2008 17:12 | SOCPA | Analysis | Indymedia |

Terror War | World

With Daniel Obachike - Tavistock Square Bus Survivor & Eye Witness

Many who've heard or read my story ask me to explain more about The

Peter Power/Visor Consultants 'Terror Drill' I witnessed that day.

The 4th Bomb - a book by Daniel Obachike

VIDEO: Daniel Obachike - The Peter Power Terror Drill Inquest - 60 min

- Nov 10, 2008

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6453336143085991879

Many see the terror drills so called 'coincidence' and particularly

the occult location of Tavistock square as proof of the NWO/secret

government's hand.

The event's aim is to create a clearer understanding of it and

hopefully halt some of the stranger theories that have arisen, using

diagrams, maps, photo/video footage and by answering any questions.

7/7 Survivor Daniel Obachike's book and related blogs/websites here:

http://www.the4thbomb.com/

http://daniel77witness.blogspot.com/

http://www.DANOBA.net/

closely related

Thorough investigative documentary into 2004 lapses in the security

contract awarding process for the London Underground by Montreal

filmmakers:

Montreal - The Next Terror Target - 60 min - Mar 27, 2008

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1188892712056990070

see also

http://www.londonbombs.org.uk/ (public)

http://www.londonbombings.org.uk/ (police)

http://www.julyseventh.co.uk/j7-book-review-daniel-obachike-the-fourth-bomb.html

Tony Gosling

- Homepage: http://www.londonbombs.org.uk

--~--~---------~--~----~------------~-------~--~----~

Please consider seriously the reason why these elite institutions are not discussed in the mainstream press despite the immense financial and political power they wield?

There are sick and evil occultists running the Western World. They are power mad lunatics like something from a kids cartoon with their fingers on the nuclear button! Armageddon is closer than you thought. Only God can save our souls from their clutches, at least that's my considered opinion - Tony


PEPIS#101 - BBC Censor 7/7 Documentary 'Until Mid 2009'

http://groups.google.com/group/pepis/browse_thread/thread/ac3c7df9e363f06c?hl=en

Aug 29, 10:19 pm

also

Putin brands Georgian crisis a US-led conspiracy

http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2008/0829/1219875242314.html

Missing mum 'on the run from corrupt system'

http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/Missing-mum-39on-the-run.4431936.jp

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=15111

BBC 7/7 Documentary delayed 'until mid 2009'

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=15601

http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2008/08/407828.html

Tony Gosling - Bilderberg.org

I have been contacted today by the producer of the BBC2 Conspiracy

Files 7/7 London Bombings programme due to be broadcast in about four

weeks' time.

BBC lawyers have, it seems, advised that the entire subject of 7/7 is

'sub-judice' under the terms of the Contempt of Court Act. The 7/7

related Kingston trial rolling on and on seems to be the ostensible

cause.

This is, of course, nonsense and there is no guarantee the programme

can EVER be broadcast under this legal advice.

The Contempt of Court Act, in fact, doesn't say that nothing can be

broadcast. Simply that it must be balanced and this documentary cannot

be balanced only because the police and government departments have

refused to co-operate. Neither is this indefinite length Kingston

court case within the scope of the act.

I am absolutely disgusted with this feeble legal advice from dodgy

lawyers, and the travesty of justice it represents. In a way I feel

vindicated in participating in the programme since there is clearly a

powerful dark force efort to stop the facts of 7/7 being made known to

the public.

Please help publicise this diabolical decision by encouraging people

to send emails to their friends to watch any or all of the five

documentaries already made on the internet about the likely innocence

of the 4 so-called bombers and officialdom's (particularly Scotland

Yard's) complicity in the 7/7 attacks. I've listed them here in my

personal rough order of credibility.

1. Montreal - The Next Terror Target - 60mins (2008)

Producers: Montreal 9/11 Truth - http://www.mtl911truth.org

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1188892712056990070

2. Ludicrous Diversion - 28mins (2006)

Producers: anonymous - ludicrousdivers...@hotmail.com

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4943675105275097719

3. 7/7 The Ripple Effect - 57mins (2007)

Producer: Muad-Dib - http://www.planetquo.com

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2655098606138392501

4. Mind The Gap - 41mins (2006)

Producer: Adrian Connock - http://www.officialconfusion.com

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2001897549763616199

5. BT London Bombings, version 4.1 - 31mins (2005)

Producer: anonymous

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1898995800774523510

Any films I've missed please let me know.

Tony

_________________

www.abolishwar.org.uk

www.elementary.org.uk

www.radio4all.net/index.php/series/Bristol+Broadband+Co-operative

http://utangente.free.fr/2003/media2003.pdf

"The maintenance of secrets acts like a psychic poison which alienates

the possessor from the community" Carl Jung

https://217.72.179.7/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/


PEPIS#100 - BBC, Bilderberg08 debrief & God's kingdom toolkit

Tony Gosling

Jul 24, 5:06 pm

1. How low UK TV has sunk - Dennis Potter lectures the BBC

2. Secret Bilderberg Agenda to Microchip Americans Leaked

3. Spiritual Warfare - Christian activists' Kingdom toolkit

4. False Flag Fever - Martin Summers on the possibly terminal wave of 'self-harming' evil running through Western Intelligence Services

1. How low UK TV has sunk - Dennis Potter lectures the BBC

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-790841440769145720

https://publish.indymedia.org.uk/en/2008/07/404449.html

Potter's disenchantment with modern television ran deep. Fifteen years

on this is the first time this speech has been available to watch on

the web - what a shame because it's one of the best speeches ever made

at the Edinburgh Television Festival. Probably the best there will

ever be judging by this year's appalingly anodyne choice for a

lecturer.

2. Secret Bilderberg Agenda to Microchip Americans Leaked

Thursday July 24, 2008

http://www.thestrategy.org.au/?module=displaystory&story_id=719&forma...

Secret Bilderberg Agenda

to Microchip Americans Leaked microchip you in name of fighting terrorism

By Paul Joseph Watson

Sources from inside the 2008 Bilderberg meeting have leaked the

details of what elitists were discussing in Chantilly Virginia last

week and the talking points were ominous - a plan to microchip

Americans under the pretext of fighting terrorist groups which will be

identified as blonde haired, blue eyed westerners.

Veteran Bilderberg sleuth Jim Tucker relies on sources who regularly

attend Bilderberg as aides and assistants but who are not Bilderberg

members themselves. The information they provided this year is bone-

chilling for those who have tracked the development of the plan to

make the general public consider implanted microchips as a convenience

as routine as credit cards.

"Under the heading of resisting terrorism there were points made about

how the terrorist organizations are recruiting people who do not look

like terrorists - blonde, blue eyed boys - they're searching hard for

those types to become the new mad bombers," said Tucker.

As we have documented, the blue eyed blonde haired Al-Qaeda line is a

familiar talking point that has been pushed on Fox News and within

other Neo-Con circles in an attempt to turn the anti-terror apparatus

around to target dissidents, protesters and the American people in

general.

Ominously, Tucker's source also told him that Bilderberg were

discussing the microchipping of humans on a mass scale, which would be

introduced under the pretext of fighting terrorism whereby the "good

guys" would be allowed to travel freely from airports so long as their

microchip could be scanned and the information stored in a database.

Tucker said the idea was also sold on the basis that it would help

hospital staff treat a patient in an emergency situation because a

scan of the chip would provide instantaneous access to health

details.

Tucker underscored that Bilderberg were talking about subdermally

implanted chips and not merely RFID chips contained in clothing. The

discussion took place in a main conference hall and was part of the

agenda, not an off-hand remark in the hotel bar.

Such a bizarre concept may seem unbelievable to some, but over the

last ten years there have been dozens of examples of people accepting

implanted chips for a variety of different reasons.

In 2004, Mexico's attorney general and 160 of his office staff were

implanted with tracker chips to control access to to secure areas of

their headquarters.

The Baja Beach Club in Barcelona and other nightclubs around the world

are already offering implantable chips to customers who want to pay

for drinks with the wave of a hand and also get access to VIP areas of

the club lounge.

Bilderberg skeptical of attack on Iran

Tucker's source told him that Secretary of Defense Robert Gates did

attend Bilderberg despite him not appearing on the official list.

Tucker said that his sources told him Gates was in attendance to

present his case for war with Iran, but that the majority of

Bilderberg members were against an attack at this time.

"The Europeans were generally opposed to an invasion of Iran - Gates

made the regular war propaganda drill about how Iran is a nuclear

threat to everybody," said Tucker, adding that European Bilderbergers

made snide comments about where such nuclear weapons actually were

being kept and at one point joking that they were possibly "in Saddam

Hussein's tomb".

Despite Bilderberg opposition, Tucker said that the administration was

still considering an attack before Bush leaves office in January.

"At least 90 per cent of the Europeans oppose a war, probably closer

to 100 per cent," said Tucker, adding, "most of the Americans were

passive and deferential to the Secretary of Defense and Condoleezza

Rice's pitch in so far as Iran is concerned".

Tucker said that most Americans present at the meeting were opposed to

attacking Iran but dare not be as visible and loud in their opposition

as the Europeans.

Energy and oil prices

"One of the Bilderberg boys raised this question - should we put a lid

on the rise in oil prices, are we reaching the point of diminishing

returns," said Tucker, adding that Bilderberg noted how Americans were

trading in their SUV's in record numbers for small and more fuel

efficient cars and using more public transport to combat high gas

prices.

Tucker's source said that Bilderberg were predicting $5 for a gallon

of gas by the end of this summer and oil over $150 dollars a barrel,

but that this was a ceiling and oil prices would probably begin to

decline thereafter because they thought the acceleration had happened

too quickly.

As we previously reported, Bilderberg called for oil prices to soar in

2005 when oil was a mere $40 a barrel.

During the conference in Germany, Henry Kissinger told his fellow

attendees that the elite had resolved to ensure that oil prices would

double over the course of the next 12-24 months, which is exactly what

happened.

During their 2006 meeting in Ottawa Canada, Bilderberg agreed to push

for $105 a barrel before the end of 2008. With that target having been

smashed months ago, the acceleration towards $150 is outstripping even

Bilderberg's goal, which is why the elitists expressed a desire to

cool prices at least in the short term.

Just two days after he left Bilderberg, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke,

George W. Bush and others expressed support for a strong dollar and

Bernanke hinted that interest rates could rise, which immediately

caused oil prices to drop in line with Bilderberg's consensus.

3. Spiritual Warfare - Christian activists' Kingdom toolkit

http://www.bilderberg.org/trib.htm#kingdom

Spiritual Warfare - Christian activists' Kingdom toolkit

July 2008 - Tony Gosling

The physical battle for land and the world's resources, World War III

is already raging. But a more important covert spiritual battle is

being fought for the hearts and minds of Western people to get them to

support undefined foreign wars. The fact that a World War has begun is

being kept from the Western public and much of the military too.* This

is the first World War in which Britain and its allies, the US and

Israel, has been the illegal originator, the aggressor. The so-called

'War On Terror' is supposed to have been founded on retribution for

the attacks of September 11th 2001. Like Orwell's vision in 1984 it is

due to go on indefinitely until everyone who opposes with force

government corruption and privatised military forces is either killed

or incarcerated by witting or unwitting agents of the New World Order,

an invisible occult world government acting behind the scenes.

Like the 7th July 2005 'terror' attacks on London no properly

conducted enquiry has taken place into 9/11. In this climate of

official lies God fearing Christians, Muslims and Jews are standing

together across the world to expose the official lies and spin and to

fearlessly stand up for the truth. We have reached a situation where

none of the government's official security systems can be relied upon.

Police, Military Intelligence, Home office, Ministers and cabinet are

all made up of such weak-minded people that large parts of these

institutions can no longer be trusted by the people whose taxes pay

for them.

Two evil, totalitarian, criminal regimes are Britain's closes allies:

The USA and Israel are both hell bent on regional and global

domination their strategy is as much unending death as they can get

away with, ie still turn in a good profit. If occultic, ultimately a

satanic network I suggest.

New World Order (NWO) Modus Operandi, an invisible world government

Dennis Wheatley, writing under the shadow of the Nazi Blitz of London

in 1941, identified a New World Order which George Bush Senior and

Junior, and Both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown appear to have

'rediscovered'. It is an expression originating with the Adolf Hitler

and The Nazi party.

Spoken by Wheatley's protagonist Monseigneur le Duc de Richleau,

Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Golden Fleece. The Duc is

addressing his friends Simon Aron, Marie Lou, Rex Van Ryn and Richard

Eaton who he's just helped rescue from a Nazi-Voodoo priest who has

been remote viewing Britain's vital Atlantic convoy routes:

…"Whether or not Hitler and Mussolini themselves are great masters of

Black Magic, nobody can possibly contest that it is through such

ambitious and unscrupulous men, German, Italian and Japanese, that the

Powers of Darkness are working and in recent years have acquired such

a terrifying increase of strength upon our earth.

"The New World Order which they wish to bring about is but another

name for Hell. If through them Evil prevailed, every man and woman of

every race and colour would finally be enslaved, from the cradle to

the grave. They would be brought up to worship might instead of right

and would be taught to condone, or even praise, murder, torture and

the suppression of all liberty as 'necessary' to the welfare of 'the

State'.

"Incontestable proof of that has already been given us by the way in

which the young Nazi-educated Germans have behaved in Poland,

Czechoslovakia, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France. They butchered

old men, women and children who did not even seek to oppose them. That

was part of the Plan, and they obeyed the order to commit these

murders in cold blood without a single recorded instance of any

protest against them by officers or men. Seven years of the

Totalitarian poison has been enough for the Evil to grip five million

German youths and with it their hearts have gone cold and stony. If

they triumph, within seventy years such words as justice, toleration,

freedom and compassion will have ceased to have a place in the

vocabularies of the races of mankind.

"In the New World Order all family life will be at an end, except for

the conquerors, and only the worst elements, spiritually, will be

allowed to procreate fresh generations to populate a world divided

into masters and slaves. The right to homes and children of their own

would be reserved to the Overlords; the rest would be herded into

barracks and reduced to the level of robots without the right to read

or speak or even think for themselves. There could be no revolt,

because every officer, priest, deputy, editor, magistrate, writer and

other leader of free thought and action in the conquered countries

would already have been executed by the firing-squads; and leaderless

herds cannot prevail against tanks, tear-gas, bombs and machine-guns.

"And unless men are free how can they progress upon the great

spiritual journey which all must make?

"This war is not for territory or gain or glory, but that Armageddon

which was prophesied of old. That is why all the Children of Light.

wherever they may be, captive or free, must hold on to their spiritual

integrity as never before and must stick at nothing, physically, in

the fight, lest the whole world fall under the domination of these

puppets who are animated by the Powers of Darkness."

As he ceased speaking they knew that although it would be many days

before their burns, weals and wounds were healed there had come into

their hearts a little glow of warmth. The Battle was still far from

being over, but they had done the thing which they had set out to do.

Their Victory was an episode no more-in the Titanic struggle that was

in progress, but the flame which animated their spirits was burning an

the brighter for it, and they were returning to fight on for the

England that they loved.

It seemed that the Duke guessed their thoughts, for he spoke again.

"As long as Britain stands the Powers of Darkness cannot prevail. On

Earth the Anglo-Saxon race is the last Guardian of the Light, and I

have an unshakable conviction that, come what may, our island will

prove the Bulwark of the World." **

But the concept of the destruction of democracy and the rights of

ordinary people world domination, has been developing for centuries.

The western capitalist world has taken people's rights away gradually

over the last 2000 years. With the arrival of the Romans money was

introduced and after the Norman invasion in 1066, beginning with the

Doomsday Book and leading on the the English Civil war the land has

been slowly stolen from under our feet. These were the first and two

most important instruments of privatisation. The overall plan being to

take away all private property rights for most people but to allow the

obedient NWO servants access to land and money. The NWO through their

previous incarnations the Knights Templar created enclosure acts which

removed the poor from the land, forcing them to work in the industrial

revolution factories and created the first mass urbanisation in the

world. The towns and cities in Britain, characterised by William

Blakes' Dark Satanic Mills, became little more than 'people farms'

where pre-Victorian workers were treated like slaves.

Freemasonry - common cause with witchcraft

An invisible government that controls North America and Europe would

be a force to be reckoned with and it is in these countries that

freemasonry is strongest. All God-fearing people need to understand

just how dangerous a 'society with secrets' in their own words could

be in the world today. When he came to power Adolf Hitler outlawed

Germany's Masonic lodges. This move was not because he was against

these occult practices, quite the contrary since through Theosophy and

the Thule Society he had been involved himself. Hitler understood that

it represented a powerful clandestine network that was a counter to

his own supremacy. And so it is today, a counterbalance to democracy.

That invisible government does exist and is centred around ex US

Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and his private military company

Kissinger Associates. Is Kissinger Associates the Western World's

global protection racket? The public, secretive face of this Western

Totalitarian and financial network is called Bilderberg and it is

organised by at least one trusted freemasonic servant of the elite in

North America and Western Europe. Andrew Palmer. Bilderberg was

created by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands and the first meeting in

1954 took place in his own Hotel de Bilderberg in Oosterbeek in

Holland. In the run up to World War II Bernhard had willingly taken

the SS life-long vow of allegiance to Adolf Hitler required by those

who wanted to join the SS.

Freemasons actively recruit members from various walks of life, but

these professions such as the police, judiciary, media, solicitors,

senior civil servants, big business all have either or both of two

things in common: money and power. They represent a spiritual gangster

network and their religious philosophy of Deism is not compatible with

the Gospels, Torah or the Koran. Deism means simply 'God minus the

Bible'. In the lodge a form of 'mysticism' is taught, all masons have

to believe in a supreme being and an afterlife to join. God is

mentioned many times in the lodge but the underlying teachings of

Jesus Christ - or of Moses and Mohammed are brushed over. A mason's

loyalty is not to his community or to Jesus etc. but to his fellow

masons and to his lodge. Family, wife and children, take a back seat

in the heart of the mason who progresses up through 'degrees' as a

form of promotion in 'the craft'. Oaths of loyalty to the organisation

sworn and to the 'master' make freemasonry a religious cult, though

they officially deny this. Ultimately in the world of the freemason

mysticism can be interpreted to 'profane' outsiders as 'any rubbish

that sounds good', and whatever the Grand Master of World freemasonry

says, goes. In other words he 'is god'.

It's interesting that the freemasons' own nickname for their cult is

'the craft' this is also traditionally used by witches to

euphemistically refer to witchcraft. If only the similarity ended

there unfortunately it doesn't. Freemasonry not only mimics the

organisational structure of witchcraft as revealed by ex-witches it,

along with the mafia and oriental triads also uses the same initiation

ceremony. Initiation is a characteristic feature of cults and these

usually involve one form or another of ritual death.

Masonic lodges tend to meet formally only every three months or so and

begin with only the highest degree masons present. As the lodge

business progresses the lodge is 'opened' to masons of lower and lower

degrees until all members of the lodge are present after which the

lodge is closed and all members retire for toasts and a meal, often

singing of songs too. What is known as the 'festive board'.

Organisational structure of druids, black and white magic, wicca and

other occultists

The witchcraft coven is traditionally made up of thirteen members,

mimicking the number of Christ's apostles, Indeed mimicry of Christian

teaching is what characterises many occult practices including the use

of consecrated ground for rituals. Witchcraft can be broadly divided

into two. In white witchcraft only the good of self and others can be

pursued, a fine moral code, but it is unclear whether or not black

magicians, who are allowed to use magic to persue selfish ends, are

clandestine members of white witchcraft covens. It certainly seems

that black magic is at the core of witchcraft and white magic a more

socially acceptable 'outer portico' from which black witches can be

recruited.

Most who have had experience of Witchcraft then emerged as Christians

agree on some basic facts about the organisational structure of these

occult organisations.

Firstly there is the 'neophyte' phase. Where someone new to 'the

craft' is invited by an individual to join at 'arm's length'. Only one

proper witch will be known to the neophyte and various tests will be

performed on the neophyte by the witch with the witch reporting back

to his or her coven who then discuss the suitability or otherwise of

the neophyte to be initiated further.

This neophyte status in witchcraft is identical to that of the

'presbytery' degree in 'Illuminated' masonry, and much like the first

three degrees of Freemasonry (craft, fellowcraft and master mason)

where one can appear to progress in a limited fashion up the masonic

ladder but can, in reality, never get to become a full mason. What

these masons do not realise is that they are excluded from the central

business of the craft until they have reached the third degree or

higher.

Wicca is supposed to be the modern manifestation of Teutonic and Anglo-

Saxon magic. Nevertheless with modern druidic, wicca and similar

orders the history and real traditions have been sanitised and

remanufactured during the 20th Century to make them less distasteful

to impressionable modern people disillusioned with mainstream

religion.

White witchcraft or the 'right-hand path' is the practice of magic for

positive loving ends and author Dennis Wheatley was broadly

sympathetic to white magic's aims as one can see in his novel 'Strange

Conflict'. But many believe white magic to be an outer portico, a

recruiting ground for black magicians. White magicians eventually

learn that all the really powerful 'spells' will only work for a black

magician indicating, as the Bible explains, that the power of all

magic is demonic, white magic being used by demonic forces simply to

seduce human souls.

Meetings of satan's earthly disciples - esbats, sabbats and grand

sabbats

Many followers of the devil are mentally ill, they are in denial and

believe their god is still called lucifer. Get active. The Christian

has a duty to shine the light of love on satanic ceremonies. Pagan

rites are loosely based on the four ancient Egyptian mystery-religion

quarter days, that is the summer and winter solstices and spring and

autumn equinoxes. Dates which sometimes vary from year to year are

June 21st and December 22nd for the solstices and March 21st and

September 23rd for the equinoxes.

The satanic esbat is the weekly ritual gathering whereas satanic

sabbats take place at midnight on every full moon. In addition grand

sabbats take place four times a year on nights following February 2nd

(Candlemas), April 30th (Walpurgisnacht), August 1st (Lammas) and

October 31st (Halloween).

The witches sabbath occurs only once in seven years and the other

meetings are merely 'covens'. At the sabbaths the black mass is

performed which is a reversal and perversion of the catholic mass. The

black mass is performed between 11pm and midnight with the subsequent

drugged, drunken and debauched revellings continuing until dawn

The culmination of the black mass is the murderous 'sacrifice' of a

young child. Children, both dead and living, who are being secretly

brought up in the 'left-hand path' spectators at these ritualistic

orgies.

The answer in truth and faith from our Lord Jesus Christ

As has been foretold in Holy Scripture Jesus Christ, Yeshuah, the

Messiah's Church, his living body, will be the most steadfast entity

to stand against the violence and schemes of that old dragon the devil

called satan who will send false prophets and mean-spirited

illusionists to blind the people. This is already happening through

carefully crafted TV documentaries aimed at undermining faith. Those

for instance which assume Darwin's theory of Evolution has been proven

beyond any doubt.

Spiritually enslaved world - persuading us to give up our right to

land

The present world system, led mostly by English speaking Western NATO

nations, is occupied by a clandestine web of secularists, atheists and

occultists. People in political power who are ostensibly Christians or

Jews are essential to deflect criticism by the church and they often

hold high rank whilst secretly holding both Old and New Testament in

contempt.

The two main bonds of slavery which the occultists have over the years

used to enslave us are land and money. Once land was stolen from under

out feet using the lie of 'agricultural improvement' or enclosure all

evicted people became dependent on money for food and shelter, ie. to

survive. People have somehow been convinced that there is 'not enough

land to go round' when the earth is a free gift to mankind and

Britain's population of 60 million have about 60 million acres in

total on which to live, roughly an acre each. Once the right to

somewhere to live had been stripped from us the subsequent

manipulation of the money system by private goldsmiths and bankers for

private profit, including the modern manifestations of the world bank

IMF etc. has led most of the world's population to a situation of

economic slavery. Money has become not a convenient means of exchange

but a means of control and ownership by which the world's resources

are slowly being stolen from ordinary people, and individuals in

general, and owned by faceless corporations run by accountants which,

whilst classed in company law as having the rights of a person, are

immune in law for suffering resulting from corporate decisions.

The climate of revolution

All this has led to a climate whereby the possibility exists for

emancipation under Jesus Christ as king. Fakers are occupying many of

the key positions in the various churches. They follow the trends in

the Guardian Society pages rather than the example of Jesus. Allowing

enormous changes in the Church such as homosexual vicars and women

priests etc, is not the way Christ taught us. When Christ picked his

disciples he chose only men. We should follow his example rather than

give in to worldly calls for 'equality'.

The Christian revolution

With all meetings beginning with a meal at which communion is taken,

with

The Friends of God

1. Eat the lamb - communion whenever taking wine or bread with a

shared meal "... who taketh away the sins of the world"

2. Eat the word - read and listen to Gods word spoken throughout the

scriptures

3. Be ready to go - Address your own sinful behaviour at the deepest

heart-felt level and let Christ help you deal with your sin

4. Blood Covering - Cover homes and deeds in prayer, if it is God's

will

Elements of the Kingdom Christian Order of Service

• Readings: Acts, Matthew, O.T., N.T., Apocrypha, Revelation

• Special readings - selected from approved post NT. Christian

writers such as John Bunyan, Shakespeare, C.S. Lewis, Alfred Thompson

Eade (Four Panorama Bible Studies) and Charles Kingsley

• Testimony - from Christians in the community that feel the need to

testify

• Hymns - chosen from a list of favourites found in a specific

edition of hymns

• The apostles' creed (possibly modified) other creeds of other

churches

• Ephesians 6:11-20

• The Lord's Prayer

• Gospel songs - with choreography if available and rounds

• Prayer for those trapped by secrecy, and against the swearing of

oaths

• Sabbath Friday sunset to Saturday sunset

• Use names of Yahweh and Yeshuah

• Sermon on the mount is central - witness

• Pause to say grace at mealtimes

• Time for quiet prayer in busy public spaces

• Spoken prayer optional and only for groups of two up

• Share money including joint bank accounts

• Touch in prayer and heal one another

• Dust off your Bible and discern the pseudephigrapha

• Have a laugh but don't go too far

• Don't satirise the innocent

• Test the spirit of strangers

• Less sex and violence on TV

• Compassion for all those in strife

• Fast in secret unless someone asks

• Wash one another's feet

References

* Staff Sergeant Jimmy Massey, ex- USMC Iraq, interviewed November

2007 on Venezuelan TV.

** Closing paragraphs of STRANGE CONFLICT by Dennis Wheatley First

published by Hutchinson, 1941 From Chapter XXII - THE GREAT GOD PAN

4. False Flag Fever - Martin Summers on the possibly terminal wave of 'self-harming' evil running through Western Intelligence Services

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6640448501056709386


PEPIS#99 World War III - Kissinger’s Final Chantilly Gambit

Tony Gosling - Sun08Jun08

http://groups.google.com/group/pepis/browse_thread/thread/baf54e1453ea01b5

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/PEPIS/message/144

followed by this year's participant list

see also

Bush 'plans Iran air strike by August'

http://www.911forum.org.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=14839

Imminent unilateral attack of the United States and Israel against

Iran over its nuclear program.

http://www.bilderberg.org/2008.htm#igc

World War III - Kissinger’s Final Chantilly Gambit

Tony Gosling - Sun08Jun08

BRISTOL, UK. Quickly, before they leave, surround the Westfields

Marriott. Arrest and question them all. Make it clear that justice

will be done, that the people and authorities of Europe and North

America have decided they will not get their World War.

Henry Kissinger feels more confident in DC than if this meeting had

taken place in Europe. It's impossible now to pretend that Bilderberg

is anything more or less than an expansion of the US sphere of

influence agreed by Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt at Yalta. As boss

of Kissinger Associates he is he brains behind the largest and most

brazen protection racket the world has ever seen. And he has form. The

man who ordered the assassination of democratically elected President

Allende of Chile in 1975, leading to one of the most terrible chapters

in the post Nazi annals of human rights abuses. Then there is his

bloody coups in Indonesia, the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, his friends

in Saudi Arabia. Wherever mass slaughter and civilisation on the run

so Kissinger is there being treated as royalty.

But world respect for the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) has sunk to an

all time low. Quite apart from their close association through AIPAC

and other Israeli far right lobby groups with the apartheid and

genocide now taking place in Palestine. They have ignored the post-

Hitler UN Charter since 1967 with a promise that they must police the

occupied territories to protect their homeland. Instead they have

expanded settlements into these lands and are now looking further

afield. They use the same chilling justification for breaking

international law as Adolf Hitler did in 1938 and 1939 when he annexed

Austria and Czechoslovakia.

The Mossad have their orders. They know that just one more carefully

placed bomb will be enough to ignite the wider Middle East war that

they so desire. With a few planted clues, and mentally degenerate

patsies, made to look like an Al Quaeeda attack, on the UK or in

Ireland they may yet get their way. Such an psycopathic attack, they

know, will serve as a false flag provocation which, through the

compliant British print and broadcast media, will create a window of

opportunity in the minds of the Western public and political classes

for the expansion of Israel that they so desire and the wider war to

justify the continued US presence in the Middle East.

These European invaders, with a twisted view of a Torah so many of

them never read, want to break the back of the Arab spirit. They will

fail and all that can proceed from this diseased and racist vision is

death and destruction. Which fits in with a higher agenda, create

chaos so we can step in as the saviours to provide the ‘order’.

Mossad are powerful in Britain because of a massive clandestine

network of Royal Arch freemasonry. A secret society within a secret

society with dark temples in which can be found two giant phalluses,

plush red carpets covered with the Zionist originated ‘Star of David’

and the flags of the twelve tribes of Israel. This extremist religious

cult network provides the establishment cover within the police and

armed forces for small cells of the IDF Engineer corps. These cells

are highly trained in the use of electronics, video and computer

equipment, detonators and explosives and their favourite cover is as

art students in colleges and Universities across Britain. They have

their orders.

In the next few hours Bilderberg participants including the European

Royals will be departing Chantilly having agreed to where and when the

‘final false flag’ attack will take place. Realistically the chance of

surrounding and arresting these war criminals is miniscule. If they

are not arrested then the Skull and Bones’ (please watch the excellent

YouTube interview with Professor Antony Sutton on the subject) poison

president George W. Bush and his hellish entourage will set off over

the next week or so to take their deathly orders to the European

Headquarters of the beguiled leaders and the agents of psychopathic

Zionism.

It is doubtful whether the wider Middle East conflagration, intended

to be the spark to ignite a much wider and open World War III, can be

avoided. More importantly can Britain’s forces maintain a neutral

stance and come out with peaceful, outspoken and strong leadership

against the IDF and US Military expansionism.

The Bible does provide some guiding thoughts on the subject and is

rather better than Nostradamus, so please see my Bilderberg website’s

printable guide to Revelation available by clicking on the picture of

the four horsemen on the front page of www.bilderberg.org

Only if the British forces can rid themselves of Royal Arch and

Zionist agents does Britain stand a hope of avoiding being dragged

into this wider war. That will mean sacking Field Marshal The Duke of

Kent, Field Marshall the Duke of Edinburgh and all their chivalric

order Zionist sympathisers in the Garter, Knights of Malta etc. who

desire economic ‘renewal’ through a crash and a drastic reduction in

the world’s population.

If we can purge such Quislings from our midst then we may be able,

with God’s help, to avoid the disaster, which some so desire, where

with every tick of the clock enough blood to fill a river is pouring

from the torn arteries of innocent civilians and the flower of North

America and Europe’s youth in the Middle East.

BILDERBERG MEETING

"Chantilly, Virginia, USA"

5-8 June 2008

CURRENT LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

Honorary Chairman

BEL "Davignon, Etienne" "Vice Chairman, Suez-Tractebel"

DEU “Ackermann, Josef” “Chairman of the Management Board and the Group

Executive Committee, Deutsche Bank AG”

CAN “Adams, John” Associate Deputy Minister of National Defence and

Chief of the Communications Security Establishment Canada

USA “Ajami, Fouad” “Director, Middle East Studies Program, The Paul H.

Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins

University”

USA “Alexander, Keith B.” “Director, National Security Agency”

INT “Almunia, Joaquín ” “Commissioner, European Commission”

GRC “Alogoskoufis, George” Minister of Economy and Finance

USA “Altman, Roger C.” “Chairman, Evercore Partners Inc.”

TUR “Babacan, Ali ” Minister of Foreign Affairs

NLD “Balkenende, Jan Peter” Prime Minister

PRT “Balsemão, Francisco Pinto” “Chairman and CEO, IMPRESA, S.G.P.S.;

Former Prime Minister”

FRA “Baverez, Nicolas” “Partner, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP”

ITA “Bernabè, Franco” “CEO, Telecom Italia Spa”

USA “Bernanke, Ben S.” “Chairman, Board of Governors, Federal Reserve

System”

SWE “Bildt, Carl” Minister of Foreign Affairs

FIN “Blåfield, Antti ” “Senior Editorial Writer, Helsingin Sanomat”

DNK “Bosse, Stine” “CEO, TrygVesta”

CAN “Brodie, Ian ” “Chief of Staff, Prime Minister’s Office”

AUT “Bronner, Oscar” “Publisher and Editor, Der Standard”

FRA “Castries, Henri de ” “Chairman of the Management Board and CEO,

AXA”

ESP “Cebrián, Juan Luis” “CEO, PRISA”

CAN “Clark, Edmund” “President and CEO, TD Bank Financial Group”

GBR “Clarke, Kenneth” Member of Parliament

NOR “Clemet, Kristin” “Managing Director, Civita”

USA “Collins, Timothy C.” “Senior Managing Director and CEO,

Ripplewood Holdings, LLC”

FRA “Collomb, Bertrand” “Honorary Chairman, Lafarge”

PRT “Costa, António” Mayor of Lisbon

USA “Crocker, Chester A.” James R. Schlesinger Professor of Strategic

Studies

USA “Daschle, Thomas A.” Former US Senator and Senate Majority Leader

CAN “Desmarais, Jr., Paul ” “Chairman and co-CEO, Power Corporation of

Canada”

GRC “Diamantopoulou, Anna” Member of Parliament

USA “Donilon, Thomas E.” “Partner, O’Melveny & Myers”

ITA “Draghi, Mario” “Governor, Banca d’Italia”

AUT “Ederer, Brigitte” “CEO, Siemens AG Österreich”

CAN “Edwards, N. Murray ” “Vice Chairman, Candian Natural Resources

Limited”

DNK “Eldrup, Anders ” “President, DONG A/S”

ITA “Elkann, John” “Vice Chairman, Fiat S.p.A.”

USA “Farah, Martha J.” “Director, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience;

Walter H. Annenberg Professor in the Natural Sciences, University of

Pennsylvania”

USA “Feldstein, Martin S.” “President and CEO, National Bureau of

Economic Research”

DEU “Fischer, Joschka” Former Minister of Foreign Affairs

USA “Ford, Jr., Harold E.” “Vice Chairman, Merill Lynch & Co., Inc.”

CHE “Forstmoser, Peter” “Professor for Civil, Corporation and Capital

Markets Law, University of Zürich”

IRL “Gallagher, Paul ” Attorney General

USA “Geithner, Timothy F. ” “President and CEO, Federal Reserve Bank

of New York”

USA “Gigot, Paul ” “Editorial Page Editor, The Wall Street Journal”

IRL “Gleeson, Dermot ” “Chairman, AIB Group”

NLD “Goddijn, Harold” “CEO, TomTom”

TUR “Gögüs, Zeynep ” “Journalist; Founder, EurActiv.com.tr”

USA “Graham, Donald E.” “Chairman and CEO, The Washington Post

Company”

NLD “Halberstadt, Victor” “Professor of Economics, Leiden University;

Former Honorary Secretary General of Bilderberg Meetings”

USA “Holbrooke, Richard C. ” “Vice Chairman, Perseus, LLC”

FIN “Honkapohja, Seppo” “Member of the Board, Bank of Finland”

INT “Hoop Scheffer, Jaap G. de” “Secretary General, NATO”

USA “Hubbard, Allan B.” “Chairman, E & A Industries, Inc.”

BEL “Huyghebaert, Jan” “Chairman of the Board of Directors, KBC Group”

DEU “Ischinger, Wolfgang” Former Ambassador to the UK and US

USA “Jacobs, Kenneth” “Deputy Chairman, Head of Lazard U.S., Lazard

Frères & Co. LLC”

USA “Johnson, James A.” “Vice Chairman, Perseus, LLC” (Obama’s man

tasked with selecting his running mate)

SWE “Johnstone, Tom ” “President and CEO, AB SKF”

USA “Jordan, Jr., Vernon E.” “Senior Managing Director, Lazard Frères

& Co. LLC”

FRA “Jouyet, Jean-Pierre ” Minister of European Affairs

GBR “Kerr, John ” “Member, House of Lords; Deputy Chairman, Royal

Dutch Shell plc.”

USA “Kissinger, Henry A.” “Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc.”

DEU “Klaeden, Eckart von” “Foreign Policy Spokesman, CDU/CSU”

USA “Kleinfeld, Klaus” “President and COO, Alcoa”

TUR “Koç, Mustafa ” “Chairman, Koç Holding A.S.”

FRA “Kodmani, Bassma” “Director, Arab Reform Initiative”

USA “Kravis, Henry R.” “Founding Partner, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts &

Co.”

USA “Kravis, Marie-Josée” “Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute, Inc.”

INT “Kroes, Neelie ” “Commissioner, European Commission”

POL “Kwasniewski, Aleksander ” Former President

AUT “Leitner, Wolfgang” “CEO, Andritz AG”

ESP “León Gross, Bernardino” “Secretary General, Office of the Prime

Minister”

INT “Mandelson, Peter” “Commissioner, European Commission”

FRA “Margerie, Christophe de” “CEO, Total”

CAN “Martin, Roger” “Dean, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management,

University of Toronto”

HUN “Martonyi, János” “Professor of International Trade Law; Partner,

Baker & McKenzie; Former Minister of Foreign Affairs”

USA “Mathews, Jessica T. ” “President, Carnegie Endowment for

International Peace”

INT “McCreevy, Charlie ” “Commissioner, European Commission”

USA “McDonough, William J.” “Vice Chairman and Special Advisor to the

Chairman, Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.”

CAN “McKenna, Frank” “Deputy Chair, TD Bank Financial Group”

GBR “McKillop, Tom ” “Chairman, The Royal Bank of Scotland Group”

FRA “Montbrial, Thierry de” “President, French Institute for

International Relations”

ITA “Monti, Mario” “President, Universita Commerciale Luigi Bocconi”

USA “Mundie, Craig J. ” “Chief Research and Strategy Officer,

Microsoft Corporation”

NOR “Myklebust, Egil” “Former Chairman of the Board of Directors SAS,

Norsk Hydro ASA”

DEU “Nass, Matthias” “Deputy Editor, Die Zeit”

NLD “Netherlands, H.M. the Queen of the”

FRA “Ockrent, Christine” “CEO, French television and radio world

service”

FIN “Ollila, Jorma” “Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc”

SWE “Olofsson, Maud ” Minister of Enterprise and Energy; Deputy Prime

Minister

NLD “Orange, H.R.H. the Prince of”

GBR “Osborne, George” Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer

TUR “Öztrak, Faik” Member of Parliament

ITA “Padoa-Schioppa, Tommaso ” Former Minister of Finance; President

of Notre Europe

GRC “Papahelas, Alexis” “Journalist, Kathimerini”

GRC “Papalexopoulos, Dimitris” “CEO, Titan Cement Co. S.A.”

USA “Paulson, Jr., Henry M.” Secretary of the Treasury

USA “Pearl, Frank H.” “Chairman and CEO, Perseus, LLC”

USA “Perle, Richard N.” “Resident Fellow, American Enterprise

Institute for Public Policy Research”

FRA “Pérol, François” Deputy General Secretary in charge of Economic

Affairs

DEU “Perthes, Volker” “Director, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik”

BEL “Philippe, H.R.H. Prince”

CAN “Prichard, J. Robert S.” “President and CEO, Torstar Corporation”

CAN “Reisman, Heather M.” “Chair and CEO, Indigo Books & Music Inc.”

USA “Rice, Condoleezza” Secretary of State

PRT “Rio, Rui ” Mayor of Porto

USA “Rockefeller, David ” “Former Chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank”

ESP “Rodriguez Inciarte, Matias” “Executive Vice Chairman, Grupo

Santander”

USA “Rose, Charlie” “Producer, Rose Communications”

DNK “Rose, Flemming” “Editor, Jyllands Posten”

USA “Ross, Dennis B.” “Counselor and Ziegler Distinguished Fellow, The

Washington Institute for Near East Policy”

USA “Rubin, Barnett R.” “Director of Studies and Senior Fellow, Center

for International Cooperation, New York University”

TUR “Sahenk, Ferit ” “Chairman, Dogus Holding A.S.”

USA “Sanford, Mark” Governor of South Carolina

USA “Schmidt, Eric” “Chairman of the Executive Committee and CEO,

Google”

AUT “Scholten, Rudolf ” “Member of the Board of Executive Directors,

Oesterreichische Kontrollbank AG”

DNK “Schur, Fritz H. ” Fritz Schur Gruppen

CZE “Schwarzenberg, Karel ” Minister of Foreign Affairs

USA “Sebelius, Kathleen” Governor of Kansas

USA “Shultz, George P.” “Thomas W. and Susan B. Ford Distinguished

Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University”

ESP “Spain, H.M. the Queen of”

CHE “Spillmann, Markus” “Editor-in-Chief and Head Managing Board, Neue

Zürcher Zeitung AG”

USA “Summers, Lawrence H.” “Charles W. Eliot Professor, Harvard

University”

GBR “Taylor, J. Martin” “Chairman, Syngenta International AG”

USA “Thiel, Peter A.” “President, Clarium Capital Management, LLC”

NLD “Timmermans, Frans ” Minister of European Affairs

RUS “Trenin, Dmitri V.” “Deputy Director and Senior Associate,

Carnegie Moscow Center”

INT “Trichet, Jean-Claude” “President, European Central Bank”

USA “Vakil, Sanam” “Assistant Professor of Middle East Studies, The

Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins

University”

FRA “Valls, Manuel ” Member of Parliament

GRC “Varvitsiotis, Thomas” “Co-Founder and President, V + O

Communication”

CHE “Vasella, Daniel L.” “Chairman and CEO, Novartis AG”

FIN “Väyrynen, Raimo” “Director, The Finnish Institute of

International Affairs”

FRA “Védrine, Hubert” Hubert Védrine Conseil

NOR “Vollebaek, Knut” “High Commissioner on National Minorities, OSCE”

SWE “Wallenberg, Jacob” “Chairman, Investor AB”

USA “Weber, J. Vin” “CEO, Clark & Weinstock”

USA “Wolfensohn, James D. ” “Chairman, Wolfensohn & Company, LLC”

USA “Wolfowitz, Paul ” “Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise

Institute for Public Policy Research”

INT “Zoellick, Robert B. ” “President, The World Bank Group”

Rapporteurs

GBR “Bredow, Vendeline von” “Business Correspondent, The Economist”

GBR “Wooldridge, Adrian D.” “Foreign Correspondent, The Economist”

AUT Austria

BEL Belgium

CHE Switzerland

CAN Canada

CZE Czech Republic

DEU Germany

DNK Denmark

ESP Spain

FRA France

FIN Finland

GBR Great Britain

GRC Greece

HUN Hungary

INT International

IRL Ireland

ITA Italy

NOR Norway

NLD Netherlands

PRT Portugal

POL Poland

RUS Russia

SWE Sweden

TUR Turkey

USA United States of America

http://mobiusinformer.wordpress.com/2008/06/06/official-2008-bilderbe...

_________________

Mobius

www.GlobaLinformers.com

_________________

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=3725493129921826227

http://www.radio4all.net/index.php?op=producer-info&uid=2149

http://www.justice4jean.com

http://www.dialectradio.co.uk

http://www.911forum.org.uk


PEPIS #98 - Bilderberg Announces 2008 Conference

Bilderberg 2008 photos

http://www.wearechange.org/index.html

ALLEGED AGENDA

Nuclear free world (Iran?), cyber terrorism (US websites posing as 'Al

Quaeeda'?), Africa, Russia (with Russians invited or just the Moscow

Carnegie Endowment again?), finance (monetary reform?), protectionism,

US-EU relations (How is Yalta US sphere of influence coming along?),

Afghanistan (surrounding the Russians) and Pakistan (surrounding the

Russians again), Islam and.... yes Iran.

no participant list as yet

please expedite

Press Release Source: American Friends of Bilderberg

Bilderberg Announces 2008 Conference

Thursday June 5, 8:10 pm ET

http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/080605/20080605006246.html

http://www.centredaily.com/business/story/640197.html

CHANTILLY, Va.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The 56th Bilderberg Meeting will be

held in Chantilly, Virginia, USA 5 – 8 June 2008. The Conference will deal mainly with a nuclear free world, cyber terrorism, Africa, Russia, finance, protectionism, US-EU relations, Afghanistan and Pakistan, Islam and Iran. Approximately 140 participants will attend, of whom about two-thirds come from Europe and the balance from North America. About one-third is from government and politics, and two- thirds are from finance, industry, labor, education and communications. (plus the royal families of Europe but we don't mention them) The meeting is private in order to encourage frank and open discussion.

Bilderberg takes its name from the hotel in Holland, where the first meeting took place in May 1954. That pioneering meeting grew out of the concern expressed by leading citizens on both sides of the Atlantic that Western Europe and North America were not working together as closely as they should on common problems of critical importance. It was felt that regular, off-the-record discussions would help create a better understanding of the complex forces and major trends affecting Western nations in the difficult post-war period. The Cold War has now ended. But in practically all respects, there are more, not fewer, common problems - from trade to jobs, from monetary policy to investment, from ecological challenges to the task of promoting international security. It is hard to think of any major issue in either Europe or North America whose unilateral solution would not have repercussions for the other. Thus the concept of a European-American forum has not been overtaken by time. The dialogue between these two regions is still - even increasingly - critical.

What is unique about Bilderberg as a forum, is the broad cross-section of leading citizens that are assembled for nearly three days of informal and off-the-record discussion about topics of current concern especially in the fields of foreign affairs and the international economy; the strong feeling among participants that in view of the differing attitudes and experiences of the Western nations, there remains a clear need to further develop an understanding in which these concerns can be accommodated; the privacy of the meetings, which has no purpose other than to allow participants to speak their minds openly and freely. In short, Bilderberg is a small, flexible, informal and off-the-record international forum in which different viewpoints can be expressed and mutual understanding enhanced.

Bilderberg's only activity is its annual Conference. At the meetings, no resolutions are proposed, no votes taken, and no policy statements issued. Since 1954, fifty-five conferences have been held. The names of the participants are made available to the press. Participants are chosen for their experience, their knowledge, and their standing; all participants attend Bilderberg in a private and not an official capacity.

There will be no press conference. A list of participants is available by phone request at 703-818-3647 between 9am-5pm EDT June 6-7, 2008.

Contact:

American Friends of Bilderberg

Steven Lee, 703-818-3647


PEPIS#97 - Bilderberg to meet Washington June 5th-8th - Athens a ruse?

1 & 2 - Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende visits Washington DC

3. Iranians Arrest CIA Explosive/Chemical Terror Network

Hi all,

Some real hard evidence about Bilderberg 2008 this time.

Looks like the Athens meeting may not have been one 'maverick' editor but a false trail 'pandering' to our searches on the forum. Thanks to all at prisonplanet.com for drawing this to everyones' attention.

Most important thing is though, as Marek Tysis ponts out, that never before has the Dutch Embassy announced the Bilderberg conference ahead of the event. This exceptional move may indicate that there are people in the Dutch government, maybe even including the Dutch PM himself, who are not happy about the secrecy upon which Rockefeller, Kissinger and the other Bilderberg chiefs insist?

I have personally experienced the distaste with which some of the politicians treat Bilderberg Conferences seeing them as 'oppressive' and 'stifling'. They will oftern take any excuse to get out of the conference venue for a breath of fresh air, a drink in an ordinary bar and chat to journalists who are hanging out at bars near the entrance.

These are the people Bilderberg most needs to 'buy the Bilderberg line'.

After all these people have a gigantic plan for global economic meltdown or recovery - and who wants to be associated with that if it all kicks off? Like being in on the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 without alerting the military powers in Austria- Hungary that could prevent it.

It's being discussed on the forum here (not Archduke Franz Ferdinand) Bilderberg 2008: Washington June 5-8? After apparent fake meeting in Greece?

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewforum.php?f=19

1. Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende visits Washington DC

May 16, 2008

Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende together with Minister of Foreign Affairs Maxime Verhagen will visit Washington, D.C. Thursday, June 5 to Sunday, June 8. On Thursday, June 5, they will be received by President Bush at the White House. Topics to be discussed include the international political situation including developments in Afghanistan and the economic cooperation between the United States and the Netherlands. Subsequently, the Prime Minister will participate in the annual Bilderberg conference, which this year will be held in Chantilly, VA.

Communication editors: Further details on the visit of Prime Minister Balkenende and Minister Verhagen will be announced soon.

http://www.netherlands-embassy.org/article.asp?articleref=AR00002536EN

2. Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende visits Washington DC

Press release | 16-05-2008

Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende, together with Minister of Foreign Affairs Maxime Verhagen, will visit Washington, D.C. Thursday, June 5 to Sunday, June 8.

On Thursday, June 5, they will be received by President Bush at the White House. Topics to be discussed include the international political situation including developments in Afghanistan and the economic cooperation between the United States and the Netherlands. Subsequently, the Prime Minister will participate in the annual Bilderberg conference, which this year will be held in Chantilly, VA., USA.

http://www.minaz.nl/english/News/Press_releases_and_news_items/2008/M...

3. Iran Busts CIA-Backed Terror Group
http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/may2008/051908_iran_busts.htm

Iranians Arrest CIA Explosive/Chemical Terror Network
http://www.nineeleven.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=14734

Iran Busts CIA-Backed Terror Group

Announcement follows Neo-Con General's urge for Bush administration to support terrorist bombings in Iran

Paul Joseph Watson

Prison Planet

Monday, May 19, 2008

http://www.wakeupfromyourslumber.com/node/6840

The Iranian Intelligence Ministry busted a CIA-backed terror group that was planning to bomb scientific, educational, and religious centers, and carry out assassinations, according to a report in the Tehran Times. The arrests come weeks after Ret. Gen. Thomas McInerney urged the U.S. to carry out terror bombings in Iran.

"The Intelligence Ministry on Saturday released details of the detection and dismantling of a terrorist network affiliated to the United States," reports the newspaper.

"The United States Central Intelligence Agency comprehensively supported the terrorist group by arming it, training its members, and sponsoring its inhumane activities in Iran, the Intelligence Ministry stated."

The attack on a religious center in Shiraz last month which killed thirteen people and wounded 190 was blamed on the same group and according to the report, "it also had plans to carry out similar attacks on the Tehran International Book Fair, the Russian Consulate in Gilan Province, oil pipelines in southern Iran, and other targets."...................


PEPIS#96 - Bilderberg 2008 evades all scrutiny in Vouliagmeni, Greece

1. Johann Hari: The loathsome smearing of Israel's critics

2. Listen to drunk Ex UK Home Secretary John Reid MP who wants me to "stop hankering" the Bilderbergers

3. Illuminati in a nutshell

4. My printable Revelation timeline and guide

5. War & black magic Special featuring author and WWII hero Dennis Wheatley

13May08 - Tony Gosling

Well the old tricksters did it this year. They evaded all our efforts to track them down to a precise date and venue. There has been a lot of Bilderberg searching activity on the forum ( https://217.72.179.7/members/www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/ ) including examination of bilderbergers' schedules, checking of hotels but no 100% definite answer.

Whilst I had been displaying this at the top of the Bilderberg.org front page as a possible venue and date for a week or so Bilderberg researchers such as Marek Tysis, Jim Tucker and myself simply did not have enough hard facts to pin them down beforehand.

The trouble is that this year particularly all the key Bilderberg people have been keeping very quiet about their future plans. In past years they have been relatively open about where they were planning to be and it's then quite a simple matter to identify gaps in the schedules of, say the boss of the European Central Bank and the Queen of the Netherlands, that coincide.

Marek Tysis believed, rightly as it transpired, that it would be in Vouliagmeni, Greece in one of the first two weekends of May. What they were talking about we may never know. Let's hope at least SOMEBODY who realises that these people are where war and money meets and far too close to the Nazis (through Prince Bernhard and the occult connections particularly) has got some leaks.

What are they planning for us this year then? We might guess that Henry Kissinger has had problems with his War on Terror because nobody is believing it is anything other than a US, Israeli and British grab for empire. A continuation of Hitler's diseased dream of an occult empire to rival the extent of the old British Empire and Commonwealth and all the psychological pressure is now being piled on Gordon Brown who is not playing ball with the Bilderbergers' fascistic 'consensus'.

There is not a lot of doubt in my mind that the immense power that Bilderberg wields is ultimately satanic. One could pick a random homeless tramp on the streets of London to preside over such a conference you would get more common sense in his little finger than all the Bilderberg Steering committee have in their collective greedy bodies.

Maybe that is what is needed. A jubilee of renewal to remove these despots  and their freemasonic underlings from the committees that select candidates for the political parties.

What seemed a real political hope in the UK, the Liberal Democrat Party has somehow got itself a City of London stooge, Nick Clegg, in charge now so has made itself unelectable just a the time when it could have swept to power because of voter hatred of both Labour and Tory parties.

Israel too is 'celebrating' 60 years of existence and as such 60 years of terrorism, horror and hatred of the arabs. The Jewish people don't want it but what can they do with a fanatical far right Zionist government there. Jews are in exactly the same bind as the rest of us. Democracy has been stealthily and deliberately undermined in Israel just as in the US and Britain and Europe by Secret Societies operating within the 'cover' of freemasonry.

The Beijing Olympics looming appears something like the Berlin Olympics of 1936. A derisory show of male and female machismo with a few who will be this year's Jesse Owens?

So Bilderberg may have been successful in stopping scrutiny of themselves this year, no participant list, nothing whatsoever has emerged. And that bodes extremely ill for the coming Summer and Autumn. Whatever bloodcurdling warstarting event, whether or not connected with the Beijing Olympics, and whether or not leading to a global crash which will make a few people very very rich, you can be sure they will be in the know. Which means that Bilderberg is culpable, there's a lot of bucks riding on this. That is why they do everything they can, with their limitless supply of money, to keep these meetings out of the public eye.

What we need of course is a united front such as that which has formed in South America, probably because they have been the subject of so much evil and illegal US interference. A united front based on a media free of racist Zionist moles and on an understanding of the true facts behind 9/11 which kicked off all this 'War on Resistance Fighters' madness. It really is as if the war is against the plucky partisans and leaders of the French Resistance to Nazi occupation.

So it doesn't take a lot of imagination, once you've joined the Nazi dots, to see where Henry Kissinger and Bilderberg are coming from. His present company, Kissinger Associates, is the biggest protection racket on the planet and the UN eats out of its hands, that means the UN Charter and the Geneva Conventions have been torn to pieces by these people, paving the way for mass slaughter and maybe a little more power. Kissinger gets kudos from his impunity and Rockefeller, Rothschild and his financial backers and other underground friends are egged on to further madness by our gullibility. Then their is their love of Eugenics, what more proof do we need? How much more can we forget?

They want a more subtly spun global version of what Hitler had in the early 1940s and they are not going to get it because the human spirit will not have it. But they are so greedy and determined, indeed psychopathic in their goal, that they would rather pull our whole beautiful God-given world down around our heads than allow us to be the free people we were made to be. The real solutions to the problem of wage slavery, poverty, are so simple as to be almost obvious. Land reform and money reform, putting land back into the hands of those who need it as a ree gift to mankind. Taking the power to issue money out of private corporate hands

Anyway, that'll do for now and here are a few more articles and youtube clips to get you up to speed...

1. Johann Hari: The loathsome smearing of Israel's critics

http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/johann-hari/johann-hari-the-loathsome-smearing-of-israels-critics-822751.html

In the US and Britain, there is a campaign to smear anybody who tries to describe the plight of the Palestinian people. It is an attempt to intimidate and silence – and to a large degree, it works. There is nobody these self-appointed spokesmen for Israel will not attack as anti-Jewish: liberal Jews, rabbis, even Holocaust survivors.

My own case isn't especially important, but it illustrates how the wider process of intimidation works. I have worked undercover at both the Finsbury Park mosque and among neo-Nazi Holocaust deniers to expose the Jew-hatred there; when I went on the Islam Channel to challenge the anti-Semitism of Islamists, I received a rash of death threats calling me "a Jew-lover", "a Zionist-homo pig" and more.

Ah, but wait. I have also reported from Gaza and the West Bank. Last week, I wrote an article that described how untreated sewage was being pumped from illegal Israeli settlements on to Palestinian land, contaminating their reservoirs. This isn't controversial. It has been documented by Friends of the Earth, and I have seen it with my own eyes.

The response? There was little attempt to dispute the facts I offered. Instead, some of the most high profile "pro-Israel" writers and media monitoring groups – including Honest Reporting and Camera – said I an anti-Jewish bigot akin to Joseph Goebbels and Mahmoud Ahmadinejadh, while Melanie Phillips even linked the stabbing of two Jewish people in North London to articles like mine. Vast numbers of e-mails came flooding in calling for me to be sacked..........

http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/johann-hari/johann-hari-the-loathsome-smearing-of-israels-critics-822751.html

http://www.nineeleven.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?p=117900#117900

2. Listen to drunk Ex UK Home Secretary John Reid MP who wants me to "stop hankering" the Bilderbergers

http://www.bilderberg.org/2008.htm#reid

3. Anthony Sutton on Google Video

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6244851259954264539

Eerie and timely You can save it as an mp4 to your hard drive here if you wish http://www.keepvid.com

WALL STREET AND THE RISE OF HITLER: Stan Monteith interviews Anthony Sutton - 39 min - Jun 3, 2006

Unexplored Facets of Naziism Since the early 1920s unsubstantiated reports have circulated to the effect that not only German industrialists, but also Wall Street financiers, had some role — possibly a substantial role — in the rise of Hitler and Naziism. This book presents previously unpublished evidence, a great deal from files of the Nuremburg Military Tribunals, to support this hypothesis. However, the full impact and suggestiveness of the evidence cannot be found from reading this volume alone. Two previous books in this series, Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution1 and Wall Street and FDR,2 described the roles of the same firms, and often the same individuals and their fellow directors, hard at work manipulating and assisting the Bolshevik revolution in Russia in 1917, backing Franklin D. Roosevelt for President in the United States in 1933, as well as aiding the rise of Hitler in pre-war Germany. in brief, this book is part of a more extensive study of the rise of modern socialism and the corporate socialists. This politically active Wall Street group is more or less the same elitist circle known generally among Conservatives as the "Liberal Establishment," by liberals (for instance G. William Domhoff) as "the ruling class,"3 and by conspiratorial theorists Gary Allen4 and Dan Smoot5 as the "Insiders." But whatever we call this self-perpetuating elitist group, it is apparently fundamentally significant in the determination of world affairs, at a level far behind and above that of the elected politicians. The influence and work of this same group in the rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany is the topic of this book. This is an area of historical research almost totally unexplored by the academic world. It is an historical minefield for the unwary and the careless not aware of the intricacies of research procedures. The Soviets have long accused Wall Street bankers of backing international fascism, but their own record of historical accuracy hardly lends their accusations much credence in the West, and they do not of course criticize support of their own brand of fascism. This author falls into a different camp. Previously accused of being overly critical of Sovietism and domestic socialism, while ignoring Wall Street and the rise of Hitler, this book hopefully will redress an assumed and quite inaccurate philosophical imbalance and emphasize the real point at issue: Whatever you call the collectivist system — Soviet socialism, New Deal socialism, corporate socialism, or National socialism — it is the average citizen, the guy in the street, that ultimately loses out to the boys running the operation at the top. Each system in its own way is a system of plunder, an organizational device to get everyone living (or attempting to live) at the expense of everyone else, while the elitist leaders, the rulers and the politicians, scalp the cream off the top... read the whole book here http://www.reformed-theology.org/html/books/wall_street/index.html

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6987303668075230852

full length version with worse picture and sound quality
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6987303668075230852

3. Illuminati in a nutshell

Satan (The Illuminati still call him Lucifer) is the brightest and most intelligent of the heavenly host and because he is pure spirit he is indetructible. But he is only supported by one (the demonic) third of the spirit world.

In challenging an Illuminati agenda of lies it makes sense to spiritually tune in to the two-thirds majority (angels) and honour God (Yahweh) and his only son (Yeshuah or Jesus).

ORIGINS

Rituals written by Adam Weishaupt in the Grand Orient lodges of freemasonry, Bavaria, Germany. Formally inaugurated in 1776.

AIMS

(1) Abolition of ALL ordered national governments

(2) Abolition of inheritance

(3) Abolition of private property

(4) Abolition of patriotism

(5) Abolition of the family as the cell from which all civilisations have stemmed.

(6) Abolitions of all religions so that the Luciferian ideology of a totalitarian elite may be imposed on mankind.

STRATEGIES

(1) USE TEMPTATION TO ENTRAP

To use monetary and sex bribery to obtain control of people already occupying positions in high places in ALL governments and other fields of human endevour. Once fallen they were to be held in bondage by application of political and other forms of blackmail and threats of financial ruin, public exposure, and physical harm.

(2) GET THEM WHILE THEY'RE YOUNG

Illuminati on the faculties of colleges and universities were to recommend students belonging to well-bred families for special training in internationalism. They were to be at first persuaded and then convinced that men of special ability and brains had the RIGHT to rule those less gifted. Three special Illuminati schools are located at Gordonstoun in Scotland; Salem in Germany; and Anavryta in Greece.

(3) TERMINATOR AGENTS

Blackmailed Illuminati puppets and Illuminati educated students were to be used as agents and placed behind the scenes of ALL governments as 'experts' and 'specialists' so they could advise the top executives to adopt policies which would bring about the ultimate destruction of the religions they werre elected or appointed to serve.

(4) TO OWN PUBLIC DISCOURSE

The Illuminati were to obtain control of the press and all other agencies which distribute information to the public. News was to be slanted so that the public would get behind Illuminati puppets and come to believe in a One World Government as the only solution to the world's problems.

DEGREES

0. Preparation

1. Novice

2. Minerval

3. Illuminatus Minor

4. Illuminatus Major (Scotch Novice)

5. Illuminatus Dirigens (Scotch Knight)

6. Presbyter (Priest)

7. Principatus Illuminatus (Prince)

8. Magus (Master)

9. Rex (Man-God)

QUOTE

“The great strength of our Order lies in its concealment: let it never appear in any place in its own name, but always covered by another name, and another occupation. None is fitter than the three lower degrees of Free Masonry; the public is accustomed to it, expect little from it, and therefore takes little notice of it.

"Next to this, the form of a learned or literary society is best suited to our purpose, and had Free Masonry not existed, this cover would have been employed; and it may be much more than a cover, it may be a powerful engine in our hands. By establishing reading societies, and subscription libraries… we may turn the public mind which way we will.

In like manner we must try to obtain an influence in… all offices which have any effect, either in forming, or in managing, or even in directing the mind of man.”

4. My printable Revelation timeline and guide

http://www.bilderberg.org/trib.htm#timeline

http://www.bilderberg.org/rev_wheatley.doc

Tribulation events foreseen by the apostle John in Revelation. Quoting extra material from Timothy R. Phillips in the End Times Bible, World Publishing.

Whether or not you believe apostle and gospel author John's roller-coaster Revelation is God-inspired you can be sure of one thing: fanatical Christian Right, war-hungry leaders & other fakers are looking at it closely, so that they can compare their own plans and reinterpret the shocking events of Revelation. They plan to use the media to spin themselves as the good guys. See un-Biblical, racist 'Zionism' for example.

Four events that signal the beginning of the end of the world

In the first century, the apostle John's day, the noise of galloping horses' hooves hitting the ground inspired fear. It was the ominous sound of an enemy's approach. So when John described four horsemen who would begin the process of unleashing judgement (tribulation) on the earth, the familiar but awful sound of approaching horses would have been ringing in his readers' ears. In Revelation 6, John describes them. The first rides a dazzling white horse; the second, a fiery red horse; the third, a black horse; and the fourth, a deathly pale horse. Each one has a mission related to the Passover lamb's (Jesus') breaking of the first four seals of judgement up in heaven.

During the Tribulation two pairs of opposing human figures are set to feature prominently in world affairs. The antichrist (eg. Revelation 11:7 and 13:3) and false prophet (Revelation 16:13; 19:19-20; 20:10), satan's political and spiritual world puppets. Opposing them will be the two witnesses of God (Revelation 11:3).

Many will cry out against God - they do not or will not understand that the anguish of the tribulation is necessary to forever banish sin and evil from the world

5. War & black magic special:

05May08 - In World War the devil 'has surpassed himself' - Dennis Wheatley

From Gateway to Hell, Hutchinson, 1970

Chapter 7 - The Barbecue

......As the journalist drove them through the streets of the city, Richard asked him: 'While doing your job. have you ever come across any evidence that there are Satanist gatherings in Santiago?'

The Scottish-educated Chilean laughed. 'Good gracious. no, Mr Eaton. As in every city there are a few old crones who are credited with practising witchcraft, but I've never heard of their getting together to hold a Sabbat. What with their radios, motor-cycles and self-service stores, most of the people who live in Santiago are much too modern-minded to believe in that sort of thing.'

'That applies to most other countries now,' Richard replied.

But the fact remains that Satanism is still practised in them.'

'If you say so, Señor. I will take your word for it. But any educated person would now look on believing in the Devil as nonsense.'

'Of course they would if they think of the Devil as people did in the Middle Ages: a terrifying apparition with horns, hooves and a spiked tail. But that was only a form his emissaries took as suitable to the beliefs of the period. Now that people have so many things, other than religion. to occupy their minds, they naturally give little thought to the powers of good and evil. That is because they are not tuned in to such influences. But it does not mean that the Devil no longer exists.'

To Richard's surprise McTavish replied. 'If not by nation-ality, by heredity and education I'm a down-to-earth Scot. I can accept that the Devil is still stooging round tempting people with this an' that in exchange for their immortal souls.'

'May I ask if you are a Christian?'

'Aye, I'm certainly that.'

'Then, if you believe in God, you cannot logically disbelieve in the Devi1, because he was part of the original Creation. What is more, when Lucifer was cast out of Heaven. God gave him this world as his province. That is made abundantly clear in the New Testament, in the passage where Satan took Jesus Christ up into a high place, showed him all the cities and the fertile valleys and said, "All this will I give to Thee if Thou wilt bow down to me." He couldn't have offered something that wasn't his to give.'

'I suppose that is so.'

'It certainly is. And it's a great mistake to imagine that the Devil went out of business with the coming of the scientific age. He simply went underground, and adapted his methods to modem conditions. 'One of his names is "Lord of Misrule", and his object is to destroy all law and order among mankind. What could do that more effectively than the creation of wars, in which countless thousands of people legally murder one another, and there follows widespread. arson, pillage, rape and anarchy? In the present century, the Devil has brought about two world wars and a score of minor ones, by bemusing the minds of statesmen, and about the best interests of their peoples; so it seems to me that he has surpassed himself.'

'Am I right, Señor, in thinking you have formed the idea that these parties given by Glasshill are some form of Sabbat'?'

Suddenly it struck Richard that, should that prove the case, it would be just as well to keep McTavish in ignorance of the fact. Although Don Caesar had banned any account of what they found out being published, McTavish might, if the story had the making of a juicy scandal, sell it to a friend for publi-cation in another paper. After a moment, he replied, 'It's just possible; but I doubt it. Otherwise, surely you or one of your colleagues would have picked up some rumour about Satanic rites being practised in Santiago.'............

09Apr08 - Dennis Wheatley - New World Order is 'another name for hell'

Have you ever wondered what the origin of the phrase 'New World Order' is?

Earliest source I can find is from 1941. THis is the first time this quotation has ever been posted on the web. I just checked. Seems pretty clear to me, by New World Order' Wheatley means the central objective of Nazi political control. Which by no means died in 1944.

Thankfully, though these C21 Nazi control freaks are convinced their diabolical plan is possible, they can and will never achieve it. They may rather burn the world to the ground trying, and failing.

Closing paragraphs of

STRANGE CONFLICT by Dennis Wheatley

First published by Hutchinson, 1941

From Chapter XXII - THE GREAT GOD PAN

Spoken by Wheatley's protagonist Monseigneur le Duc de Richleau, Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Golden Fleece. The Duc is addressing his friends Simon Aron, Marie Lou, Rex Van Ryn and Richard Eaton who he's just helped rescue from a Nazi-Voodoo priest who has been remote viewing Britain's vital Atlantic convoy routes:

…"Whether or not Hitler and Mussolini themselves are great masters of Black Magic, nobody can possibly contest that it is through such ambitious and unscrupulous men, German, Italian and Japanese, that the Powers of Darkness are working and in recent years have acquired such a terrifying increase of strength upon our earth.

"The New World Order which they wish to bring about is but another name for Hell. If through them Evil prevailed, every man and woman of every race and colour would finally be enslaved, from the cradle to the grave. They would be brought up to worship might instead of right and would be taught to condone, or even praise, murder, torture and the suppression of all liberty as 'necessary' to the welfare of 'the State'.

"Incontestable proof of that has already been given us by the way in which the young Nazi-educated Germans have behaved in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France. They butchered old men, women and children who did not even seek to oppose them. That was part of the Plan, and they obeyed the order to commit these murders in cold blood without a single recorded instance of any protest against them by officers or men. Seven years of the Totalitarian poison has been enough for the Evil to grip five million German youths and with it their hearts have gone cold and stony. If they triumph, within seventy years such words as justice, toleration, freedom and compassion will have ceased to have a place in the vocabularies of the races of mankind.

"In the New World Order all family life will be at an end, except for the conquerors, and only the worst elements, spiritually, will be allowed to procreate fresh generations to populate a world divided into masters and slaves. The right to homes and children of their own would be reserved to the Overlords; the rest would be herded into barracks and reduced to the level of robots without the right to read or speak or even think for themselves. There could be no revolt, because every officer, priest, deputy, editor, magistrate, writer and other leader of free thought and action in the conquered countries would already have been executed by the firing-squads; and leaderless herds cannot prevail against tanks, tear-gas, bombs and machine-guns.

"And unless men are free how can they progress upon the great spiritual journey which all must make?

"This war is not for territory or gain or glory, but that Armageddon which was prophesied of old. That is why all the Children of Light. wherever they may be, captive or free, must hold on to their spiritual integrity as never before and must stick at nothing, physically, in the fight, lest the whole world fall under the domination of these puppets who are animated by the Powers of Darkness."

As he ceased speaking they knew that although it would be many days before their burns, weals and wounds were healed there had come into their hearts a little glow of warmth. The Battle was still far from being over, but they had done the thing which they had set out to do. Their Victory was an episode¬ no more-in the Titanic struggle that was in progress, but the flame which animated their spirits was burning an the brighter for it, and they were returning to fight on for the England that they loved.

It seemed that the Duke guessed their thoughts, for he spoke again. "As long as Britain stands the Powers of Darkness cannot prevail. On Earth the Anglo-Saxon race is the last Guardian of the Light, and I have an unshakable conviction that, come what may, our island will prove the Bulwark of the World."

Let's hope he is as right about 21st Century Britain as he was about 1940s Britain eh!?

Nazi black magic and the anti-christ order

Extracted from:

The Nazis

By George Bruce

Hamlyn 1974

ISBN 0-600-36556-5

Nazi black magic and the anti-christ order

Heinrich Himmler, whose arrest as a traitor Hitler had ordered on 28 April 1945 for negotiating with the Allies, was captured by a British patrol on 23 May. A few hours later he killed himself with cyanide, and, dying as Reichsführer-S.S., set his final seal upon the destruction of the world's most sinister order, which the Third Reich's military defeat had already inflicted.

Hitler had sown seeds of the deepest hatred between Nazis and Communists in his teaching and in the cruelty and mass murder he had launched in Russia. Now it was the turn of the Soviets. Nazism reached its end in a Berlin turned into a battleground of unparalleled violence, fire and brutality as the Soviet forces dealt blows of destruc-tion and revenge. It was as if the Satanic essence of Nazism shone through the flames and the ruins.

From 20 November 1945 to 1 October 1946 the Nuremberg International Tribunal tried 24 members of the Nazi hierarchy as war criminals, accusing them of crimes 'against Peace, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity...' Von Papen, Schacht ,and Hans Fritsche were acquitted. Twelve were sentenced to death, Bormann in his absence. Goering poisoned himself shortly before he was due to be executed. Ribbentrop, Streicher, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Frank, Frick, Jodl, Rosenberg, Sauckel and Seyss-Inquart were hanged. Von Schirach and Speer were sentenced to 20 years, von Neurath to 15 and Admiral Doenitz to 10 years. Lesser lights, such as obscure S.S. murderers, were tried before the various Allied Military Tribunals.

Many Nazis thus paid with their lives for the misery and death they unleashed upon the world in seeking to clamp their creed of hatred and domination upon its peoples.

Can the mystery of the evil of Nazism be explained? Was there a Satanic nucleus at the heart of it? One inter-pretation of its nature that should be mentioned is the link between Nazism and the alleged attachment to black magic and occultism of Hitler and his inner circle, in-cluding Goering, Himmler, Goebbels, Ley and, in the early days, Dietrich Eckart and Professor Karl Haushofer. Hitler, according to what may seem to many people a far-fetched belief, was the medium through whom contact was made with supernatural powers of evil. Hermann Rauschning, who observed Hitler with a cold and analytical eye, declares that he was a medium, 'possessed by forces outside himself - almost demoniacal forces'. Rudolf Olden, political editor of the Berliner Tageblatt in the days of Nazism's rise to power, remarked how the overwhelming, almost superhuman Niagara of words that poured forth during Hitler's speeches sometimes reached a climax during which he literally 'spoke in tongues' and seemed possessed. André François-Poncet, French Ambassador to Berlin, also referred to this apparent demoniacal possession.

Hitler's mediumistic powers supposedly provided the link with Satanic forces which spoke through him and led to the black magic and occult practices in the inner circle of Nazi leaders.

Rauschning also reports in Hitler Speaks a warning given to Hitler by a percipient woman in his circle, one of the few who dared to speak forthrightly to him. 'My Fuhrer, do not touch black magic,' she said. 'As yet both white and black magic are open to you. But once you have embarked upon black magic it will dominate your destiny. It will hold you captive. Don't choose the quick and easy successes. 'There lies before you the power over a realm of pure spirits. Do not allow yourself to be led away from your true path by earth-bound spirits which will rob you of creative power.'

Apparently Hitler disregarded the warning and was dominated by the evil forces, who, bribing him with early successes, forced him along the path of their own choosing towards an inferno which destroyed him, split Germany and impoverished Europe and Britain for two decades.

To believe this theory one must suspend rational judge-ment, but are there not in any case fields of human experi-ence which it cannot explain? And does not this theory of Hitler being dominated by evil supernatural forces throw light for the first time on the reason for Auschwitz, Treb-linka, the deaths of six million Jews, the plan to murder 33 million of the Slav population of Russia, the readiness to sacrifice three or four million of Germany's young man-hood in war and, finally, the long-term aim, reported by Fabian von Schlabendorff, for the total and permanent destruction of Christianity throughout the world?

In Ernst Röhm's expressive phrase, the Nazis were out to lift the world off its hinges, to destroy the power both of the proletariat and the middle classes and to found a new order of society to accord with the commands of the demonic voices which spoke through Hitler. 'I will tell you a secret,' he told Rauschning. 'I am founding an Order... In my Ordensburgen there will stand as a statue for wor-ship the figure of the magnificent, self-ordaining God--Man...' Hitler at this point checked himself with the remark that there were matters of which even he must not permit himself to speak.

Until more research has been devoted to the issue of Hitler's link with supernatural forces the subject must remain a closed book. Perhaps we should content ourselves with the words of General von dem Bach-Zelewski, at the Nuremberg International Tribunal: 'You will never know the whole truth.'

Magic and the fate of nations - The Black Art Today

Cover of Dennis Wheatley's study of Black Magic and the occult - The Devil and All His Works - written and published in the final years of his life

Extracted from:

The Devil and All His Works

Dennis Wheatley

Hutchinson 1971

ISBN 0-09-107770-2

' It has been said that, as a young man, Winston Churchill was a member of the Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt. In view of his tirelessly inquiring mind, it would not be very surprising if that were so.'

'Hitler once confided to Rauschnig that he was founding a secret order at the second stage of which a man-god would be worshipped throughout the world'

Magic and the fate of nations

…The French and Russian revolutions were among the greatest upheavals in modern history. During them many million people lost their lives, and scores of millions more had loved ones killed or were reduced to beggary. One of Satan's titles is Lord of Misrule. No circumstances could have better served his purpose.

It has been said that, as a young man, Winston Churchill was a member of the Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt. In view of his tirelessly inquiring mind, it would not be very surprising if that were so. But one is reminded of the saying 'A man who at the age of twenty is not a Communist has no heart; if he is still a Communist at the age of thirty, he has no head.'

Of one thing I feel positive. During the war Churchill had no truck with occultism of any kind. For three years it was my good fortune, as a member of the Joint Planning Staff of the War. Cabinet and therefore one of Churchill's staff officers, to work in the fortress basement under Whitehall, from which the war was directed.

I state this as evidence to my readers that I am no woolly-minded mystic, but have my feet very firmly planted on the ground. Unlike the majority of the other Planners, doubtless owing to the fact I was already a very well known author, I was' privileged to count among my friends General Lord Ismay, Major Sir Desmond Morton and Commander 'Tommy' Thompson, R.N., who were respectively the Prime Min-ister's Chief Staff Officer, his Personal Assistant, and his personal Aide-de-Camp; so were all constantly with him. All three lunched and dined with me, and I with them, on many occasions. (cannot believe that I would not have picked up at least a rumour of it from one of them, had our great war leader owed anything to the Power of Darkness.

There is evidence that Hitler expressed great interest in Satanic ceremonies, and an American correspondent writes to me that Hitler once confided to Rauschnig that he was founding a secret order at the second stage of which a man-god would be worshipped throughout the world - and presumably Hitler intended to be that man.

Himmler was obsessed by a belief in occult power. He listened greedily to every potential magic-maker that his sycophants could produce for him; and Hitler frequently consulted astrologers whom he kept as permanent members of his entourage. Not once, but on half a dozen occasions, he escaped assassination when by all the laws of chance he should have been killed. But, in view of the work he was doing, it paid the Power of Darkness well to keep him alive until it was no longer possible for him to do further harm. We recall, too, his last desperate efforts to destroy the German people with himself. That he survived as long as he did could surely be termed the 'luck of the Devil'.

The Black Art Today

In every age there have been secret societies, and the greater part of them have been brotherhoods concerned, to a greater or lesser degree, with magic. In the ,Western World, until the middle of the eighteenth century, their members dared not admit to belonging to them for fear of being accused of heresy. With the coming of the Age of Reason the power of the Church declined; so such societies were more freely talked of and written about; but, right up to very recent times, few people would freely confess that on certain nights they attended a sabbath, for to the ordinary person that still suggested evil doings and sexual promiscuity.

During the past decade, human behaviour has entered a new phase. It is termed the permissive society. The restraining powers of the Churches, parental authority and public opinion have all been overthrown by the younger generation. The majority of young people believe that they have the right to do what they like with their lives, irrespective of others, and comparatively few of them follow a religion.

Basically, of course, their instincts do not differ from those of their predecessors. Because a man chooses to grow his hair long, that does not indicate that he is effeminate or lacks courage, and it does not follow that, because a girl exposes all but a small portion of her body to the public gaze, she is necessarily immoral. But this young generation has been brought up in a new and terrible era, in which some maniac may bring an abrupt end to everything by launching nuclear war. In consequence young people lack a feeling of security and feel the urge to drown fear in excitement and excess. It is this, and the desperate seeking for some mental crutch to lean on, that has brought about this great upsurge in the practice of magic.

For many decades it had become so dormant that in 1951 Parliament repealed the ancient Act that made witchcraft a crime. This enabled its practitioners to come out into the open. One such was the late Dr Gerald B. Gardner, who lived in the Isle of Man and opened there the museum that, he claimed, was the only one in the world devoted to magic and witchcraft. He was responsible for the formation of many covens in Britain and initiated rites which are still followed by a considerable percentage of covens today, although they are repudiated by others who adhere to rites handed down from the Druids, and others again who regard their rites as more orthodox. "-

In Britain, the number of covens has now increased to several hundred, and in an article in the New York Times dated October 31st 1969, the Hampshire witch Miss Sybil Leek, who emigrated to the United States, is reported as saying that she knows of 400 covens there.

At sabbaths all indications of class are eliminated by the fact that those present wear uniform black robes or strip themselves naked. The latter custom is much more usual and is claimed to have the advantage because garments form, to some extent, a barrier that lessens the free flow of spiritual emanations from the body. With the object of raising a cone of power the participants perform the follow- my-leader dance with increasing frenzy until one of them becomes possessed, falls and, like a medium, speaks with the voice of the possessing spirit. The procedure is therefore essentially the same as that which takes place at a Voodoo ceremony.

The great majority of modern witches stoutly maintain that they practise only white magic, but the fact remains that anyone attending a sabbath lays himself open to Satanic influences, and in certain cases the evil resulting is incontestable.

The Wall Street Journal, of all papers, devoted to the subject an impressively long article, which opened with a column on the front page of the issue dated October 23rd 1969. It quotes Mr Anton Szandor LaVey - who acted as technical adviser in the film Rosemary's Baby - as saying with a grin, 'I am very much a devil's advocate.' He added that sex played a big part in the weekly night-time services he held, and that the 'Church' he had founded three years before had grown to a membership of 7,000.

In California there was the appalling case in which, apparently, members of a coven brutally murdered the eight-months-pregnant Sharon Tate and a number of other people.

That it was a Satanic killing I had no doubt from the first account of it, because, although they were not hung, two of the victims were found with the traditional sign - the end of a rope tied round the neck.

In Britain, too, the black art is gaining votaries by the thousand. The biography, published in 1969, of Mr Alex Sanders, a Manchester man now living in London, states that, as a youth, he one day came upon his grandmother in her kitchen standing naked in a pentacle. She disclosed to him that she was the last of a long line of hereditary witches. Then, in due course, she initiated him, both into her secrets and sexually. He now claims to be the King Witch of England.

Personally I do not believe that there are many more genuine sorcerers practising today than there have been in the past. By that I mean initiates of the genuine Rosicrucians or adepts possessing the secrets of the Cabala who, by a perverted use of them, can call to their aid the Powers of Darkness. The majority of these covens, I am convinced, are run by unscrupulous individuals who, to satisfy their lusts, impose on the credulity of young people and induce them to participate in rituals ending in orgies, by promising the girls rich husbands, the men other women they desire, or success in other ventures on which they have set their hearts.

I believe, too, that in certain cases covens are operated for purposes of blackmail. In these, a 'talent scout' picks up a likely victim at an ordinary spiritualistic seance and says to him, 'This is only nursery stuff. I'll take you to a place next week where you can see the real thing.' After attending a few meetings of the coven, the victim is photographed from behind a curtain, bending over a lovely nude girl. He is then told to pay up - or else.

Assuming that I am right, and that such genuine black magicians as there are concern themselves very little with romps, but a great deal with bringing about disruption through causing conditions that lead to widespread labour unrest and (wherever possible) wars, this does not mean that the covens run by frauds are harmless. Far from it. One does not have to know the secret rituals to attract the interest of the Powers of Darkness.

By prayer to any source of good in which one believes, one can receive comfort and fortitude; by participating in Satanic rites, however sham, one can make oneself a focus for evil. The spilling of blood by the sacrifice of animals, the spilling of semen in lust without affection, and the practice of perversions are like ringing a bell for the Devil. All these thousands of young people who have become initiates of covens are liable to become pawns of the Power of Darkness in its eternal war with the Power of Light. If this continues on an ever-increasing scale, the inevitable result will be a return to the brutal lawlessness, poverty and insecurity of the Dark Ages.

It is the duty of every responsible person who values a life of order, stability and decency to do his utmost to prevent this from happening. But how are we to set about it?


PEPIS #95 - 1. BBC: Bilderberg founder helped Nazi war criminals to escape Nuremberg

2. LATEST BILDERBERG 2008 POSSIBLE DATES - NO LOCATION AS YET - LEAKS,

WHISTLEBLOWERS NEEDED.

3. Interview with an Ex-Vampire

4. This is World War III, there are no rules, the rules went out the

window September the 11th.

5. My own appearances Audio and Television.

1. Radio - Bilderberg founder running Nazis to the USA

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/document/index.shtml

Nazis fleeing to Argentina

Monday 21 January 2008

Listen to this programme in full

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/document/rams/document_20080121.ram

http://www.bilderberg-mirror.org.uk/klm_nazis.mp3

Mike Thomson investigates claims that senior officials from the Swiss

police allowed Germans to travel to Argentina without the correct

paperwork during the Second World War. View a picture gallery of

images related to this edition.

It is well known that many senior Nazis escaped to Argentina after the

war.

The mystery has been how they managed to get there given that no

German was allowed to leave the country without an Allied approved

pass. The investigative history series, Document, returns with a

possible answer.

Records from the time reveal that in 1948 a representative of the

Dutch airline KLM asked Swiss police to ease travel restrictions for

Germans travelling to Argentina without the proper paperwork.

In the years that followed many wealthy Germans each spent the

equivalent of an average man's wages on luxury KLM flights to the

Argentine capital Buenos Aires.

It's suggested that this was all part of an elaborate covert plan to

help former Nazis flee from justice.

Sixty years on Dutch MPs are calling on KLM to open it's books and

allow an independent enquiry. Mike Thomson travels to the Netherlands

to investigate.

2. LATEST BILDERBERG 2008 POSSIBLE DATES - NO LOCATION AS YET - LEAKS,

WHISTLEBLOWERS NEEDED.

Dear Timuçin, Tony and others,

I don't give up easily.

I keep good hope to give what you expect.

But not a word upon the ways.

Following agenda will give us important information:

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=7003#7003

week april 7->13 nothing will happen

week April 14 -> 20 nothing will happen

week April 21 -> 27 possible and open

week April 28 -> May 4 nothing will happen in principle

week May 5 -> 11 possible and open

week May 12 -> 18 not possible

week May 19 -> 25 not possible

week May 26 -> June 1 possible

So we may keep the weeks April 21st to 27th, April 28th to May 4th,

May 5th to 11th and May 26th to June 1st open

I will not reveal the tricks I am using to get this sensitive

information. Check on the councelled hotel site of last year

( hotel.de) that you have now to subsribe. The IMF site and World bank

site are giving new info about their general directors WEEK BY WEEK.

And the NATO site is giving the Info after the event occured.

(Check it if you want).That is meaning that I have to keep my methods

SECRET FOR EVER.(not the revealed ones, of course)

Have a good evening

Marek Tysis

3. Interview with an Ex-Vampire

Brilliant hour long interview.

If you believe in the supernatural this might just blow your socks

off!

http://video.google.co.uk/videoplay?docid=7672003660947890622

Bill Schnoebelen - Interview with an ExVampire: A True Story - Part 1

1 hr 0 min 38 sec - 16 Jun 2006

http://www.ExVampire.com

Vampires are REAL!

Forbidden Knowledge, Occult Rituals, Secret Priesthoods, Spells,

Luciferian Initiation, Illuminism, Ceremonial Magick, Vampirism.

This was his world : Adept, Occultist, Satanic Priest, Black Magician,

Vampire.

Lured into the occult with the quest for knowledge, this nine hour

video chronicles the life of an adept in service to the darkest powers

of planet earth until saved from a horrible fate.

Discover the preparation, initiation and the "bringing over" of the

initiate into the world of true vampirism.

The other-worldly initiation by a being of immense power that claimed

him for its own.

The reality of vampires and werewolves and the positions they hold in

the dark world of the occult.

The secret priesthood that helped him survive.

The lust and hunger of the true vampire and how it destroys its

victims.

And much, more more!

Containing secret, first-hand information that has never before been

revealed to the public.

4. This is World War III, there are no rules, the rules went out the

window September the 11th.

Ex US Staff Sargeant Jimmy Massey

Shocking confessions of a US Marine. "Why are we killing so many

civilians?"

Cowboys From Hell is a new book by Jimmy Massey

New book tells it how it is

http://www.ivaw.org/

About (600 active members that speak worldwide, 2000 members in

reserve waiting for the revolution many within the US military, only

question is when are we going to take it to the White House, have

members within the NSA Maryland)

US Marines officer who questioned violations of the Geneva conventions

only to narrowly escape jail. Now wants to tell the world what he

witnessed in Iraq. This from Venezuelan TV

part 1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCRTgs5Cqlc

No 1 mercenary outfit is Blackwater - compound in North Carolina -

private security firms - do combat operations which are outside Geneva

conventions and international law. They get about 4 times the pay of

army soldiers. Not professional soldiers.

part 2 - We Are Surrounding Them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4hLTJ6uUL3U

This is an extension from the first gulf war - the number of deaths is

Genocidal

part 3

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7W_nGl9Z2I

We will stay in iraq until we bleed iraqis of all of their oil and

then we will move to iran, syria and whoever else we think has oil or

natural resources we can rape. Including Venezuela. This is World War

III, there are no rules, the rules went out the window September the

11th. My 12 year of briefings in US Marine corps tells me the US has a

quest for global domination... marines are gangsters for capitalism.

The media within the US has blinded the American people. blames Bill

O'Reily Fox News, Mr O'Reilly needs to grow a Hitler moustache.

Supposedly Irish but I think he's more fascist. Mr O'Reilly has

betrayed his people of Ireland.

5. My own appearances Audio and Television

Audio

War on Terror and Revelation - Tony Gosling

http://www.nineeleven.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?p=109908#109908

http://www.bilderberg-mirror.org.uk/wot_and_revelation.mp3

TV

London Bombings Enquiry Debate on Press TV

http://www.presstv.ir

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBO6dWCtu8w


PEPIS#94 - Bilderberg 1954 to 1984 participant lists

PEPIS#94 - Bilderberg 1954 to 1984 participant lists

1. Assassination motive - Benazir Bhutto was outing CIA/ISI terrorist

operations and naming names within the Pakistani state security, ISI,

she believed Bin Laden was murdered. She is an awful reminder of the

reality behind the Western Intelligence's rhetoric of bringing

democracy to the world

http://www.nineeleven.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=12938

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIO8B6fpFSQ

2. Western Press ignore US Military's U-turn on last weeks Hormuz war

provocation

http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=38370

http://www.nineeleven.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=13134

3. Bilderberg 1954 to 1984 participant rosters

http://www.bilderberg.org/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=2491

http://www.bilderberg-mirror.org.uk/Roster_Bilderberg_Meetings.doc

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

HOTEL DE BILDERBERG

OSTERBEEK, NETHERLANDS

29-31 May 1954

PROVISIONAL LIST

in alphabetical order

PRESIDENT:

His Royal Highness, The Prince of The Netherlands.

VICE-PRESIDENTS:

Coleman, John S.

van Zeeland, Paul.

SECRETARY GENERAL:

Retinger, J. H.

RAPPORTEURS:

Ball, George W. U.S.A.

Lawyer.

Bingham, George Barry U.S.A.

Newspaper publisher

Chief of Mission to France, Economic Cooperation Administration,

1949-1950

Gaitskell, The Rt. Hon. H. T. N. U.K.

Member of Parliament, Former Chancellor of the Exchequer

de Gasperi, Alcide Italy.

Member of Parliament, former Prime Minister

Hirschfeld, H. M. Netherlands.

Economic Adviser to the Netherlands' Government

Former High Commision of the Nethelrands' Government in Indonesia.

Director of Companies.

Mollet, Guy France.

Member of Parliament. Former Deputy Prime Minister.

Secretary General of the Socialist Party

Nitze, Paul H. U.S.A.

President, Foreign Service Educational Foundation.

Director, Policy Planning Staff, Dept. of State, 1950-1953.

de la Vallee Poussin, Etienne Belgium.

Senator

Rockefeller, David U.S.A.

Banker. Senior Vice-President, The Chase National Bank.

Zellerbach, J. D. U.S.A.

Industrialist. Member of U.S. Delegation, General Assembly of United

Nations, 1953.

Chief, ECA Special Mission to Italy, 1948-1950.

***

Andre, Robert France.

President of the "Syndicat de Petrole".

Assheton, The Rt. Hon. Ralph U.K.

Member of Parliament, former Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of

Supply,

Former Financial Secretary to the Treasury.

De Beaumont, G. France.

Member of Parliament

Bonvoisin, Pierre Belgium.

Banker, President of the "Banque de la Societe Generale de Belgique".

Boothy, Sir Robert U.K.

Member of Parliament.

Brauer, Max Germany.

Former Mayor and President of the Land of Hamburg

Cafiero, Raffaele Italy.

Senator.

Cisler, Walker L. U.S.A.

Public Utility Executive. President, The Detroit Edison Co.

Consultant to Atomic Energy Commission and Mutual Security Agency.

Cowles, Gardner U.S.A.

Publisher.

Davies, The Rt. Hon. Clement U.K. Member of Parliament. Former

Minister.

Chairman of Parliamentary Liberal Party.

Drapier, Jean Belgium.

Lawyer.

Duchet, R. France.

Member of Parliament, former Minister.

Secretary General, Independents and Peasants Party.

Faure, M. France.

Member of Parliament.

Ferguson, John H. U.S.A.

Lawyer. Vice-President and Executive Director, Cttee. for a National

Trade Policy.

Deputy Director, Policy Planning Staff, Dept. of State, 1951-1953

Foster, John U.K.

Member of Parliament.

Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Commonwealth Relations.

Franks, The Rt. Hon. Sir Oliver U.K.

Former Ambassador in Washington. Chairman Lloyd's Bank.

Geyer, Gerhard P. Th. Germany.

Industrialist. Director General "Esso".

Gubbins, Sir Colin U.K.

Major General retd. Formerly in charge of SOE.

Healey, Denis U.K.

Member of Parliament,

Former Secretary of the International Cttee. of the Labour Party.

Heinz, H. J. U.S.A.

President, H.J. Heinz Co.

Hoegh, Leif Norway.

Shipowner.

Jackson, C. D. U.S.A.

Publisher. Formerly Special Assistant to President Eisenhower

1953-1954

Jay, Nelson Dean U.S.A.

Banker. Director, J. P. Morgan & Co. Inc. New York

Kanellopoulos, P. Greece.

Member of Parliament. Minister of National Defense.

Koningsberger, V.J. Netherlands.

Professor State University Utrecht.

Kraft, Ole Bjorn Denmark.

Member of Parliament. Former Foreign Minister.

Leverkuehn, P. M. A. Germany.

Member of Parliament. Lawyer

Malagodi, Giovanni F. Italy.

Member of Parliament.

Moe, Finn Norway.

Member of Parliament.

Chairman, Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Cttee. Vice-President, Council

of Europe

Montgomery, Hyde H. U.K.

Member of Parliament

Motz, Roger Belgium.

Senator. Chairman of the Liberal International.

Former Chairman of the Liberal Party.

Mueller, Rudolf Germany.

Lawyer.

McGhee, George C. U.S.A.

Industrialist

Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern & South African Affairs,

1949-1952.

U.S. Ambassador and Chief, AMerican Mission for Aid to Turkey,

1951-1953.

Nebolsine, George U.S.A.

Lawyer.

Consultant to Department of State and Ecnomic Cooperation

Administration, 1948.

Trustee U.S. Council of International Chamber of Commerce

Oosterhuis, H. Netherlands.

Member of Parliament. President of the Netherlands Federation of Trade

Unions.

Parker, Cola G. U.S.A.

Industrialist.

Member of Commission on Foreign Economic Policy (Rendall Commission).

Perkins, George W. U.S.A.

Industrialist. Assistant Secr. of State for European Affairs,

1949-1953.

Pilkington, Sir Harry U.K.

President, Federation of British Industries.

Pinay, Antoine France.

Member of Parliament. Former Prime Minister.

Pipinelis, P. Greece.

Former Foreign Minister. Former Ambassador to U.S.S.R.

Pirelli, Alberto Italy.

Industrialist. Minister of State.

Quaroni, P. Italy.

Ambassador to France. Former Ambassador to the U.S.S.R.

Rosenberg, Ludwig Germany.

Chief of Department of Foreign Affairs of the Trade Unions.

Rossi, Paolo Italy.

Member of Parliament.

de Rougemont, Denis Switzerland.

Author. Director European Cultural Center

Rijkens, Paul Netherlands.

Industrialist. Chairman of Unilever N.V.

Schneider, Ernst Georg Germany.

Industrialist. President, Chamber of Commerce of Dusseldorf

Spang, Joseph P., Jr. U.S.A.

Industrialist. President, The Gillette Co.

Steenberghe, M. P. L. Netherlands.

Former Minister of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands.

Director of Companies.

Teitgen, P. H. France

Vice-President of the Council of Ministers.

Terkelsen, Terkel M. Denmark.

Chief Editor, Berlingske Tidende.

Tingsten, Herbert L. G. Sweden.

Chief Editor, Dagens Nyheter.

Troeger, H. Germany.

Minister of Finance of Hesse

Valletta, Vittorio Italy.

Industrialist. President of FIAT

Voisin, Andre France.

President, "La Federation"

Waldenstrom, M. Sweden.

Industrialist.

van Walsem, H. F. Netherlands.

Industrialist. Member of the Board of Philips Industries Eindhoven.

Willems, Jean Belgium.

"Fondation Universitaire"

Williamson, Thomas U.K.

General Secretary, National Union of General and Municipal Workers.

In an advisory capacity:

Vlekke, B. H. M. Netherlands.

Secretary General of the Netherlands' Society of International

Affairs.

SECRETARIAT:

Director: Veenstra, W.

Secretaries: Focke, E. G.

Overweg, G. E.

Pomian, J.

GENERAL INFORMATION

LOCATION:

All meetings will be held at Hotel "De Bilderberg".

Telephone: Oosterbeek 2887.

ACCOMODATION:

Accomodation has been reserved at Hotel "De Bilderberg" as well as at

two other hotels in the area vicinity viz. Hotel "Wolfheeze" and Hotel

"'s Koonings Jaght".

Participants will have breakfast in the hotel where they are staying.

Lunches and dinners will be served at Hotel "De Bilderberg".

Hotel accomodation, meals as well as transport by car from the point

of arrival in Holland to the Conference and back, will be provided.

Any extras will, however, be charged to the participants of the

conference.

SECRETARIES:

At "De Bilderberg" secretaries will be made available to the

participants on request to the Secretariat.

MEETINGS:

Saturday, 29th May 10 h. - 13 h.

15 h. - 18 h.

Sunday, 30th May 11 h. - 13 h.

15 h. - 18 h.

Monday, 31st May 10 h. - 13 h.

14.30 h. - 18 h.

For reasons of convenience only the English and French

languages will be used. The conference room will be equipped for

simultaneous interpretation into English and French.

TRAVEL BUREAU:

(including accomodation and currency exchange)

A small travel bureau with all exchange facilities will be established

at Hotel "De Bilderberg." This bureau will be in charge of Miss M.

Tuinman.

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

(St. Simons Island Conference, USA; 15-17 February 1957)

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

H.R.H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, Chairman.

J.H. Retinger, Polish Charge d'Affaires in Russia, 1941

Joseph E. Johnson, President, Carnegie Endowment for International

Peace

Hon. F.D.L. Astor, Editor, The Observer, U.K.

G.W. Ball, Attorney, Cleary, Gottlieb, Friendly and Ball, U.S.

Fritz Berg, Chairman, Federation of German Industries, Germany

M. Nuri Birgi, Secretary-General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey

Eugene R. Black, President, International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development

Robert R. Bowie, Asst. Secretary of State for Policy Planning, U.S.

McGeorge Bundy, Dean Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University

Hakon Christianson, Chairman, East Asiatic Company, Denmark

Walker Cisler, President, Atomic Industrial Forum, U.S.

Pierre Commin, Secretary, French Socialist Party

B.D. Cooke, Director, Dominion Insurance Company, U.S.

Arthur H. Dean, Law partner of John Foster Dulles, formerly of

Sullivan and Cromwell, U.S.

Jean de la Garde, French Ambassador to Mexico

Thomas E. Dewey, Attorney, former Governor of New York, U.S.

Sir William Eddlitt, Air Chief Marshal, Royal Institute, U.K.

Fritz Erler, Socialist M.P., Germany

John Ferguson, Attorney, Cleary, Gottlieb, Friendly and Ball, U.S.

Lincoln Gordon, Professor, Consultant to Nato's "Three Wise Men"

Sir Colin Gubbins, Industrialist, U.K.; Lawrence R. Hafstead,

Technical Adviser, Atomic Energy Commission

Jens Christian Hauge, Socialist M.P., Norway

Brooks Hays, House Foreign Affairs Committee

Denis Healey, Labour M.P. (now Minister of Defence), U.K.

Arnold D.P. Heeney, Ambassador to U.S.A., Canada

Michael A. Heilperin, Economist, U.S.

Henry J. Heinz, President, H.J. Heinz & Company, U.S.

Leif Hoegh, Banker, Norway

Paul G. Hoffman, Former Director, E.C.A., U.N. Delegate, U.S.

C.D. Jackson, President, Time Inc., Former Special Assistant to the

President, U.S.

Wm. H. Jackson, Former Special Assistant to the President U.S.

Per Jacobson, Managing Director, International Monetary Fund, Sweden

Georg Kurt Kiesinger, Director of Special Studies, Rockefeller

Foundation

Pieter Liefnick, Director, International Monetary Fund, Netherlands

Imbriani Longo, Director-General, Banco Nazionale del lavoro, Italy

Paul Martin, Minister Health and Welfare, Canada

David J. Mcdonald, President United Steelworkers

Geo. C. McGhee, Director, Middle East Institute

Ralph E. McGill, Editor, Atlanta Constitution

Alex W. Menne, President, Association of German Chemical Industries,

Germany

Rudolf Mueller, Lawyer, Germany

Robert Murphy, Deputy-Under-Secretary of State, U.S.

Frank C. Nash, Attorney, Former Assistant Secretary of Defense, U.S.

Geo. Nebolsine, Attorney, Coudert Bros, U.S.

Paul H. Nitze, Former Director, Policy Planning, State Department,

U.S.

Morehead Patterson, Deputy Commissioner of Disarmament, U.S.

Don K. Price, Vice-President, Russian Institute, Columbia University

David Rockefeller, Chairman of the Board, Chase National Bank

J.H. Van Joijen, Ambassador to U.S., Netherlands

Dean Rusk, President, Rockefeller Foundation

Paul Rykans, Industrialist, Netherlands

J.L.S. Steele, Chairman, British International Chamber of Commerce,

U.K.

Terkel M. Terkelson, Editor, Denmark

John M. Vorys, Member, Foreign Affairs Committee

Fraser B. Wilde, Comm. on Economic Development

Otto Wolff von Amerongen, Partner, Otto Wolff, Germany

W.T. Wren, Chairman, Allied Iron Founders, U.D.

Paul van Zeeland, Financier, former Prime Minister of Belgium

Source: http://www.bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

(Buxton Conference, England, 13-15 September 1958)

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

The Chairman was H.R.H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.

J.H. Retinger (Hon. Secretary)

Jo. E. Johnson (Hon. Secretary in the U.S.)

Herman J. Abs, Germany

Dean Acheson, United States

Giovanni Agnelli, Italy

G.W. Ball, U.S.

Walworth Barbour, U.S.

Wilfred Baumgartner, France

Sir Edward Beddington-Behrens, U.K.

Berthold Beitz, Germany

Fritz Berg, Germany

Muharrem Nuri Birgi, Turkey

P.A. Blaisse, Netherlands

James C. Boden, Germany

Erik Boheman, Sweden

Max Brauer, Germany

Randolph W. Burgess, U.S.

Lewis Camu, Belgium

Guido Carli, Italy

Clifford P. Case, U.S.

Victor Cavendish-Bentick, U.K.

Sir Ralph Cochrane, U.K.

Erich Dethleffsen, Germany

Fritz Erler, Germany

John Ferguson, U.S.

H.T.N. Gaitskell, U.K.

Walter L. Gordon, Canada

Joseph Grimond, U.K.

Sir Colin Gubbins, U.K.

Walther Hallstein (Chairman, European Common Market Commission)

Joseph C. Harsch, U.S.

Gabriel Hauge, U.S.

Denis Healey, U.K.

Michael A. Heilperin, U.S.

H. J. Heinz II, U.S.

Leif Hoegh, Norway

C.D. Jackson, U.S.

Viscount Kilmuir, U.K.

E.N. van Kleffens

Viscount Knollys, U.K.

Ole B. Kraft, Denmark

Thorkil Kristensen, Denmark

Giovanni F. Malagodi, Italy

John J. McCloy, U.S.

Geo. C. McGhee, U.S.

Philip E. Mosely, U.S.

Roger Motz, Belgium

Rudolf Mueller, Germany

Alfred C. Neal, U.S.

Geo. Nebolsine, U.S.

Paul H. Nitze, U.S.

David Ormsby-Gore, U.K.

P.F.S. Otten, Netherlands

P.N. Pipinelis, Greece, Alberto Pirelli, Italy

Pietro Quaroni, Italy

Sir Alfred Roberts, U.K.

David Rockefeller, U.S.

Michael Ross, U.S.

Jacques Rueff

Paul Rykans, Netherlands

Carlo Schmidt, Germany

C.V.R. Schuyler

J.L.S. Steele, U.K.

Terkel M. Terkelson, Denmark

Henry Tiarks, U.K.

Every A. Vermeer, Netherlands

Marc Wallenberg, Sweden

Otto Von Amerongen, Germany

Paul van Zeeland, Belgium

J.D. Zellerbach, U.S.

Source: http://www.bilderberg.org/bildhist.htm

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

(Williamsburg Conference, USA; 20-22 March 1964)

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

H.R.H. the Prince of the Netherlands, Chairman.

Ernst H. van der Beugel, Honorary Secretary General for Europe.

Joseph E. Johnson, president, Carnegie Endowment for International

Peace, Honorary Secretary General for the United States.

Paul Rykens, Honorary Treasurer.

Arnold T. Lamping, former ambassador, Deputy Secretary General for

Europe.

Acheson, Dean, former Secretary of State, United States.

Agnelli, Giovanni, vice-chairman of the board and managing director,

Fiat Co., Italy.

Ball, George W., Under Secretary of State, United States.

Baumel, Jacques, Senator, Secretary General, "Union pour la Nouvelle

République," France.

Baumgartner, Wilfred S., former Minister of Finance, France.

Beer, Henrik, secretary, General League of Red Cross Societies,

International.

Bennett, Frederic, Member of Parliament, Germany.

Brauer, Max, former burgomaster of Hamburg, Member of Parliament,

Germany.

Buchan, the Honourable Alastair, director, Institute for Strategic

Studies, United Kingdom.

Bundy, McGeorge, Special Assistant to the President for National

Security Affairs, United States.

Cabot, Louis W., president, Cabot Corp., United States.

Cisler, Walker L., industrialist, United States.

Collado, Emilio G., vice president, Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey),

United States.

Dean, Arthur H., international lawyer and diplomat, United States.

Defferre, Gaston, Department of National Assembly, mayor of Marseille,

France.

Duncan, James S., company director, Canada.

Dundee, Lord, Minster of State for Foreign Affairs, United Kingdom.

Erier, Fritz, Member of Parliament, floor leader Social-Democratic

Party, Germany.

Ford, Gerald R., Congressman, United States.

Fulbright, J. William, Senator, United States.

Gallois, Pierre, general, specialist in nuclear problems, France.

Griffin, Anthony G.S., banker, Canada.

Gubbins, Sir Colin, industrialist, United Kingdom.

Haekkerup, Per. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Denmark.

Hague, Gabriel, president Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co., United

States.

Healey, Denis, member of Parliament, Labour Party spokesman on

defense, United Kingdom.

Heeney, Arnold D. P., former Ambassador to the United States,

chairman, International Joint Commission on Water Resources, Canada.

Heinz II, Henry J., chairman of the board, Heinz Co., United States.

Herter, Christian A., former Secretary of State, Special

Representative for Trade Negotiations, United States.

Hoegh, Leif, shipowner, Norway.

Holifield, Chet, Congressman, United States.

Jackson, Charles D., senior vice president, Time, Inc., United States.

Jackson, Henry M., Senator, United States.

Javits, Jacob K., Senator, United States.

Jellicoe, Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty, United Kingdom.

Kerchove d'Ousseighem, Nicolas W. de, assistant "Ecole des Sciences

politiques et sociales," Belgium.

Kissinger, Henry A., professor, associate, Harvard University Center

for International Affairs, United States.

Kieffens, Eelco N. van, chief representative in the United Kingdom of

the European Coal and Steel Community, International.

Kundtzon, Harald, general manager, "Den Danske Landmandsbank,"

Denmark.

Kohnstamm, Max, vice president, Action Committee for a United States

of Europe, International.

Koster, Herman J. de, president, Federation of Netherlands Industries,

Netherlands.

Kraft, Ole B., former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Member of

Parliament, Denmark.

Krapf, Hans, Chief of the Political Division, Ministry of Foreign

Affairs, Germany.

Kuhlmann-Stumm, Knut Freiherr von, Member of Parliament, floor leader

of the Free Democratic Party, Germany.

La Malene, Christian de, Member of Parliament, Member of European

Parliament, France.

La Malfa, Ugo, Member of Parliament, Italy.

Lamontagne, Maurice, President of the Queen's Privy Council for

Canada, Canada.

Lange, Halvard, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Norway.

Lennep, Jonkheer Emilie van, Chairman Monetary Committee EEC,

Chairman, Working Party 3 OECD, International.

Lindsay, Franklin A., president of Itek, United States.

Lipkowski, Jean de, diplomat, Member of Parliament, Member of European

Parliament, France.

Litchfield, Lawrence, Jr., chairman of the board, Aluminum Co. of

America, United States.

Lolli, Ettore, deputy general, manager "Banca Nazionale del Lavoro,"

Italy.

Luns, Joseph M.A.H., Minister of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands.

Majonica, Ernst, Member of Parliament, Germany.

Maifatti, Franco M., Under Secretary Ministry of Industry and

Commerce, Italy.

Mansholt, Sicco L., vice president EEC, International.

McCloy John J., lawyer and diplomat, United States.

McGhee, George C., Ambassador to the Federal Republic, United States.

Meynen, Johannes, managing director, AKU, Netherlands.

Murphy, Robert D., president, Corning Glass International, United

States.

Nebolsine, George, international lawyer, United States.

Nykopp, Johan, former Ambassador, president of Tampella, Finland.

Pearson, Lester B., Prime Minister, Canada.

Peccel, Aurelio, managing director, Ital-consult, Italy.

Pinay, Antoine, former Prime Minister, France.

Rockefeller, David, president, Chaise Manhattan Bank, United States.

Roll, Sir Eric, Economic Minister at the British Embassy to the United

States, head of the United Kingdom Treasury and Supply Delegation,

United Kingdom.

Scaglia, Giovanni Battista, member of Parliament, vice chairman,

Christian Democratic Party, Italy.

Schmid, Carlo, Vice President, Federal Parliament, Germany.

Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul, managing director, International Monetary

Fund, International.

Shulman, Marshall, research associate, Russian Research Center,

Harvard University, professor of international politics, Fletcher

School of Law and Diplomacy, United States.

Smith, H. Page, Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic (NATO),

International.

Snoy et d'Oppuers, Baron, managing director "Compagnie d'Outremer pour

l'Industrie et la Finance", Belgium.

Speidel, Hans, special adviser on defense matters, Germany.

Stewart, Michael, Member of Parliament, United Kingdom.

Stikker, Dirk U., Secretary General of NATO, International.

Stone, Shepard, director, International Affairs Program, Ford

Foundation, United States.

Terkelsen, Terkel, chief editor, Denmark.

Umbricht, Victor H., former head of Swiss Treasury and diplomat,

president, CIBA Corp., New York, Switzerland.

Vittorelli, Paolo, Senator, Italy.

Wallenberg, Marcus, chairman, Federation of Swedish Industries,

Sweden.

Westrick, Ludger, Secretary of State, Office Federal Chancellor,

Germany.

Winters, Robert H., industrialist, Canada.

Wolff von Amerongen, Otto, senior partner Otto Wolff Koln, Germany.

Wriston, Walter B., executive vice president, First National City

Bank, United States.

Wyndham White, Eric, executive secretary, GATT, International.

Source: http://www.libertypost.org/cgi-bin/readart.cgi?ArtNum=33585&Disp=30

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

Saltsjöbaden Conference, Sweden

11-13 May 1973

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

Chairman:

H.R.H. The Prince of the Netherlands

Honorary Secretary General For Europe:

Ernst H. van der Beugel

Honorary Secretary General for the United States:

Joseph E. Johnson

Honorary Treasurer:

C. Frits Karsten

Agnelli, Giovanni Italy

Anderson, Robert O. United States

Ball, George W. United States

Baumgartner, Wilfrid S. France

Bennett, Sir Frederic United Kingdom

Beyazit, Selahattin Turkey

Birgi, M. Nuri Turkey

Bjol, Erling Denmark

Bjorgerd, Anders Sweden

Boiteux, Marcel France

Breuel, Birgit Germany

Brzezinski, Zbigniew United States

Bundy, William P. United States

Cittadini Cesi, Il Marchese Italy

Collado, Emilio G. United States

Dean, Arthur H. United States

Drake, Sir Eric United Kingdom

Ducci, Roberto Italy

Girotti, Raffaele Italy

Granier de Lilliac, Rene France

Greenhill, Sir Denis United Kingdom

Griffin, Anthony G. S. Canada

Haagerup, Niels J. Denmark

Hallgrimsson, Geir Iceland

Healey, Denis United Kingdom

Heinz II, Henry J. United States

Hoegh, Leif Norway

Houthuys, Jozef Belgium

Janssen, Daniel E. Belgium

Kersten, Otto International

Kohnstamm, Max International

Lapham Jr., Lewis H. United States

Lehto, Sakari Finland

Lennep, Jonkheer Emile van International

Levy, Walter J. United States

Lied, Finn Norway

Lombardini, Siro Italy

Luns, Joseph M. A. H. International

Lougheed, Peter Canada

Macdonald, Donald S. Canada

Maudling, Reginald United Kingdom

Merlini, Cesare Italy

Mettler, Erich Switzerland

Moyers, Bill D. United States

Newhouse, John United States

Owen, David United Kingdom

Palme, Olof Sweden

Perkins, James A. United States

Philips, Frits J. Netherlands

Ritchie, Albert E. Canada

Roll, Sir Eric United Kingdom

Rothschild, Baron Edmond de France

Rozemond, Samuel Netherlands

Schmidt, Helmut Germany

Seydoux de Clausonne, Roger France

Simon, John M. United Kindom

Smith, Gerard C. United States

Snoy et d'Oppuers, Baron Belgium

Sommer, Theo Germany

Spaak, Fernand International

Stehlin, Paul France

Stille, Ugo Italy

Stoltenberg, Thorvald Norway

Stone, Shepard United States

Strang, Gunnar Sweden

Taverne, Richard United Kingdom

Terkelsen, Terkel M. Denmark

Tidemand, Otto G. Norway

Udink, Berend J. Netherlands

Umbricht, Victor H. Switzerland

Wagner, Gerrit A. Netherlands

Wallenberg, Marcus Sweden

Wickman, Krister Sweden

Wilson, Carroll L. United States

Wischnewski, Hans-Jurgen Germany

Wolff von Amerongen, Otto Germany

IN ATTENDANCE:

Svensson, Nils Sweden

Lindgren, Hugo Sweden

Vernede, Edwin Netherlands

Getchell Jr., Charles W. United States

Source: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/bilderbergfile/conten...

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

PRINCETON CONFERENCE

21-23 April 1978

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Lord Home of the Hirsel, K. T.

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE:

Ernst H. van der Beugel

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

William P. Bundy

HONORARY TREASURER:

C. Frits Karsten

Agnelli, Giovanni Italy

Andersen, K. B. Denmark

Andreatta, Nino Italy

Angermeyer, Joachim Fed. Rep. of Germany

Ball, George W. United States

Bartley, Robert L. United States

Batenburg, Andre The Netherlands

Bell, George B. Canada

Bennett, Sir Frederic United Kingdom

Bennett, Jack United States

Bertram, Christoph United Kingdom

Beyazit, Selahattin Turkey

Brekke, Tor Norway

Brzezinski, Zbigniew United States

Bulow, Andreas von Fed. Rep. of Germany

Carrington, Lord United Kingdom

Cary, Frank T. United States

Cittadini Cesi, Il Marchese Italy

Close, Robert-Charles Belgium

Collado, Emilio G. United States

Conable, Barber B., Jr. United States

Constancio, Vitor M. R. Portgual

Contogeorgis, George Greece

Davidson, Ralph P. United States

Davignon, Vicomte International

Dell, Edmund United Kingdom

Diebold, William, Jr. United States

Ducci, Roberto Italy

Duisenberg, William F. The Netherlands

Eekelen, Willem F. van The Netherlands

Esambert, Bernard France

Falldin, Thorbjorn Sweden

Finlay, Murray H. United States

Furgler, Kurt Switzerland

Gasteyger, Curt Switzerland

Geddes, Sir Reay United Kingdom

George-Brown, Lord United Kingdom

Greenfield, Meg United States

Griffin, Anthony G. S. Canada

Haggerty, Patrick E. United States

Haig, Alexander, Jr. International

Halberstadt, Victor The Netherlands

Hallgrimsson, Geir Iceland

Hansen, Rolf Norway

Harvey-Jones, John H. United Kingdom

Hauge, Gabriel United States

Heinz, Henry J., II United States

Heinz, H. John, III United States

Herrhausen, Alfred Fed. Rep. of Germany

Houthuys, Jef Belgium

Igler, Hans Austria

Johnson, Joseph E. United States

Karber, Phillip A. United States

Kersten, Otto International

Kissinger, Henry A. United States

Knight, Andrew United Kingdom

Lambert, Baron Belgium

Lennep, Jhr. Emile von International

Lord, Winston United States

Lundvall, Bjorn Sweden

Luns, Joseph M. A. H. International

Montbrial, Thierry de France

Newhouse, John United States

Norlund, Niels Denmark

Nussbaumer, Adolf Austria

Ostry, Sylvia Canada

Ottone, Piero Italy

Peterson, Peter G. United States

Pitti-Ferrandi, Robert France

Rockefeller, David United States

Lord Roll of Ipsden United Kingdom

Rose, Francois de France

Rovira, Don Juan Jose Spain

Savona, Paolo Italy

Silvestri, Stefano Italy

Snoy et d'Oppuers, Baron Belgium

Solomon, Anthony M. United States

Sommer, Theo Fed. Rep. of Germany

Sonnenfeldt, Helmut United States

Sorensen, Svend O. Denmark

Stinson, George A. United States

Tatu, Michel United States

Thorn, Gaston Luxembourg

Tidemand, Otto Grieg Norway

Tiivola, Mika Finland

Treichl, Heinrich Austria

Umbricht, Victor Switzerland

Wallenberg, Marcus Sweden

Weizsacker, Richard von Fed. Rep. of Germany

Wharton, Clifton R., Jr. United States

Whitman, Marina v. N. United States

Will, George United States

WIlliams, Lynn R. United States

Wischnewski, Hans-Jurgen Fed. Rep. of Germany

Wolff van Amerongen, Otto Fed. Rep. of Germany

Zaimis, Andreas F. Greece

Zysman, John United States

OBSERVERS:

Bjarnson, Bjorn Iceland

Zimmer-Lehmann, Georg Austria

IN ATTENDANCE:

Cordt, Herbert Austria

Getchell, Charles United States

Heine-Geldern, Thomas Austria

Muller, Charles W. United States

WInthrop, Grant F. United States

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

BADEN CONFERENCE

27-29 April 1979

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Lord Home of the Hirsel, K. T.

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE:

Ernst H. van der Beugel

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

William P. Bundy

Agnelli, Giovanni Italy

Androsch, Hannes Austria

Apfalter, Herlbert Austria

Avon, The Earl of United Kingdom

Ball, George W. U.S.A.

Barattieri, Vittorio Italy

Bennett, Sir Frederic United Kingdom

Bertram, Christoph International

Beullac, Christian France

Beyazit, Selahattin Turkey

Breuel, Birgit Fed. Rep. of Germany

Broesigke, Tassilo Austria

Brown, L. Dean U.S.A.

Carras, Costa Greece

Chafee, John H. U.S.A.

Christophersen, Henning Denmark

Cittadini Cesi, Il Marchese Italy

Constancio, Vitor M. R. Portugal

Dallinger, Alfred Austria

Duisenberg, Willem F. Netherlands

Eliot, Theodore L., Jr. U.S.A.

Esambert, Bernard France

Finney, Paul B. U.S.A.

Fischer, Heinz Austria

Foltz, William J. U.S.A.

Fredericks, Wayne J. U.S.A.

Gerber, Fritz Switzerland

Getz Wold, Knut Norway

Halberstadt, Victor Netherlands

Hartman, Arthur A. U.S.A.

Haussmann, Helmut Fed. Rep. of Germany

Heinz, Henry J., II U.S.A.

Herrhausen, Alfred Fed. Rep. of Germany

Igler, Hans Austria

Janssen, Daniel E. Belgium

Jordan, Vernon E., Jr. U.S.A.

Kind, Christian Switzerland

Kohnstamm, Max International

Kreisky, Bruno Austria

Lambert, Baron Belgium

Lanc, Erwin Austria

Leibenfrost, Franz J. Austria

Lennep, Jhr. Emile van International

Levy, Walter J. U.S.A.

Lewis, Bernard United Kingdom

Lewis, Flora U.S.A.

Lundvall, D. Bjorn H. Sweden

Luns, Joseph M.A.H. International

Macdonald, Donald S. Canada

Macmillan, Maurice United Kingdom

McGiffert, David E. U.S.A.

Monod, M. Jerome France

Montbrial, Thierry de France

Nelissen, Roelof J. Netherlands

Neufeld, Edward P. Canada

Newsom, David D. U.S.A.

Norlund, Niels Denmark

Pahr, Willibald Austria

Pitti-Ferrandi, Robert France

Portisch, Hugo Austria

Prinzhorn, Thomas Austria

Rastoul, Jacques Canada

Rockefeller, David U.S.A.

Rohwedder, Detlev Fed. Rep. of Germany

Roll of Ipsden, Lord United Kingdom

Romero-Maura, Joaquin Spain

Roosa, Robert V. U.S.A.

Savory, Roger M. Canada

Seilliere, Ernest A. France

Shackleton, Lord United Kingdom

Sheinkman, Jacob U.S.A.

Silvestri, Stefano Italy

Simonet, Henry F. Belgium

Sommer, Theo Fed. Rep. of Germany

Steel, Sir David United Kingdom

Steen, Reiulf Norway

Steiner, Ludwig Austria

Taus, Josef Austria

Taylor, Arthur R. U.S.A.

Thorn, Gaston Luxembourg

Tidemand, Otto G. Norway

Treichl, Heinrich Austria

Tufarelli, Nicola Ital

Ullsten, Ola Sweden

Umbricht, Victor H. Switzerland

Vranitzky, Franz Austria

Wallenberg, Marcus Sweden

Williams, Franklin H. U.S.A.

Williams, Joseph H. U.S.A.

Wohlin, Lars Sweden

Wolff von Amerongen, Otto Fed. Rep. of Germany

Ypersele de Strihou, Jacques van Belgium

OBSERVERS:

Schoser, Franz Fed. Rep. of Germany

Schwarzenberg, Erbprinz Karl Austria

Zimmer-Lehmann, George Austria

IN ATTENDANCE:

Cordt, Herbert Austria

Getchell, Charles U.S.A.

Heine-Geldern, Thomas Austria

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

BAD AACHEN CONFERENCE

18-20 April 1980

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Lord Home of the Hirsel, K. T.

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE:

Ernst H. van der Beugel

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

William P. Bundy

HONORARY TREASURER:

C. Frits Karsten

Aeppli, Oswald Switzerland

Andersen, K. B. Denmark

Ball, George W. U.S.A.

Baring, John F. H. U.K.

Bartholomew, Reginald U.S.A.

Barzini, Luigi Italy

Bennett, Sir Frederic U.K.

Bennett, Jack F. U.S.A.

Benvenuto, Giorgio Italy

Bertram, Christoph International

Beyazit, Selahattin Turkey

Birgi, M. Nuri Turkey

Breuel, Birgit Fed. Rep. of Germany

Brunner, Guido Fed. Rep. of Germany

Bundy, McGeorge U.S.A.

Camunas Solis, Ignacio Spain

Carras, Costa Greece

Chevrillon, Olivier France

Cittadini Cesi, Il Marchese Italy

Collado, Emilio G. U.S.A.

Corterier, Peter Fed. Rep. of Germany

Davignon, Vicomte International

Donahue, Thomas R. U.S.A.

Donovan, Hedley U.S.A.

Duisenberg, Willem F. Netherlands

Duncan, William B. U.K.

Eliot, Theodore L., Jr. U.S.A.

Esambert, Bernard France

Ferro, Luigi Italy

Finley, Murray H. U.S.A.

Finney, Paul B. U.S.A.

Gisling, Jean-Claude Switzerland

Grierson, Ronald H. U.K.

Griffin, Anthony G.S. Canada

Grosser, Alfred France

Grunewald, Herbert Fed. Rep. of Germany

Halberstadt, Victor Netherlands

Hallgrimsson, Geir Iceland

Haussmann, Helmut Fed. Rep. of Germany

Healey, Denis U.K.

Heinz, Henry J., II U.S.A.

Herrhausen, Alfred A. Fed. Rep. of Germany

Hoven, H.F. van den Netherlands

Huonker, Gunter Fed. Rep. of Germany

Hurd, Douglas U.K.

Igler, Hans Austria

Janssen, Daniel E. Belgium

Johnson, Joseph E. U.S.A.

Jordan, Vernon E., Jr. U.S.A.

Kaske, Karlheinz Fed. Rep. of Germany

Kohl, Helmut Fed. Rep. of Germany

Kiep, Walther L. Fed. Rep. of Germany

Kissinger, Henry A. U.S.A.

Kohnstamm, Max International

Knight, Andrew U.K.

Kraft, Joseph U.S.A.

Lambert, Baron Belgium

Lambsdorff, Graf Otto Fed. Rep. of Germany

Legault, Albert Canada

Lennep, Jhr. Emile van International

Levy, Walter J. U.S.A.

Lord, Winston U.S.A.

Lundvall, Bjorn Sweden

Luns, Joseph M.A.H. International

Lutolf, Franz Switzerland

MacDonald, Donald S. Canada

Maconald, H. Ian Canada

MacLaury, Bruce K. U.S.A.

Maxwell, Judith U.K.

Medeiros Ferreira, Jose Portugal

Montbrial, Thierry de France

Norlund, Niels Denmark

Parayre, Jean-Paul France

Perkins, James A. U.S.A.

Pitti-Ferrandi, Robert France

Prinz, Gerhard Fed. Rep. of Germany

Prodi, Romano Italy

Rockefeller, David U.S.A.

Roll of Ipsden, Lord U.K.

Schmidt, Gerhard Fed. Rep. of Germany

Schmidt, Helmut Fed. Rep. of Germany

Schwarzenberg, Furst Karl J. Austria

Seilliere, Antoine France

Silvestri, Stefano Italy

Simonet, Henri F. Belgium

Snoy et d'Oppuers, Baron Belgium

Sommer, Theo Fed. Rep. of Germany

Sonnenfeldt, Helmut U.S.A.

Spethmann, Dieter Fed. Rep. of Germany

Spinelli, Barbara Italy

Stoel, Max van der Netherlands

Stone, Shepard U.S.A.

Terkelsen, Terkel Denmark

Thomas, Franklin U.S.A.

Thorn, Gaston Luxembourg

Tidemand, Otto G. Norway

Tindemans, Leo Belgium

Treichl, Heinrich Austria

Treverton, Gregory F. International

Tuzo, Sir Harry U.K.

Umbricht, Victor H. Switzerland

Vlachos, Helen Greece

Wallenberg, Marcus Sweden

Waris, Klaus Finland

Wechmar, Baron R. von Fed. Rep. of Germany

Werring, Niels, Jr. Norway

Williams, Joseph H. U.S.A.

Wohlin, Lars M. Sweden

Wolff von Amerongen, Otto Fed. Rep. of Germany

RAPPORTEUR:

Getchell, Charles U.S.A.

OBSERVERS:

Boge, Ulf Fed. Rep. of Germany

Schoser, Franz Fed. Rep. of Germany

Zimmer-Lehmann, Georg Austria

IN ATTENDANCE:

Budishin, Hans-Jorg Fed. Rep. of Germany

Dreihann-Holenia, N. Austria

Hoogendoorn, Anne Netherlands

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

BÜRGENSTOCK CONFERENCE

15-17 May 1981

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Walter Scheel*

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE:

Victor Halberstadt*

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

Paul B. Finney*

HONORARY TREASURER:

Willem F. Duisenberg*

Aeppli, Oswald Switzerland

Agnelli, Giovanni** Italy

Andersen, Tage Denmark

Androsch, Hannes Austria

Ball, George W.** U.S.A.

Balsemao, Francisco P. Portugal

Bennett, Jack F.* U.S.A.

Bertram, Christoph* International

Beugel, Ernst H. van der** Netherlands

Beyazit, Selahattin* Turkey

Bjol, Erling Denmark

Black, Conrad M. Canada

Brinkhorst, Laurens J. Netherlands

Bundy, William P.** U.S.A.

Camunas Solis, Ignacio Spain

Carras, Costa* Greece

Eliot, Theodore L., Jr.* U.S.A.

Finley, Murray H.* U.S.A.

Fisher, Gordon N. Canada

Flesch, Colette Luxembourg

Ford, Robert A. D. Canada

Frydenlund, Knut Norway

Furer, Arthur Switzerland

Furgler, Kurt Switzerland

Gerber, Fritz Switzerland

Gustafsson, Sten Sweden

Hallgrimsson, Geir* Ireland

Healey, Denis W. United Kingdom

Heinz, Henry J., II** U.S.A.

Herrhausen, Alfred* Fed. Rep. of Germany

Horn, Tankmar Finland

Houthuys, Josef Belgium

Hurd, Douglas R. United Kingdom

Hysing-Dahl, Per Norway

Igler, Hans* Austria

Inan, Kamran Turkey

Iselin, F. Emmanuel Switzerland

Janssen, Daniel E.* Belgium

Jordan, Vernon E., Jr.* U.S.A.

Julien, Claude France

Kaske, Karlheinz Fed. Rep. of Germany

Kirkpatrick, Jeane U.S.A.

Kissinger, Henry A.* U.S.A.

Knight, Andrew* United Kingdom

Kohmstamm, Max** Intenational

Lambert, Baron* Belgium

Lambrias, P. Geece

Lennep, Jhr. Emile van International

Leonhard, Wolfgang Fed. Rep. of Germany

Levesque, Jacques Canada

Lewis, Flora U.S.A.

Liesen, Klaus Fed. Rep. of Germany

Liotard-Vogt, Pierre Switzerland

Luns, Joseph M.A.H. International

Lutolf, Franz J.* Switzerland

MacDonald, Donald S.* Canada

MacLaury, Bruce K.* U.S.A.

Mahoney, David J. U.S.A.

Mathias, Charles McC., Jr. U.S.A.

McColough, C. Peter U.S.A.

Mertes, Alois Fed. Rep. of Germany

Mills, John L. United Kingdom

Mondale, Walter F. U.S.A.

Montbrial, Thierry de* France

Moursund, Tor Norway

Muller, Paul H. Switzerland

Netherlands, Prince Claus of the Netherlands

Niquille, P. F. Switzerland

Norlund, Niels* Denmark

Oswald, Heinrich Switzerland

Pipes, Richard U.S.A.

Prodi, Romano* Italy

Rockefeller, David** U.S.A.

Rogers, Bernard W. International

Roll of Ipsden, Lord** United Kingdom

Seidel, Hans Austria

Seilliere, Antoine* France

Silvestri, Stefano* Italy

Soames, Lord United Kingdom

Sommer, Theo* Fed. Rep. of Germany

Stein, Herbert U.S.A.

Taylor, Arthur R.* U.S.A.

Thorn, Gaston International

Toon, Malcolm U.S.A.

Umbricht, victor H.** Switzerland

Vatne, Hans Norway

Verdonnet, Jean-Francois Switzerland

Wallenberg, Marcus* Sweden

Wechmar, Baron R. von International

Werring, Niels, Jr.* Norway

Will, George F. U.S.A.

Wohlin, Lars Sweden

Yankelovich, Daniel U.S.A.

Z'Graggen, Andreas Switzerland

RAPPORTEURS:

Getchell, Charles* U.S.A.

Winthrop, Grant F. U.S.A.

OBSERVERS:

O'Connor, Patrick U.S.A.

Schwarzenberg, Prince Karl J. Austria

IN ATTENDANCE:

Gomes, Jose Luis Portugal

Hartmann, Hanno Fed. Rep. of Germany

Hoogendoorn, Anne Netherlands

McKechnie, Malcolm J. Canada

Muller, Charles U.S.A.

Reuter, Etienne Luxembourg

Roe, Raymond T. U.S.A.

Stoecker, F. Fed. Rep. of Germany

* Member of the Steering Committee

** Member of the Advisory Group

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

SANDEFJORD CONFERENCE

14-16 May 1982

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Walter Scheel*

Former President of the Federal Republic of Germany

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE AND CANADA:

Victor Halberstadt*

Professor of Public Finance, Leyden University

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.*

Dean, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University

HONORARY TREASURER:

Willem F. Duisenberg*

President, De Nederlandsche Bank N.V.

DEN Tage Andersen Managing Director and Chief Executive, Den Danske

Bank

USA Dwayne O. Andreas Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Archer

Daniels Midland Co.

AUS Hannes Androsch* Chairman of the Managing Board of Directors,

Creditanstalt-Bankverein

FRG Egon Bahr Member of Parliament; Author Working Paper, Session II

USA George W. Ball** Senior Managing Director, Lehman Brothers Kuhn

Loeb Inc.

GRE Maria Becket Former Advisor to Ministers of Coordination and

Foreign Affairs

USA Jack F. Bennett* Director and Senior Vice President, Exxon

Corporation

FR Georges Berthoin European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission

INT Christoph Bertram* Director, The International Institute for

Strategic Studies; Author Working Paper

Session II

NETH Ernst H. van der Beugel** Professor of International Relations,

Leyden University; Director of Companies

TUR Selahattin Beyazit* Director of Companies

ICE Bjorn Bjarnason Political Journalist, Morgunbladid

NOR Gro Harlem Brundtland Member of Parliament, Former Prime Minister

AUS Erhard Busek Deputy Mayor of Vienna; Former Secretary General

O.V.P.

GRE Costa Carras* Member of the Board, Union of Greek Shipowners

SPA Jaime Carvajal Urquijo Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Banco

Urquijo

FIN C. Fredrik K. Castren President and Chief Executive Officer, Kyml

Kymmene Oy

CAN Jean Chretien Minister of Justice and Attorney General

DEN Henning Christophersen Member of Parliament, Chairman of the

Foreign Affairs Committee

NETH Wisse Dekker President, Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken

CAN Paul Desmarais Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Power

Corporation of Canada

CAN William A. Dimma President, A.E. LePage Ltd. and Board Chairman,

Polysar Ltd.

USA Hermann F. Eilts University Professor of International Relations,

Research Professor of History and

Political Science, Boston University; Author Working Paper Session III

USA Murray H. Finley* President, Amalgamated Clothing and Textile

Workers Union

USA Paul B. Finney* Editorial Director, Thomson Magazines

FR Jean Francois-Poncet Former Minister of Foreign Affairs

NOR Knut Frydenlund Member of Parliament; Former Minister of Foreign

Affairs

USA Evan G. Galbraith U.S. Ambassador to France

USA Charles Getchell* Lawyer and Trustee

USA Meg Greenfield Editorial Page Editor, The Washington Post

SWE Sten Gustafsson* Managing Director, SAB-SCANIA AB

ICE Geir Hallgrimsson* Member of Parliament, Former Prime Minister

SWI Fritz Halm Chairman of the Board of Directors, SIG Swiss

Industrial Company; Chairman,

Swiss Employers Union

USA Robert A. Hanson President and Chief Operating Officer, Deere &

Company

USA Henry J. Heinz II** Chairman of the Board, H.J. Heinz Company;

President, American Friends of

Bilderberg, Inc.

FRG Alfred Herrhausen* Managing Director, Deutsche Bank AG

DEN Erik Hoffmeyer Chairman of the Board of Governors, Denmarks

Nationalbank

USA Karen E. House Washington Correspondent, The Wall Street Journal

UK Robin Ibbs Executive Director, Imperial Chemical Industries; Former

Head, Central Policy

Review Staff, Cabinet Office

AUS Hans Igler* Partner, Schoeller & Co. Bankaktiengesellschaft

CAN H.N.R. Jackman Chairman of the Board, The Empire Life Insurance

Company

USA Vernon E. Jordan, Jr.* Partner, Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld

(Attorneys-at-Law); Former President,

National Urban League

UK Elie Kedourie Professor of Politics, University of London; Author

Working Paper Session III

USA Henry A. Kissinger* Former Secretary of State; Professor, Center

for Strategic and International Studies,

Georgetown University

UK Andrew Knight* Editor, The Economist

FRG Helmut Kohl Chairman, CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group

INT Max Kohnstamm** Former President, European University Institute at

Florence

FR Philippe Lagayette Directeur de Cabinet, Ministry of Economic

Affairs and Finance; Author Working

Paper Session IV

BEL Baron Lambert* Chairman, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert S.A.

FRG Otto L. Graf Lambsdorff Minister of Economics

INT Jacques de Larosiere Managing Director, I.M.F.

UK Nigel Lawson Member of Parliament, Secretary of State for Energy

INT Emile van Lennep Secretary General, O.E.C.D.

GRE G.P. Livanos Membaer of the Board, Union of Greek Shipowners

USA Winston Lord* President, Council on Foreign Relations

INT Joseph M.A.H. Luns Secretary General, N.A.T.O.

SWI Franz Lutolf* General Manager and Member of the Executive Board,

Swiss Bank Corporation

CAN Donald S. MacDonald Senior Partner, McCarthy & McCarthy

USA Bruce K. MacLaury* President, The Brookings Institution

USA David J. Mahoney Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive

Officer, Norton Simon Inc.

FR Jacques Maisonrouge Chairman of the Board, I.B.M. World Trade

Corporation

POR Rogerio Martins Chairman, "Simapre" Investment Company; Former

Secretary of State of Industry

NETH Hans A.F.M.O. van Mierlo Minister of Defense

FR Thierry de Montbrial* Director, French Institute of International

Relations; Professor of Economics, Ecole

Polytechnique

NOR Tor Moursund Managing Director and Chief Executive, Christianla

Bank og Kreditkasse

NOR Einar Fr. Nagell-Erichsen Managing Director, Aftenposten/

Schibstedgruppen

NETH Prince Claus of the Netherlands

CAN James R. Nininger President, The Conference Board of Canada

DEN Niels Norlund* Editor-in-Chief, Berlingske Tidende

IT Piero Ostellino Columnist, Corriere della Sera

INT Sylvia Ostry Head, Department of Economics and Statistics,

O.E.C.D.; Author Working Paper

Sesion IV

UK David Owen Joint Leader of the Social Democratic Party, Member of

Parliament, Former

Foreign Secretary

TUR Haluk Ozgul Ambassador of Turkey in Norway

USA Robert L. Pfaltzgraff, Jr. Professor, Fletcher School of Law and

Diplomacy; Author Working Paper Session

II

USA Richard Pipes Senior Staff Member, National Security Council

(Baird Professor of History,

Harvard University, on leave)

FRG Karl Otto Pohl President, Deutsche Bundesbank

IT Romano Prodi* Professor of Industrial Economics, University of

Bologna

USA James Roche Senior Deputy Director, Policy Planning Staff,

Department of State

USA David Rockefeller** Chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank International

Advisory Committee

INT Bernard W. Rogers Supreme Allied Commander Europe

IT Virginio Rognoni Minister of Internal Affairs

UK Lord Roll of Ipsden** Chairman, S. G. Warburg & Co. Ltd.

USA Robert V. Roosa Senior Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Company

UK Sir John Sainsbury* Chairman, J. Sainsbury PLC

FR E. Antoine Seilliere Director General, Compagnie Generale

d'Industrie et de Participations

IT Stefano Silvestri* Deputy Director, Institute of International

Affairs

USA William E. Simon Chairman, Crescent Diversified Ltd.; Former

Secretary of the Treasury; Author

Working Paper Session IV

BEL Henri F. Simonet Member of Parliament; Author Working Paper

Session I

NOR Anders C. Sjaastad Minister of Defense

NOR Hermod Skanland Deputy Governor of the Bank of Norway

UK Lord Soames

FRG Theo Sommer* Publisher, Die Zeit

NETH Andre S. Spoor Editor-in-Chief, NRC Handelsblad

NOR Thorvald Stoltenberg Member of the International Secretariat of

the Federation of Trade Unions

USA Robert S. Strauss Partner, Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld

(Attorneys-at-Law); Former U.S.

Special Trade Representative for Trade Negotiations

NOR Svenn Stray Minister of Foreign Affairs

SWE Bjorn Svedberg President, Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson

NOR Otto Grieg Tidemand Shipowner; Former Minister of Defense

TUR Metin Toker Columnist, Milliyet Newspaper

SWI Victor H. Umbricht** Mediator, East African Community; Member of

the Board of Ciba-Geigy Ltd.

POR Alexandre de Azeredo Vaz Pinto President, The Institute of Foreign

Investment; Former Minister of Commerce

USA Paul A. Volcker Chairman, Board of Governors, Federal Reserve

System

USA Ben J. Wattenberg Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute;

Author Working Paper Session I

NOR Niels Werring, Jr.* Senior Partner, Wilh. Wilhelmsen

USA Joseph H. Williams* Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive

Officer, The Williams Companies

NOR Kaare Willoch Prime Minister

SWE Lars Wohlin Governor, Swedish Federal Bank

FRG Otto Wolff von Amerongen Chairman of the Board of Management, Otto

Wolff A.G.

FRG Manfred Worner Member of Parliament, CDU/CSU; Author Working Paper

Session I

OBSERVERS:

CAN Bernard C. Thillaye Director, Strategic Policy Planning,

Department of National Defense

AUS Georg Zimmer-Lehmann General Manager of Creditanstalt-Bankverein

IN ATTENDANCE:

IT Carlos Aritario Personal Advsor to Minister Rognoni

CAN Jacques Demers Special Advisor, Officer of the Minister of Justice

and Attorney General of Canada

FRG Hanno Hartmann Assistant to Mr. Walter Scheel

NETH Anne Hoogendoorn Executive Secretary, Bilderberg Meetings

FRG R.K. Lochner Accompanying Mr. Helmut Kohl as interpreter

USA Charles Muller Assistant Secretary, American Friends of

Bilderberag; President, Murden & Co.

FRG Guido Peruzzo Assistant to the Minister of Economics

INT Gianni Ravasio Assistant to Mr. Gaston Thorn

FRG Rudiger von Rosen Head, President's Office, Deutsche Bundesbank

FRG Folkmar Stoecker Assistant to Mr. Walter Scheel

FRG Horst Teltschik Head, Office of Mr. Helmut Kohl

RAPPORTEURS:

USA Charles Getchell

USA Grant F. Winthrop

* Member of the Steering Committee

** Member of the Advisory Group

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

CHÂTEAU MONTEBELLO CONFERENCE

13-15 May 1983

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Walter Scheel*

Former President of the Federal Republic of Germany

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE AND CANADA:

Victor Halberstadt*

Professor of Public Finance, Leyden University

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.*

Dean, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University

HONORARY TREASURER:

Willem F. Duisenberg*

President, De Nederlandsche Bank N.V.

IT Umberto Agnelli Chairman, FIAT Auto S.p.A.; Vice-Chairman and

Managing Director IFI (Istituto

Finanziaro Industriale)

DEN Tage Andersen Managing Director and Chif Executive, Den Danske

Bank

USA Dwayne O. Andreas Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Archer-

Daniels-Midland Company

AUS Hannes Androsch* Chairman of the Management Board, Creditanstalt-

Bankverein

USA Hans H. Angermueller Vice Chairman, Citibank, N.A.

USA George W. Ball** Former Undersecretary of State

POR Francisco Pinto Balsemao Prime Minister ad Interim

FR Raymond Barre Former Prime Minister; Member of the National

Assembly

IT Piero Bassetti President, Bassetti S.p.A.; Chairman of Chamber of

Commerce

USA Jack F. Bennett* Senior Vice President & Director, EXXON

Corporation

INT Georges Berthoin European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission

NETH Ernst H. van der Beugel** Professor of International Relations,

Leyden Uniersity; Director of Companies

TUR Selahattin Beyazit* Director of Companies

USA Seweryn Bialer Director, Research Institute on International

Change, Columbia University

TUR M. Nuri Birgi Former Ambassador to NATO

CAN Lise Bissonette Editor-in-Chief, Le Devoir

ICE Bjorn Bjarnason Political Journalist, Morgunbladid

NOR Halvdan Bjorum Chairman of the Board, A/S Elektrisk Bureau

CAN Conrad M. Black Chairman, Argus Corporation, Ltd.

NOR Gro Harlem Brundtland Parliamentary Leader, Labour Party

USA William P. Bundy** Editor-in-Chief, Foreign Affairs

GRE Costa Carras* Member of the Board, Union of Greek Shipowners

UK Lord Carrington Former Foreign Minister; Leader Conservative Party,

House of Lords

SPA Jaime Carvajal y Urquijo Chairman of the Board of Directors, Banco

Urquijo

FIN Fredrik Castren President and Chief Executive Officer, Kymi

Kymmene Oy; Chairman of the

Confederation of Finnish Industries

SPA Juan Luis Cebrian Editor-in-Chif, El Pais

DEN Henning Christophersen Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of

Finance

INT A. W. Clausen President, The World Bank

USA Kenneth W. Dam Deputy Secretary of State

INT Vicomte Etienne Davignon Vice President, Commission of the

European Communities

USA James Dobbins Deputy Assistant Secretary of State

USA Thomas R. Donahue Secretary-Treasurer, AFL-CIO

USA Elizabeth Drew Journalist

SWE Kjell-Olof Feldt Minister of Finance

SWE Anders Ferm Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United

Nations

USA Murray H. Finley* President, Amalgamated Clothing & Textile

Workers Union

USA Charles Getchell* Partner, Gray & Wendell (Attorneys-at-Law)

POR Bernardino Gomes Vice Chairman, Foundation for International

Relations

FR Alain Gomez Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Thomson Group

CAN Anthony G.S. Griffins** Director of Companies

USA Henry Anatole Grunwald Editor-in-Chief, TIME, Inc.

SWE Sten Gustafsson* Managing Director, SAAB-SCANIA AB

USA Arthur A. Hartman U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R.

SWI Hans Heckmann General Manager, Union Bank of Switzerland

USA Henry J. Heinz II** Chairman, H.J. Heinz Company; President,

American Friends of Bildererg, Inc.

FRG Alfred Herrhausen* Managing Director, Deutsche Bank A.G.

USA Stanley Hoffmann Chairman, Center for European Studies, Harvard

University

USA Robert Hormats Vice President, Goldman Sachs & Company

BEL Jozef Houthuys President, Confederation of the Christian Unions

AUS Peter Jankowitsch Deputy Secretary General for Foreign Affairs

BEL Daniel E. Janssen* Chairman, Federation of elgian Enterprises;

Chairman Executive Committee,

U.C.B., S.A.

USA Vernon E. Jordan, Jr.* Partner, Akin, Gump, Srauss, Hauer & Feld;

Former President, National Urban

League

USA David Kearns Chairman, Xerox Corporation

USA Henry A. Kissinger* Former Secretary of State

UK Andrew Knight* Editor, The Economist

BEL Baron Lambert* Chairman, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, S.A.

FRG Otto L. Graf Lambsdorff Minister of Economic Affairs

INT Alexandre Lamfalussy Assistant General Manager, Bank for

Interational Settlements

CAN Gilles Lamontagne Minister of Defense

INT Emile van Lennep Secretary-General, OECD

BEL Andre Leysen Chairman of the Board, AGFA-GEVAERT Group

USA Winston Lord* President, The Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.

NETH Ruud F.M. Lubbers Prime Minister

INT Joseph M.A.H. Luns Secretary-General, NATO

SWI Franz Lutolf* General Manager and Memer of the Executive Board,

Swiss Bank Corporation

CAN Donald S. Macdonald* Senior Partner, McCarthy & McCarthy

CAN Allan J. MacEachen Deputy Prime Minister and Secretary of State

for External Affaris

USA Bruce K. MacLaury President, The Brookings Institution

USA David Mahoney Chairman of the Board, Norton Simon Inc.

FR Jacques Maisonrouge Chairman of the Board, I.B.M. World Trade

Corporation

POR Rogerio Martins Chairman, Simopre; Former Secretary of State for

Industry

CAN Leighton W. McCarthy President, McCarthy Securities Ltd.

USA R. Daniel McMichael Administrative Agent, Scaife Family Charitable

Trusts

FRG Alois Mertes Minister of State, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

FR Thierry de Montbrial* Director, French Institute of International

Relations; Professor of Economics, Ecole

Polytechnique

IT Mario Monti* Professor of Monetary Theory and Policy, University of

Bocconi, Milan; President,

SUERF

CAN William D. Mulholland Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Bank

of Montreal

DEN Niels Norlund Editor-in-Chief, Berlingske Tidende

SWE Clas-Erik Odhner Economist at the Swedish Trade Union

Confederation

NETH Coen J. Oort* Member of the Board, Algemene Bank Nederland N.V.

IRE Anthony J.F. O'Reilly President and Chief Executive Officer, H.J.

Heinz Company

GRE John D. Paleocrassas Member of Parliament; Former Minister of

Coordination; Secretary-General of

NEA Democratic Party

USA Richard Perle Assistant Secretary of Defense for International

Security Policy

CAN Alfred Powis Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Noranda Mines

Ltd.

SWI Raymond Probst Secretary of State, Federal Department of Foreign

Affairs

CAN Jacques Rastoul Executive Director, Canadian Institute of

International Affairs

USA John P. Roche Professor, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy,

Tufts University

USA David Rockefeller** Chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank International

Advisory Committee

INT Bernard W. Rogers Supreme Allied Commander Europe

UK Lord Roll of Ipsden** Chairman, S.G. Warburg & Co. Ltd.

UK Evelyn de Rothschild Chairman, N.M. Rothschild & Sons Ltd.

FRG Volker Ruhe Deputy Leader, Parliamentary Party CDU/CSU; Spokesman

on Foreign and

Security Policy

UK Sir John Sainsbury* Chairman, J. Sainsbury PLC

NETH Willem E. Scherpenhuijsen Rom Chairman of the Board of Managing

Directors, Nederlandsche Middenstandsbank

N.V.

FRG Helmut Schmidt Former Chancellor of the Federal Republic of

Germany

FR Antoine Seilliere* Director-General, Compagnie Generale d'Industrie

et de Participations

NOR Anders C. Sjaastad Minister of Defense

FRG Theo Sommer* Publisher, Die Zeit

AUS Josef Taus Managing Partner, Constantia Industrieverwaltungsges.

m.b.H.

CAN C.G.E. Theriault Vice-Chief of the Defnse Staff

CAN Pierre Elliott Trudeau Prime Minister

TUR Ilter Turkmen Minister of Foreign Affairs

USA Paul A. Volcker Chairman, Board of Governors, The Federal Reserve

System

NOR Niels Werring, Jr.* Senior Partner, Wilh. Wilhelmsen

SWE Hans Werthen Chairman, Ericsson and Electrolux Group

FRG Otto Wolff von Amerongen** Chairman of the Board of Management,

Otto Wolff A.G.; Chairman, German

Federation of Chambers of Industry and Commerce

SPA Juan A. Yanez-Barnuevo Director, Department of International

Affairs at the Office of the Prime Minister

IT Paolo Zannoni* Director, Department Political Analysis, FIAT S.p.A.

IN ATTENDANCE:

CAN Tom Axworthy Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister

CAN Joseph Caron Secretariat of Privy Council Office (Foreign and

Defense Policy)

FRG Hennecke Graf von Bassowitz Assistant to Mr. Scheel

FRG Hans-Henning Blomeyer Head, Office of Mr. Mertes

FRG Ulf Boge Head, Office of Mr. Scheel

INT Michael Dallas Head, Office of General Rogers

CAN Robert Fowler Assistant Secretary to the Cainet (Foreign and

Defense Policy)

POR Jose P. Luiz Gomes Diplomatic Advisor to Prime Minister ad interim

Balsemao

SWE Kai Hammerich Senior Vice President, SAAB SCANIA AB

FRG Thomas Hertz Head, Office of Graf Lambsdorff

NETH Anne Hoogendoorn Executive Secretary, Bilderberg Meetings

TUR Baki Ilkin Personal Assistant to Mr. Turkmen

CAN Ted Johnson Executive Assistant to the Prime Minister

CAN Kenzie MacKinnon Executive Assistant to the Secretary of State for

External Affairs

CAN Jim Mitchell Department of External Affairs (Policy Analysis)

USA Charles W. Muller President, Murden & Co.

CAN Michael Phillips Senior Departmental Assistant to the Secretary of

State for External Affairs

FRG Reinhardt Sturmer Assistant to Mr. Schmidt

CAN Bernard C. Thillaye Director, Strategic Policy Planning,

Department of National Defense

USA Grant F. Winthrop Joint Raporteur, Bilderberg Meetings

AUS Georg Zimmer-Lehmann Managing Director, Creditanstalt-Bankverein

* Member of the Steering Committee

** Member of the Advisory Group

Source: George W. Ball Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library at

Princeton University

BILDERBERG MEETINGS

CHÂTEAU MONTEBELLO CONFERENCE

11-13 May 1984

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

CHAIRMAN:

Walter Scheel*

Former President of the Federal Republic of Germany

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR EUROPE AND CANADA:

Victor Halberstadt*

Professor of Public Finance, Leyden University

HONORARY SECRETARY GENERAL FOR THE UNITED STATES:

Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.*

Dean, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University

HONORARY TREASURER:

Conrad J. Oort*

Member of the Board, Algemene Bank Nederland N.V.

NOR Henrik Aasarod President, Norwegian Seamen's Union

USA Kenneth L. Adelman Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency, Department of State

ITA Giovanni Agnelli** President, FIAT S.p.A.

TUR Yildirim Akturk Former Under Secretary of State, Planning

Organization

USA Dwayne O. Andreas Chairman of the Board, Archer-Daniels Midland

Co., Inc.

AUS Hannes Androsch* Chairman of the Managing Board, Creditanstalt-

Bankverein; Former

Vice-Chancellor and Minister of Finance

USA Hans H. Angermueller Vice Chairman of the Board, Citicorp

USA George W. Ball** Former Under Secretary of State

POR Francisco Pinto Balsemao Former Prime Minister; Director "Jornal

Expresso"

UK John F.H. Baring Chairman, Baring Brothers & Co. Ltd.

NETH H.M. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

USA Jack F. Bennett* Diector and Senior Vice President, Exxon

Corporation

USA C. Fred Bergsten Director, Institute for International Economics;

Former Assistant Secretary for

International Affairs, Department of the Treasury

FRG Christoph Bertram Political Editor, "Die Zeit"; Former Director,

International Institute for Strategic

Studies, London

NETH Ernst H. van der Beugel Professor of International Relations,

Leyden University; Director of Companies

TUR Selahattin Beyazit* Director of Companies

ICE Bjorn Bjarnason Political Editor, "Morgunbladid"

USA Nicholas Brady Chairman, Dillon, Read & Co., Inc.; Former U.S.

Senator (New Jersey)

CAN Albert A. Breton Professor of Economics, Institute for Policy

Analysis, University of Toronto

USA William P. Bundy** Editor, "Foreign Affairs"

USA Richard R. Burt Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs

USA Louis W. Cabot Chairman of the Board, The Cabot Corporation

GRE Angelos Canellopoulos Vice President, "Titan" Cement Co., S.A.;

Member of the Board, Union of Greek

Industries

GRE Costa Carras* Member of the Board, Union of Greek Shipowners

UK Lord Carrington Secretary-General-designate NATO

SPA Jaime Carvajal Urquijo Chairman, Banco Hispano Industrial

FRA Jean-Pierre Chevenement Member of the National Assembly; President

of CERES; Former Minister of

Industry

NETH H.R.H. Prince Claus of the Netherlands

CAN W. Harriet Critchley Associate Professor, Faculty of Social

Sciences, Department of Political Science,

University of Calgary

INT Vicomte Etienne Davignon Vice President, Commission of the

European Communities

NETH Wisse Dekker President, Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken N.V.

CAN L.A. Delvoie Chairman, Task Force Work Group, Prime Minister's

Task Force on East-West

Relations and International Security

CAN David A. Dodge Assistant Deputy Minister, Strategic Planning,

Department of Employment and

Immigration

UK James Eberle Director, The Royal Institute of International Affairs

DEN Uffe Ellemann-Jensen Minister of Foreign Affiairs

USA Thomas O. Enders U.S. Ambassador to Spain

IRE Garret Fitzgerald Prime Minister

LUX Colette Flesch Minister of Foreign Affairs

USA Murray H. Finley* President, Amalgamated Clothing and Textile

Workers Union AFL-CIO

NETH Max Geldens Director, McKinsey & Company Inc.

USA Charles Getchell* Partner, Gray & Wendell (Attorneys-at-Law);

Rapporteur, Bilderberg Meetings

SWE Sten Gustafsson* Chairman of the Board, Saab-Scania AB

ICE Geir Hallgrimsson* Minister of Foreign Affairs

CAN Charles H. Hantho President and Chief Executive officer, C-I-L

Inc.

NOR H.R.H. Crown Prince Harald of Norway

UK Denis W. Healey Member of Parliament

USA Henry J. Heinz II** Chairman of the Board, H.J. Heinz Company,

Inc.

FRG Alfred Herrhausen* Managing Director, Deutsche Bank A.G.

UK Michael Heseltine Secretary of State for Defence

AUS Gerald Hinteregger Secretary-General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

USA John J. Horan Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Merck & Co.,

Inc.

FIN Jaakko Iloniemi Member of the Management Board of the Union Bank

of Finland; Former

Ambassador of Finland to the U.S.

BEL Daniel E. Janssen* Chairman of the Executive Committee, U.C.B.,

S.A.

SWI Robert A. Jeker President of the Executive Board, Credit Suisse

SWE Lennart Johansson President and Group Executive, AB SKF; Vice

Chairman of the Federation of

Swedish Industries

USA Vernon E. Jordan* Partner, Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld

(Attorneys-at-Law); Former President,

National Urban League

FRG Karlheinz Kaske President and Chief Executive Officer, Siemens

A.G.

GRE Louka T. Katseli Scientific Director, Centre of Planning and

Economic Research

USA David T. Kearns President and Chief Executive Officer, Xerox

Corporation

USA Henry A. Kissinger* Former Secretary of State; Professor, Center

for Strategic and International Studies,

Georgetown University

UK Andrew Knight* Editor, "The Economist"

INT Max Kohnstamm** Former President, European University Institute,

Florence

NOR Kare Kristiansen Minister of Petroleum and Energy

BEL Baron Lambert* Chairman, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert S.A.

FRG Otto Graf Lambsdorff Minister of Economic Affairs

INT Emile van Lennep Secretary-General, O.E.C.D.

USA Flora Lewis Foreign Affairs Columnist, The New York Times, Paris

Bureau

BEL Andre Leysen Chairman, Federation of Belgian Enterprises;

Chairman, Agfa-Gevaert Group

SWE Assar Lindbeck Professor of International Economics, University of

Stockholm

USA Winston Lord* President, The Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.

NETH Aarnout A. Loudon President Board of Management, AKZO NV

INT Joseph M.A.H. Luns Secretary-General, NATO

SWI Franz Lutolf* General Manager and Member of the Executive Board,

Swiss Bank Corporation

CAN Donald S. Macdonald* Senior Partner, McCarthy & McCarthy;

Chairman, Royal Commission on the

Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada

USA Bruce K. MacLaury* President, The Brookings Institution

USA David J. Mahoney David Mahoney Ventures

SPA Miguel Angel Martinez Member of Parliament and Vice President,

Foreign Affairs Committee

USA Charles McC. Mathias, Jr. United States Senator (Maryland)

FRA Thierry de Montbrial* Director, French Institute of International

Relations; Professor of Economics, Ecole

Polytechnique

ITA Mario Monti* Professor of Monetary Theory and Policy, University

of Bocconi, Milan; President,

SUERF

SWE Curt Nicolin Chairman of the Swedish Employers' Confederation

DEN Niels Norlund* Editor-in-Chief, "Berlingske Tidende"

FRA Christine Ockrent Editor-in-Chief, "Antenne II"

SWE Clas-Erick Odhner Head of the Research Section of the Swedish

Trade Union Confederation

INT Robert O'Neill Director, International Institute for Strategic

Studies

SWE Olof Palme Prime Minister

POR Andre Goncalves Pereira Professor of International Law, University

of Lisbon; Former Minister of Foreign

Affairs

USA William B. Quandt Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution

UK John M. Raisman Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Shell U.K.

USA Alice M. Rivlin Director Economi